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前四种时态复习1

发布时间:2013-09-18 17:33:16  

复 习 课
现在进行时,过去进行时 一般现在时,一般过去时

唐辉

( 现在进行时 The Present Continuous Tense)

现在进行时表示现在或现阶段正在进行或发生的 动作,常和 look, listen,now,at the

moment, It’s +时间点….等词连用。

现在进行时的基本结构:

be + (现在分词)V-ing
be随人称变为 is, am, are

你会用be动词吗?
? 口诀: ? 填空:

现在分词( V-ing形式)的构成
一般在动词原形后直 接加ing 以不发音的e结尾的, 去e加ing 重读闭音节要双写结尾 的辅音字母再加ing do ask write dance get run swim doing asking writing dancing getting running swimming

特殊的死,躺,系

die—dying(死) lie—lying (躺) tie—tying (系)

根据给出的词语用现在进行时说句子。 I speak I am speaking. they talk I am not speaking.
Am I speaking?

They are not talking.
Are they talking?

They are talking.
he run He is running.

He is not running.
Is he running?

Have a try
1.Mother is cooking (cook) lunch now.

2.The teacher is

talking

(talk) with her students.

3.Are the children swimming (swim) in the river? 4.I am not listening (listen) to the music now.

5.The girl is putting

(put) on her coat at the moment.

6.It’s 7:35 in the morning. M r Green is having (have) breakfast.

句型转换:

1.They are cleaning the house.(一般疑问句)

Are they cleaning the house?
2.Sam is at work.(改为同义句)

Sam is working.
3.Tom is singing.(改为否定句)

Tom is not singing.

注意小故事中的重读闭音节动词,要双写尾字母才加ing。

A Morning of Tom
Tom is getting up. He is putting his clothes on. He is running,then he is sitting down and cutting cake for his breakfast. He is beginning to go shopping,then he is planning to go swimming. Suddenly,a problem is stopping him. “Oh,” He said, “Kidding!I am forgetting that today is Monday!”

Let’s play a game:
Who is the guessing champion?

What is the cat doing?
It is eating.

What are they doing? They are watching TV.

What is the bear doing?
It is cooking.

What is the man doing now? He is drawing.

What is the woman doing now? She is drinking.

What is the boy doing now? He is playing football.

What is the man doing now? He is playing computer.

Look and say

What is he doing? He is playing basketball.

Look and say

What was he doing at 7 am yesterday? He was playing basketball.

What is she doing now?

—— She is dancing.

What was she doing at six last night?

—— She was dancing at six last night.

What was he doing at nine last Sunday? He was riding a horse at nine last Sunday.

What was he doing when I came back ? He was playing football when I came back.

What were they doing at four last Sunday ?

They were swimming at four last Sunday

What were they doing at that time last week?

They were shopping.

过去进行时(The Past Continuous Tense)

示过去某一时刻或某一时段正在进行或发生的动作, 常与 at ten last night, at this time yesterday, at that moment 等表示过去时间点的状语连用.

过去进行时的基本结构:

was∕ were+ (现在分词)V-ing

过去进行时 the Past Continuous Tense:
动词的过去进行时表示在过去某一时刻或 某一时间内正在进行或发生的动作。

was /were + v.–ing
常与 at that moment, at that time,
at this time yesterday, at 10:00 last night, Sb be doing when did等表示过去时间点的状语连用.

Fill in the blanks according to the following pictures: Time: 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon

They were dancing yesterday afternoon.
dance

at 5 o’clock

She was playing football at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon.
play football

He was fishing at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon.
fish

根据给出的词语用过去进行时说句子。
you swim
You were swimming. You weren’t swimming. Were you swimming? He wasn’t drinking. Was he drinking? I wasn’t reading. Was I reading?

he drink
He was drinking.

I

read

I was reading.

Guessing game:

What was she doing ..?

She was cooking.

What was he doing when I saw him yesterday? He was playing basketball.

What was she doing at that time? She was sleeping.

比较比较
时态
定义

现在进行时

过去进行时
过去某一时刻或某一 阶段正在进行的动作

现在正在进行 的动作

结构
时间

am/are/is +v-ing. was/were +v-ing 过去某一时刻 或某一阶段

now

配音小游戏
看对话,选择喜欢的角色 配音,注意人物的感情色彩

一般现在时(The Simple Present Tense)
一般现在时常和never 、 sometimes 、 often、 usually 、 always、等频率副词连用,时间状语通常为on Saturdays、 every day 、once a day 、twice a week等 。 1. 一般现在时表示经常的或习惯性的动作。

例: We often work late like that.
2.表示主语的状态,性格,特征和能力等 。 例: She isn’t here today.

