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九年级第六单元(定语从句)

发布时间:2013-11-26 12:38:06  

初中定语从句讲解

A matching

game!!!

Match the two sentences

1.I’m reading a book. The book is about Bill Gates. I’m reading a book that/which is about Bill Gates. _______________________________________
2.He is a teacher. The teacher teaches us Chinese. He is a teacher who/ that teaches us Chinese. _______________________________________ 3.I don’t like the man. He is smoking. I don’t like the man who is smoking. ____________________________________ 4.Where is the picture? You bought it last week. Where is the picture that you bought last week? _______________________________________

I like quiet music.
I like music that is quiet. 定语从句 1. 什么是定语从句? 2. 什么是先行词?

3. 什么是关系代词和关系副词?如何确定?
4. 如何把两个句子合并为一个定语从句?

定语从句
在复合句中修饰名词、代词的从句叫定语从句 先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。

定语从句一般放在先行词后面。
关系词:引导定语从句的词称为关系词。关系词分为

关系代词(that, which, who, whom, whose)和
关系副词(when, where, why)。关系代词在从

句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分,关系副词
在句中作状语。

I like music that / which I can dance to.
先行词 关系代词 定语从句

I like the singer who is beautiful. I like the movie that is funny.

I still remember the first time when I met her.

I have an apple.

An apple is red.

I have an apple that is red.

修饰先行词 an apple

I have some friends.

Some friends like sports.

I have some friends who like sports.

修饰先行词 friends

I like the movie. The movie is exciting.

I like the movie that is exciting . that 修饰先行词movie

The woman is a teacher.The woman lives next door.

The woman who lives next door is a teacher.

who修饰先行词woman

关系词

关系代词: that, which, who, whom, whose
关系副词: when, where, why

关系代词: 指物:that which 指人:who (主/宾格) that whom(宾格)

关系代词that, which引导的定语从句:

如果先行词是表示物的名词或代词,关系 代词应用that、which. (作主语或宾语)

which / that 作主语. (不能省)
This is a dream. The dream will never come true. This is a dream which/that will never come true. (作主语) The dog has been found. The dog was lost. The dog which was lost has been found.

Practise: 1.This is the house which is for sale. 2. The book which is lying on the floor is mine.

which / that 作宾语 : (可省略) This is the card. I’ve just received the card.
This is the card which / that I’ve just received.

Practise:

(作宾语)

1.This is the mistake which /that I always make. 2. I still keep the letters which she wrote to me.
3. I lost the pen which my father bought me.

关系代词who, that, whom引导的定语从 句:

如果先行词是表示人的名词或代词

, 关系代词应用who, that (作主语或宾语) whom (作宾语)

who / that 作主语. (不能省) This is the film star. The film star is very popular in China. This is the film star who/ that is very popular in China. (作主语) 1.The boy who broke the window is called Roy. 2. Do you know the man who spoke at the meeting yesterday? 3. The girl who is watering the flowers is my cousin.

who / whom / that 作宾语:( 可省略) The man is a famous writer. He described the man just now. The man ( who/ whom/ that ) he described just now is a famous writer. (作宾语) 1.The boy who(m) I ‘m looking for is my friend.

2. The thief has been sent to prison.
The police caught the thief last night.

The thief whom the police caught last night has been sent to prison.

小结: ? that- 既可指人,也可指物,作主语, 不能省略;作宾语,可以省略。

? which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作 宾语,可以省略. ? who- 指人,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,

可以省略,(常用whom)
注:当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语 从句的谓语动词形式由先行词定。

有时只能用 that , 不用 which, 常见的情况有六种: 1.当先行词是 all, any, few, little, none, anything, everything, nothing , everybody, nobody, everyone, no one 或被它们修饰时。 That’s all that I know. Is there anything that I can do for you? He answered few questions that the teacher asked. 2. 当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时 That is the most interesting book that I have ever read.

The first thing that I should do is to review my lessons. 3. 当先行词有the very, the only, the same等修 饰时。 That’s the only thing that I can do now. These are the very words that he used. 4. 当主句以 who 或 which开头时,定语从句的 关系词用 that, 而不用 which 或 who. Who is the girl that spoke to you just now? Which is the pen that you lost ?

5. 先行词同时包括人或物时,关系词用that.

The man and his dog that I always meet are standing by the gate.

whose 作定语,表示所属关系。 The boy is my classmate. The boy’s father is a policeman.
The boy whose father is a policeman is my classmate.

? ?

A child _____ parents are dead is called an orphan( 孤儿). A. who B. whose C. who’s D. which

例句赏析~~~~

It’s an invention which /that is used for keeping off the rain .

It’s the Wall that /which was built by Chinese people.

It’s an animal that/which….

It’s an animal that / which has big nose.

Exercise 1 :用关系代词填空
1. The boy ____________ is playing ping-pong is who / that my classmate. 2. The e-mail ___________ I received yesterday which/ that was from my sister. who / that 3. I hate people ______________ talk much but do little. which / that 4. The car _____________ my father bought last month is very beautiful.

whose 5. The man ______ hair is white is his grandfathe

r. whose 6. Is there a student _________ father is a business man? which 7. This is the house in ________ we have lived for 10 years. 8.I’ve never heard of the people and things ________ you talked about just now. that

当先行词同时指人和物时,关系代词 只能用that.

Exercise 2.
1. My father and his teacher talked a lot about that the persons and things ______ they couldn’t remember. that 2. Say all ________ you know.

3. Is there anything ______ I can do for you? that

当先行词是something, anything, nothing, all 等词时,关系代词只能用that.

4.This is the first play ________ I have seen that since I came here.
5. This is the best novel _______ I have read. that 当先行词被序数词,最高级等词修饰时,关系 代词只能用that.

6.Who is the girl _______is standing under the tree? that
that 7. Which is the machine ____ we used last Sunday.

当主句是who或which 引导的特殊疑问句, 而中心词指人或物时,关系代词只能用 that.

The Attributive Clause (定语从句) 人 (n.) + who + 从句 物 (n.) + that + 从句

who / that 在定语从句中做主语时,谓语动词的单复 数应与先行词保持一致

I prefer shoes that are cool.
I like a pizza that is really delicious.

I love singers who are beautiful.
I have a friend who plays sports.

Exercise: (练习)

1. I prefer songs ____ popular. A. that is B. that are C. who is D. who are 2. I like the singer __ different kinds of music. A. that play B. who play C. who can play D. whom plays 3. (2007辽宁) Do you like music ____ makes you excited? A. that B. what C. who D. it 4. (2007长春) Al the children like the teachers ____ can understand them. A. who B. which C. what D. whom 5. (2006福州) The panda is a kind of animal ____ can be found only in China. A. who B. whose C. that D. where

谢谢观赏~~~


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