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八年级上第四单元

发布时间:2013-10-16 10:33:15  

Unit4
Period 3

big bigger the biggest This apple is _________ of all.

¥6999

It’s cheap.

¥4999

It’s cheaper.
¥3999

It’s the cheapest.

expensive
10 yuan

more expensive
20 yuan

the most expensive of the three. 50 yuan

good better the best This car is ________ of the three.

bad The weather is ______.

worse The weather is ______. worst The weather is the _________.

The moon is big.

bigger The earth is ______than the moon. the biggest The sun is __________of all.

250,000 RMB.

500 RMB 50,000 RMB.

The bike is expensive. The red car is more expensive than the bike. The green car is the most expensive.

180kg

220kg

100kg

肥肥-沈殿霞 heavy

Mr. Wang heavier

Mr. Li
the heaviest

Miss Shen is heavy. Mr. Wang is heavier. Mr. Li is the heaviest of the three .
9

funny

funnier

the funniest

Ge You is funny. funnier Zhao Benshan is_________. 10 the funniest Pan Changjiang is_____ ______ of the three .

He’s the most popular actor, and he’s famous for playing Chinese kung fu.
11

He is the tallest basketball player in China .

He is the first emperor
in China .
12

It is the longest wall in China.

It is the biggest square the Changjiang River ; in China. the Yangtse River the Himalayas 喜马拉雅山 It is the highest [e? him?lei?z] mountain in China. It is the longest river in China. It is the earliest dictionary in China.

A: Who is the …student in our class? B: …
(the smartest, the tallest, the heaviest, the friendliest the thinnest, the most beautiful, the busiest, the funniest, the most popular…)

14

Grammar 语法

形容词
比较级和最高级的用法比较

形容词和副词的级别 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:
原级 比较级 最高级

请你观察:形容词和副词比较等级的变化规律
原级 比较级 最高级

long nice big early interesting carefully friendly

longer longest nicer nicest bigger biggest earlier earliest more interesting most interesting more carefully most carefully more friendly most friendly friendlier friendliest good better best many/much more most

形容词和副词比较等级构成的规律 一. 规则变化: 1.单音节和部分双音节词,在词尾直接加-er/-est 2.以字母e结尾的,加-r/-st 3.以重读闭音节结尾且末尾只有一个辅音字母, 双写此字母,再加-er/est 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,把y变成i,再加er/est 5.多音节词和大部分双音节词,在词的前面加more 或most 6.有些双音节词既可用more,most形式,又可用er/-est形式

二、不规则形容词的比较级最高级
原 级 good / well many / much little ill / bad / badly far old 比较级 最高级

better more less worse farther/further older/elder

best most least worst farthest/furthest oldest/eldest

cheap--- cheaper --- cheapest

fine --- finer--- finest
fat--- fatter--- fattest heavy --- heavier ---heaviest

thin--- thinner --- thinnest
new--- newer--- newest

close--- closer --- closes

t
easy--- easier --- easiest

最高级规则变化口诀:
最高级,很容易,一般词尾加est。 (cheap-the cheapest) 词尾若有哑音e, 直接就加st。 (close-the closest)

重读闭音节, 单辅音字母要双写。
(big-the biggest) 辅音字母加y, 记得把y变为i。 (friendly-the friendliest) 多音节,考考你,the most到底加哪里?

(popular-the most popular)

合作探究
1.Tom is the tallest(tall) in our class. ______
the biggest This apple is __________(big) of all.

1)形容词最高级:

用于三者或三者以上的人或事物相比较。
2)标志词:表比较范围时用in/of 3) 形容词最高级前须加定冠词the.

3.上海是中国最大的城市。
the biggest Shanghai is _________(big) city in China.(同义 句) the other Shanghai is bigger than ________ cities in China. any other Shanghai is bigger than _________ city in China.

