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Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.(谈谈生活 的目标,一般将来时) Unit7 Will people have robots?(对将来生活的预言,一 般将来时) Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?(描述进 程祈使句) Unit9 Can you come to my party?(学习邀请,作出、接 受和拒绝邀请,学习表请求的句子) Unit10If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time.( 作出决定,学习if的条件状语从句)

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

1. grow up 长大, 2. every day 每天, 3. be sure about 对某事确信, 4. make sure 确信/有把握, 5. send…to… 把…发送到…/把…寄…, 6. be able to 能/能够 , 7. the meaning of … 的意思/含义, 8. different kinds of 不同种类的, 9. in common 通常, 10. write down 写下/记下, 11. have to do with 必须处理某事, 12. take up (doing) sth 开始从事/着手处理/接受, 13. too…to…太而不能 14. keep on doing sth 15. have to do with 16. have nothing to do with 17. promise to do sth

19. the coming year 来年 20. get a lot of exercise 多锻炼 21. physical health 身体健康 22. study medicine at a university 在大学学医 23. take medicine. 吃药 24. New Year’s resolutions 新年的决心 25. eat healthier food 吃更健康的食物 26. make the soccer team 组建足球队 27. another foreign language 另一门外语 28. at the beginning of… 在…开始时 29. at the end of … 在…结束时/的终点 30. make a resolution 31. take acting lessons 32. make a weekly plan 33. for this reason 34. kind of =a little =a bit a little bit +adj/adv

二、习惯用法、搭配 want to do sth. 想做某事, be going to + 动词原形:将要做某事, learn to do sth. 学会做某事, promise to do sth.答应做某事, help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事, remember to do sth. 记住要做某事, agree to do sth.同意做某事, love to do sth.喜欢做某事, practice doing sth. 练习做某事, keep on doing sth.继续做某事, finish doing sth做完某事,
询问职业:What do you do? What are you? What’s your job?

What do you want to be when you grow up? I want to be an engineer. How are you going to do that? I’m going to study math really hard.

Where are you going to work?
I’m going to move to Shanghai. When are you going to start? I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

一般将来时 1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状 态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作. 1). In the future, there will be less fresh water. 2). They’re going to buy some food right away. 2. 常与一般将来时连用的时间状语有: in the future, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next (month), at once(立刻;马上), soon, right away(立刻;马上), right now(现在;马 上), later

,in + 一段时间等 3. 结构: 肯定式:1) 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他(will 用于各种人称, shall 用于第一人称。) 2)主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 (be 随人称、数和 时间的变化而变换。) 否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t . 一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时: 1)There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。

一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。
肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t. 否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有…… 特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match?

2)There is going to / will be + n...: 将会有...

4. 注意: 1). 在口语中, will常缩写为’ll, will not常缩写为won’t.

2). 在疑问句中, 主语为第一人称(I 和we)时,常用助动词
shall: Shall we meet at the school gate tomorrow? 3). be going to 与 will 的区别:一般情况下,be going to与 will二者可以互换, 但:be going to 也可以表示将要发生的动作 或安排,更强调判断及将要发生的事情,含有“计划,准备”的意

主观: I’m going to take a trip this weekend; Look at the clouds ! It is going to rain . 而will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情: He will be twenty years old next month.

4). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为: There is/are going to be + n... ;

There will be + n...: 将会有... (不能与have连用)
5). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行 时表示将来: He is arriving at 8 o’clock tomorrow. The bus is coming. 6). 在条件、时间状语从句中,一般是主将从现。

If it is fine tomorrow, I’m going on a trip.
I will tell you when he comes back. 引导条件状语的词: if(如果);as long as 引导时间状语的词:when , after, before, not .... until.... as soon as ,

to do sth. 一定会... 如:She is sure to pass the text. of /about sth. 对...有把握 如:I’m sure of theresult. that 从句 确信... 如:I’m sure that he will succeed. Be sure to do sth. 一定要/务必 如:Be sure to come tomorrow.

确信的 make sure 有把握的

of sth.

如:You should make sure of the time.

确保;核实务必 that 从句 如:Make sure (that) no one else knows the secrets. be sure of oneself 有自信 sure = certainly = of course 当然(回答请求)

? promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:
1)promise to do sth. ——My mother promised to buy a piano for me. 2)promise sb. sth. ——My aunt promised me a bike.

3)promise + that 从句——Tom promises that he can return on time.
promise n. 允诺, 诺言Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.

? everyday 与 every day 区别
everyday adj. 每天的 在句中作定语

,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework. every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.

? There is/are + sb. + doing sth 有…正在做…
? It is + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth 做某事对某人来说…


1. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。 Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room. 常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有: suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, miss, keep/keep on, practice, finish, enjoy, can’t help , mind, 2. I’m going to keep on writing stories


如: keep healthy. Keep the door open

记(日记、账簿) 如: keep a diary 抚养(人);饲养(动) 如: keep his family; keep a pet. 保留;留下 如: You can keep the book for two days. 持续 keep (sb.)doing sth. (不停)做… 如:They kept me talking. keep on doing sth. (间歇后)做… 如:keep on trying keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做… keep up with 跟上;赶上

3. every 与 each 的区别: every 用来表整体,最低需是三。each 用来表个别,最低需是两。 every adj. 作主语用单数,each adj./ pron. 作主语、定语用单数, 其他情况用复数。 Every teacher knows her. There are lots of trees on each side of the road. Each of the road has a dictionary. 4. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间 之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体 发生的时间用in. We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday. I’ve been here for two weeks. They usually leave school in July.

