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2012上海长宁初三二模(word解析)

发布时间:2014-04-11 13:47:34  

2012年上海市长宁区初三二模

英语

Part 2 Vocabulary and Grammar (第二部分词汇和语法)

V. Choose the best answer (选择最恰当的答案): (共20分)

31. There is __________ international school near the new housing estate.

A. an B. a C. the D. /

32. Don't add too much salt __________ the soup, or it will be too salty.

A. in B. on C. to D. at

33. There is __________ snow in Shenzhen in winter, is there?

A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

34. My deskmate Flora's handwriting is much better than __________.

A. me B. mine C. I D. my

35. At the foot of the hill, you can hear nothing but the __________ of the running water.

A. speech B. talk C. voice D. sound

36. Don’t worry, Wendy can look after your bird __________ when you're out.

A. care B. careful C. careless D. carefully

37. Tourists enjoy __________ in the sea at the beautiful beaches in Bangkok.

A. swim B. to swim C. swimming D. to swimming

38. The iPad is one of __________ among the young people all over the world.

A. the most popular tablet computers C. the more popular tablet computers B. the most popular tablet computer D. the more popular tablet computer

39. —__________ has the foreign teacher been in Shanghai?

—For one year.

A. How often B. How soon C. How long D. How far

40. When I arrived home yesterday, Grandpa __________ a phone call.

A. makes B. is making C. was making D. made

41. The cheese cake smelt so __________ that the kid asked for more.

A. well B. sweet C. awful D. badly

42. Plants and flowers __________ water and sun when they start growing.

A. need to B. don't need C. needn't D. need

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43. My parents __________ about 30,000 yuan for my college education in UK each year.

A. spend B. take C. pay D. cost

44. She must be __________ forty, but she likes dressing up as a young girl.

A. at first B. at last C. at least D. at most

45. It's not a good idea to make the boy __________ the new words again and again.

A. copies B. copy C. to copy D. copying

46. Young Jimmy __________ painting two weeks ago, but soon he lost interest in it.

A. took up B. took off C. took out D. took away

47. Shu-How Lin __________ by two NBA teams years ago, but now he has become a bright star in the Knicks.

A. is refused B. was refused C. has been refused D. will be refused

48. I like summer best among the four seasons, __________ I can enjoy the long summer vacation.

A. but B. because C. so D. though

49. Excuse me, could you please tell us __________?

A. how can we get to the airport C. how could we get to the airport B. how we can get to the airport D. how we could get to the airport

50. —Would you like me to help you with the housework?

—__________. A. That's very kind of you. C. You're welcome. B. That's a good idea. D. Not at all.

VI. Complete the following passage with the words or expressions in the box(将下列单词或词组填入空格,每个词语

Two travelling angels (天使) were tired and hungry. They wanted to stay in a rich family for the night. The family were unfriendly and let them stay in a very _____51_____ room. When they were making the bed on the hard floor, the elder angel saw a _____52_____ in the wall. And thenshe repaired it. The younger angel asked, "Why do you _____53_____ them?" the elder angel said,

"Things aren't always what they seem." The next night the two angels came to a poor family. The family were very nice and friendly. They let the angels sleep _____54_____. The next morning, the angels found the farmer and his wife were very sad. Their only cow _____55_____ that night. "The family have nothing, but they _____56_____ us. Why do you let the cow die?" the younger angel asked.

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"Things aren't always what they seem," the elder angel said. "When we were in the coldroom in the rich family, I saw there was gold in that hole in the wall. I didn't want the rich man to _____57_____ it."

"Last night when we slept in the farmer's bed, the devil (恶魔) of death came for his wife. I gave him the cow _____58_____."

"Oh, I see," said the younger angel.

