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新版八年级英语上册知识点Unit 7

发布时间:2014-01-19 11:54:07  

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

【单元目标】

Ⅱ.目标句型:

1. Would you mind doing…? 2. Do you mind doing…?

3. Could / Can / Will / May you please do…? 4. Would you mind not doing…?

5. Not at all. I’ll do it right away. 6. Sorry,I’ll do it right away.

7. Please do / don’t… 8. You’d better do…

Ⅲ.重点句型

1. Would you mind turning down the music?

2. whether和if引导从句的用法。

3. get的用法

【重难点分析】

1. Would you mind…?和Do you mind…? 用于询问或请求别人做某事,或请求他人的许可。

(1)mind后面可以用-ing形式,复合结构 one’s doing或if引导的从句。 例如:

Would you mind doing the dishes? = Do you mind doing the dishes? = Please do the dishes.

请把餐具洗了好吗? (表示请求别人做事)

Would you mind turning down the radio?

= Do you mind turning down the radio? 请把收音机关小点好吗?

(2)Would you mind my doing…? = Do you mind if I do…? 这个句型用于询问他人意见或请求他人的许可。 例如: Would you mind my smoking here? = Do you mind if I smoke here? 你介意我在这里吸烟吗?

Would you mind my asking you a question?

= Do you mind if I ask you a question? 我问你一个问题好吗? Would you mind my opening the window?

=Do you mind my opening the window?

= Can I open the window? 我可以开窗吗?

注意:

在美国口语中还可以将这个句型用Would you mind me doing sth.?来表达,但是在书面表达中要用my。

Would you mind me using your car? 我用一下你的车好吗?

(3)询问有关人们感觉的一般性问题,可以用Do you mind…?通常不用Would you mind…?

如:

Do you mind people smoking in your house? 你介意别人在你家里吸烟吗? 这里不能说Would you mind people smoking in your house?

(4)这个句型的否定形式是在mind后加not,即Would you mind not…?或Do you mind not…?

如:

Would you mind not playing basketball here? 你不要在这打篮球好吗?

Would you mind not wearing those old jeans?

(5)回答Do/Would you mind…? 提出的问题时,表示允许要说No或Not at all等; 如果介意要做肯定回答Yes. 或Yes,I’m sorry,but I do.等,

如:

--Do you mind if I ask you a question? 我可以问你的一个问题吗?

--No,please do.可以,请问吧。

2. 通常既可用whether 也可用if 表示“是否”来引导从句,常置于see,ask,learn,tell,wonder,doubt,find out等动词之后。

如:

I'm not sure whether /if I'll have time. 我不敢肯定我是否会有时间。

He asked me whether/if I could help him. I want to know whether/if he lives there. 只能使用whether的场合 (1)只有whether能用在介词后面 如:

Success depends on whether we make enough effort.

(2)在英语中与or (not) 连用的词通常是whether

如:

Whether we help him or not,he will fail. 不论我们帮助他与否, 他都将失败。

(3)带to的动词不定式前用whether,而不用if

如:

Please tell us whether to go or stay here.请告诉我们是走还是留。

They didn’t know whether to agree or keep silent. 他们不知道是应该同意还是保持沉默。

(4)whether可置于句首引导主语从句,而if不能

如:

Whether the meeting will be in Beijing is not known yet. 会议是否在北京举行还不得而知。

It's not sure whether he is free. 他是否有时间不确定。

3. get on / get off ( a / the bus,train,boat,plane) 上/下(公共汽车、火车、船、飞机) 如:

She got on / off the bus quickly.

get on还可以表示为:相处融洽、继续。

如:

Get on with your work! 继续工作吧!

I get on well with all my classmates. 我和所有的同学相处都很融洽。

get的其它的用法:

(1)表示“到达,抵达”,如果后接表示到达某地的名词,get后面要接介词to,如果get后接的是地点副词就可以直接在get后使用。

如:

She got there at six.

她六点钟到达那里。(there为地点副词)

When we got to the station, the bus was waiting.

