haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中历政地初中历政地

2013版人教版八年级英语上册复习提纲

发布时间:2014-01-03 15:47:55  

2013版人教版八年级英语上册各单元短语句子

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山 go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 quite a few相当多 study for为??而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给??的感觉;感受到

go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为 one bowl of? 一碗?? the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续

take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来 惯用法:

1. buy sth for ab./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物 2. taste + adj. 尝起来……

3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有 4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来

5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地 6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事

7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事 8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

9. want to do sth. 想去做某事 10. start doing sth. 开始做某事

11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 12. look + adj 看起来

13. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 14. Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢?

15. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于……

16.tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事

17. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 词语辨析:

1. anywhere 与 somewhere 两者都是不定副词。

anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。

2. seem + 形容词 看起来….. seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像…;似乎…. It seems that no one believe you.

seem like ….好像,似乎…..

3. decide to do sth.决定做某事 decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He can not decide when to leave.

4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。He started doing his homework. 但以下几种情况不能用begin .

1) 创办,开办: He started a new bllkshop last month.

2) 机器开动: I can’t start my car.

3) 出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning.

5. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than

My father is over 40 years old.

在…之上,与物体垂直且不接触,与 under 相反。 There is a map over the blackboard. 超过: I hear the news over the radio.

遍及: I want to travel all over the world.

6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。 much too 太,修饰形容词或副词。

分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修饰形或副。 too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

7. because of 介词短语,因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。

第 1 页 共 10 页

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末

how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空

go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis打网球

stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课 go to bed early早点睡觉 play sports进行体育活动 be good for对??有好处

go camping去野营

not?at all一点儿也不?? in one’s free time在某人的业余时间

the most popular最受欢迎的

such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医

morn than多于;超过 less than少于

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about?? ......怎么样?/ ??好不好?

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ??有多少??? 主语+find+that从句. ??发现?? spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的??的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事 What’s your favorite???你最喜爱的??是什么?

the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式 词语辨析:

1. how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。 how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time.

I’ll be free next week. = I’ll have time next week.

还可作“免费的、自由的”解。be free to do sth. 自由地做某事。

The tickets are free. You’re free to go or to stay.

2. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句,

相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?

3. stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don’t stay up late next time.

stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story.

4. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。I went to bed at eleven last night. go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。 She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.

5. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy.

find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.

6. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修饰的名词来判断谓

语的单复数。 Forty percent of the students in our class are girls. Thirty percent of time passed.

7. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。反义词组为:less

than. I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.

9. afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。

be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事。

10. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:

sometimes 频度副词, 有时。表示动作发生的不经常性,多与一般现在时连用,可位于句首、句中或句末。 sometime 副词,某个时候。 表示不确切或不具体的时间,常用于过去时或将来时,对它用疑问词when. 第 2 页 共 10 页

some times 名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,对它提问用how many times.

some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时,句中谓语动词常为延续性动词,提问时用 How long.

Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

more outgoing更外向 as?as?与??一样?? the singing competition唱歌比赛 be similar to与??相像的/类似的 the same as和??相同;与??一致 be different from与??不同

care about关心;介意 be like a mirror像一面镜子 the most important最重要的 as long as只要;既然 bring out使显现;使表现出 get better grades取得更好的成绩 reach for伸手取 in fact事实上;实际上 make friends交朋友 the other其他的

touch one’s heart感动某人 be talented in music有音乐天赋

be good at擅长?? be good with善于与??相处

have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 be good at doing sth擅长做某事 make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

want to do sth.想要做某事 as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与??一样??

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。

形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较??”或“更??”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最??”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。

as?(原级)as与??一样?? not as/so?as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom.

Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.

词语辨析:

laugh v. & n. 笑(与at连用)嘲笑

though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后使用but。如:

Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)

though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。

Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?

movie theater电影院 close to?离??近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上 so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演 in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more??越来越?? and so on等等 all kinds of??各种各样的 be up to是??的职责;由??决定

not everybody并不是每个人 make up编造(故事、谎言等) play a role in?在??方面发挥作用/有影响

for example例如 take?seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物 come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

Can I ask you some??我能问你一些??吗?

How do you like??你认为??怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of??你认为??怎么样?

much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ??得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

第 3 页 共 10 页

one of+可数名词的复数 ??之一 练习

用所给词的最高级填空。 good cheap popular comfortably bad

1. Dumpling House is _____________ restaurant in the city. You can get a big plate of dumplings for only

five yuan.

