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初二期中复习知识

发布时间:2013-11-01 09:00:55  

八年级上期中复习第一节课 11.2

Unit1

1、重点短语

go on vacation去度假 quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给……的感觉;感受到 go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为

the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续 take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来……

nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

decide to do sth.决定去做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 start doing sth.开始做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 keep doing sth.继续做某事 Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢?

so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……

tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

2、一般过去时

Unit2重点短语

help with housework帮助做家务on weekends在周末how often多久一次hardly ever几乎从不 once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空 go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis

打网球 stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 play sports进行体育活动 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early早点睡觉 be good for对……有好处 go camping去野营

not…at all一点儿也不…in one’s free time在某人的业余时间 the most popular最受欢迎的 such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医

morn than多于;超过 less than少于

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好?

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?有多少… 主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事 What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么? the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

一般现在时

Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

more outgoing更外向 as…as…与……一样…… the singing competition唱歌比赛 be similar to与……相像的/类似的 the same as和……相同;与……一致 be different from与……不同

care about关心;介意 be like a mirror像一面镜子 the most important最重要的 as long as只要;既然 bring out使显现;使表现出 get better grades取得更好的成绩 reach for伸手取 in fact事实上;实际上 make friends交朋友 the other其他的 touch one’s heart感动某人 be talented in music有音乐天赋 be good at擅长…… be good with善于与……相处

have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 be good at doing sth擅长做某事 make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

want to do sth.想要做某事 as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样…… It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。 形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。

as…(原级)as与……一样…… not as/so…as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom.

Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.

Unit4 重点短语

movie theater电影院 close to…离……近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上 so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演 in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more……越来越…… and so on等等 all kinds of……各种各样的 be up to是……的职责;由……决定 not everybody并不是每个人 make up编造(故事、谎言等) play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

for example例如 take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物 come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?

How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样?

much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ……得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一

形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

Unit5 重点短语

think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生

watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对 try one’s best尽某人最大努力

as famous as与……一样有名 have a discussion about就……讨论

one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.’s place代替;替换 do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料 one of……之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事 happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 How about doing...?做…怎么样? be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

询问某人对某事的看法

二、语法:(30分钟)

1、一般过去时:一般含有过去时间为标志词语,表示过去发生的动作或状态P30一二

2、一般现在时:现阶段经常发生的动作、状态、心理感受以及客观事实和普遍真理。(常和always、usually、often、every day等时间状语连用)P67 1-9

3、比较级P102

4、最高级P133+137\14

5、询问某人对某事的看法P162

6、特殊疑问句:

①where:对地点提问,翻译为“哪里”

Where did you go on vocation ? I went to the mountains

②询问意见:

How was the food ? Everything tasted good.

How about the food ?=What about food ? Everything tasted good.

What do you think of talk shows ? =How do you like talk shows ? I don’t mind them. I can’t stand them.

③what:对事物或者事情提问,翻译为“什么”

What do you usually do on weekends ? I always exercise.

What does she usually do on weekends ? She always exercise.

What’s the best movie theater to go to ? Town Cinema.

What do you plan to watch tonight ? I plan to watch Animal World.

What can you expect to learn from sitcoms ? I can learn some jokes.

What’s your favorite program? Animal World.

④How:对方式提问,翻译为“怎样”

How does she learn English ? By listening English songs.

1.How often :对频率提问,翻译为“多久一次”

How often do you exercise ? Every day.

2.How many :对数目提问,翻译为“多少”

How many hours do you watch TV? Three or four hours.

3. How much :对价格提问,翻译为“多少钱”

How much is your book ? Three dollars.

⑤Who: 对人提问,翻译为“谁”

Who is more hard-working at school ? Tom is harder than me.

⑥Why:对原因提问,翻译为“为什么”

Why do you like watching the news ? Because I hope to find out what’s going on . ⑦Which:对事物提问,翻译为“哪个”

Which is the worst clothes store in town ? Dream Clothes.

练习:P67、13 P162 \3 P 30二

三、作文:(20分钟)

描述类:

1、以日记形式记叙自己生活故事P31(日记格式时间在右上角)

2、描写日常生活习惯的短文P68

议论、评价类:开头点明主旨,抓住论点与论据。

3、对比类文章(自己与朋友的外貌个性等的比较)P103分析相同与不同点,用as/so…..as,比较级+than等

4、评价类文章(三者以上的对比)P134 ,

5、对电视节目或电影的看法(分清喜好程度,运用好mind、stand、like等,另外使用大

量形容词)

如果是图表类作文,应该先看懂图表所表达的意思,再下笔。另外图标类文章可有固定的

模式,举一例:

From the chart(或者table),we can see that? (表述现象例如we can see that Linda is

taller than Mary)…

Many people think that ….(表达大多数人认为、喜欢或者其他动词).But I think…..(表

达自己的观点例如But I think talk show is interesting .)

I hope that……可以提出希望 (建议)等。

四、期中测试卷P324(单选、阅读)

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