小结:形容词比较级可用来表达最高级的意思。

比较级+than any other+单数名词
比较级+than the other+复数名词

可与最高级转化。

Choose the best answer.
1. It has the ________ clothing store in the town. A. goodest B. gooddest C. best D. better 2. This clothing store is ____ than that one. A. bad B. worse C. the worst D. worst 3. This book is ____ of all. A. cheapest B. cheap C. cheaper D. the cheapest
4. This is one of ____ films of this year. A. more exciting B. exciting C. the most exciting D. most exciting. 5. This watch is ____ than that one. A. much expensive B. expensiver C. more expensiver D. more expensive
中国英语教师网 26

3a Fill in the blanks with the correct
forms of the words in brackets.

1. We went to the _________ (bad) worst restaurant in town last night. The menu had only 10 dishes and the service was not good at all! 2. Blue Moon is _______ (good), but good Miller’s is _________ (good) in town. the best

more expensive 3. The Big Screen is _______________ (expensive) than most cinemas, but the most expensive Cinema City is _________________ (expensive). 4. Movie City has the _________ (bad) worst service, but we can sit the most comfortably ________________ (comfortably) there.

5. Johnny Depp acted the ______ (good) best

in that movie. He’s much ______ (good) better
than other actors at finding the __________________ (interesting) roles. the most interesting

3b

Think of three stores that sell similar things in your town and fill in the chart. Then write six sentences using the information in the chart.

best: Service New World best:

worst: Pink Rose worst: Good Friends

Quality

Funky House

cheapest: most expensive: Prices Bargain House New Fashion

1. New World has the best service in town. 2. ____________________________________ Pink House has the worst service in town. Funky House has the best quality in town. 3. ____________________________________ 4. ____________________________________ Good friends has the worst quality in town. 5. ____________________________________

Bargain House is the cheapest in town. 6. ____________________________________ New Fashion is the most expensive in town.

3c

Think of three restaurants for lunch near your home. Fill in the chart. Then talk in your group and choose the best one.

Restaurants

Danny’s Super Blue House Moon

How much is a meal? How far is it from 10 minutes your home? by bus Is the service good?

Is the food good?

300m Danny’s 500m My house 400m

? the most delicious food ? good service ? cheapest ? worst food

Super House ? the most expensive ? the best service

Blue Moon

Danny’s is the best one because it’s the closest to my house. It has the most delicious food. It has good service, too.

Good –bye

Unit 4
What’s the best movie theater?
Section B

Word club(单词俱乐部)Can you read and spell them?
menu ['menju?] n.菜单 winner ['w?n?(r)] n.获胜者 prize [pra?z] n.奖品;奖金 act [?kt] v.行动;表演 everybody ['evrib?di] pron.每人 meal [mi?l] n.一餐;膳食 example [?ɡ‘zɑ?mpl] n.例子; so far到目前为止;迄今为止 for example例如 no problem没什么;不客气 poor [p??(r)] adj.贫穷的 creative [kri'e?t?v] adj.创造性的; seriously ['s??ri?sli] 严肃地 performer [p?'f??m?(r)] n.表演者; give [ɡ?v] v.给;赠予;送 crowded ['kra?d?d] adj.拥挤的 talent ['t?l?nt] n.天赋;才艺; have…in common有相同特征 common ['k?m?n] adj.共同的 all kinds of各种各样; magician [m?'d???n] n.魔术师 be up to由…….决定 beautifully ['bju?t?fli] adv.美丽地;make up编造 take…seriously认真对待 role [r??l] n.作用;角色 play a role发挥作用;有影响

1a

Write these words and phrases next to their opposites in the chart.

funniest ,most creative, quietest, best

most boring
loudest worst

Most creative
quietest best funniest

most serious

1b

Tell your partner about people you know.
Use the words in 1a.

A: who is the funniest person you know? B: My sister, Isabel, is the funniest person I know. A: Why is she so funny? What does she do to make you laugh? B: She always tells jokes. How about you? Who is the funniest person you know?

1c

Listen and write these names under the performers:

Names Eliza

d e

Vera

a c

.

a

Steve

Dennis

.
.

e

The Math Teachers

b

b

c

d

1d
Names

Listen again. Fill the chart.

What people say

Eliza
Steve Vera Dennis

best excellent, great
funniest
creative, the most creative Worst, terrible loudest

The math teachers

Tape script
A: Wasn’t that a great talent show?
B: Yeah!

