We are having fish for dinner.
We are moving to a different hotel the day after tomorrow.
A: Where are you going? B: I am going for a walk. Are you coming with me?
A: Yes，I am just coming. Wait for me.
2．用be going to do表示将来：主要意义，一是表示“意图”，即打算在最近的将来或将来进行某事。
Are you going to post that letter?
How long is he going to stay here?
I am going to book a ticket.
It’s going to rain.
George is putting on weight; he is going to be quite fat.
3. 用will/ shall do表示将来：
You will feel better after taking this medicine.
Do you think it will rain?
I will not lend the book to you.
Take it easy，I will not do it any longer.
She will come to have class tomorrow.
Will she come to have class tomorrow?
She won’t come to have class tomorrow.
What will she do tomorrow?
1. there be 结构中的be是可以运用各种时态的。
There is going to be a meeting tonight. 今晚有个会议。
There was a knock at the door. 有人敲门。
There has been a girl waiting for you. 有个女孩一直在等你。
There will be rain soon. 不久天就要下雨了。
2. 动词be单复数形式要跟there be之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据就
如There is a book on the desk. 课桌上有一本书。
How many people are there in the city? 这个城市里有多少人口？ 第 1 页 共 15 页
There is a pen and two books on the desk. 课桌上有一个钢笔和两本书。 There are two books and a pen on the desk. 课桌上有两本书和一个钢笔。 There are some students and a teacher in the classroom.教室里有一些学生和一位老师。
There is a teacher and some students in the classroom. 教室里有一位老师和一些学生。
3. 在there be引起的句子结构中，用来修饰主语的不定式主动形式和被动形式均可。
There is no time to lose (=to be lost). 时间紧迫。
There is nothing to see (=to be seen). 看不见有什么。
There is nothing to do. (=to be done) 无事可做。
( )1. Hurry up! The train ______ in two minutes.
A. go B. went C. will go D. goes
( )2. — ___ will Mary’s cousin come back from Shanghai?
—In a week.
A. How long B. How often C. How far D. How soon
（ ）3.I think kids will study at home on computers ____ ten years.
A. at B. for C. after D. in
（ ）4.I think that England ____ next time.
A. will win B. won C. is winning D. wins
（ ）5.Do you think ____ a football match tomorrow?
A. there will be B. will there be C. there will have D. there are
going to be
（ ）6.They ____ to work. They’ll work at home instead.
A. will go B. won’t go C. didn’t go D. went
（ ）7. Are you ______ your winter holiday next week?
A. going to have B. will have C. had D. have
( )8.We’re moving to a different town ___________.
A. the day before yesterday B. last Sunday
C. the day after tomorrow D. a week ago
（ ）9.Jack has never been to Disneyland before, but he ____ there this summer.
A. has been B. is going C. went D. goes
( )10.---Don’t touch the machine. It’s dangerous.
A. don’t B. haven’t C. won’t D. can’t
( )11.There______ a talk show on CCTV-4 at nine this evening.
A. will have B. is going to be
C. is going to have D. is stayin
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I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.昨天的这个时候我正在做作业。 They were waiting for you yesterday.他们昨天一直在等你。
否定形式：主语+was not (wasn't)/were not (weren't)+V-ing
1.过去进行时表示过去某一段时间或某一时刻正在进行的动作。常与之连用的时间状语有，at that time/moment, (at) this time yesterday (last night/Sunday/week…), at+点钟+yesterday (last night / Sunday…)，when sb. did sth等时间状语从句，如：
What were you doing at 7p.m. yesterday? 昨天晚上七点你在干什么？
I first met Mary three years ago. She was working at a radio shop at the time. 我第一次遇到玛丽是在三年前，当时她在一家无线电商店工作。
I was cooking when she knocked at the door. 她敲门时我正在做饭。
When the car exploded I was walking past it.= While I was walking past the car it exploded.
