九年级复习 Unit 1 How do you study for a test ?
2页 1. by 介词，表示“通过…方法或途径”的意思，译成“靠、通过”
by后面可以加名词或动名词短语：（1）The house was destroyed by fire. （2）travel by air （land , sea）
（3）go by train （4）shake sb by the hand 和某人握手 （5）I study English by watching English movies.
（1）在…旁边、靠近There is a power station by the river. 河边有一个电厂。（2 ）由于 by mistake
（3）沿着、经由 come by the highway 由公路 （4）被、由 some articles written by Luxun.
2. work with sb. listen to sb./ sth. make flashcard ask for sth. ask sb. （not）to do sth. 3页 1. practice sth. / doing sth.； What / How about sth. / doing sth.； read aloud ； improve 提高 ；
2. too + 形容词/副词 + （for sb.）to do sth. so +形容词/副词 + that +从句
not +形容词/副词 + enough + (for sb.) to do sth. 如：The box is too heavy for me to lift.=
The box is so heavy that I can’t lift it.= The box isn’t light enough for me to lift.
4页 1. ask sb. about sth. 2. difference 名词 different 形容词 differently 副词
3. watch the actors say the words. 感官动词watch sb. do sth. 4. find watching movies frustrating
find sth. + 形容词 find it + 形容词+to do sth. it作形容宾语，真正的宾语是to do sth.
5. get excited 变得兴奋起来 get是系动词，有“逐渐变得”的含义 get + 形容词
6. end up doing sth 终止做某事，结束做某事 后面加动名词短语，相当于finish doing sth.
另外，end up with … 以…结束 The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。
（1）I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of learning.
doing …为动名词短语，做从句中的主语，而listening 做定语，修饰practice.
（2）I’m enjoying learning English . （动名词短语做宾语）
5页 1. spoken English 英语口语 make mistakes slow 形容词 slowly 副词
2. I don’t have a partner to practice English with.
6页 1. first of all 首先 2. It is (was) …for sb to do sth .不定式做真正的主语，it是形式主语。
3. laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 make sentences 造句 one of the + 形容词最高级+复数名词
decide to do sth. 决定做某事 take notes 记笔记 enjoy doing sth 乐意做某事 enjoy oneself
玩得开心 be impressed 深受感动 have trouble / a difficult time doing sth. 做某事有困难
7页 write down 写下 look it / them up 查阅 as a second language 作为第二门语言
9页 deal with 处理 [拓展] do with 处理 do with 常 与what 连用，而deal with 常与how 连用
unless 的用法见第七单元讲义 worry about sb. / sth. be worried about sb./ sth. influence = effect learn to do sth. 学会做某事 be angry with sb. /be mad at sb. /be annoyed sb. 对某人生气
be angry at / about sth 对某件事生气 go by （指时间）过去，消逝 see sb. doing sth. see sb. do sth. 感官动词的用法见第六单元讲义 each other 彼此 last 动词 持续 solve a problem 解决问题
regard sth. as sth. 把某物视为某物 regard sb. as sb. 把某人视为某人 complain about sb. / sth. 抱怨某人/某物 too much+不可数名词 too many+复数名词 much too +形容词
change sth. into sth. 把……转变为…… break off 打碎，打破
It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.
（1）It is / was one’s duty to do sth. 做某事是某人的责任 如：It is our duty to make our school more
beautiful. (2 ) try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人的能力做某事 She tries her best to learn English.
try doing sth 尝试做某事 try to do sth. 努力做某事 (3) with the help of sb. = with one’s help
反义：without the help of sb. = without one’s help think of compare…to … compare…with