A: Who did you think was the best act?
B: Oh, I thought Eliza was the best. She’s an excellent

piano player.
A: Yeah, she was great. And I thought Steve and his

dog were the funniest.

B: Me too! I couldn’t stop laughing! And how about

Vera? Wasn’t she creative?
A: Yeah, I’d say she was the most creative act! I don’t know many people who can play the guitar upside down! B: Who did you

think was the worst?

A: Oh, Dennis! He was terrible! He ketp dropping the
balls!

B: I know!
A: What did you think of The Math Teachers? B: Well, they were definitely the loudest for me!

1e

Look at the information in 1d and make a conversation.

Eliza was the best performer.

Who was the best performer?

2a

Who is the most talented person you know? What can he/ she do? Tell your partner about this person.

A: I think ….is the most talented person. B: What can he / she do? A: He / She …

2b

Read the message. Which three talent shows are mentioned?

Who’s Got Talent? Everyone is good at something, but some people are talented. It’s always interesting to watch other people show their talents. Talent shows are getting more and more popular. First, there were shows like American Idol and American’s Got Talent. Now, there are similar shows around the world, such as China’s Got Talent. All these shows have one thing in common: They try to look for the best singers, the most talented dancers, the most exciting magicians, the funniest actors and so on. All kinds of people join these shows. But who can play the piano the best or sing the most beautifully? That’s up to you to decide. When people watch the show, they usually play a role in deciding the winner. And the winner always gets a very good prize. However, not everybody enjoys watching these shows. Some think that the lives of the performers are made up. For example, some people say they are poor farmers, but in fact they are just actors. However, if you don’t take these shows too seriously, they are fun to watch. And one great thing about them is that they give people a way to make their dreams come true.

2b Read the passage below. Which three talented shows are mentioned?

Who’s Got Talent? Everyone is good at something, but some people are truly talented. It’s always interesting to watch other people show their talents. Talent shows are getting more and more popular. First, there were shows like American Idol and American’s Got Talent.

have sth in common 与…相同,有共同点

All these shows have one thing in common: They try to look for the best singers, the most talented dancers, the most exciting magicians, the funniest actors and so on. All kinds of people join these shows. But who can play the piano the best or sing the most beautifully? That’s up to you to decide. When people watch the show, they usually play a role in deciding the winner. And the winner always gets a very good prize.
be up to… 由…决定 play a role in 在…方面发挥作用

make up 编造

However, not everybody enjoys watching these shows. Some think that the lives of the performers are made up. For example, some people who say they are poor farmers are in fact just actors. But if you don’t take these shows too seriously, they are fun to watch. And one great thing about them is that they give people a way to make their dreams come true.

谁是达人? watch sb.do st

h
观看某人做了某事.

more and more popular越来越 流行
他们尽量寻找最优秀的 歌手、最有天赋的舞者、 最令人兴奋的魔术师、 最滑稽的演员等等。

中国达人 秀

共同, 公共

be up to sb. 由某人决定 play a role in在…中 发挥作用/扮演角色 not+all,both, every,every 的不定代词 为“部分否 定”-“并非每 有些人认为 这些表演者 的生活是编 造的。 重要的是它 们给了人们 一个能让他 们的梦想实 现的方式。

2c.Read the passage again and answer the questions.

1.What do talent shows have in common? They try to look for the best singers, dancers, magicians, ____________________________________ actors and so on. Talented people compete in the shows. 2.Who decides the winner? The people who watch the show. _____________________________________ 3.Why do some people not like these shows? Because some people think that the lives of the performers are made _____________________________________ up. 4.Why do some people like these shows? Because these shows are fun to watch. And one great thing about them is that _____________________________________ they give people a way to make their dreams come true. 5.What do you think of these shows?(答案不唯一) I think they are very interesting. I like them very much. _____________________________________

2d Underline all the superlatives in the passage. Then write sentences using at least four of them.
best singer: In my class, Tom is the best singer because he can sing fast songs very well._____________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

2eWho’s got talent in your class?
Talents Classmates’ names
How many students agree?

the best chess player the most talented dancer
the most interesting writer the fastest runner

Who’s got the talent in your class? Let some Ss give their report. 1. Li Fei is the best chess player. 2. Xu Li is the most talented dancer. 3. Wu Fan is the most interesting writer. 4. Sun Nan is the faster runner. 5. … is the best basketball player. 6. … is the best English speaker. 7. … is the funniest actor.