I was walking in the street when someone called me. 我正在街上走时突然有人喊我。
I was taking a walk when I met him. 我正在散步，突然遇见了他。
We were playing outside when it began to rain. 我们正在外边玩，这时下起雨来了。
1.My brother ___ while he ___ his bicycle and hurt himself.
A. fell, was riding B. fell, were riding
C. had fallen, rode D. had fallen, was riding
2. Tom ___ into the house when no one ___.
A. slipped, was looking B. had slipped, looked
C. slipped, had looked D. was slipping, looked
3.The last time I __ Jane she ___ cotton in the fields.
A. had seen, was picking B. saw, picked
C. had seen, picked D. saw, was picking
4.I don ' t think Jim saw me; he ___ into space.
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A. just stared B. was just staring
C. has just stared D. had just stared
5.I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio shop at the time.
A. has worked B. was working
C. had been working D. had worked
6.---Hey, look where you are going!
---Oh, I ' m terribly sorry.________.
A. I ' m not noticing B. I wasn ' t noticing
C. I haven ' t noticed D. I don ' t notice
7. The reporter said that the UFO ___ east to west when he saw it.
A. was traveling B. traveled
C. had been traveling D. was to travel
8. I ___ my breakfast when the morning post came.
A. had B. had been having
C. have been having D. was having
9.When I arrived at his office, he ___ on the phone.
A. was speaking B. spoke
C. had been speaking D. had spoken
10. “ What ' s the matter, Ali? You look sad. ”
“ Oh, nothing much. As a matter of fact, I ___ of my friends back home. ”
A. just thought B. have just been thinking
C. was just thinking D. have just thought
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She said. “ My brother wants to go shopping with me”.
→She said her brother wanted to go shopping with her.
He said to Kate. “ How is your sister now? ”
→He asked Kate how her sister was then.
Mr Smith said, “Jack is a good boy.”
→Mr Smith said Jack was a good boy.
She said: “ I am a student. ”
→ She said (that) she was a student.
He said “I met her on the street yesterday”
→He said “I met her on the street yesterday”
She said, "He will go to see his friend.”
→She said he would go to see his friend。
Tom said, “ I am going to play basketball tomorrow.”
→ Tom said he was going to play basketball tomorrow.
She said ,“I am reading a book.”
→She said she was reading a book.
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My mother said”I have already cleaned the house.”
→My mother said she had already cleaned the house.”
The teacher said "The earth moves around the sun .”
→ The teacher said me the earth moves around
the sun earth.
Jack said. “I was doing chores when Tom came to see me”
→Jack said he was doing chores when Tom came to see him.
Jack said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980."
→Jack said he was born on April 21, 1980.
He said, “I get up at six every morning。”
→He said he gets up at six every morning.
（例：could, should, would, might）
The doctor said, “You should stay in bed for 2 days.”
→ The doctor said I should stay in bed for 2 days.”
例： ought to， had better, used to
Peter said. "You had better come here today."
→Peter said I had better go there that day.
today that day
now then, at that moment
yesterday the day before
the day before yesterday two days before
tomorrow the next day / the following day the day after tomorrow two days after, / in two days next week/ month etc the next week/month etc
last week/ month etc the week / month etc. before here there
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“I feel better today.” He said. “我今天感觉好多了。”他说。
→He said that he felt better that day. 他说他那天感觉好多了。
“Xiao Ming is doing some washing” Mum said. “小明正在洗衣服。”妈妈说。
→Mum said that Xiao Ming was doing some washing. 妈妈说小明正在洗衣服。
1. Our teacher asked us _____ our dictionaries to school.
A. bring B. brought C. bring D. to bring
2. The teacher told the boy students ______ football on the grass.
A. not play B. not to play C. played D. playing
3. ____ Tom didn’t go to school?