VII. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms (用括号中所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子):(共8分)

59. The golden fish said to the fisherman, "All your __________ will come true." (wish)

60. Although Peter is five years old, he is learning to make the bed by __________. (he)

61. Lucy and Linda are twins. They were born on the __________ of November. (four)

62. Helen's teacher was so __________ with the great progress she made this term. (please)

63. The Magic Hotel is amazing because it's __________ underwater. (complete)

64. Sandy likes drawing very much and she believes it can __________ her whole life. (rich)

65. Because of the warm and __________ weather, oranges grow very well here. (sun)

66. The students are doing experiments in the lab with some new __________. (chemistry)

VIII. Rewrite the following sentences as required(根据所给要求,改写下列句子,每空格限填一词):(共

67. He usually reads books in the library in his spare time. (改为否定句)

He __________ often __________ books in the library in his spare time.

68. David's father has never been to Australia before. (改为反义疑问句)

David's father has never been to Australia before, __________ __________?

69. Grandma opened the window in order to breathe the fresh air. (保持句意基本不变)

Grandma opened the window __________ __________ she could breathe the fresh air.

70. Little Tommy is playing happily with his cousin in the garden. (改为感叹句)

__________ __________ little Tommy is playing with his cousin in the garden!

71. London will hold the 30th Olympic Games in July, 2012. (改成被动语态)

The 30th Olympic Games will __________ __________ in London in July, 2012.

72. 对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ does Jim go to the dentist to wash his teeth?

73. The traffic in the city is more convenient than that in the countryside. (保持句意基本不变)

The traffic in the countryside is not __________ convenient __________ that in the city.

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Part 3 Reading and Writing (第三部分读写)

IX. Reading comprehension(阅读理解):(共50分)

A. Choose the best answer(根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案):(12分)

It's a lovely day. Sarah is going to have a picnic in the park with her friends. She has prepared much food, some meat and some vegetables. All are the daily food in our life. But do you know where some of them came from?

Chicken Chickens were once wild birds in the forest of Asia. Around 3,400 years ago. Men began to use chickens. But the birds were small and their meat was hard to eat. So people only kept chickens to fight for sport.

Chocolate The seed of the cocoa tree can be made into chocolate. But 2,000 years ago, people in Central America only drank chocolate. In Europe, chocolate drinks were not popular until the 1500s when sugar was added.

Tomatoes At first, people were afraid of eating tomatoes because they belong to a family of poisonous plants. One day, a brave man ate the first tomato. People were surprised that he didn't die. They tried the tomatoes and found that they tasted good. Soon tomatoes became very popular. The French even gave them a special name, Love Apples.

Ice cream Long before ice cream, water ices were popular all over Asia. During the Tang Dynasty, some people created ice cream from milk. Later, travelers took this idea back to Europe. Soon, many people wanted to try it and the dessert became popular everywhere.

74. Sarah has prepared much food to __________.

A. have a picnic with her friends in the park B. know something about animals and plants C. find out where some of the food came from D. tell stories about daily food in our life

75. Around 3,400 years ago, people __________.

A. kept chickens as wild birds in the forest of Asia B. kept some small birds to eat their hard meat C. began to keep chickens as a kind of food D. began to keep chickens to fight for sport

76. Chocolate drinks became popular in Europe __________.

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A. 2,000 years ago B. in the 1500s D. after American people ate chocolate C. before sugar was added

77. From the story about tomatoes, we know that if someone eats something poisonous, he may __________

A. become brave B. feel surprised C. lose his life D. become popular

78. __________ created ice cream.

A. Some people in Asia C. Some people in Europe B. A king of the Tang Dynasty D. A traveler to Asia

79. The best title for the passage is “__________”.

A. Sarah's picnic B. Daily food in our life D. Where did some food come from? C. We eat these food every day!

B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短文):(12分) Tony woke up in the middle of the night. He smelled smoke. He saw something bright _____80_____ his window. There was a fire in the house next door! He quickly woke up his parents.His mother called the Fire Department. Tony and his father went to wake up the neighbours in theburning house. They _____81_____ and knocked on the door. The

neighbours woke up and got outof the house. Then, they wanted to go back inside the house and get some things, but it was too _____82_____. A few minutes passed. Tony heard sirens (警笛) getting closer. Then he saw flashing lights.The big, red fire engines arrived. Six fire fighters _____83_____ the first fire engine. They took thehoses and the ladder off the engine. Some of them went into the house. Others turned on the hoses. Soon they were spraying the fire with water. Although the fire engine has a lot of water, it _____84_____ stopped for some reason. Then another fire fighter connected a hose to a fire hydrant (消防栓). He sprayed more water on the house. There was black smoke everywhere.

