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2013年最新外研版八年级上Module3 Sports

发布时间:2013-09-24 16:30:25  

Unit1

基础知识归纳

1.popular作形容词,意为:流行的,受欢迎的

(1)popular可缩写pop;反义词是unpopular。常用短语be popular with...受.....的欢迎

(2)Popular为多音节词,其比较级和最高级分别为more popular和most popular

2.-What’s the score?

-Spain scored a minute ago.

(1)score(名词)分数,成绩

-What is the score?

-The score is 2 to 1.

(2)score(动词)得分

Who scored the winning goal?

(3)score二十

Score of people have come.几十人已经来了。

We need a score of books.我们需要二十本书。

注意:a score of=20 scores of=几十

Score不管前面有无具体数字都要与of搭配

3.So this week’s match is already more exciting.

Exciting是形容词,意为令人兴奋的

拓展:bored感到厌烦的;boring令人厌烦的;relaxed感到放松的;relaxing令人放松的 辨析:exciting与excited

exciting令人兴奋的,excited感到激动的,兴奋的。前者修饰的对象是事或物,后者修饰的对象是人。

4.What’s the matter with you, Tony?

What’s the matter with you?你怎么了?/你有什么麻烦/烦恼事了?英语中表达此意思有以下几种常见的表达:What ‘s wrong with you?=What’s the matter with you?=What’s the trouble with you?=What happened to you?

5.dangerous(形容词)意为危险的,反义词为safe

拓展:danger(名词)危险

常用短语:be in danger处于危险中;out of danger脱离危险

方法规律总结

good与well

1.good为形容词,常用作表语和定语,它表示戏剧、电影、书籍等东西内容好,还可表示人品好、人善良、对其他人和睦、亲切。

2.Well通常用作副词,表示好,作形容词时作表语,指身体状况良好。

经典例题剖析

例:(重庆模拟)

-I saw your friend at the hospital this morning. ?

-Oh, don’t worry. She is a doctor there.

A.What the matter with her B.What’s the matter with him

C.What’s the matter with her D.What’s the matter to her

基础知识集训

用所给单词的适当形式填空

1.It’s danger) for you to swim in the river.

2.Lisa feels relax)after she has a good sleep.

3.I think running is tired). So I don’t like running.

4.What a (bored)speech it is!

5.It’s really an (excited)movie.

6.Running is safe) than skating.

7.My classroom is bigger than (she).

8.I enjoy (watch)the Olympics on TV.

9.Staying at home is easier than (go)to stadium.

10.My teacher is (popular)than yours.

根据汉语提示完成句子

1.Last week the match on TV was so boring because

2.Our team a minute ago.

3.Tony, come and watch the match .

4.I’m in the 有趣的)story.

综合知识集训

同义句转换

1.Cycling is more dangerous than running.

Running is cycling.

2.What’s the matter with your mother?

What your mother?

3.Henry likes reading. I like reading, too.

Henry likes reading. I 4.Daming is not popular at our school.

Daming is at our school.

5.My favorite sport is skating.

skating best.

6.I like maths best.

Maths is my 7.Apples are cheaper than bananas.

Bananas are than apples.

8.Nothing is more exciting than playing tennis.

Playing tennis is the .

9.English is not as difficult as maths.

Maths is English.

10.Running is more boring than basketball.

Basketball is than running.

Unit2

基础知识归纳

1.......we are going to play against another school next week.......我们下周将和另一个学校比赛 句中against为介词,表示反对,对......对抗。

against常见用法如下:表示反对,其反义词为for。若表示强烈反对,一般用副词strongly;经常同那些与之含义相关的动词连用。如:fight, struggle, protest, argue, guard等

Are you for or against the plan?你对这个建议是赞成还是反对呢?

The soldiers fought against the enemies bravely.士兵们勇敢滴反抗敌人。

2.The practice starts at 10 am. We all arrive as early as we can so that we have time to warm up.训练上午10:00开始,我们尽可能早到,以便于有时间热身。

(1)as early ass we can尽早;as...as sb can=as...as possible.

We should speak English as much as we can.

=We should speak English as much as possible.