动词第三人称单数的构成
构成规则
1、一般在动词原形末尾加– s look play

例词
looks plays

2、以ch,sh,s,x 或 o 结尾的 动词,在后面加—es

go watch

goes watches

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾的词, 先变“y”为“i”再加—es

study carry

studies carries

一般过去时(The Simple Past Tense)
一般过去时常与表示过去的时间状语或从句连用,如: yesterday, last week,in 1993, two days ago, 等。
1.表示过去某个时间发生的动作。

My wife went to Seattle yesterday.

2、表示过去存在的状态。

There were ten of us here last night.

规则动词过去式的构成
构成规则
1、一般在动词原形末尾加– ed look play live hope study carry
stop plan

例词
looked played lived hoped studied carried
stopped planned

2、结尾是 e 的动词只加 - d

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾的词, 先变“y”为“i”再加—ed 4、重读闭音

节要双写结尾 的辅音字母再加—ed

以be动词为例按要求完成下列表格
一般现在时
肯定 结构 否定 结构 一般 疑问 结构

一般过去时
You were here. __ He was here. __ You weren’t here. __ He wasn’t here. __ Were you here? __ Was __ he here?

are you __ here. is He __ here .
You aren’t here. __ He isn’t here . __ __ you here ? Are Is __ he here ?

以行为动词work为例按要求完成下列表格
一般现在时
肯定 结构 否定 I I work ______. I works He ______.

一般过去时
worked _____. _____ didn’t work ____. He worked. _____

don’t work _____ ____ I

结构
一般 疑问 结构

He doesn’t ____. He ______ work ____ work ____. didn’t
___ I work ____? ____ I _____? Do Did work Does he work ? ____ he _____ ? Did work ____ ____

选图,根据时间状语和提示用一般过去时或一般 现在时造句.

What did/do they do?

Lucy , early last night

Mom , every day

Jim , zoo, last Sunday

Tom , homework ,every day

Sam ,every morning

shopping

Bird, just now

Titanic 泰坦尼克号

David ,every week

Bill,TV,yesterday
reading

Jack ,often ,two years ago

现在进行时
past now future

过去进行时
past now future

一般现在时
past now future

一般过去时
past now future

穿越时空隧道
请一个同学站在四个时态区域的某一个当中 做动作,其他同学根据时态口头说句子.

过去进行时,一般过去时,现在进行时,一般现在时

例:It is dancing. 例:It danced. 例:It was dancing. 例:It dances.

think

fly a kite

skate

draw

Group work
四个学生为一小组,每人运用以下这四 个不同的时态描述同一个动作,尽可能加 上相应的时间状语。

过去进行时,一般过去时, 现在进行时,一般现在时

例: student A :I am walking now.
student B :He was walking (at that time).

student C :He walks(every day).
student D :He walked (last night).

订正以下划横线部分的错误:
1.I goes to school at six every day. ( go )
2.He don’t like playing football. ( doesn’t )

3.They likes playing games. ( like )
4. Does he usually has a party ? ( have )

5. Lily has lunch at school last week.( had)
6. What was he talk about?( talking )

句型转换:
1.They are cleaning the house.(一般疑问句)
Are they cleaning the house?

2. They go there every week. (主语改为she)
She goes there every week.

3.They sing every day.( every day改 last night)
4.He swam yesterday. (改为一般疑问句)
Did he swim yesterday? They sang last night.

5.Tom was singing.(改为否定句)
Tom was not singing.

例1:Look, she (have) a bunch of flowers in her hand. 答案:has 。 提示:尽管句中有look,但 在英语中表示“有”,不能 用进行时态,本句意思指 “她手中有一束花”。

(2)有些表示状态、 感情、感觉的动词 没有进行

时。例如: be, like, want, love, hear, wash, hope。

课堂巩固练习 题:用适当的 动词形式填空。

1、She kept the radio when she ______(do) homework. 2、—She was reading newspapers. —What __you ___(do) ? 3、 Lao Wang told the policeman that he _____(listen) to the radio at that time. 4、 I ______(use) to be a teacher but now ______(be) a manager.

5、While I ______(run) along. A dog suddenly ______(run) across the road. 6、 Last night my father _____(read) a book while my mother ______(sew). 7、What _____you _____ (do) the whole Sunday? I ______(go) over my lessons. 8、When I _____ (get) home, the telephone bell _____(ring).

答案:
1. was doing 2. were doing 3. was listening 4. used , am 5. was running, ran 6. was reading , was sewing 7. were doing, was going 8. got, was ringing


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