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初中时态专讲

发布时间:2013-11-28 09:24:58  

一般现在时 现在进行时 一般过去时 一般将来时 现在完成时 现在完成进行时 过去进行时 过去完成时

How many tenses have you learned? What are they?

plays 1.Selina ______the guitar every day. 2.Selina __________ the guitar now. is playing played 3.Selina ______ the guitar yesterday. 4.Selina ______________ the guitar is going to play next Sunday. 5.Selina____________ the guitar was playing when her mother got back home. has played 6.Selina _________ for three hours. 7.Selina _________ for three hours had played before her mother got back home.

时态 一般现 在时 现在进 行时 一般将 来时

定义 1经常性或习惯性 的动作 2. 现在的状态 正在进行的动作 在将来的时间里要 发生的动作

谓语动词 play plays is/am/are +playing shall/will play am/is/are+going to play

时间状语 always; often; sometimes; every day; once a year… now; at the moment tomorrow; next week; in two days; soon…

一般过 去时
过去进 行时

在过去的时间里发 生的动作
在过去的某个时刻 或某一小段时间里 正在进行的动作

played
was/were playing

yesterday; last May; three years ago; just now…
at this time yesterday; at five yesterday afternoon; from 8 to 9 last Sunday; when the teacher came in ever; never; already; yet; just so far; in the past three year; for two days; since 1998; Since two days ago; Since I was born by +过去的时间 主句为过去时的间接引语中 when+过去时的状语从句

现在完 成时

have/has played 1.过去发生对现在 仍有影响的动作 2.过去发生一直持 have been playing 续到现在的动作 在过去的某一时刻 之前已经完成的动 作 have played

过去完 成时

Please help them get in the right place
时态 一般现在 时 定义 谓语动词 am is +playing are 时间状语 always; usually; often; sometimes; once a year; every day

在将来的时间里 要发生的动作 现在进行 时

一般将来 时 1.经常性习惯性 的动作 2. 现在的状态

will play be going to play (be=am/is/are)

play plays am/is/are

tomorrow; next week; in two days; soon…

now; at the moment 正在进行的 动作

时态

定义

谓语动词 play plays am/is/are

一般现 1.经常性习惯性 在时 的动作 2. 现在的状态

时间状语 always; usually; often; sometimes; once a year; every day

am 现在进 正在进行的 ____ (go) shopping on Sundays. My mother always goes now; 行时 is Look, she ___________(make) a shopping list now 动作 is making +playing at3.谚语、观真理也 the moment are will be because tomorrow ________ (be) Sunday again, 要用一般现在时; 一般将 在将来的时间里 will play some food and drinks and she _____________(buy) is going to buy tomorrow; next week; 4.时间、条件状语 来时 要发生的动作 be going to play in two days; soon… 从句中用一般现在 for my family. (be=am/is/are) 时表将来

travels Light ______ (trave

l) faster than sound. doesn’t come If he____________(not come) back tomorrow, I will go to his house.

时态 定义 时间状语 【2011黑龙江绥化市】谓语动词 always; usually; 24. Don't make so much noise. The children_______ 一般现 1.经常性习惯性 play often; sometimes; an 的动作 在时 English lesson. plays once A. have B. are having am/is/are C. were having a year; 2. 现在的状态 正在进行的 动作 every day 现在进 行时 am now; is +playing at the moment are 一般将 在将来的时间里 will play tomorrow; next week; 来时 要发生的动作 be going to play in two days; soon… (be=am/is/are) 根据 Look! The boys ___________(fight) over there. are fighting 情景 Listen! Someone _________(call) for help. is calling 判断 ---Where is Mom? 时态 ---She __________(cook) in the kitchen. is cooking

时态

定义

谓语动词 played were was

时间状语

一般过 在过去发生的 现在时 动作 或存在的状态

yesterday; last May; three years ago; just now… at this time yesterday; at five pm last Sunday; 过去进 在过去的某个时刻 was +playingfrom 8 to 9 yesterday 行时 或某一小段时间里 evening; were 正在进行的动作 when he came in Yesterday, Tom came ____(come) home late. When he got _____(get) home, his parents ____________(wait) were waiting for him for dinner. After dinner, it ___(be) already was 9:00. Tom usually __________(watch) his favorite watches TV show at 9. But at 9 yesterday, Tom _____ still was doing _____ (do) his homework.

