Look at the picture. This is a farm. Last week Carol and his classmates had a school trip. They went to the farm. What did they do on the farm? How was their school trip?
What did he do on the farm? He rode a horse. Did he ride a horse? Yes, he did.
Did he milk a cow? Yes, he did. He milked a cow.
Did he ride a horse? No, he didn’t. Did he feed chickens? Yes, he did. He fed chickens. Did he go to the zoo? No, he didn’t. He went to a farm. Did he see any cows? Yes, he did. He saw quite a lot.
Did they pick any strawberries on the farm? Yes, they did. How were the strawberries? They were delicious. Were the strawberries good? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.
How was their school trip? It was great.
did A: What ___ you do yesterday? B: I _____ to the movie. went
A: What ___ you do last did weekend? B: I did my homework. ___
What did you ___ last weekend? do We ____________________ visited the fire station.
How was your trip last ___ weekend? It was boring.
What did they do last weekend? ___ Theypicked some strawberries. ______________________ Howwere the strawberries? ____ They were delicious.
What did you do last month?
I went to the countryside. ____
How ____ the countryside? was
It was beautiful. ____ you go to the zoo? Did
No, I didn’t.
What ___ they do 3 days ago? did They __________ with their friends. had a party How was their party? ___ It was exciting.
rode a horse
fed chickens did homework went to a countryside picked strawberries milked a cow
ride a horse
feed chickens do homework go to a countryside pick strawberries milk a cow
1a Match the phrases with the pictures. went for a walk e milked a cow b rode a horse a fed chickens c talked with a farmer f took some photos d
1b Listen and circle the three things Carol did on her school trip in 1a.
went for a walk milked a cow rode a horse fed chickens talked with a farmer took some photos
1c Ask and answer questions about Carol’s school trip.
A: Did Carol take any photos? B: Yes, she did. A: Did Carol ride a horse? B: A: Did Carol talk with the farmer? B:
2a Listen and check the questions you hear.
What did the farmer say? Did you grow any apples? What did you see? Do they grow apples? Did you learn anything? Did you eat them? Did you ask him any questions? Were they good?
2b Listen again. Circle T for true or F for false. 1 The farmer showed Carol around the farm. T F 2 Carol learned a lot about farming. T F 3 The farmers grow strawberries from December to June. T F 4 The farmers don’t grow apples. T F 5 Carol picked some strawberries and took them home. T F
2c Ask and answer questions about Carol’s visit to the farm. A: What did Carol do? B: She picked some strawberries.
A: How was your school trip? B: It was … (boring/interesting/good/great…) A: What did you do on the school trip? B: I went for a walk with my classmates.
went for a walk
milked a cow
rode a horse
with a farmer took some photos
2d Role-play the conversation.
Peter: Hi, Eric. How was your trip last week? Eric: It was excellent. I visited my grandparents in the countryside. Peter: Oh, nice. What did you do? Eric: I went fishing every day. And I fed the chickens with my grandpa. It was so much fun.
Peter: Sounds good. How was the weather there? Eric: It was great, and the air was so clean. I watched the stars at night. They were so beautiful. Peter: Lucky you.
Make a survey. Ask your partners what they did last week. Then give a reporter. A: Hi, Carol. What did you do last weekend? B: I watched TV, and then I went fishing with my father. A: How was your last weekend? B: It was boring.
Names Activities she/he did How was his/ her weekend?/ feeling Carol boring/terrible/
Peter Eric busy/tired/bad good/wonderful/ fantastic
In my group, Carol watched TV and went fishing. His weekend was boring. Peter…
1. Did you see any cows? Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot.
quiet a lot 相当多+of+可数或不可数, 也可
quite a little 相当多+不可数名词
quite a few 相当多+可数名词
e.g. 我们喝了不少酒。 We drank quite a lot of wine. 我看到了相当多的奶牛。 I saw quite a lot of cows. 夏天我经常打网球。 I play tennis quite a lot in the summer. 不少学生迟到了。 Quite a few students were late.
2. Did Carol take any photos? 卡罗尔拍照片了吗？ take与photo, picture等词搭配时，表示
e.g. The girl likes to take photos of herself
with her cell phone.
