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初三-Module2

发布时间:2013-10-24 12:42:25  

Module 2 Great books

? 1.What's up?"怎么了?什么事?"

? ①问某人出了什么事,后加"with sb."

? What's up with you,Mary? What's wrong?What's the matter?What's the trouble? Eg: --_______________? --He was ill in hospital. A.What's wrong with him? B.How does he feel? C.Was he feeling better now? D.Why not see a doctor?

? ②同义短语:

? ? ? ? ?

? 2.as far as "就~~而言,至于"
? As far as I know,he comes from England.

? as常用词组:
? as soon as"一~~就~~ " as well as"也,以及" as long as"只要" ? Eg:All will go well ______ there is nothing wrong with the computer. ? A.as far as B.so far as C.as much as D.as long as

? 3.look for & find & find out “寻找”,强调找的过程 look for “找到”,强调找的结果 find find out “找出,查明”。强调经过一番努力 过后查出真相。 We shall find out the truth early or late.

? Eg:--What are you__________?
? --My glasses.I can't _____them anywhere.

? A.finding;find

B.looking for;look for

? C.looking for;find D.finding;look for

? 4. a bit (of) & a little

a bit和a little在肯定句中修饰动词、形容词、副词 和比较级时可以互换,表示"一点儿"的意思(a bit/little shy) a bit和a little在否定句中的意思相反 ①not a bit=not at all "一点儿也不" ②not a little=very或very much"非常" a bit of/a little +不可数名词 a bit of water=a little water This question is ____ more difficult for me to answer.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

5.Sounds like a good idea! sound:系动词“听起来",后接形容词作表语。 The story sounds very interesting 类似的系动词:taste(尝起来) smell(闻起来) look(看起来) feel(摸起来) Eg:①These apples _____good.I'd like to get some. A.taste B.are tasted C.have been tasted D.will be tasted ②Burnt meat smells _____. A.terrible B.terribly C.wonderful D.wonderfully

? 6.be known for/as

be known/famous for 因~~而著名 Hangzhou is known for its tea.
be known/famous as 作为~~而著名 Luxun is famous as a writer.

? The African lion is known ____ the king of the forest. ? A.by B.for C.as D.to ? be known by:凭~~而知 ? be known to:为~~所熟悉

? 7.not … any more = no more (数量上)再也不… 修饰非延续性动词 ? not … any longer = no longer(时间上)再也不… 修饰延续性动词 ? ★not就是把一个句子变成否定句, ? ★any more/longer放在句子末尾; ? ★no more/longer放在实义动词前,系动词和情态 动词后. ? Eg:①We have a school magazine. ? --We don’t have a school magazine any more. ? =We no more have a school magazine. ? ②You are a child. ? --You are not a child any longer. ? =You are no longer a child.

Practise:

? ① I can eat. ? ②Annie lives here. ? -- I can't eat any more.

? = I can no more eat .
? --Annie doesn't live here any longer.

? =Annie no

longer lives here.

? 8.at the end of "在~~的结尾",可指时间和空间。 ? At the end of the class,the teacher told us a very interesting story. ? ★end的常用词组: ? in the end"最后" by the end of"到~~为止"(常用 于完成时) come to an end"结束,到尽头" ? Eg:①We had learned about two thousand new words ____last year. ? A.before end of B.by the end of ? C.at the end of D.to the end of ? ②Our school building stands____ the main street. ? A.in the end of B.by the end of ? C.before the end of D.at the end of

? 9.exciting & excited exciting "令人激动的",通常指物 "感到激动",通常指人 excited The film was very exciting and we were all excited. ? ★类似的词有:interesting-interested,movingmoved,tiring-tired,boring-bored...... ? Do you know why he looks_____? A.disappoint B.disappointing

? C.disappointed D.disappointment

? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ?

10. surprised pleased 用法 ★surprised"吃惊的、惊讶的" be surprised to do sth. We were surprised to hear the news. ★pleased "高兴的"=happy be pleased to do sth. They are pleased to see him alive. 注:其中to do 可被at,with...代替。如:be surprised at the bad news ★pleasure n. 乐趣 ①Study can bring us pleasure. ② --Will you lend me your pen? --With pleasure. 很乐意。/That’s my pleasure. Eg: She looked pleased _____ herself. A.about B.by C.at D.with

? 11.everyone 不能接of短语,作主语谓语动词用 单数 ? every one 能接of短语

? Every one of us is looking forward to visiting the Great Wall. ? Eg:____of us have been to the USA.
? A.Everyone B.No one C.Someone D.None

? 12.be to do with=have sth. to do with“与~~有关”
? What you've said isn't to do with what you've done. 你所说的与所做的无关

? 13.everyday & every day

"每日的,日常的",只能用作定语 everyday Cooking lunch is her everyday job.

“每天”,只能用作状语 every day Your classroom must be cleaned every day.