Tom’s story

What did you do …..? What were you doing at …..? What were you doing when….? Yesterday, someone got into Grandpa Lee’s watermelon patch and stole several watermelons. Please help Grandpa Lee find out the thief.

【2011内蒙古包头】 22. Mr. Black is going to marry a girl he _______ in Japan last year. A.meets B. met C. has met D. would meet 【2011湖北· 武汉】 27. Tom was so careless that he _____ his right arm when he was riding to school. A. hurts B. hurt C. has hurt D. had hurt

【2011?河南省】25. —I called you at 4:00 yesterday afternoon, but no one answered. —Sorry, I _____ with my friends at that time. A. swim B. swam C. will swim D, was swimming

时态

定义

谓语动词

时间状语

Have you arrived 现在 1.过去发生过对现在yet? ever; never; already; 完成 Yes, I have. have/has yet; just; So far; 仍有影响 时 +played for two days; since 1998; When did you arrive? 但没有具体时间修饰 since two days ago; 2.发生在过去并一直 since I was born I arrived last night. in the last 3 years 持续到现在的动作
对现在的影响

have 1. I feel relaxed now because I _____already done _____(do) all my homework.

【2011?河南省】 33. —Excuse me, where is Mr. Brown's office? —Sorry, I don't know. I_____ here for only a few days. A. work B. worked C. have worked D. will work

have gone to; have been to; have been in
has gone to Our Engli

sh teacher _______________ Shanghai. She will be back next week.

have gone to+地点,表示“去了某地”。 (人已走,尚未回。只用于第三人称。)

I____________________ Shanghai twice. I hope I can go have been to there again. have been to+地点,表示“去过某地”。(人已回)
has been in Our new foreign teacher _____________ our school for only two months.

have been in+地点+时间段,表示“在/来某地多久”。

1.The film began 5 minutes ago.

2.They left an hour ago.

3.The man died a week ago.

瞬间动词和延续性动词 5.They got married 10 years ago. 6.He came here an hour ago. 若句中出现时间段,则必须使用延续性动词。 7.Jack got home 2 hours ago. 8.Mum opened the 瞬间动词和延续性动词转换关系如下: door just now.
9.They got to know 10 years ago. 10.I borrowed the book a week ago. 11.I bought the car a year ago.

4.He joined the club 3 days ago.

begin/start be on

go there

be there

leave
die

be away
be dead

get home
open

be home
be open

join

be in / be a member of

get married be married come here be here

close get to know borrow buy

be closed know keep have

1.The film began 5 minutes ago. The film___ ___ ___ for 5 minutes. has been on 2.They left an hour ago. 3.The man died a week ago. have been away They____ ____ ____for an hour. The man___ been dead for a week. has ____ ____

4.He joined the club 3 days ago. He___ ____ ___the club for 3 days. has been in 5.They got married 10 years ago. They____ ____ _______for 10 years. have been married

6.He came here an hour ago.
7.Jack got home 2 hours ago.

He___ been here since an hour ago. has ____
has ____home for 2 hours. Jack___ been

has been 8.Mum opened the door just now.The door___ ____open for a while.
9.They got to know 10 years ago. They____ ______since 10 years ago. have known 10.I borrowed the book a week ago.I____ _____the book for a week. have kept

11.I bought the car a year ago.