Let’s review the phrases. And make a
sentence with it. 1. 有相同特征 2. 各种各样的 3. 由??决定 4. 发挥作用

have … in common _________________
all kinds of _________________

be up to _________________ play a role _________________

5. 编造

make up _______________________
for example _______________________ take … seriously _______________________

6. 例如
7. 认真对待

give sb. sth./ give sth. to sb. 8. 给某人某物 _______________________

What’s your favorite place to go on weekends? Why is it? The Children’s Center is the best place to go on weekends. Because I can play tennis and play ping-pong. I can speak English with friends.

The best place to go is Center Park. Because I can swim and climb the hill. I can fly kites and take a wal

k in the woods.

3a Read the article about Greenwood
Park. Fill in the blanks with the correct superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs in the box.

方法指导:
首先,阅读短文,整体把握短文大意。

其次,分析有空格的每个句子,看空格
处应是形容词还是副词,根据 句意确定单词。 最后,将单词正确的最高级形式填到空 格上。副词前可以不加 the。

crowed, creative, good, fast, quietly

Greenwood Park is _________ place to go the best on weekends. I always finish my breakfast _______ on Saturdays because I want to fastest get to Greenwood Park before 10:00 a.m. to meet my friends. The park is the most crowded place on weekends ________________ because almost everyone goes there to see the street performers.

Some people think they are boring, but I the most creative think they are ________________ people. However, the place where you can enjoy the most quietly your time ________________ is at one of the small coffee shops near the park. You can read or relax there. There is something for everyone at Greenwood Park.

crowded adj. 人多的;拥挤的;挤满的 最高级形式在前面加most。 e.g. The supermarket is the most crowded place on weekends. 周末超市是最拥挤的地方。

3a.Read the article about Greenwood Park. Fill in the blanks with the correct superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs in the box.
格林伍德公园

crowded creative good fast quietly

Greenwood Park is the best place to go to on weekends. I always finish my breakfast the fastest ______on Saturday because I want to get to Greenwood Park before 10:00a.m. to meet my friends, The park is ___________place on weekends because almost the most crowded everyone goes there to see the street performers. Some people think they are boring, but I think they the most creative are ___________ people. However, the place where you can enjoy your time the most quietly at one _________is of the small coffee shops near the park. You can read or relax there. There is something for everyone at Greenwood Park.

Think about some of the best 3b places/things in your town. Why are they the best?

Best places / things in my town

Why?

best middle No. 1 Middle Because it is the school School most beautiful school in my town Best super- New Century the best quality market Supermarket the best service

Best places/things in my town

Why?

most delicious food best Rui Jia restaurant Restaurant the cleanest

best clothes Fashion store Kids
best theater

best quality clothes

HanHai 3D biggest screen Theater most comfortable seats

3c
Write about your town and the best places/things there. I live in a beautiful town near the Yellow River. ______________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

写作指导:
?

或事物,并说明原因。因此,时态应
用一般现在时态;

? 应先描述最 ??的是某个地方,然后
说明这个地方最好的原因。

? 应注意正确运用形容词或副词的最高级
形式来表达。

One possible version:
I live in a beautiful town near the Yellow River. ______________________________ The best school is No. 1 Middle ____________________________________ School because it is the most beautiful. ____________________________________ The best supermarket is New Century ____________________________________ Supermarket because it has the best ____________________________________ quality things and the best service. The ____________________________________ best restaurant is Rui Jia Restaurant ____________________________________ because it has the most delicious food

__________________________________ and it is the cleanest restaurant. The __________________________________ best clothes store is Fashion Kids __________________________________ because it has the best quality clothes __________________________________ and it plays the nicest music. The best __________________________________ theater is Hanhai 3D Theater because it __________________________________ has the biggest screen and it has the __________________________________ most comfortable seats.