Tony's neighbours were very worried and upset, _____85_____ the fire fighters were stillpatient and polite to them. An hour later, the fire was put out.

80. A. inside

81. A. pulled

82. A. nervous

83. A. got onto

84. A. sadly

85. A. but B. outside B. pushed B. serious C. beside C. shouted C. careless D. behind D. talked D. dangerous D. ran away from D. quietly D. and B. jumped off B. gently B. so C. waited for C. suddenly C. or

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每

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空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Everyone needs sleep. In fact, all living things need sleep. Having a sound and good rest m_____86_____ us healthy. It is believed that our brain develops best during sleep. It helps all our systems work well w_____87_____ we are awake. Sleep allows our brain to reorganize all events during the day and will improve our memory development.

For a student, eight to ten hours of sleep is required to give him or her e_____88_____ for thefollowing day. A good sleep allows them to grow physically and mentally (心理上).

With e_____89_____ sleep at night, students would be able to wake up early and be ready for school activities. They will be able to listen carefully in class and would have the ability to memorize the things that they learn and r_____90_____ them in the future.

Eight hours of sleep makes students active t_____91_____ the whole day at school. They would be able to perform well in class, take down notes and finish their homework. When they have slept well, they can e_____92_____ understand their lessons. Good sleep prepares them well for the challenges (挑战) at school, from paperwork to sports. They will be ready to solve difficult tasks that require mental ability and skills.

D. Answer the questions(根据短文内容回答下列问题):(12分)

Watching news about the environment on TV can make us feel sad. The problems seem so big that it's difficult to imagine how individuals (个人) can do anything about them. Rebecca Hosking, however, thought differently.

Rebecca is a wildlife camerawoman and she was filming a documentary (纪录片) for the BBC in the Pacific Ocean when she saw something that made her cry — hundreds of dead birds that had died because they had accidentally (意外地) eaten the plastic thrown into the sea. People throw tons of plastic into the sea each year! Beaches on Pacific islands that should have been some of the most beautiful places in the world were covered with plastic toys, drinks bottles, pens, cigarette lighters — every plastic thing you can think of.

Rebecca decided that she had to do something. Back at home she thought about what she could do to help solve the

problem of throwaway plastic. In her hometown of Modbury, she asked local shopkeepers if they could do one thing to help. She asked them to stop using plastic bags in their shops.

Plastic bags are used everywhere in Britain — every supermarket every corner shop. The numbers are amazing. Britain uses nearly 17 billion plastic bags each year. And the bags can take hundreds of years to break down because they are chemical rather than natural, so each year the sea and the environment become more and more polluted.

To Rebecca's surprise, the shopkeepers agreed and Modbury became the first plastic bag free town in Britain. Instead, shops offered reusable cotton bags or biodegradable (生物可降解的) bags.

Other towns followed Modbury's example and towns around Britain and around the world are becoming plastic bag

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free. It won't solve all of the world's environmental problems but it shows that people are becoming active and starting to think about how the little things in their daily lives can have a big effect. It also shows us that there is something we= can do and that one person can make a big change with a strong enough belief.

93. Did Rebecca agree individuals could do nothing about the big environmental problems?

94. Why did the hundreds of birds die in the Pacific Ocean?

95. The beaches on Pacific islands are no longer some of the most beautiful places, are they?

96. How many plastic bags do people in Britain use each year?

97. What does the sentence "The shop is plastic bag free" mean?

It means the shop__________________________________.

98. What can you learn from Rebecca's story?

X. Writing(作文):(共20分)

99. Write at least 60 words about the topic "__________is fun"(以“__________是一种乐趣”为题写一篇不少于60

个词的短文,标点符号不占格):

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)

Use the following points as a reference.(以下问题及图片仅供参考)

? What do you usually do for fun?

? Why do you find it interesting and good for you?

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2012年上海市长宁区初三二模英语参考答案

Part2

V.

31~35 ACCBD

36~40 DCACC

41~45 BDCCB

46~50ABBBA

VI.

