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寒假专题——八年级上册重点知识整理

发布时间:2014-04-02 17:34:36  

一、学习目标:

知识目标:掌握本讲涉及的单词、短语和句型。

情感目标:帮助同学们在假期中复习基础知识,查漏补缺,使同学们的知识水平达到一个新的高度。

二、重点、难点:

重点:八年级上册的重点单词、短语。

难点:八年级上册的重点句型。

三、知能提升:

(一)重点单词

[单词复习]

1. exercise (v & n) 锻炼;运动;练习

2. try (v) 试图;设法;努力

3. help (v & n) 帮助

4. although/though (conj) 虽然;即使;纵然

5. keep (v) 保持;使??保持(某种状态)

6. foot (n) 脚

7. tooth (n) 牙齿

8. advice (n) 劝告;忠告;建议

9. until (conj) 直到??之时;在??之前

10. famous (adj) 著名的;出名的

11. leave (v) 离开;出发

12. forget (v) 忘记

13. finish (v) 结束;完成

14. take (v) 花费;带走

15. both (pron) 两个(都);两者(都)

16. however (adv) 然而

17. interest (n) 兴趣;爱好

18. beat (v) 打败;战胜

19. information (n) 消息;信息

20. win (v) 赢;获胜

21. luckily (adv) 幸运地

22. hold (v) 举行

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23. over (prep) (在数目、数值、程度等方面)超过;在??以上

24. hate (v) 憎恨;憎恶

25. borrow (v) 借;借入;借用

26. invite (v) 邀请

27. success (n) 成功

28. without (prep) 无;没有

29. enough (adj & adv) 充足的(地);足够的(地)

30. should(modal v)应该 28. Let’s go to the teacher for .

A. a advice B. an advice C. some advice D. some advices

29. Li Lei’s parents playing baseball.

A. all like B. like all C. both like D. like both

30. Don’t forget the lights when you leave the classroom.

A. turn off B. turning off C. to turn off D. to turn on

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31. I didn’t go to bed my parents came back.

A. until B. after C. at D. while (选出与划线单词同义的短语)

A. less than B. more than C. nearly D. about

33. My healthy lifestyle helps me _______ good grades.

A. get B. getting C. got D. geting

34. He didn’t run ______ , so he fell behind .

A. fast enough B. enough fast C. slow enough D. enough slow Milk is everyone .

4. 这次我想做一些不同的事情。

This time I want to do .

5. 我妹妹四岁时开始学拉手风琴。

My little sister began to learn the accordion four.

6. 那个男孩的年齡和你一样大。

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The boy is age you.

7. 迈克打算去做环球旅游。

8. 我们班里有十个人参加了上个月市里举行的英语竞赛。

Ten students in our class the City English Competition last month.

9. I think it (取决于) the weather .

10. Please (顺便来访)to my house. I have something to tell you. [即学即练]

1. 对你来说学好英语是很重要的。

_______ important _______ you _______(study)English well.

2. 你多久给你的父母写一次信?

do you write to your parents?

3. 你认为北京的交通状况怎么样?

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do you the transportation in Beijing?

4. What’s wrong with you? (改为同义句)

What’s with you? 对划线部分提问)

with him last night? 对划线部分提问)

it to get to school?

7. I spent the whole afternoon learning English. (改为同义句)

2. Thank you inviting me to your party.

A. to B. of C. for D. about

3. they are brothers, they don’t look like each other.

A. Because B. Although C.When D. As

4. Do you all study in school?

A. a same B. the same C. same D. different

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5. There’s in today’s newspaper.

A. nothing important B. important nothing C. anything important D. important anything

6. My father tries vegetables four or five times a week .

A. eat B. eating C. to eat D. ate

7. I eat junk food once a month. So you see, I my health .

A. take after B. look at C. look after D. look for

8. I often help my mother the house. 5. —When did you (完成) your homework last night?—At 9:00.

6. He is (年龄足够大)to go to school.

7. Tom likes apples but (讨厌) bananas .

8. — (多远) is it from your home to school ? — About 20 minutes’ walk .

9. (我们两个) like soccer a lot.

10. I (invite) all my friends to my birthday party last Sunday .

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11. Could I please (borrow) some books from you ?

12. People can’t live____________(with) air .

13. We all think Hero is a very____________(success) action movie .

14. When can you finish (clean) the floor?

15. How many (tooth) does a child have ?

III. 完成句子。 对划线部分提问)

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I. 1-5. BCBBA 6-10. CCDCB 11-15. CCCCA 16-18 DCC

解析:

4. same 在句中用作形容词,其前通常要加定冠词the,表示“同一的;相同的”。

6. try to do sth. 尽力做某事;try doing sth.试着做某事

8. help sb. (to) do sth. 或help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

11. keep + 宾语+ 形容词作宾补

12. not…until…直到??才?? 句意为:昨天晚上直到12点完成了作业我才上床睡觉。

16. 形容“It is+形容词+for sb.+ to do sth”这类句型常用形容词easy, difficult, hard, important, possible, wise等词作表语;形容“It is+形容词+ of sb. +to do sth”.这类句型中的形容词常表示心理品质,性格特征等的词,如:kind, nice, stupid, clever, foolish, polite, impolite等。

II. 1. exercises 2. differences 3. advice 4. until 5. finish 6. old enough 7. hates

8. How far 9. We both 10. invited 11. borrow 12. without 13. successful

14. cleaning 15. teeth

解析:

2. some 用来修饰可数名词的复数或不可数名词,根据前面的be动词are可判断此处应该填的是可数名词的复数形式,即differences。

3. 建议advice是一个不可数名词,因此没有复数形式。

III. 1. What’s, matter 2. How long

5. too, for, to 6. grow up 3. How often 4. is good for 7. without breakfast 8. Though, different

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