2. Spring Park is ________________ place in the city on weekends. Many families go there with their

young children. Lots of old people like to take walks there , too. 3. You can rest _______________ at Flower Hotel. Their rooms are clean and big.

4. 109.9 FM plays _______________music . The songs are always boring and too loud.

5. PEPHigh School is ________________ in this town. They have big classrooms, fantastic teachers and an excellent sports center.

用括号里的词的适当形式填空。

1. We went to the __________(bad) restaurant in town last night. The menu had only 10dishes and the service was not good at all.

2. Blue Moon is ______________(good), but Miler’s is _____________(good ) in town.

3. The Big Screen is _________________(expensive) than most cinemas, but Cinema City is

____________(expensive).

4. Movie City has the __________ (bad) service, but we can sit the_______________ (comfortably)there.

5. Johnny Dep acted the _________________(good) in that movie. He’s much ____________(good) than other actors at finding the ________________(interesting) role.

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?

think of认为 learn from从??获得;向??学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目

game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对

try one’s best尽某人最大努力 as famous as与??一样有名 have a discussion about就??讨论

one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.’s place代替;替换 do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料

one of??之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of??的象征

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 How about doing??做??怎么样?

be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

语法点

1.the other, the others, other, others,another 辨析

the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,可直接单数名词或复数名词。表示两个中的一个??另一个??时,常用one ?the other?。例:

the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例:

other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。例:

We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.

others 作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。 例:

第 4 页 共 10 页

Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly.

another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例: I don’t like this one. Please show me another one.

3.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到

Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.

4. go on 发生,与 take place 同义

I wonder what was going on.

1. happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday.

Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事

An accident happened on Park Street.

happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧??”.

Sb + happens to do sth.

I happened to see my uncle on the street.

* take place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。例:

Great changes have taken place in China.

The meeting will take place next Friday.

2. expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计??可能发生。

I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.

2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事

Lily expects to come back next week.

3)expect sb. to do sth.

I expect my mother to come back early.

4)expect + 从句 预计??

I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.

7. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.

be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真

Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.

be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 ____He’s serious about selling his house.

练习

I’m going to buy a computer this month.

---Let’s discuss the plan, shall we? ----Not now. I ______ to an interview.

A. go B. went C. am going D. was going

------Jack is busy packing luggage. ---Yes. He _________for America on vacation.

A. leaves B. left C. is leaving D. has been away

Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.

grow up成长;长大 every day每天 be sure about对??有把握 make sure确信;务必

send?to?把??送到?? be able to能 the meaning of??的意思 different kinds of不同种类的

write down写下;记下 have to do with关于;与??有关系 take up开始做;学着做

hardly ever几乎不;很少 too?to?太??而不能??/太??以至于不能

第 5 页 共 10 页

be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 practice doing练习做某事 keep on doing sth.不断地做某事

learn to do sth.学会做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 promise to do sth.许诺去做某事

help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth.记住做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事

love to do sth.喜爱做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事

1) be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等

时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。He is going to take the bus there.

否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I’m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他

肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.

Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I’m not.

特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends?

2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

4) be going to 与 will 的区别:

① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在will 后面加not, 也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩略式won’t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。

Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will.

I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.

I’m tired I will go to bed.

⑤ 表示意愿用will.

I’ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.

Unit7 Will people have robots?

on computer在电脑上 on paper在纸上 live to do 200 years old活动200岁 free time空闲时间

in danger处于危险之中 on the earth在地球上 play a part in sth.参与某事 space station太空站

look for寻找 computer programmer电脑编程员 in the future在未来 hundreds of许多;成百上千

the same?as?与??一样 over and over again多次;反复地 get bored感到厌烦的 wake up醒来 fall down倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做??

fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多??

less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多??

第 6 页 共 10 页

have to do sth.不得不做某事

agree with sb.同意某人的意见

such+名词(词组) 如此??

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有??

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有??正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 try to do sth. 尽力做某事 It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。

词语辨析:

1. every 与 each 的区别:

every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.

every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each adj./ pron. Every teacher knows her.

There are lots of trees on each side of the road.

Each of the road has a dictionary.

2. on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。

All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?

3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。

person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。

man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men. He was the only human on the island.

There are only three persons in the room.

There are many people there.

Man is stronger than woman.

4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。有下面几种用法:

seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.

seem like 好像,似乎。 It seemed like a good idea at the time.

seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。 I seem to have left my book at home.