(2)So that可引导目的状语从句,意为以便,目的是,此时so that后面从句中的谓语动词常和may, can, should等情态动词连用。也可引导结果状语从句,意为以致

He got up very early so that he could catch the train.他起得很早以便能赶上火车。(目的状语从句)

He raised his voice, so that everyone heard him.他提高了声音,结果大家都听见了。(结果状语从句)

(3)warm up表示热身,做准备活动

3.We are training harder than usual because the other team beat us last year.我们训练比平时刻苦,因为去年别的队打败了我们。

辨析:beat与win

都可用作及物动词,作赢、战胜讲,其区别主要在于宾语的不同。

(1)beat的宾语时比赛、竞争的对手,即指某人或球队的名词或代词

We played very well, and we beat them.我们都打得好,打败了他们。

(2)win的宾语是比赛、战争、奖品等名词,即race, match, game, competition, war, prize之类的词。

They won the match this time.这次比赛他们赢了。

4.Our coach is pleased because we are playing better as a team now.我们的教练很满意,因为我们现在作为一个团队打球打得更好。

pleased是一个形容词,主语为人,表示是某人高兴、愉快的情感或情绪。

be pleased with/about/at sth意为:对......高兴(满意)

be pleased to do sth意为:做......高兴。

拓展:please有:请,使满意 的意思;please sb取悦某人 或 使某人高兴;pleasure是名词。

5.That means we have a better chance of winning.那意味着我们有更好的获胜的机会。 have a chance of doing sth

=have a chance to do sth

=have an opportunity to do sth

有机会做某事

I have a chance to go to Beijing.

=I have a chance of going to Beijing.

我有去北京的机会。

6.It’s good to have our fans around.有我们的粉丝在我们周围真是太好了。

本句构成:It’s+形容词+(for sb)+to do sth 意思是(对某人来说)做某事是......的。其中it为形式主语,后面的动词不定式为真正的主语。

It’s very easy for me to do that.做那件事对我来说很容易。

方法规律总结

need的用法歌诀

实意动词表需要,后跟名、代、不定式。

need后跟动词-ing,主动形式表被动。

情态动词表需要,没有人称、时态、数

其后直接跟动词,常用疑问与否定。

经典例题剖析

例1.We the strongest team in the football match, so we the first prize this time.

A.win; beat B.won; beat

C.beat;won D.beat; win

解析:打败某人或某个团队用beat;获奖用win;句子的时态为一般过去时。故答案为C。

例2.I like English very much. I never miss any to practise English with foreigners.

A.subject B.mistake C.chance D.space

解析:本题考查名词辨析。subject主题;mistake错误;chance机会;space空间。句中提到和外国人练习英语的机会,故选C。

基础知识集训

写出下列的比较级

根据句意及首字母提示写单词

1.It’playing basketball in winter because it’s cold.

2.I can’man is eighty years old, but he is still healthy.

, or I won’t pass the exam.

to other teams, but this time we decide to beat them.

根据汉语提示补全句子

1.Look! They are .

2.We hope to play well (为了)we have more fans to watch the match.

3.It’s good to have our fans around because (他们大声为我们加油).

4.She speaks English (比较好).

5.My father ......感到满意)the results of my English test.

6.I have two brothers. One is playing football, and (另一个是打篮球). Unit3

基础知识归纳

1.My favorite sport is...我最喜欢的体育项目是......

favourite既可作形容词,意为最喜爱的;又可作名词,意为最喜欢的人或物。前面常与形容词性物主代词连用,与like...best同义。

My favourite sport is football.

=I like football best.

2.In the mornings and evenings you can see people jogging in parks or along city streets. 在早上和晚上你会看到人们在公园里或沿着城市的街道慢跑。

see people jogging看到人们慢跑。

see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事

see sb do sth看见某人干了或经常干某事

I see her cleaning the classroom.我看见她正在打扫教室。(强调正在做某事)

I see him come in and sit down.我看见他走进来并且坐下。(强调动作的全过程)

3.The more you go jogging, the longer you will run and you the healthier you will feel.你慢跑得越远,并且你将感到越健康 。

the more...the longer...the healthier...是英语中的:the+比较级,the+比较级 表示:越......越......

The more we do for the people, the happier we’ll be.我们为人民做得越多,我们就越幸福。

方法规律总结

比较级使用三留意

1.留意比较级的对象是否一致。

2.留意比较的对象是否在同一范围内

3.留意比较级的相互转换

经典例题剖析

例1.-You speak English much than before.

-Thank you.

A.well B.better C.best D.good

解析:由than可知此句应用比较级,故选B

例2.My shoes are cheaper than .

A.you B.your C.yours D.your ones

解析:yours为名词性物主代词,相当于your shoes,与主语形成比较。选A是代词,指人,与主语不具有可比性。选项B是形容词性物主代词,不具有名词的性质,不能与主语比较。选项D中是替代词,替代词前面不能直接用物主代词修饰,不能说your ones或my ones。此空应直接用名词性物主代词。

基础知识集训

英汉互译

6.参加

7.开始

8.不久以后 9.保持健康10.去慢跑

根据汉语提示写单词

1.Please keep (安静).The baby is sleeping.

2.Can you me the book?

3.I was so (粗心)that I made some mistakes in the test.

4.When we got lost in the mountain, I my left.

5.My father has a to go to America to learn English.

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