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发布时间:2013-11-11 11:42:27  


A good review 1) begins with an explanation that gives the work a frame of reference—including information about the author, background, genre, or general issues pertinent to the work, 2) explains a work by indicating generally what it is about, 3) includes material pertinent to the reader, aimed toward his or her interests, 4) selects the most interesting, important, or thought-provoking ideas for discussion or examination,

A good review 5) generates interest in the work, either positive or negative, 6) describes strengths and weaknesses, 7) concludes with an evaluation based on the points discussed, 8) uses good style, sound sentence structure, and other techniques of excellent writing.

STEP 1: Prewriting—Selecting the Focus ask yourself the following questions: ? What is the purpose of the work? What is its theme? What message does the author convey? ? Who are its major characters? What are they like? Can the reader identify with them? ? What problems do the characters face? Does the reader see the characters grow as a result of struggle? Is the main character a hero or an antihero? ? What is the setting? Is it important to the plot, the theme, or the characters’ struggle? ? Are other literary elements (imagery, symbolism, personification, and so on) important in the work? If so, how are they used? ? What is your reaction to the work? Do you like it, find it fascinating? Or would you prefer never to think about it again? Why?

STEP 2: Prewriting—Planning the Review
? First, determine your attitude toward the work. ? Next, use the responses from Step 1 to support your opinion. ? Third, state your idea in a single sentence.

Positives ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? peculiar setting learn about prehistory heroic female character alien culture spiritual rituals daily lives relationships living habits Negatives ? unbelievable relationships with scientific research animals ? too coincidental

The novel’s prehistoric setting, carefully researched, allows a heroic female to overshadow coincidences and bring readers a fascinating epic-like book.

STEP 3: Prewriting—Organizing the Plan e.g. 1) cause & effect 2) comparison and contrast 3) chronological

STEP 4: Writing—Following the Plan
1) 2) 3) Introductory paragraph: puts the work in perspective; information about the author; genre; entice the reader; Body: examples; Conclusion: final evaluation (recommend/reject)

STEP 5: Revising—Improving the Content
? Have I introduced the work effectively? Will my reader understand the general idea of the work, its purpose, its message? Have I avoided giving away the plot? Or will the reader hate me for destroying the pleasure of discovering the outcome? Do the body paragraphs clearly support my opinion? Or have I muddled the supporting details with extraneous materials? ? Have I clearly conveyed my attitude toward different aspects of t

he novel? Do my transitions help readers follow my thoughts?




STEP 5: Revising—Improving the Content
? Recognizing that a review is a matter of opinion, have I been fair in my reactions? Have I been too hasty to applaud or criticize? Do I have a basis on which to commend or condemn the work? Have I maintained a good writing style, neither too flowery nor too blunt, showing features or flaws, not just telling about them? Are my sentences varied in length and structure?


STEP 6: Proofreading—Checking Technical Details
? standards of grammar, usage, and mechanics

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