? 14.alive, living, live 与 lively ? (1)alive 意为“活着的”,可修饰人或物,在句 中可作表语、后置定语或宾语补足语,但不可作 前置定语。 ? (2)living 意为“活着的;现存的”,可修饰人或 物,主要作前置定语或用于 the 后表示一类人, 也可作表语。 ? (3)live 意为“活生生的;实况转播的”,通常修 饰物,不修饰人,常用来作前置定语。 ? (4)lively 意为“活泼的;充满生气的”,可作定 语、表语或宾语补足语,可修饰人或物. ? Eg: So far man hasn't found any things ________ on the moon. ? A.living B.alive C.live D.lively

? 15.

be made into被制作成 ~~~ be made of由~~制成 (能看出原料) be made from由~~制成 (不能看出原料)

Grapes can be made into wine. The bridge is made of stone. Paper is made from wood.

The machine is made in be made in在~~制造 Shang

hai. be made by由~~制造 The shirt is made by my (后接动作执行者) mother. be made up of由~组成 Our class is made up of 50 (部分组成整体) students.

? 16.

"也" 副词,常用于句末 as well She likes English as well. “和、以及、而且” 连词 She speaks English as well as French. as well 连接主语时,谓语动词以as well as前的主 as 语保持一致。 He as well as his parents treats me very well. ? The house _____these sofas belongs to us. ? A.and B.as well C.as well as D.also

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

17.prefer ①后接名词、代词、V-ing形式、不定式或从句 ②常用结构:prefer...to..,与~~相比,更喜欢~~~ She prefers milk to coffee. prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.宁愿~而不~ I prefer to walk to work rather than go by bus. Eg:Rather than ___for a walk,he prefers ___ at home. ? A.go to out;staying B.going out;staying ? C.going out;staying D.go out;to stay

? 18.instead & instead of

代替

? ★instead 副词,常用作状语

? The coffee here is not good,so I drink tea
instead.

? ★instead of 后接名词、代词、V-ing形式。
? They use cotton instead of silk.

Homework
? 1、周日听写Module 2单词

? 2、听写短语错的每个抄10遍
? 2、完成练习册Module 2-Unit 1

Module 2 语法

被动语态
一、语态概述

英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。 英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。 主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。 例如:Many people speak English. 谓语speak的动作是由主语many people来执 行的。 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动 作的对象。 例如:English is spoken by many people. 主语English是动词speak的承受者。

一般现在时被动语态的构成: 肯定:主语+is/am/are+过去分词+其它+ (by+主动语态句子的主语)… 否定:主语+is/am/are+not+过去分词+ 其它+(by+主动语态句子的主语)…
一般疑问句:be提前。

三、主动语态变被动语态的方法
(1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

We often use a recorder in our English class.
宾语

A recorder is often used in our English
主语

class (by us).

(2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据 被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来 主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。
We often use a recorder in our English class. 谓语 A recorder is often used in our
一般现在时的被动语态

English class (by us).

(3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后 作宾语,将主格改为宾格, 如主语是人称 代词,一般省略。 They make the bikes in the factory.

The bikes are made (by them ) in the factory.

把下列句子变为被动语态:

1.The wind blows off the man's hat. The man's hat is blown off by the wind. 2.Jack fills the cup with lemon juice.

The cup is filled

with lemon juice by Jack. 3.Tom cleans the desks.
The desks are cleaned by Tom.

4.在主动语态句中动词make、have、let、 see、watch、hear、feel等后接动词不定式 作宾语补足语,动词不定式不加to。但变成 被动语态时后面的不定式都须加上to。 例如: (1)The boss makes them work ten hours a day. →They are made to work ten hours a day. (2)Tom lets his little sister water flowers every day. His little sister is let to water flowers every day by Tom.

5.带双宾语的主动语态变被动语态有两种方法: 一是将间接宾语变为被动语态的主语; 二是将直接宾语变为被动语态的主语,并在间接 宾语前则需加介词to 或for。 常用双宾语的动词:show/give/offer/send /bring/ lend /teach/buy/make/get.... The teacher gives the pupils some advice.
间接宾语 直接宾语

→The pupils are given some advice by the teacher. →Some advice is given to the pupils by the teacher.

歌诀是:宾变主,主变宾,by短 语后面跟。 谓语动词变被动,be 后“过分”来使用。

四、含有情态动词的被动语态 含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由 “情态动词+be+过去分词”构成,原来带 to的情态动词变成被动语态后“to”仍要保留。 1.We can repair this watch in two days. This watch can be repaired in two days. 2.You ought to take it away.

It ought to be taken away.
3.They should do it at once. It should be done at once.

Ⅱ.选择填空: B 1. The reading room _____ everyday. A. cleaned B. is cleaned C. was cleaning D. was cleaned 2. The workers are made ____ten hours a day. B A. work B. to work C. working D. worked C 3. Food ________ in a cool place in summer. A. must keep B. mustn’t keep C. must be kept D. mustn’t be kept

? 1.He takes the medicine three times every day. ? 2.Na Ying sings this song. ? 3.We must clean our classroom every day. ? 4.He brings us some gifts. ? 5.Mum makes the girl do housework.

? 1.The medicine is taken by him three times every day.

? 2.This song is sung by Na Ying.
? 3.Our classroom must be cleaned by us every day. ? 4.We are brought some gifts by him.=Some gifts are brought for us by him.

? 5.The girl is made to do housework by Mum.

Homework
? 1、完成练习册Module 2,下次 课带来,未带或未做电话通知 家长。
? 2、下次课听写Module 2短语 ? 3、下次课时间:9月28日


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