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初三第四单元精品导学案

发布时间:2013-12-24 09:01:10  

第四单元导学案

1. 应该被允许(做)?________________ 2. 16岁的青少年________________3. 做兼职工作 ________________ 4. 扎耳洞________________ 5.不够认真________________ 6. 停止做某事________________

7.需要做某事________________ 8. 代替、不是________________

9. 在上学日子里的晚上_________________10. 上午10点前________________ 11. 熬夜________________

12. 清扫干净________________ 13. _测试不及格_______________ 14. 参加考试________________

15. 通过考试________________ 16. 对某人要求严格________________ 17. 对某事要求严格________________

二、重点短语与句型讲解(Target Language)

1.allow句型 ①allow sb to do sth

②allow doing

允许某人做某事 允许做某事 被允许做某事 如: We do not_______people _______ in the hall. ③be allowed to do

2.get their ears pierced 穿耳洞 让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词)

have sth. done

如:I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车

3.enough 足够

形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物

enough to 足够?去做?

如:I have _______ _______to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。 She is _______ _______to go to school.她够大去读书了。

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop _______.请停止说话。

stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop _______.请停下来说话。

5. 看起来好像? sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句

如:He seems _______ very sad.

It seems that_______ _______ very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

6.系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。

如:They are very happy. He became a doctor two years ago. She felt very tired.

7. 倒装句: 由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:?也是一样 _______I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

_______ I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是 _______ I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。 _______ he. 她将去学校,他也是。 ④should be allowed to do 应该被允许做某事 8.曾经做某事:

Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. 同步练习

Ⅰ、词组翻译

1、被允许做某事 2、代替

3、16 岁的孩子 4、选择自己的衣服

5、打扫干净 6、熬夜

Ⅱ、单项选择

( )1.– Jim has finished the composition.

A. So does Mary B. Mary does so C. So has Mary D. Mary has so ( )2. It’s not a good habit to ____ late because the next day you’ll feel tired.

A. get up B. make up C. stay up D. clean up

( )3. I’m not allowed to go out on school nights ____.

A. too B. also C. as well D. either

( )4. They talk instead of ____ homework.

A. doing B. do C. to do D. to doing

( )5.Tom is ______; he likes playing soccer.

A. a five year old boy B. a five years boy C. a five-year-old boy D. a five-years-old boy

Ⅲ、用所给词的适当形式填空

1、 The boy should stop ______ (do) that silly thing.

2、 We should ______(study) hard.

3、 The old should ________(speak) to politely.

4、 Young trees should _______ (water) as often as possible.

5、 You need ______ (wear) warm clothes, or you’ll catch a cold.

Ⅳ.用括号中动词被动结构的适当形式填空。

1 .English widely (use) in the world .

2 .These pictures must (keep) well .

3 .The Great Wall (know) all over the world .

4 . this kind of car (produce) in Wuhan ?

5 .We used a teapot before the thermos (invent) .

Ⅴ.将下列主动语态改为被动语态。

1 .You must finish your homework now .

3 .They founded that hospital in 1996 .

4 .People all over the world know the Great Wall .

6 .Does Li Lei do his homework at home ?

一、重点短语归纳

18. ________________前几天 19. ________________谈论

20. ________________集中精力于?? 21. ________________对?有好处

22. ________________对?好 23. ________________擅长于??

24. ________________做?的好方法 25. ________________向?学习/从?学

到??

26. ________________ 目前、现在 27. ________________想要、希望??

28.有机会做某事________________﹨________________

30. ________________穿在某人身上好看 31. ________________至少 <—> ________________ 至多

32. ________________休息多长时间 33. ________________回答、答复

二、重点短语与句型讲解

9.

如:Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

10.

如:We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

11. both?and? +动词复数形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

12. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么)

如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语 have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事

have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事

如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.

I have a chance of going to Beijing.

14.花费 take ,cost, spend , pay

sth. take (sb.) time to do sth. It took (me) 10days to read the book. sth. cost (sb.) ?? The book cost (me) 100yuan.

sb. spend ? on sth. She spent 10days on this book.

sb. spend ?doing sth. She spent 10days reading this book. sb. pay ? for sth. She paid 10yuan for this book.

15. have +时间段+off 放假,休息 如:have 2 days off

16. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen.

同步练习

Ⅰ.词组翻译

1.上课迟到 2. 许多规则

3.对…… 有好处 4. 互相学习

5.全神贯注于 6. 此刻,现在

Ⅱ.单项选择

( )1. The boy is _______ to go to school.

A. old enough B. enough old C. older enough

( )2. It’s too noisy here. I can’t ______ my work.

A. concentrate B. concentrate on C. concentrate to

( )3. Doing exercise ______ health.

A. good for B. be good for C. is good for

( )4. We have learnt a lot _____ our teacher.

A. to B. with C. by D. from

( )5. You kept me ______ for a long time.

A. wait B. waiting C. waited

Ⅲ、用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That would be a good way ______ (keep) both teachers and students happy.

2. Would you like ________(have) dinner with us?

3. The teacher allow us ______ (study) in groups.

4. I had no opportunity ______ (visit) Beijing.

5. It’s our duty _____(take) care of our environment.

Ⅳ.句型转换(完成被动语态填空)

1. They often clean their classroom after school . (改为被动语态)

Their classroom _____ often ______ by them after school.

