1. 应该被允许(做)?________________ 2. 16岁的青少年________________3. 做兼职工作 ________________ 4. 扎耳洞________________ 5.不够认真________________ 6. 停止做某事________________
7.需要做某事________________ 8. 代替、不是________________
9. 在上学日子里的晚上_________________10. 上午10点前________________ 11. 熬夜________________
12. 清扫干净________________ 13. _测试不及格_______________ 14. 参加考试________________
15. 通过考试________________ 16. 对某人要求严格________________ 17. 对某事要求严格________________
1．allow句型 ①allow sb to do sth
允许某人做某事 允许做某事 被允许做某事 如： We do not_______people _______ in the hall. ③be allowed to do
2．get their ears pierced 穿耳洞 让/使（别人）做某事 get sth. done(过去分词)
have sth. done
如：I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
形容词＋enough 如：beautiful enough 足够漂亮
enough＋名词 如：enough food 足够食物
enough to 足够?去做?
如：I have _______ _______to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。 She is _______ _______to go to school.她够大去读书了。
stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop _______.请停止说话。
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop _______.请停下来说话。
5. 看起来好像? sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句
如：He seems _______ very sad.
It seems that_______ _______ very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。
6．系动词不能独立作谓语，要和表语一起构成谓语。become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外，一般都是接形容词。
如：They are very happy. He became a doctor two years ago. She felt very tired.
7. 倒装句: 由so＋助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词＋主语 意为：?也是一样 _______I. 她是一个学生，我也是。
_______ I . 她刚才去学校了，我也是 _______ I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。 _______ he. 她将去学校，他也是。 ④should be allowed to do 应该被允许做某事 8．曾经做某事：
Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. 同步练习
3、16 岁的孩子 4、选择自己的衣服
（ ）1.– Jim has finished the composition.
A. So does Mary B. Mary does so C. So has Mary D. Mary has so （ ）2. It’s not a good habit to ____ late because the next day you’ll feel tired.
A. get up B. make up C. stay up D. clean up
（ ）3. I’m not allowed to go out on school nights ____.
A. too B. also C. as well D. either
（ ）4. They talk instead of ____ homework.
A. doing B. do C. to do D. to doing
（ ）5.Tom is ______; he likes playing soccer.
A. a five year old boy B. a five years boy C. a five-year-old boy D. a five-years-old boy
1、 The boy should stop ______ (do) that silly thing.
2、 We should ______(study) hard.
3、 The old should ________(speak) to politely.
4、 Young trees should _______ (water) as often as possible.
5、 You need ______ (wear) warm clothes, or you’ll catch a cold.
1 .English widely (use) in the world .
2 .These pictures must (keep) well .
3 .The Great Wall (know) all over the world .
4 . this kind of car (produce) in Wuhan ?
5 .We used a teapot before the thermos (invent) .
1 .You must finish your homework now .
3 .They founded that hospital in 1996 .
4 .People all over the world know the Great Wall .
6 .Does Li Lei do his homework at home ?
18. ________________前几天 19. ________________谈论
20. ________________集中精力于?? 21. ________________对?有好处
22. ________________对?好 23. ________________擅长于??
24. ________________做?的好方法 25. ________________向?学习/从?学
26. ________________ 目前、现在 27. ________________想要、希望??
30. ________________穿在某人身上好看 31. ________________至少 <—> ________________ 至多
32. ________________休息多长时间 33. ________________回答、答复
如：Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。
如：We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。
11. both?and? +动词复数形式
如： Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.
12. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么)
如：Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语 have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事
have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
如：I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.
I have a chance of going to Beijing.
14．花费 take ,cost, spend , pay
sth. take (sb.) time to do sth. It took (me) 10days to read the book. sth. cost (sb.) ?? The book cost (me) 100yuan.
sb. spend ? on sth. She spent 10days on this book.
sb. spend ?doing sth. She spent 10days reading this book. sb. pay ? for sth. She paid 10yuan for this book.
15. have +时间段+off 放假，休息 如：have 2 days off
16. reply to 答复某人 如：She replayed to MrGreen.
1.上课迟到 2. 许多规则
3.对…… 有好处 4. 互相学习
5.全神贯注于 6. 此刻，现在
（ ）1. The boy is _______ to go to school.
A. old enough B. enough old C. older enough
（ ）2. It’s too noisy here. I can’t ______ my work.
A. concentrate B. concentrate on C. concentrate to
（ ）3. Doing exercise ______ health.
A. good for B. be good for C. is good for
（ ）4. We have learnt a lot _____ our teacher.
A. to B. with C. by D. from
（ ）5. You kept me ______ for a long time.
A. wait B. waiting C. waited
1. That would be a good way ______ (keep) both teachers and students happy.
2. Would you like ________(have) dinner with us?
3. The teacher allow us ______ (study) in groups.
4. I had no opportunity ______ (visit) Beijing.
5. It’s our duty _____(take) care of our environment.
1. They often clean their classroom after school . （改为被动语态）
Their classroom _____ often ______ by them after school.