It seems/seemed that 看起来好像?, 似乎?. He was very happy.

seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。 She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.

5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.

probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.

maybe/perhaps 用于句首。 Maybe/Perhaps you are right.

1. during / for / in 介词,在??期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续

多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.

I’ve been here for two weeks.

They usually leave school in July.

一般将来时结构:

肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。 否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t .

一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时:

第 7 页 共 10 页

There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。 肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t.

否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有??

特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match? 练习

Traveling to space is no longer just a dream. Russia______the first hotel in space in the near future. A. builds B. will build C. built D. has built

There ______ a football match on CCTV-5 at nine tomorrow evening.

A. will have B. is going to be C . is having

In 50 years there _______more robots in people’s homes.

A. were B. will have C. will be D. have

--Will people live to be 300 years old? ---_________.

A. No, they aren’t B. No, they won’t C. No, they don’t D. No, they can’t They ______any classes next week. A. will have B. won’t have C. have D. had 用more, less,fewer 填空。

2. In the future, there will be ________fresh water because there will be _______pollution in the

sea.

3. In 100 years, there will be ______cars because there will be _______people in the cities.

4. There will be ________job for people because ________ robots will do the same jobs as people.

5. I think there will be ________cities because people will build________buildings in the country.

6. In 50 years, people will have _______ free time because there will be ________things to do.

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

milk shake奶昔 turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 pour?into?把??倒入?? a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 a good idea好主意 on Saturday在星期六 cut up切碎 put?into?把??放入?? one more thing还有一件事 a piece of一片/张/段/首?? at this time在这时 a few一些;几个 fill? with?用??把??装满

cover?with?用??覆盖?? one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 a long time很长时间 how many+可数名词复数 多少?? how much+不可数名词 多少??

It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

First?Next?Then?Finally 首先??接下来??然后??.最后??

want + to do sth.想要做某事 forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 how + to do sth.如何做某事

need+to do sth.需要做某事 make+宾语+形容词 使??怎样 let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

词语辨析:

1. turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。

2. pour?into? 将?倒入/灌入? into 是:进入? in 是:在?内。

在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。 He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in!

3. 有关make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶 make trouble 惹麻烦 make money 赚钱 make a decision 做决定 make a telephone call 打电话 make a visit 拜访 make a mistake 犯错误 make a noise 弄出噪音

make a living 谋生 make sure 务必

4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词

5. fill with 用?填充? be filled with = be full of 充满?.

The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes.

第 8 页 共 10 页

6. cover?with? 用?把?覆盖 be covered with 被?所覆盖。 cover n. 封面,盖子。 Ann covered her face with her hands. / The cover of the magazine is nice.

7. It’s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。

It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了

Unit9 Can you come to my party?

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 prepare for为??做准备 go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天

have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾 accept an invitaton接受邀请 turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行 at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of? ??的开幕式/落成典礼 reply in writing书面回复

go to the concert去听音乐会 not?until直到??才

meet my friend会见我的朋友 visit grandparents拜访祖父母 study for a test为考试学习 have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影 after school放学后 on the weekend在周末

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today?

词语辨析:

1. prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不

定式。 prepare for sth. 为?准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。 / prepare to do sth 准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

1. surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外

surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring.

surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one’s surprise 动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.

2. look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

hear of = hear about 听说

3. make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; Glad you could make it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday. 成功办成某事 = succeed After years of hard work, he finally made it.

第 9 页 共 10 页

4. reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。

作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to .

answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

情态动词can表示邀请

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上 have a class party进行班级聚会

half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会

at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后 make mistakes犯错误

go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good time玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议

go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 travel around the world环游世界

get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep?to oneself保守秘密

talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气

in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too?to do sth.太??而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

练习 用所给词的正确形式填空:

Dear Su Mei,

I don’t _______(know) what to _________(do) about going to Mike’s birthday party tomorrow night. My parents_________(think) I should study for my English exam next week. If I _______(go) to the party, they____(be) upset. Mike________(tell)us to wear nice clothes, but I don’t ________(have) any. If I ________(wear) jeans, I_______(look) the worst. Also, I’m not sure how to_______(go) to the party. if I______(walk), it___________(take) me too long. If I _______(take) a taxi, it __________(be) too expensive. Can you give me some advice, please?

Tina

第 10 页 共 10 页

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com