当我们到达车站时,汽车还在等着。(the station是名词) (2)get sth. done使;受;让人做好;经历;让;做(该做的事) 如: I'll just get these dishes washed and then I'll come. 我得把盘子洗了,然后就来。 I must get the television fixed. 我必须请人修理一下这台电视机。 (3)get与宾语+形容词连用,其意思是“使某物/某人成为” 如: I got my feet wet. 我把脚弄湿了。 It's time to get the kids ready for school. 该给孩子们收拾好去上学了。 (4)成为 如: My hands are getting cold. 我的手冷。 The food's getting cold. 菜凉了。 This skirt is getting dirty;it needs washing. 这件短裙脏了,该洗一洗了。 He is getting old. 他渐渐老了。 (5)获得,取得 如: I must get some fruit in the market. 我得在市场上买点水果。 I'll get something to eat before I got out. 我出去之前要找点东西吃。

一、用所给单词的正确形式或根据句意和首字母提示填空。

1. The teacher is coming. Would you mind ______ (clean) the blackboard?

2. The river is very dirty. It smells ________ (terrible). It is _____ (terrible) polluted.

3. Last night he watched an ________ (excite) football match on TV, and he was so ________ (excite) that he couldn’t get to sleep.

4. When this h________, I will get angry.

5. What you did is not right, so you should make an a______ to your teacher.

6. When you are waiting for a bus, you should wait in l__________.

7. He is always ready to help people in t__________.

8. His mother often c________ about his carelessness.

二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. Would you mind ________ (not play) basketball in the classroom?

2. When someone ______ (cut) in line, people will get ________ (annoy).

3. Tomorrow is Sunday. I will have a lot of clothes ______ (wash). So I will be very busy.

4. That boy ________ (fly) a kite near the river for more than three hours.

5. They continued __________ (listen) to the music.

6. What you want to buy is __________ (sell) out. You can come to have a look tomorrow.

7. I have some difficulties ________ (finish) the work in two days.

8. Mr. Brown _________ (arrive) already. He ________ (arrive) an hour ago.

三、根据要求变换下列句型。

1. I would like to have some bananas. (一般疑问句)

_____________ you _______________ to have some bananas?

2. Would you please pass him the doll? (否定句)

Would you please ______________________ him the doll? 对划线部分提问) __________ they ____________ to a movie before they went to college?

4. Would you mind not playing baseball here? ( 同义句)

Could you ________________ not ________________ baseball here?

5. He will come here. I will let you know. (用if 连成一句)

_______________________________________________.

四、单项选择。

( ) 1. —Would you like to come to my birthday party?

—Yes, ____________ I’m very busy.

A. I like to, and B. I’m glad to, but C. I’d like to, but D. I would like, and

( ) 2. —Would you please ______ football near my home? — ____________.

A. not to play, No B. not play, Yes, I will do that again

C. not play, Sorry, I won’t do that again D. don’t play, Sorry, I won’t do that again

( ) 3. —Mum, may I go out to play?

—No, you _____. You must finish your homework first.

A. may not B. mustn’t C. couldn’t D. needn’t

( ) 4.—Would you mind moving your bike a little to make room for mine? —______.

A. Yes, I would B. OK, I’ll do it right now

C. Wait a moment D. No, I wont do it

( ) 5. I’ll do it _____ a minute.

A. at B. on C. in D. after

( ) 6. ______ dolls to children at McDonald’s isn’t good.

A. Selling B. Sell C. Sells D. To selling

( ) 7. Remember to ______ your English book here.

A. take B. bring C. carry D. sell

( ) 8. —_________?

—I’m looking for a dress for my daughter.

A. Can you help me B. What can I do for you

C. What do you want D. What are you looking for

( ) 9. Try ______ late for school again.

A. not to be B. not be C. not being D. to be not

( ) 10. Get up early, ______ you ______ late for school.

A. and, will be B. or, will be C. or , are D. so, are

( ) 11. When you are ______, you can come to me for help.

A. in trouble B. trouble C. in dangerous D. in matter

( ) 12. The boy ________ under the tree is very good at math.

A. to reading B. reading C. to read D. read

( ) 13. You must ________ your teacher for your ______ late for class.

A. apologize, to be B. apologize to , being

C. apology to, being D. apology to , to be

( ) 14. We didn’t get the Snoopy doll because they had been ______.

A. sold of B. sold off C. sold out D. sold over

( ) 15. When they met in the street, they got ______.

A. happy B. happily C. happier D. more happy

五、阅读理解。

A

McDonald’s Opens restaurant in New Delhi

NEW DELHI, INDIA —McDonald’s is opening its first restaurant in New Delhi, India. It is the only McDonald’s in the world with no beef on the menu. You can’t eat Big Macs here, but there are mutton Maharajah Macs. These hamburgers are made from Indian sheep, and the fries are made from Indian potatoes. The soda comes from an Indian bottler(灌装公司).

Many old and young people come to the new restaurant. Mr. Sahani , who is 75 years old, says he comes all the way from a town which is 90 miles south of New Delhi. “I like it because McDonald’s has not brought things from overseas. All the food comes from India.”