A. Do you know how B. Why do you know
C. How you know why D. Do you know why
4. She looks sad. Could you please tell me _____ that prevents her from being as happy as before?
A. what it is B. it is what C. how it is D. it is how
5. Betty asked her sister ____ to the railway station to see her off.
A. not to come B. not to go C. to not come D. to not go
6. The pupil asked his teacher _____ round the earth.
A. weather the moon goes B. that the moon went
C. whether the moon goes D. whether the moon went
7. Mr. Li ____ Wang Ling ____ a taxi to the airport.
A. asked; take B. asked; taking C. told; take D. told; to take
8. She asked him ____.
A. whose dictionary this is B. whose dictionary that was
C. whose dictionary is this D. whose dictionary that is
9. Mary’s mother asked her _____.
A. that whether she had finished her homework
B. if she has finished her homework
C. if she had finished her homework
D. that if she had finished her homework
10. Do you know ____?
A. what is he doing B. what he doing
C. what he is doing D. what does he do now
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1. if条件句：条件句用于陈述语气，表示假设的情况可能发生，其中 if 是“如果”
2. (1)条件状语从句通常由连词if引导，意为“如果、假如”，主句不能用be going to表示将来，而应该用shall，will。
If you leave now, you are never going to regret it. (错误)
If you leave now, you will never regret it. (正确)
If it rains tomorrow, I shan’t climb the hills.
If I go to college, I will never become a great soccer player.
I don't know if it will rain tomorrow. 我不知道明天是否会下雨。
1. If Bruce ________(be) free, Let’s go to the park.
2. Tell him the news if you ________ (meet )him tomorrow.
3. If he ________(do) well in the exam. His teacher will be pleased with him.
4． If Mary ________(leave ) home too long, she ________(miss) her parents.
5. Be quick , and you _________(arrive) in time.
6. Hurry up, or you_________(be ) late for school.
1. Get enough sleep , and we won’t feel tired.
_______________, we won’t feel tired.
2. Think hard , or you won’t find a better way..
________________, you won’t find a better way.
3. You are going to copy others’ papers . The teacher won’t let you take the exam. _____________________, the teacher won’t let you take the exam.
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基本结构：主语+have/has+动词的过去分词(p.p)（V-ed） e.g done ①肯定句：主语+have/has+动词的过去分词(p.p)（V-ed）+宾语. ②否定句：主语+have/has+not+动词的过去分词(p.p)（V-ed）+宾语. ③一般疑问句：Have/Has+主语+动词的过去分词(p.p)（V-ed）+宾语.
肯定回答：Yes,主语+have/has. 否定回答：No,主语+haven't/hasn't . ④特殊疑问句：特殊疑问词或词组+一般疑问句（have/has+主语+过去分词（V-ed）+其他）
（1）现在完成时表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果 I have spent all of my money (so far).(含义是:现在我没有钱花了.)
Guo zijun has (just/already) come. (含义：郭子君现在在这儿) 含义是:我爸爸现在不在这儿)
①for+时段 为…时间 ②since+过去一个时间点（译为：自从……以来） ③since+时段+ago ④since+从句（过去时）
Mary has been ill for three days.
has gone (to),has been (to), has been (in) 的区别
Have/Has gone(to) :去了(现在不在说话现场)
Where is your father？He has gone to Shanghai.
Have/Has been (to) :去过（已不在去过的地方）
My father has been to Shanghai.
Have/has been in：呆了多久（还在所呆的地方）
My father has been in Shanghai for two months. /since two months ago.