3. It was so much fun. fun表示“有趣的事情”，为不可数名词。
e.g. Look, Peter. The children are having
so much fun. 4. Lucky you! 你真幸运！ 这是一句非正式口语，相当于You’re so lucky. Lucky之后的人称还可以改为me, him。
1. How was your school trip? It was great. ___ 2. How _____ you yesterday? were 3. Today is Monday. Yesterday ___ was Sunday. 4. What did you do the day before ___ yesterday? 5. ____ you ride a horse last week? Did
6. ____ he see any cows on the farm? Did Yes, he did. 7. Did he milk a cow on the farm? No, he ______. didn’t 8. Were the strawberries good? Yes, they _______. were 9. Did you see any cows? Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. ___ 10. I ___ the chickens last week. fed
1. 他上周在农场骑马。 Last week he rode a horse on the farm. 2. 他上个月爬山了。 He climbed the mountain last month. 3. 他一小时前喂了小鸡。 He fed chickens an hour ago.
农场。 Did you go to the zoo? No, I didn’t. I went to the farm. 5. 你在农场看到一些奶牛吗？看到了， 看到了相当多地奶牛。 Did you see any cows? Yes I did. I saw
quite a lot.
am /is was go went feed fed did
milk milked are were ride rode
take took see saw
IV. 译出下列短语 去散步 去购物 去钓鱼 挤奶牛 骑马 骑自行车 喂小鸡 和某人谈话 拍照
go for a walk go shopping go fishing milk a cow ride a horse ride a bike feed chickens talk with … take photos
Section A 2 Grammar Focus- 3a
Free talk: Ask your partner: What did you do on your school trip? Then fill in the following chart and give a report.
Name What did you do on your school trip?
Tom went to a farm, milked a cow
rode a horse, picked some strawberries
Eric went fishing, watched the stars Wang visited grandparents Hai
Last week, we had a school trip. Tom went to a farm. He milked a cow. Lily…
写出下列动词的过去式, 找出规则动词过 去式的构成。
不规则动词 go went ride rode do did is was are were have had eat ate buy bought see saw 规则动词 pick picked visit visited watch watched climb climbed study studied worry worried play played live lived stop stopped
构成规则 一般在动词原形末尾加-ed 原形 work play hope live 过去式 worked played hoped lived stopped tripped studied worried
末尾只有一个辅音字母的 stop 重读闭音节词，先双写这 trip 个辅音字母，再加-ed 结尾是“辅音字母+y”的动 study 词，先变“y”为“ i”再加worry
读音规则 读 音 在浊辅音和元 /d/ 音后面 在清辅音后面 在t, d 后面 /t/ 例 词 moved /mu:vd/ passed /pa:st/ needed /'ni:did/
清念 /t/, 元浊/d/;
/ it / /id/
/t/ /d/ 之后念/id/
1. 表示过去某个时间发 生的动作或存在的状态。 2. 表示过去经常或 反复发生的动作。
yesterday last night/week/ time.. … days ago On Sunday morning
am(is) →was are →were 陈述句：He was at home yesterday. 否定句：He wasn’t at home yesterday. 疑问句：Was he at home yesterday? Yes, he was./No, he wasn’t.
陈述句：主语+动词过去式+其它 I go to the movie. →I went to the movie. 否定句：主语+助动词didn’t+动词原形+其它 I don’t go to school today. →I didn’t go to school. 一般疑问句：Did +主语+动词原形+其它? Do you have breakfast? →Did you have breakfast? Yes, I do./No, I don’t. Yes, I did./No, I didn’t.
动词一般过去时，表示过去发生事； be用was或用were, have, has变had； 谓语动词过去式，过去时间坐标志； 一般动词加-ed，若是特殊得硬记。 否定句很简单，主语之后didn’t添； 疑问句也不难，did放在主语前； 如果谓语之前有did，谓语动词需还原； 动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。
3a Here is Jim’s and Bill’s letters. Let’s help them to complete the letters. Dear Bill, How was (is) your sch
ool trip yesterday? ___ go ___ ___ Did (Do) you ___ (go) to the zoo? Did (do) you take any photos? ___ (Do) you ___ Did see went (see) any interesting animals? I ____ (go) to the zoo last year and it ____ (is) a lot of was fun. Jim
Dear Jim, My school trip was (is) great! We had (have) so ___ ___ much fun! We ____ (go) to Green Park. We went _______ (climb) the mountains there and ____ saw climbed (see) a lot of flowers. We ___ (eat) our lunch ate under some trees and ______ (play) some played games after that. But at about two o’clock, it got ____ (get) very cloudy and weworried (worry) _______ it would rain. Luckily, it _____ (do not), and didn’t the sun came (come) out again! _____ Bill
Look at pictures and fill in the blanks. Then read it and try to recite it.
