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中考复习系列 宾语从句

发布时间:2013-09-22 17:19:44  

中考复习系列 宾语从句

宾语从句
? 什么是宾语\宾语从句 ? 宾语: 动作的对象 ? 宾语从句:用一个句子来做宾语 V+ O plant trees read a book watch TV trees, book, I know Tom Tom. I Know Tom works hard Tom works hard. He said (that) he wanted to stay at home I want to know if (whether) he lives there there. late I don’t know why the train is late.
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

For example

1. She is seriously ill . She doesn’t know (that) she is seriously ill 2. He will succeed. I am sure (that) he will succeed. 3. She has learned English for three years. I know she has learned English for three years. 4. He wants to stay at home. He said (that) he wanted to stay at home. 5.Mary has finished her homework. Mary told me (that) she had finished her homework 6.“What time is it?” He asked. He asked what time it was.

宾 语 从 句
一.结构
1. that + S +V 2. if(whether) + S + V 3. what + S + V

二.主从关系
主句

从句

1.S+V(1)(2)s 2.S+Ved 3.(特殊):任何时态

时态不变

时态相应变化
S+V/Vs (客观、自然现象)

一. 5个基本时态
1. S + V(1)(2)s 2. S + Ved 3. S + be +Ving 4. S + will +V 5. S +have/has+ Ved

二.相对应的时态:

在宾语从句中,当主句用过去时时,从句 要改为相对应的时态

1. S + V(1)(2)s 2. S + Ved 3.S +be +Ving 4.S + will +V 5.S +have/has+ Ved

S+Ved S +had + Ved S + be +Ving S + would + V S +had + Ved

练一练
1.This is a book. 2.You like singing. 3.He worked last night. 4.They will go home. 5.Jim has been to Beise. 6.She sings well. 用以下开头与以上句子连成宾语从句: 1. I know … 2. She said … 3. Tell your friend …

练一练
1.Is he reading ? 2.Do you get up at six? 3.Does Tom work hard? 4.Did you watch TV ? 5.Will they read books ? 6.Can you sing ?

用以下开头与以上句子连成宾语句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know …
3. The teacher asked …

练一练
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What is this ? What are you doing ? Where do you live ? When does he get up ? How did you go to work? who will you play with

用以下开头与以上句子连成宾语句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know …
3. Can you tell me … 4. The man asked …

中考演练
1. He said ____ he liked the bag. B A. this B. that C. these 2. He asked me____ you lived over there. B A. that B. if C.weather 3. I know _____. C A. how old are you B. where do you work C. what you are looking for 4. Mr Li told us the sun_____down in the west. B A. go B. goes C. went knew 5.He asked whether I know you. ( C ) _____ A B C you were 6.Jim asked if are you working ? ( C )________ A B C

练一练
( D )1. Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2002. A. where does she live B. Where she lives C. where did she live D. where she lived ( D )2. Would you please tell me ________? A. when did he come home B. where he would play football C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn’t watch the game ( B ) 3. Do you know ________ I could

pass the exam? A. that B. whether C. what D. which ( D )4. I want to know_________. A. what is his name B. what’s his name C. that his name is D. what his name is

( B ) 5. I don’t know when __________. A. will the train leave B. the train will leave C. would the train leave D. the train leave ( C ) 6.---We don’t know _____________. ---It is said that he was born in Sweden. A. what he is B. if he lives here C. where he comes from D. which country is he from ( C ) 7. Do you know _______ during the coming summer holiday? A. what will Tom do B. what did Tom do C. what Tom will do D. what Tom did ( C ) 8. ---Could you tell me ______ she is looking for? A. that B. whose C. who D. which

宾语从句 一.结构

小结

1. that + S +V 2. if(whether) + S + V 3. what + S + V

二.主从关系
主句

从句

1.S+V(1)(2)s 2.S+Ved 3特殊:任何时态

时态不变

时态相应变化 S+V/Vs (客观.自然现象)


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