A 19-year-old boy, Pankresh, says, “If the food is good, I don’t care where it comes from.”

A rich Indian man, Vikram Bakshi, owns half of the restaurant. The McDonald’s company owns the other half. Bakshi says the restaurant serves mutton because 80% of Indians are Hindu. Hindus don’t eat beef. They also believe that it is wrong to kill cows.

The menu at the New Delhi McDonald’s has some other Indian food. For the Indians who don’t eat any meat at all, there are Vegetable McNuggets. They are made with rice, peas, carrots, red pepper and apices.

McDonald’s has 20,000 restaurants in more than 95 countries. It fits its menu to each culture(文化).

In Thailand, people can eat Samurai Pork Burgers with a sweet sauce(酱) on top. In Japan they can try burgers topped with a fried egg.

( ) 1. Mr. Bakshi _______.

A. works as waiter in this McDonald’s B. owns 50% of the restaurant

C. comes to the restaurant to eat D. lives 90 miles south of New Delhi

( ) 2. The food at the New Delhi McDonald’s come from _______.

A. the USA B. many different countries C. India D. Japan

( ) 3. The McNuggets at this McDonald’s are made from _______.

A. chicken B. mutton C. vegetables D. pork

( ) 4. Many Indians do not eat beef because _______.

A. they don’t like the taste B. Hindus believe it is bad to kill cows

C. beef is very expensive in India D. Hindus are afraid of cows

( ) 5. McDonald’s serves ________.

A. only American food B. only all-beef hamburgers

C. food that the people from different countries like D. mutton meals in Thailand

B

A farmer had a cow. He took very good care of his cow. One day it was ill, the farmer was very worried. He telephoned the vet.

“What’s the problem?” the vet asked the farmer when he arrived. “My cow is ill,” said the farmer, “I don’t know what’s the matter with her. She’s lying down and doesn’t eat. She’s making a strange noise.” The vet looked at the cow. “She’s certainly ill,” he said, “and she needs to take some strong medicine.” He took a bottle out of his box, put two pills into his hand and said, “Give her these. The pills should make her better.” “How should I give them to her? The farmer asked. The vet gave him a tube(管子) and said, “Put this tube in her mouth, then put the pills in the tube and blow. That’ll make it.”

The next day the vet came to the farm again. The farmer was sitting outside his house and looked worried. “How’s your cow?” asked the vet. “No change,” the farmer said, “and I’m feeling very strange myself.”

“Oh?” the vet said, “Why?”

“I did what you said.” the farmer answered, “I put the tube in the cow’s mouth and then put the two pills in it.”

“And?” the vet asked.

“The cow blew first.” the farmer said.

( ) 6. From the story, we know that a vet is ________.

A. the farmer’s friend B. a milk factory

C. a hospital for cows D. a doctor for animals

( ) 7. The farmer asked the vet for help when his cow _______.

A. couldn’t lie down B. didn’t eat pills

C. couldn’t make any noise D. was not well.

( ) 8. What medicine did the vet give the farmer?

A. A bottle of pills. B. A long tube.

C. Two pills. D. A small box.

( ) 9. The vet taught the farmer how to _______.

A. blow the tube B. make the cow take the pills

C. take the medicine D. put the tube in his mouth

( ) 10. Which of the following is true?

A. The farmer ate the pills.

B. The cow got better after taking the medicine.

C. The vet came and gave the farmer another cow the next day.

D. The farmer waited outside the vet’s house the next day.

六、翻译下列句子。

1. 电视机太吵, 请你关小声点好吗?

The TV is ________________. Would you ______________ it ____________ ?

2. 完成作业不会花很长时间。

It _________ take ________ to ________ the homework.

3. 昨天他出了什么事?

What ________________ him yesterday?

4. 家长们对我们学校不满意, 因为学生作业太多。

Parents are ____________ our school, ___________ we have ___________ homework.

5. 这个村的很多年轻人进城打工挣钱。

Many young people in the village went to town ______________________.

七、短文填空。

American schools in September after the long summer holidays. There are two 公立的) schools.

only four or five subjects at a time. They usually go to the same classes every day, and they do their homework every day. After class they have a lot of s After middle school, many students go to college. They can choose a small one or a college education(教育there are scholarships(奖学金) for good students, and many college students work part-time in order to get for education.

1. __________ 2. __________ 3 __________ 4. __________ 5. __________

6. __________ 7. __________ 8. __________ 9. __________ 10. __________

八、书面表达。

看下面四幅图,通过它们所表达的内容用英语写一篇短文,至少60词。

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