My school trip was great! We had so much ____! fun We went to Green Park. We climbed the __________ mountains there and saw a lot of ________. flowers
We ___ our lunch under some trees ate and ______ some games after that. played But at about two o’clock, it got very ______ and we worried it could _____. cloudy rain Luckily, it didn’t, and the sun _____ came out again!
Make up a story. Each student adds a sentence.
Last week I visited my aunt’s house. The weather was beautiful. _______________________________ _______________________________ We went fishing. _______________________________ _______________________________
I. 填入适当的词。 1. She often ____ (go) to the park on goes weekends, but yesterday she went (go) to ____ the zoo. 2. Last week she had (have) fun on a farm. ___ 3. What ___ they __ (do) on the school trip? did do They ____ (ride) horses and _______ rode climbed (climb) the mountains.
was 4. How ____ their school trip? It was interesting. ___
___ she go (go) fishing? __ Did Yes, she did. 5. Did Li Ming ____ (pick) any ___ pick
strawberries? No, he didn’t.
II. 翻译下列句子。 1. 我们在那儿爬山, 看到了很多花。 We climbed the mountains there and saw a lot of flowers. 2. 我们在树下吃了午餐，之后又玩游戏。 We ate our lunch under trees and played some games after that. 3. 太阳半小时前又出来了。 The sun came out again half an hour.
4. 昨天我们担心天会下雨。 Yesterday we worried it would rain. 5. 几分钟前，天变阴了。 A few minutes ago, it got cloudy. 6. 你拍了一些照片吗？ Did you take any photos?
1. Lucy did her homework at home.
Lucy ______ do her homework at home. didn’t __ 2. His father worked all day last Monday. （改一般疑问句） ____ his father work all day last Monday? _____ Did
3. I was very busy last week. （改否定
I wasn’t very busy last week. ______ _____ Were you very busy last week? 4. There was some orange in the cup. （变一般疑问句) _____ there ____ orange in the cup? any Was
Make up a story. Each student adds a sentence. If he or she can’t add a
sentence, he or she must sing an English song.
Last week, I went to the zoo. I __________ in the zoo. After that I ___________. I ___________________. __________________. 1 go to the zoo 2 visit a museum 3 ride a horse 4 climb a mountain 5 visit a fire station 6 go fishing
1a Match the activities with the pictures.
1. go to the zoo a __ 2. visit a museum __ c 3. ride a horse __ 4. climb a mountain __ b e 5. visit a fire station __ 6. go fishing __ d f
1b Listen and answer the questions.
1. How was Jane’s trip? It was terrible. ____________________ 2. How was Tony’s trip? ____________________ It was great.
1c Listen again. What did Jane and Tony do on their last school trip? Check√ Tony or Jane.
went to climbed went to saw drew some pictures the a an art countryside mountain museum paint ings Tony Jane
√ √ √
1d What was your last school trip like?
Discuss it with your partner with
the following words. interesting exciting lucky delicious difficult boring large great lovely cool cheap slow hot fast
A: I went to a farm on my last school trip. There were many animals on the farm. They were very lovely. B: That sounds great. A: How was your school trip? B: It was __________ A: How was the food there? B: It was _____________ A: How was the weather? B: It was ___________
2a Do the following words describe good things or bad things? Put a √ for good and an × for bad. Leave a blank if they can mean both. ___ interesting ___ difficult ___ lovely ___ slow ___ exciting ___ boring ___ cool ___ hot ___ lucky ___ large___ expensive __ terrible ___delicious ___ great ___ cheap ___ fast
2b Read Helen’s and Jim’s diary entries and answer the questions. 1. Did Helen and Jim go on the same trip? Yes, they did. They went on the same trip. 2. How do they feel about the trip? Helen thought the trip was really interesting. But Jim thought the trip was terrible.