2. Li Lei gave Tom a new pen last week . (同上)

A new pen _____ _______ _____ Tom last week .

3. A lot of people in China can speak English now . (同上)

English ______ ____ ______ by a lot of people in China now.

4. I have learned English for about two years. (同上)

English ______ ______ ______ for about two years.

5. They will publish these story-books next month. (同上)

These story-books _____ _____ _____ next month.

中考训练

1. Two years ago we used that machine to make shoes for children.(改写为被动语态)

Two years ago that machine ________ ________ ________ ________ shoes for children.

2. People speak Japanese in Japan.(改为被动语态)

________ ________ ________ in Japan.

3. She gave me some French stamps this morning.(改为被动语态)

Some French stamps ______ ______ ______ me this morning.

4. The policeman made the young woman move her car.

5 Dad bought me a new jacket two days ago.

A new jacket _____ ______ _____ _____ by Dad two days ago.

I ______ _____ ____ _____ ______ by Dad two days ago.

三、作业巩固

1.巩固性作业 (1)自己拼读新单词,并记住,背诵短语和句子。(2). 背诵3a

2.预习性作业 Preview section B.

一、重点短语归纳

34. ________________妨碍 35. ________________和??一样多

36. ________________对??认真 37. ________________关心、关怀

38. ________________实现梦想 39. ________________花费?

40. ________________英语词典 41. ________________ 敬老院

42. ________________停止戴那种傻的耳坠

43. ________________挑选我自己的衣服 44. ________________花时间做某事

45. ________________ 相互学到很多知识 46. ________________感到困倦

47. ________________网上和朋友聊天 48. ________________事实上

二、重点短语与句型讲解

18. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍

如: Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的

学习。

19.think about 与think of 的区别 ①当两者译为: 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

我经常想起那天。

②think about 还有“考虑”之意,think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用 At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

我们正在考虑去钦州。

20. 对? 热衷, 对?兴趣

be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。 be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。

21. practice doing 练习做某事 She often practice speaking English.

22. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.

also 也 用于句中 I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

either也 用于否定句且用于句末 I am not a student either.我也不是一个学生。 too 也 用于肯定句且用于句末 I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。 同步练习

Ⅰ.翻译词组

1. 休假 ________________ 2. 有……机会________________ 3. 前几天________________

4. 妨碍________________ 5. 关心,担心________________ 6. 同意________________

7.养老院 ________________ 8. 至少________________ 9.关心 ________________

10一个很难实现的梦想________________ 11.最后 ________________ 12. 目前,现在________________

Ⅱ.单项选择

( )1.---- I think teenagers _______ to go out with their friends in the evening.

---- I disagree. It’s not safe enough. A. should allow B. allow C. allowed D. should be allowed

( )2. Everyone needs to have ______ sight hours’ sleep a night. A. at least B. at little

C. to least D. to little

( )3. The story happened ______ a rainy night. A. in B. on C. at D. with

( )4. I haven’t had enough ______ lately. A. sleepy B. sleep C. asleep D. sleeping

( )5. This dictionary mustn’t ______ from the library.

A. take away B. taken away C. are taken away D. be taken away

Ⅲ.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. If you work hard, you’ll ______ (success)

2. Monkey king is a ______ (success) comic; all the children like it.

3. Liu Xiang is a ______ (run) star.

4. Wang Junxia is a professional ______ (run).

5. He often practices ______ (read) English in the morning.

6. Many students are ______ (sleep).

7. Can I see your _______ (drive) licence ?

8. I have many _____ (hobby).

9. Failure is the mother of ______ (succeed)

10. I often practice ______ (write) words in the morning.

Ⅳ.完成句子

1. 我不同意你的意见。I don’t ______ _____ _____.

2. 下周我将休息两天。I will _____ two days _____ next week.

3. 去年我有一次去北京学习的机会。I _____ an _____ ____ study in Beijing last year.

4. 我们互相学了许多。We _____ a lot _____ _____ _____.

5. She is ______ _____ English study. 大部分星星白天看不到

Most stars ______ _____ _____ in the day time.

6. 你们的作业可以放学以后交。

Your homework ______ ______ _____ _____ after school.

7. 这项工作不应该放弃。

The work shouldn’t ______ _____ _____

8.她正集中精力学习英语。She is ______ _____ English study.

Ⅴ.选词填空

1. Parents ______ their children, but sometimes they don’t understand their children.

2. The great man’s ______ made us so sad that we couldn’t do anything.

3. All he wanted to do was to fly into space, and last year he ______.

4. You should ______ ten yuan for the magazine.

5. Before you begin your test, be sure ______ your names on the front page.

中考真题:

1. Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit instead of________ rich food.

A. too much B. much too C. very much(2006年哈尔滨市)

a big harmonious(和谐的)family. (同义词)

A. look B. treat C. work D. act(2005年黄冈市)

3. It is very important to make a correct________(decide).

(同义词组)

A. At last B. At once C. At first D. At times(2004年福州市)

5. Mrs. Shuts wouldn’t leave the TV set,________ her children were waiting for their supper.

A. if B. because C. even though D. as soon as(2006年广州市)

6. We will have no water to drink ___ we don’t protect the earth.

A. until B. before C. though D. if (2010上海)

7.People hear them sing English songs. They ____ _____ ____ _____ English songs.

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