Unit 7

Will people have robots?

1. live to be 200 years old 活动200岁
2. in the future 在未来 3. world peace 世界和平

4. live in an apartment 住在公寓里
5. look for 寻找 6. on a space station 在太空站 in space 在太空

7. seem impossible 似乎不可能
8. human servants 人类的仆人 9. think like a human/humans 像人类一样思考 10. over and over again 反复地 11.pollute the environment 污染环境

12. on the earth在地球上
13. the meaning(s) of words 单词的意思 14. in the sea. 在海洋 15. another foreign language 另一门外语 16. move to other planets. 搬到其他的星球去

17. in the sky. 在空中
18. in danger处于危险之中 19. during the week 在这周之内 20. out of danger 脱离危险 21. at some point 在某一点上;在某种程度上;在某个时候 22. Books will only be on computers, not on paper.


How do you make a banana milk shake?

Grammar: 可数名词与不可数名词;祈使句 Topic: 描述制作过程;遵循指令做事 1. a piece of … 一片/张/段/条/根/幅/首…… 2. one by one 一个接一个;逐个;依次 3. a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶 4. traditional food 传统的食物 5. the main dish 主菜 6. at a very high temperature 用高温 7. take o

ne’s temperature 量某人的体温 8. add … to ... 把……加到……上/里面 9. pour …into… 把……倒入/灌入… 10. make a list of … 列一份 … 清单 11. put…into…把…放入…

12. another 10 minutes = 10 more minutes 又/再十分钟 13. peel three bananas. 剥三根香蕉 14. dig/dug a hole 挖坑 15. First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后…… 16. That’s it. 表示某事了结、停止、结束 17. one more thing = another one thing还有一件事 18. in a different way 用一种不同的方式 19. mix together 混合到一起。 20. take out a book from the library = take a book out of the library 从图书馆里借出一本书 21. How do you make a banana milk shake? 你怎样制作一份香蕉奶昔?

Unit9 Can you come to my party? on Saturday afternoon 在周六下午 prepare for 为……做准备 go to the doctor 去看医生 have the flu 患感冒 help my parents 帮助我的父母 come to the party 来参加聚会 another time 其他时间 last fall 去年秋天 go to the party 去聚会 hang out 常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow 后天 the day before yesterday 前天

have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 look after 照看;照顾 accept an invitaton 接受邀请 turn down an invitation 拒绝邀请 take a trip 去旅行 at the end of this month 这个月末 look forward to 盼望;期待 the opening of… 的开幕式/落成典礼 reply in writing 书面回复 go to the concert 去听音乐会 not…until 直到……才 meet my friend 会见我的朋友 invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事 study for a test 为考试学习


What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)! help sb.(to)do sth. 帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth. 做某事很悲伤
have a surprise party for sb. 为某人举办一个惊喜派对 look forward to doing sth. 期盼做某事 reply to sth./sb. 答复某事/某人 今天几号? What’s today? 今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today? 今天星期几?

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!
stay at home待在家里 tomorrow night明天晚上 half the class一半的同学 order food订购食物 at the party在聚会上 in the end最后 go to the party去参加聚会 take the bus乘公共汽车 have a class party进行班级聚会 make some food做些食物 have a class meeting开班会 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 make mistakes犯错误 have a great/good 玩得开心

give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议

go to college上大学

make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱
get an education得到教育 a soccer player一名足球运动员

travel around the world环游世界 work hard努力工作

keep…to oneself保守秘密 in life 在生活中 be angry with sb.生某人的气 run away逃避;逃跑 in half分成两半 solve a prob

lem解决问题 ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事

talk with sb.与某人交谈 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 in the future在将来 the first step第一步 need to do sth.需要做某事 school clean-up学校大扫除 give sb. sth.给某人某物 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事

一.初中常见的不可数名词有: wood ice ice cream wool metal glass hair dust air water milk wine beer bread sugar rice meat cheese weather sunshine experience traffic homework advice housework information peace trouble anger food fish grass tea drink coffee fruit snow education knowledge time music coke paper orange chicken hair exercise friendship pollution work room news salad popcorn corn salt pepper gravy honey soup porridge sunshine light money rain wind Chinese Japanese English beef pork oil juice 二.1.既可修饰可数名词也可修饰:all, some, most, a lot of, lots of, plenty of … 2.修饰可数名词的词有:数词(one...), few, a few, many, a number of, numbers of... 3. 修饰不可数名词的词有:little, a little, a bit of, much, a great deal of, a large amount of 4. 不可数名词通常用“数词+量词+of+不可数名词”表示复数: three pieces of paper

一. 定义:祈使句指的是表示命令、请求、建议或劝告的句子。其主语you
常省略,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号,读降调。 二.结构: 1. 肯定的祈使句:动词原形+其他 Stand up, please. Be

2.否定的祈使句: 1). Don't + 动词原形 2). Never do sth. Don’t laugh at others.

Never do that again! Let’s not waste time.

3). No + v-ing/n.

No smoking! No noise, please.

4). Let’s not do sth.

5). Don’t let sb. do sth. Don’t let them make any noise.

三.祈使句的考点:A: Don’t forget to turn off the light.
A: Don’t play on the road. B: Sorry. I won’t.

B: OK. I won’t.

A: Remember to return it as soon as possible B: OK./All right./I will.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有: 考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggestadvise, look forward to, excuse, pardon. 承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy. 避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice. 否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

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