51~58 CHAFDBIE

VII.

59. wishes

VIII.

67. doesn’t, read

71. be held

IX.

A. 74~79 ADBCAD

B. 80~85 BCDBCA

C. 86. makes

87. when 88. energy 89. enough 90. remember 91. through 92. easily D. 93. No, she didn’t. 94. Because they had accidentally eaten the plastic thrown into the sea. 95. No, they aren’t. 96. They use nearly 17 billion plastic bags each year. 97. doesn’t offer plastic bags. 98. Individuals can do something to help improve the environment. (Any reasonable answer is acceptable.) 68. has he 69. so that 70. How happily 72. How often 73.so, as 60. himself 61. fourth 62. pleased 63. completely 64. enrich65. sunny 66. chemicals

2012年上海市长宁区初三二模英语参考答案解析

单项选择

31. 在新的房产附近有一家国际学校。考查不定冠词an的用法。international的首字母发元音。

32. 别往汤里添加太多的盐。考查介词的用法。add…to…指“往…加入”。

33. 深圳冬天雪很少,不是吗?考查不定代词little的用法。

34. 我同桌Flora的笔迹要比我的漂亮很多。考查物主代词的用法。

35. 在山脚,我只能听见流水声。考查名词sound的用法。

36. Wendy会在你外出时照顾好你的鸟。考查副词的用法。carefully修饰动词look after。

37. 游客享受在泰国曼谷美丽的海滩边游泳。考查动词enjoy后接-ing的形式。

38. ipad是当今世界最受年轻人欢迎的平板电脑之一。考查形容词的最高级。

39. 这个外国教师在上海呆多长时间了?考查特殊疑问句的疑问词how long的用法。

40. 当我昨天到家时,奶奶正在打电话。考查过去进行时。

41. 这块奶酪蛋糕尝起来很甜,孩子们都争着要更多。考查感官类动词后接形容词。

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42. 植物和花朵在生长的过程中需要水和阳光。考查情态动词need的用法。

43. 我的父母为我在英国上大学每年交3万元。考查动词pay for的用法。

44. 她至少有40岁了,可是却打扮得像个年轻女孩。考查副词at least的用法。

45. 让孩子不断地抄袭别人的作业,这不是一个好主意。考查使役动词make后接动词原形。

46. 两周前,小吉米对绘画感兴趣,可是很快就放弃了。考查动词短语take up的用法。take off指“飞机起飞”,take out指“拿出来”,take away指“带走”。

47. 数年前林书豪曾被NBA两只球队拒绝过。考查一般过去时的被动语态。

48. 我最喜欢夏天,因为我可以充分享受假期。考查因果连词。

49. 你能告诉我们怎样到达机场吗?考查宾语从句的时态和语序。

50. 你能让我帮你干家务吗?你简直太好了。考查交际用语。

阅读理解

A篇

74.事实细节题。根据第一段第二句Sarah is going to have a picnic in the park with her friends.得知。

75.事实细节题。根据第二段第三句和第五句Around 3,400 years ago. Men began to use chickens.So people only kept chickens to fight for sport.得知。

76. 事实细节题。根据第三段最后一句In Europe, chocolate drinks were not popular until the 1500s when sugar was added.得知。

77. 词义推断题。poisonous指“中毒的”。

78. 事实细节题。根据最后一段第二,三句During the Tang Dynasty, some people created ice cream from milk. Later, travelers took this idea back to Europe.得知。

79. 主旨大意题。根据第一段最后一句得知。

完形填空

80. 他看见窗户外有明亮的东西。考查副词outside的用法。

81. 他们大叫大喊并敲门。考查动词shout的用法。

82. 他们想要进入屋里,但是太危险。考查形容词dangerous的用法。

83. 六名消防员从第一辆消防车上跳下来。考查动词短语jump off的用法。get onto指“上车”,wait for指“等待”,run away from指“逃跑”。

84. 尽管消防栓里有许多水,却突然间停了。考查副词suddenly的用法。

85. Tony的邻居很担心,但是消防员依旧很耐心。考查连词but的用法。

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