4 Discuss the towns/cities in China
with a partner. Tell the class which town/city you think is the best.
Which is the best town/city? … has the best … … is the best because … … is better than …, but … is the most …

I think Hangzhou is the best city in China. Because it’s the most beautiful. West Lake is the most famous place. And it’s the most popular city. Quite a lot of visitors come to Hangzhou every year.

I think San Ya is the best city in China. It has the most beautiful beaches. It has the cleanest water. It’s the warmest place. You can eat the most delicious sea food. You can enjoy the sunshine most quietly.

1. Fill in the blanks with the superlative forms of the words in the box.

good

cheap

popular comfortably bad

1. Dumpling House is ________ restaurant in the city. You can get a big plate of dumplings for only five yuan.

2. Spring Park is ________ place in the city on weekends. Many families go there with their young children. Lots of old people like to take walks there, too. 3. You can rest _______ at Flower Hotel. Their rooms are clean and big. 4. 109.9FM plays _______ music. The songs are always boring and too loud.

5. PEP High School is _______
school in this town. They have big

classrooms, fantastic teachers and
an excellent sports center.

方法指导
首先,阅读句子理解大意。确定空格 是修饰名词还是修饰动词,从而确定空格 处是形容词还是副词。最后填上其恰当的 最高级形式。 1. the cheapest; 空格后有名词 restaurant; 关键句“你可以仅花五元就能买到一大 盘 饺子。”

2. the most popular; 空格后有名词p

lace; 关 键句“很多家庭带着小孩子去那里,很多 老年人也喜欢在那里散步。” 3. most comfortably; 空格后无名词,修饰 空格前的动词rest;句意:你可在鲜花旅 馆得到最舒服的休息,他们的房间既干 净又宽敞。

4. the worst; 空格后有名词music; 关键句

“歌曲总是很乏味且声音很大。”
5. the best; 空格后有名词school; 关键句 “他们有大教室,优秀的教师,最好的 体育中心。

the cheapest the most popular

the most comfortably

the worst
the best

? Fill in the blanks with the superlative forms of the words in the box. good cheap popular comfortably bad 饺子 馆 1.Dumpling House is the cheapest _________restaurant in the city. You can get a big plate of dumplings for only five yuan. 2. ___________place in the city on weekends. 春 Spring Park isthe most popular 天 Many families go there with their young children. Lots of 公 花园宾馆 园 old people like to take walks there ,too. 3. You can rest the most comfortably at Flower Hotel. Their ______________ rooms are clean and big. 调幅109.9(广播) the worst 4.109.9F.M. plays _______music. The songs are always boring and too loud. PEP 高中 5. PEP High School is _______school in this town. They have the best big classrooms, fantastic teachers and an excellent sports center.

Self Check

2. Read the information. Then correct the mistakes in the sentences below. A movie ticket at Town Cinema is $12.00. it is $10.50 at Screen City, and $10.00 at Movie World. Screen City is always very crowded. Many people go to Movie World, too. But you can always get a ticket at

Town Cinema. The seats at Movie World are very comfortable. The seats at Screen City are a little hard. The Town Cinema seats are very uncomfortable.

1. Movie World is the most expensive. 2. Screen City has the cheapest tickets. 3. Town Cinema is more popular than Screen City. 4. Movie World is the most popular. 5. Town Cinema has the most comfortable seats.

1. 改为Town Cinema is the most expensive.
2. 改为Movie World has the cheapest tickets. 原因:在短文第一段中列举了这三家影剧 院的票价:Town Cinema 12美元;Screen

City 10.50美元;Movie World 10美元。

3. 改为Town Cinema is less popular than Screen City. 4. 改为Screen City is the most popular. 原因:在短文第二段中描述了,Screen City总是很拥挤,Movie World 也有很多 人;而人们总是在Town Cinema能买到票。 可推知Screen City最受欢迎,Movie World 次之,Town Cinema最差。

5. 改为Town Cinema has the most

uncomfortable seats.或 Screen City has
the most comfortable seats.