* 以already, just和yet为标志
He has already got her help. 他已得到她的帮助。 他刚刚看过这场电影。 他还没有回来。
* 以ever和never为标志 这是我曾经看过的最好的一部电影。 第 9 页 共 15 页
He says he has been to the USA three times. 他说他已经去过美国三次了。
* 以so far（到目前为止）为标+before
He has got to Beijing so far. 到目前为止他已到了北京。
She has passed the examso far. 到目前为止她已经通过了考试。
* ①for+时段 ②since+过去一个时间点（过去 从句）为标志
注意： 1)现在完成时不能单独与过去的时间状语连用, 如yesterday,last week, three years ago 等; 2)不能与when连用 2.现在完成时往往同表示不确定的过去时间状语连用
buy--have(has) had, borrow--have(has) kept,
arrive--have(has) been in/at, leave--have(has) been away,
join--have(has) been in/a member of, die--have(has)been dead,
get married--have(has) been married, come/go--have(has) been in/at, begin/start--have(has) been on, stop--have(has)been over
1.______two years 2.____two years ago
3.___last month 4.______ 1999
5._______yesterday 6._______ 4 o’clock
4 hours 8._____an hour ago
9.___we were children 10._____ lunch time
11.________ she left her
12. He has lived in Nanjing ___ the year before last.
13. I’ve known him ______ we were children.
14. Our teacher has studied Japanese ______ three years.
15. She has been away from the city ______ about ten years.
16. It’s about ten years __________ she left the city.
（ ）1、Both his parents look sad . Maybe they ______what's happened to him .
A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know
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（ ）2、He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?
A. already B.never C.ever D.still
（ ）3、I ______ home for a week.
A. have returned B. have been back C. returned
（ ）4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year .
A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written （ ）5、—Our country ______ a lot so far .
—Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .
A.has changed ; well B.changed ; good
C.has changed ; better D.changed ; better
（ ）6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .
A. was ; studying B. will ; study
C. has ; studied D. are ; studying
（ ）7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl .
A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew
（ ）8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I______ it twice .
A.will see B.have seen C.saw D.see
（ ）9、—These farmers have been to the United States .
—Really ? When _____ there ?
A. will they go B. did they go
C. do they go D. have they gone
（ ）10、—______ you ___ your homework yet ?
—Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .
A.Did ; do ; finished B.Have ; done ; finished
C.Have ; done ; have finished D.will ; do ; finish
1）在强调指出动作还未结束，还要继续下去。如：I've been reading this book for two hours，but I haven't finished it. 这本书我已读了两个小时了，但我还没读完。
I've read this book.我已读完这本书了。
She has always been working like that.她一贯是这样工作的。
We've been seeing quite a lot of each other recently.最近我们经常见面。
1）现在完成进行时更强调动作的延续性,它是现在完成时的强调形式。试比较： 第 11 页 共 15 页
We've been living here for ten years.
We've lived here for ten years.我们在这儿已经住了十年了。
The students have been preparing for the exam.（还在进行）学生们一直在准备考试。
The students have prepared for the exam.（已经结束）学生们为考试作了准备。
3）有些表示状态，感情，感觉的动词如：have，exist，like，hate，hear，know，sound等动词不能用于现在完成进行时，但可用于现在完成时。如： They've known each other since 1970.自从1970年起他们就相互认识了。
1.—How long __________ your father________ (work) in the factory?
—Since he ___________ (leave) college.
2. How long __________ you __________ (listen) to music last night?
3. When ____________you ________ (attend) the after-school club?
4. He is always the first one _______ (arrive) at school and the last ______ (leave) school.
5. We _______ (be) friends for the whole ten years.
6. _________ (collect) old coins is my father’s hobby.
7. My father had me ______ (clean) my bike, but I had it ________ (clean) in the shop.
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例 You were moved by your students, weren’t you?
情况属实：Yes, I were.
情况不属实：No, I weren’t.
如：You can’t do it, can you?
They are very late for the meeting, aren’t they?
Be动词包括：am, is, are, was, were
助动词有：do, does, did, have（用在完成时）, has（用在完成时）等
情态动词有：can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should
She is a lovely girl, 她是一个可爱的女孩，是吗？
He will go home, _他要回家了，是吗？
She doesn’t l她不喜欢吃爆米花，是吗？
The baby won’t小宝宝睡得不早，是吗？
注意：①He has supper at home every day, doesn’t’t he? (不能用hasn’t he?) 他每天在家吃晚饭，是吗？
① They have known the matter, haven’t they? (不能用don’t they?)