2c Read the diaries again and complete the chart. How do Helen and Jim describe these things?
interesting the trip so fast the train the museum useful the gift shop The gifts weren’t and gifts expensive.
terrible so hot big and boring The things in the gift shop were so expensive.
1. I didn’t know they could play chess with us.
basketball, play chess, play cards。 play
the violin, play the piano。
2. Then the guide taught us how to make a model robot. teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事 teach sb. sth. 教某人某事
teach oneself 自学
3. All in all, it was an exciting day. all in all 总的来说，总而言之 an exciting day 让人兴奋的一天 exciting是形容词, 后接名词，意思是 “让人兴奋的，使人兴奋的”，多形容 物。 excited也是形容词, 多用来形容人感到， 同类的有interesting, interested; boring,
4. today’s school trip 表示有生命的东西的名词及某些表示时 间、距离、星球、世界、国家等无生命的东 西的名词后加 ’s来表示所有关系，叫做名 词所有格。 例如: men’s room 男厕所 a mile’s distance 一英里的距离 但如果该名词是以-s或-es接尾，则只在该名 词后加“’”来构成所有格。 例如: 3 hours’ walk 三小时的路程 five minutes’ walk 五分钟路程 two miles’ distance 两英里的距离
5. Everything was about robots. everything 作主语，谓语动词用单数。 6. I’m not interested in that. be interested in 对…感兴趣 7. it was difficult to take photos. It is + adj. (for sb.) to do sth. (对某人来 说)做 … 怎么样 e.g. 对我来说骑车上学是很容易的。 It is easy for me to go to school by bike.
8. There were also too many people. too many加可数名词 too many students too much加不可数名词 too much water 9. I didn’t like the trip at all. 我一点也不喜欢这次旅游。 not… at all “一点也不；根本不” e.g. 我根本不喜欢吃苹果。 I don’t like apples at all.
翻译下列短语和句子。 1. 到达那儿 get there 2. 下棋 play chess play the piano play basketball
3. 对感兴趣 be interested in all in all 4. 总之
not …at all 5. 根本不 6. 今天的报纸 today’s newspaper 7. 太多学生 too many students too much water 太多水 8. 学英语对我来说很容易。 It is easy for me to learn English. 9. 上周李老师教我如何下棋。 Last week Mr. Li taught me how to play chess.
Make up a story. Each student adds a sentence. If he or she can’t add a sentence, he or she must sing an English song. Last week, we had a school trip. _________________________ _________________________ ______________________
3a Look at the pictures of Bob’s school trip. Complete his diary entry.
June 23rd Yesterday my school visited the zoo. It interesting was really _________. We went there by bus. At the zoo, I saw a lot of _______ animals and I took some photos. My classmates gift shop and I also went to the ________ and gifts bought some _____. It was a great day.
3b Linda is Bob’s classmate. Complete her diary entry. June 23rd My school went to the zoo yesterday. The trip was _______. terrible At the zoo, I saw some animals but I _______________ gift shop didn’t like them. I also went to _________ with my classmates, but I didn’t buy anything becausethey are expensive ________________. It was a boring day.
3c Now write a diary entry for your own school trip. Explain if you liked it or didn’t like it and why. Last week, my school went to a farm. The school trip was interesting. I saw a lot of animals. I rode a horse on the farm. I climbed the mountain. I also milked a cow. My classmates and I picked some strawberries. They were delicious. The trip was really funny.
1 Write more verbs and their past forms in each grou
pick-picked milk-milked play-played stay-stayed want-wanted
hope-hoped live-lived movemoved dancedanced
planplanned preferpreferred fit-fitted
have-had eat-ate do-did go-went see-saw ride-rode
2 Complete the conversations with the correct forms of the verbs in the box. have do swim go be see feed 1. A: I went to the countryside this summer. B: Really? How was the trip? ___ A: It ___ great! was B: What ___ youdo there? __ did A: I ___ the chickens andswam in a _____ fed
2. A: ___ you have a nice weekend? ____ Did B: Yes, I did. A: ____ you go anywhere? ___ Did
B: Yes, I _____ to the mountains. went saw The air was so clean and I ___ ____ a
lot of flowers.