2. Li Lei gave Tom a new pen last week . （同上）
A new pen _____ _______ _____ Tom last week .
3. A lot of people in China can speak English now . （同上）
English ______ ____ ______ by a lot of people in China now.
4. I have learned English for about two years. （同上）
English ______ ______ ______ for about two years.
5. They will publish these story-books next month. （同上）
These story-books _____ _____ _____ next month.
1． Two years ago we used that machine to make shoes for children.（改写为被动语态）
Two years ago that machine ________ ________ ________ ________ shoes for children.
2． People speak Japanese in Japan.（改为被动语态）
________ ________ ________ in Japan.
3． She gave me some French stamps this morning.（改为被动语态）
Some French stamps ______ ______ ______ me this morning.
4． The policeman made the young woman move her car.
5 Dad bought me a new jacket two days ago.
A new jacket _____ ______ _____ _____ by Dad two days ago.
I ______ _____ ____ _____ ______ by Dad two days ago.
1.巩固性作业 (1)自己拼读新单词，并记住,背诵短语和句子。（2）. 背诵3a
2.预习性作业 Preview section B.
34. ________________妨碍 35. ________________和??一样多
36. ________________对??认真 37. ________________关心、关怀
38. ________________实现梦想 39. ________________花费?
40. ________________英语词典 41. ________________ 敬老院
43. ________________挑选我自己的衣服 44. ________________花时间做某事
45. ________________ 相互学到很多知识 46. ________________感到困倦
47. ________________网上和朋友聊天 48. ________________事实上
18. get in the way of 碍事，妨碍
如： Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的
19．think about 与think of 的区别 ①当两者译为： 认为、想起、记着时，两者可互用
②think about 还有“考虑”之意，think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用 At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。
20. 对? 热衷， 对?兴趣
be serious about doing 如：She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。 be serious about sth. 如：She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。
21. practice doing 练习做某事 She often practice speaking English.
22. care about sb. 关心某人 如：Mother often care about her son.
also 也 用于句中 I am also a student. 我也是一个学生
either也 用于否定句且用于句末 I am not a student either.我也不是一个学生。 too 也 用于肯定句且用于句末 I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。 同步练习
1. 休假 ________________ 2. 有……机会________________ 3. 前几天________________
4. 妨碍________________ 5. 关心，担心________________ 6. 同意________________
7.养老院 ________________ 8. 至少________________ 9.关心 ________________
10一个很难实现的梦想________________ 11.最后 ________________ 12. 目前，现在________________
（ ）1.---- I think teenagers _______ to go out with their friends in the evening.
---- I disagree. It’s not safe enough. A. should allow B. allow C. allowed D. should be allowed
（ ）2. Everyone needs to have ______ sight hours’ sleep a night. A. at least B. at little
C. to least D. to little
（ ）3. The story happened ______ a rainy night. A. in B. on C. at D. with
（ ）4. I haven’t had enough ______ lately. A. sleepy B. sleep C. asleep D. sleeping
（ ）5. This dictionary mustn’t ______ from the library.
A. take away B. taken away C. are taken away D. be taken away
1. If you work hard, you’ll ______ (success)
2. Monkey king is a ______ (success) comic; all the children like it.
3. Liu Xiang is a ______ (run) star.
4. Wang Junxia is a professional ______ (run).
5. He often practices ______ (read) English in the morning.
6. Many students are ______ (sleep).
7. Can I see your _______ (drive) licence ?
8. I have many _____ (hobby).
9. Failure is the mother of ______ (succeed)
10. I often practice ______ (write) words in the morning.
1. 我不同意你的意见。I don’t ______ _____ _____.
2. 下周我将休息两天。I will _____ two days _____ next week.
3. 去年我有一次去北京学习的机会。I _____ an _____ ____ study in Beijing last year.
4. 我们互相学了许多。We _____ a lot _____ _____ _____.
5. She is ______ _____ English study. 大部分星星白天看不到
Most stars ______ _____ _____ in the day time.
Your homework ______ ______ _____ _____ after school.
The work shouldn’t ______ _____ _____
8.她正集中精力学习英语。She is ______ _____ English study.
1. Parents ______ their children, but sometimes they don’t understand their children.
2. The great man’s ______ made us so sad that we couldn’t do anything.
3. All he wanted to do was to fly into space, and last year he ______.
4. You should ______ ten yuan for the magazine.
5. Before you begin your test, be sure ______ your names on the front page.
1. Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit instead of________ rich food.
A. too much B. much too C. very much(2006年哈尔滨市)
a big harmonious(和谐的)family. （同义词）
A. look B. treat C. work D. act(2005年黄冈市)
3. It is very important to make a correct________(decide).
A. At last B. At once C. At first D. At times(2004年福州市)
5. Mrs. Shuts wouldn’t leave the TV set,________ her children were waiting for their supper.
A. if B. because C. even though D. as soon as(2006年广州市)
6. We will have no water to drink ___ we don’t protect the earth.
A. until B. before C. though D. if (2010上海)
7.People hear them sing English songs. They ____ _____ ____ _____ English songs.