You cleaned your house last week, _你上周打扫了你的房间，是吗？
Your father plays the computer very well, __你父亲电脑技术很好，是吗？
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They look so happy today, _你今天看起来很高兴，是吗？
五．反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom，nobody, nothing, barely, scarcely等否定意义的词时，问句部分用肯定式。如：
①She never tells a lie, does she?(不用doesn’t she?)
②He was seldom late, was he?(不用wasn’t he?)
六、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I am……时，问句部分习惯上用aren’t I？表示。 如： I am a very honest man, aren’t I?
七．陈述部分的主语为不定代词something, anything, nothing, everything时，问句部分的主语用it。如：
①Something is wrong with the computer, isn’t it?
②Nothing has happened to them, has it?
八、陈述部分的主语为不定代词somebody (someone), anybody (anyone), nobody (no one), everybody (everyone)时，问句部分的主语用he或 they，这时问句动词的数应和he或 they一致。如：
①Someone has taken the seat, hasn’t he?
②Everyone has done their best in the game, haven’t they?
1）若为let’s引导，反问句用shall we? 例如
Let’s go home together, shall we? 让我们一起回家，好吗？
2）若为let us引导 和其余的任何一般的否定祈使句，都用will you, 例如 Let us stop to rest, will you? 让我们停下休息，好吗？
Don’t make any noise, will you? 别弄出噪音，好吗？
3）一般的肯定祈使句则用will you 或won’t you 都行，例如：
Do sit down, won’t you?/ will you? 请坐，好吗？
You feed the bird today, will you? 今天你喂鸟，是吗？
Please open the window, will you? (won’t you?) 打开窗，好吗？
十：陈述部分为There (Here) + be + 主语时，问句部分用动词+there (here)?形第 14 页 共 15 页
①There are two cakes on the plate, aren’t there?
②Here is a story about Mark Twain, isn’t here?
（ ）1. Linda ate nothing this morning, ___?
A. didn’t she B. was she C. did she D. wasn’t she
（ ）2. There’s hardly___ milk in the bottle, _____there?
A. no, isn’t B. some, is C. little, isn’t D. any, is
（ ）3. He has never ridden a horse before, ___?
A. does he B. has he C. hasn’t he D. doesn’t he
（ ）4. — He seldom came here, _____?
— Yes sir.
A. didn’t he B. does he C. doesn’t he D. did he
（ ）5. Everything seems all right, _____ ?
A. does it B. don’t they C. won’t it D. doesn’t it
（ ）6、Don’t smoke in the meeting-room,_________?
A. do you B. will you C. can you D. could you
（ ）7. One can’t be too modest, can _____ ?
A. one B. he C. it D. we
（ ）8. No one failed in the exam, _____ ?
A. was he B. did one C. did they D. didn’t he
（ ）9. -You’ve never seen dinosaur eggs, have you ?
--_____. How I wish to visit the Dinosaur World.
A. Yes, I have B. No, I haven’t C. Certainly, I have D. Of course, I haven’t
（ ）10. Neither you nor I am a artist, _____ ?
A. am I B. aren’t we C. are we D. amn’t I
（ ）11. He can’t be her father, _____ he?
A. is B. isn’t C. can D. can’t
（ ）12. They have no time to visit the museum, _____?
A. do they B. haven’t they C. don’t they D. will they
（ ）13、His sister had a bad cough, ______she?
A. wasn’t B. doesn’t C. hadn’t D. didn’t
（ ）14. You’d better go at once, _____ you?
A. hadn’t B. did C. didn’t D. don’t
（ ）15. You’d rather work than play, _____ you?
A. hadn’t B. wouldn’t C. didn’t D. mustn’t
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