I____ ____the car since a year ago. have had

时态

定义

谓语动词

时间状语
ever; never; already; yet; just; So far; for two days; since 1998; since two days ago; since I was born in the last 3 years

现在 1.过去发生过对现在 完成 仍有影响 但没有具体时间限制 时
2.发生在过去并一直 持续到现在的动作

have/has +played

1. by+过去的时间 过去 had+played 完成 过去的 某个时刻 2. 主句为过去式的间接引 之前已经完成的动作 时 语中 3. when+一般过去时

1. By the end of last year, more than 50 new had been built schools ____________(build) in this area. had left 2. When I came back, the guests ______ already ___ (leave). had watched 3. He said he ___________(watch) the movie before.

now since 2010 / for two years by 2010

2010

started 1. I _______(start) to learn English in 2010 2. I ___________(learn) English since 2010. have learnt 3. I ___________(learn) English for 3 years by 2010. had learnt

用所给单词的正确

形式填空
1. He ________(walk) to school every winter. walks is walking 2. He ___________(walk) to school now. 3. He _____________(walk) to school tomorrow. is going to walk 4. He ________(walk) to school last winter. walked 5. He ______________(walk) to school since last has walked winter. was walking 6. He __________(walk) to school at this time yesterday. 7. By the time the rain stopped, he had walked __________(walk) to school.

【2011· 福州中考】 36.— Where is Ben? — He _____ to the teachers’ office. He will be back soon. A. go B. has gone C. has been 41.— Where were you at 7:00 last night? — I _____ to my mom at home. A. write B. was writing C. wrote
【2011安徽】37. He promised to pick me up at the school gate. However. he __ yet. A. didn't arrive B. doesn't arrive C. isn't arriving D. hasn't arrived 【2011?广州】3. Yesterday evening, I _____ along the street when I suddenly met my math teacher. A. walk B. walked C. was walking D. am walking

【2011北京】 28. Paul and I ____ tennis yesterday. He did much better than me. A. play B. will play C. played D. are playing 29. Where's Tom'? His mother ____ him now. A. is looking for B. will look for C. has looked for D. Looks for 31. My aunt is a writer. She ____ more than ten books since 1980. A. writes B. wrote C. has written D. will write 32. —What were you doing this time yesterday? —I ____ on the grass and drawing a picture. A. sit B. sat C. am sitting D. was sitting

【河北省2011】 38. My sister wants a new dress. She it to the party, A. wears B. has worn C. wore D. is going to wear 40.I didn't hear you because I the news on the radio. A. listen to B. am listening to C. listened to D. was listening to ? 42. I my homework, I guess I can't join you. A. don't finish B. didn't finish C. haven't finished D. won't finish

【2011呼和浩特】 11. The girl with two cats in the yard when the earthquake happened. A. was playing B. is playing C. are playing D. were playing

【2011?宁夏】26. —When will he leave for Shanghai? —As soon as he ______ his work. A. finished B. will finish C. is finishing D. finishes 【2011上海】40. By the end of last month, I _____ all the CDs of Justin Bieber. A)collect B) collected C) have collected D) had collected 41.Now my father _____ his bike to work every day instead of driving. A) ride B) rode C) rides D) will ride 42. We are glad to hear that the Greens _____ to a new flat next week. A) move B) moved C) will move D) have moved

【2011天津】36. My grandmother ______ a lot of changes in Tianjin since she came here. A.sees B. can see C. will see D. has seen 【2011乌鲁木齐】34.The meeting ______ by the time I got there yesterday. A. was on B. has been on C. had begun D. has begun 43. 【2011?广西柳州】—You have found your lost umbrella, haven’t you? —Yes. I _____ it behind the door this afternoon. A. have found B. will find C. found 【2011沈阳】10. Listen! The phone ___.

Please go to answer it. A. rings B. is ringing C. rang D. will ring

Help Mary finish her story

is am Hello! My name ___(be) Mary. I_____ (be) a happy schoolgirl. I always do _____(do) homework after school. But now I ___________(listen) to music am listening because Ihave already done ________________(already, do) my homework. Last year, started I ______(start) to learn the piano. Ihad never played _______________(never play) the piano before that. So I practiced _________(practice) very hard. I took _______(take) part in a talent show last won month and _____(win) a prize. I hope I can be a famous musician when I grow up. If I _____(hold) on to my will make dream, I __________(make) it come true one day.

Thanks for Listening


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