原因:在第三段中描述了,Screen City
的座椅很舒服;Movie World 的有点硬;

而Town Cinema的座椅很不舒服。

uncomfortable

adj. 不舒服的

“前缀un + 形容词” 常构成此形容 词的反义词。 happy 愉快的;高兴的 unhappy 不高兴的 common adj. 普通

的;寻常的 uncommon adj. 不寻常的;非凡的

Read the information. Then correct the mistakes.
屏 幕 影 城

A movie ticket at Town Cinema is $12.00. It is 城镇影院 $10.50 at Screen City, and $10.00 at Movie World. Screen City is always very crowded. Many people go to Movie World, too. But you can always get a ticket at Town Cinema. 电影世界 The seats at Screen City are very comfortable. The seats at Movie World are a little hard. The Town Cinema seats are very uncomfortable.

1.Movie World is the most expensive. Movie World is the cheapest. 2. Screen City has the cheapest tickets.Movie World has the cheapest tickets 3. Town Cinema is more popular than Screen City.
Screen City is more popular than Town Cinema.

4. Movie Cinema is the most popular. Screen City is the most popular. 5. Town Cinema has the most comfortable seats.
Movie World has the most comfortable seats.或Town Cinema has the most uncomfortable seats.

3.词句荟萃
1.the best movie theater 最好的电影院 2.the biggest screens 最大的荧屏 3.the most popular 最受欢迎的 4.the closest to home 离家最近 5.the shortest waiting time 最短的等待时 6.the best sound 最好的音响 7.the most comfortable seats 最舒服的座位 8.the best clothes store 最好的服装店

9.the best radio station 最好的电台 10.the worst clothes 最差的衣服 11.buy clothes the most cheaply买衣服最便宜 12.buy tickets quickly 买票最快捷 13.have the worst music 有最差的音乐 14.play the most boring songs播放最无聊的歌曲 15.choose songs the most carefully 选择歌曲最仔细 16.Welcome to the neighborhood! 欢迎成为邻居

17.How do you like it so far? 到目前为止你对它印象如何? 18.I still don’t really know my way around. 我还是真的不知道周围的路。 19.The best supermarket is on Center Street. 最好的超市在中心大街上。 20.You can buy the freshest food there. 在哪儿你能买到最新鲜的食物。 21. I love watching movies. 我喜欢看电影。

22.You can sit the most comfortably because they have the biggest seats. 你可以坐得最舒 服因为他们有最大的座位。 23.Thanks for telling me. 谢谢你告诉我。 24.No problem. 没问题。 25.It has the worst service. 它有最差的服务。 26.What do you think of 970 AM?=How do you like 970 AM? 你认为970 AM怎么样? 27.We went to the worst restaurant in town last night.昨晚我们去了镇上最差的饭馆。

exercise

dance learn do a survey of go think about
1. What did you learn in school today? 2. We did a survey of what movies students like watching. 3. It was interesting to hear what the class thought about action movies. 4. Boys love action movies but girls don’t often go

to see them.

5. Can you dance ? We need some more actors for the talent show.

请从括号中选出适当的词语完成下列句子。
1. Mr Green often wears (puts on / wears) a white shirt _______ in summer. 2. I think Vera is th

e best ______________ (perform / performer performer). 3. Who do you think is the funniest _____ (actor / act) actor or 4. Which do you like best, chocolate, apples ___ (and / or) hamburgers? 5. They need some _______ (another / more) singers for more the talent show.

1.We are going to the Green Restaurant for lunch. (就划线部分提 问) Where are ________________ you going for lunch? 2. Sam is the shortest in his class. (改为同义句) shorter any _______ Sam is _________ than _______ other student in his class. the other Sam is shorter than ______ __________ students in his class. _________ Sam is shorter than_________ ________ in his class. _________ anyone else 3. How do you like Screen City? (改为同义句) _______ What do you _____________ Screen City? think of

Ⅲ. 请从括号中选出适当的词语完成下列句 子。 1. Mr Green often wears (puts on / wears) a white shirt _______
in summer. 2. I think Vera is the best ______________ (perform / performer performer). 3. Who do you think is the funniest _____ (actor / act) actor or 4. Which do you like best, chocolate, apples ___ (and / or) hamburgers? 5. They need some _______ (another / more) singers for more the talent show.


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