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八年级下册unit4直接引语变间接引语课件

发布时间:2013-11-20 13:45:09  

直接引语变间接引语

直接引语: 妈妈说:” 杰克是个好工人“. Direct speech: Mother said :”Jack is a good worker.” 间接引语 妈妈说杰克是个好工人。 Indirect speech: Mother said that Jack is a good worker

一、如何变人称: 口诀:一随主。二随宾,第三不变。
? “一随主”是指在直接引语变间接引语时,如果从 句中的主语是第一人称或被第一人称所修饰。从 句中的人称要按照主句中主语的人称变化如: ? She said. "My brother wants to go shopping with me. ” ? →She said her brother wanted to go shopping with her.

“二随宾”是指直接引语变间接引语时 ,若从句中的主语及宾语是第二人称或 被第二人你所修饰。从句中的人称要跟 引号外的主句的宾语一致。如果引号外 的主句没有宾语。也可以用第一人称, 如:
He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?” →He asked Kate how her sister was then。

“第三人称不更新”是指直接引语变间 接引语时。如果从句中的主语及宾语是 第三人称或被第三人称所修饰从句中的 人称一般不需要变化如: Mr. Smith said, “Jack is a good boy.” →Mr. Smith said Jack was a good boy.

二、如何变时态: 直接引语在改为间接引语时、时态需要做相应的调整。 1) 一般现在时→一般过去时态; She said: “ I am a student. ” → She said (that) she was a student. 2)一般将来时→过去将来时 She said, "He will go to see his friend.” →She said he would go to see his friend。 Tom said, “ I am going to play basketball tomorrow.” → Tom said he was going to play basketball tomorrow. 3) 现在进行时→过去进行时; She said ,“I am reading a book.” →She said she was reading a book.

注意:以下几种情况时态 不变 ①直接引语是客观真理。 The teacher said "The earth moves around the sun .” → The teacher said me the earth moves around the sun earth. ②直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。 Jack said. “I was doing chores when Tom came to see me” Jack said he was doing chores when Tom came to see him. ③直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语, 变为间接引语时,时态不变。如: Jack said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980." →Jack said he was born on April 21, 1980.

④直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或 习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。如: He said, “I get up at six every morning。” →He said he gets up at six every morning.

⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式不再 变 (例:could, should, would, might) The doctor said, “You should stay in bed for 2 days.” → The doctor said I should stay in bed for 2 days.” 和已经是过去时的形式时, 例: ought to, had better, used to Peter said. "You had better come here today."
→Peter said I had be

tter go there that day.

三、如何变状语: ago—before; this morning—that 直接引语变间接引语,状语变化有其内在规律, morning 时间状语由“现在”改为“原来” day before; Yesterday—the tomorrow—the the day (例:now变为then, yesterday变为 next day before week—the following week/the today变为 that day next week next He said, ”I want to goYesterday morning—the morning swimming now. ” → He said he wanted tobefore go swimming then. 地点状语,尤其表示方向性的, here 变 there The teacher said 谓语动词的变化: ,“ You should come here at 7:00.” →The teacher said I should go there at 7:00. 直接引语:Must ;Come ;bring 指示代词修饰的状语,由“此”改为“彼” 间接引语:had to; go ;take 例:this 改为that He said," I will come mine.“ She said, "This books is here this evening.” →He said that book was go She said that she would his. there that evening

四、如何变句型:

①直接引语如果是陈述句,间接引语应改为由that引导 的宾语从句。 She said, "Our bus will arrive in five minutes.“ →She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes. ②直接引语如果是反意疑问句,选择疑问句或一般疑问句, 间接引语应改为由 whether或if引导的宾语从句. He said, "Can you swim, John?“ →He asked John if he could swim。 “Do you go to school by bus or by bike?” →He asked me if I went to school by bus or by bike. ③直接引语如果是特殊问句,间接引语应该改为由疑问代词或疑 问副词引导的宾语从句(宾语从句必须用陈述句语序)。 She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?” → She asked me when they had their dinner. She asked me, "What was Jack doing when I come in?” →She asked me what Jack was doing when she came in.

④直接引语如果是祈使句,间接引语应改为“ Tell (ask, order, beg等) sb (not) to do sth.”句型 。 如: 1."Don't make any noise," the teacher said to the students. →She told (ordered) the students not to make any noi se. 2.“Open the door, please," said she. →She asked him to open the door. ⑤直接引语如果是以“Let's”开头的祈使句,变为间 接引语时,通常用“suggest +动句词(或从句)” 如: He said, "Let's go to the movies." →He suggested going to the movies. 或He suggested that they should go to see the movies.

Exercise
1. “I never eat meat.” he said. he ate He said that ______ never ______ meat. 2. “I’ve found my wallet.” he said to me. told had Found his He ______ me that he ______ ______ ______ wallet. 3. “I took it home with me.” she said. she had taken She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her. 4. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.” rise goes The teacher said that the sun ______ in the east and ______ down in the west. 5. “I met her yesterday.” he said to me. to

ld had before He ______ me that he ______ met the day ______. 6. “You must come here before five.” he said. had there He said that I ______ to go ______ before five. 7. “I bought the house 10 years ago.” he said. had before He said that he _______ bought the house 10 years _______.

8. “Did you see her last week?” he said. if asked before He ______ ______ I had seen her the week _______. 9. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.” told could He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there 10. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?” how she had He asked her mother ______ ______ ______ found it. 11. “Where have you been these days?” he asked. where i had those He asked me _______ _______ _______been _______ days. 12. “Do you know where she lives?” he asked. if i lived He asked ______ ______ knew where she ______. 13. “Stop making so much noise, children.” he said. told He ______ the children ______ ______ making so much noise. to stop 14. “Don’t tell him the news.” she said. not to tell She told me _______ _______ him the news. 15. “Are you intested in this?” he said. that asked if He ______ ______ I was interestd in ______.


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