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初一英语unit1---unit4复习

发布时间:2014-01-20 11:51:07  

uniti 1 复习 一. 同义词 1. cheerful= happy,glad, pleased愉快的

2. foget= don’t

remember忘记 3. take care of=look after照顾 4. encourage= give?a lot of hope鼓励 5. give up=stop

trying to do something放弃

6. remain= still be仍然是

7. make fun of=laugh at嘲笑

8. be full of =be filled with充满 9. smart=

clever聪明的

二. 词汇转化 1.cheer (v.)欢呼---cheerful (adj.)快乐的 2.probable(adj)可能的—probably (adv.)很可能 3.care(v.)照顾,关心—careful(adj.)认真的,仔细的—carefully(adv) 4.success(n.)成功---successful(adj.)成功的 5.

patience(n.)耐心

---patient(adj.)耐心的;n. 病人

—impatient(adj.)没耐心的 三.课文知识点 1.cook (v.)煮饭,炒菜

(n.)厨师 4.die---died

2.forget/ ---dying

remember 5.miss 想,错 接to do sth. 过 missing 表示还没发生的

动作

接doing sth.

表示已经发生的

动作

3.smell (n.)

气味 bad

smell (v.)闻

smell smoke

系动词:闻起

来 smell

good/nice/bad (adj.) 丢失的 I found my bike missing. 6.good–better--best ,bad/ill--worse--worst 7. patient (adj.)耐心的 (n.)病人 8.be good at=do well in

擅长 四,语法

9. be strict 1.定冠词thein/about sth. 的用法: 对?(某事)要

求严格

be strict

with sb.

对?(某人)要

求严格

10

encourage sb. sth.

鼓励某人做某事

sth. 令

某人做某事 1)特指双方都明白的人或物: Take the medicine. 把药吃了。 The dog under the desk is hers 2)重复出现的名词前 He bought a house. The

house is big. 他买了幢房子。我去过那幢房子。 3)指世上独一无二的事物:

4)用在序数词和形容词最高级, Where do you live? I live on the second floor. 你住在哪?我住在二层。 5)用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前: the People's

Republic of China 中华人民共和国 the United States 美国

6)用在表示乐器的名词

之前: She plays the piano. 她会弹钢琴。 7) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人:

the Greens 格林一家人 (或格林夫妇) 8) 用在惯用语中: in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening), the day after tomorrow 2.不用任何冠词的情况有: 1) 国名,人名前通常不用定冠词:England,Mary;

2)泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定

冠词; 课。 They are 4)在称呼或表示teachers. 他

们是教师。

3)在季节、

月份、节日、

假日、日期、

星期等表示时间的名词之

前,不加冠词;

We go to

school from

Monday to

Friday. 我

们从星期一到

星期五都上官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词; The guards took the American to General Lee. 士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那里 5乐运动的名称前,)在三餐、球类运动和娱如:chess have breakfast不加冠词,play 词并用时,常省去冠词;6)当两个或两个以上名 without I 没有钢笔和铅笔,pen can't or write 了字。我就写不pencil. 工具连用,表示一种方式7)当 by 与火车等交通时,中间无冠词;by train作文:; by bus, 示,请你根据下面的内容提 文章。字数:写一篇关于人物介绍的可适当发挥。80词左右,提示:的人物,1.写一个你身边熟悉

亲人等。可以使同学、 朋友、

2.

和性格特点。写出他/她的外貌 3.评价。写出你对他

/她的My Dad

and he is the hero in my My dad is a policeman heart. thin. He has black hair He is tall and and wears glasses.

work at 7a.m. Sometimes Every day he goes to he all has free, night, to work but all when day he and is basketball he always helps me with my study. with me plays and patient. I love my dad. My dad is nice and unit2复习 一, 同义词

1, excellent=very

good优秀的=wonderful 2, prefer to=

like?better 更喜欢

3, ski=move over snow

滑雪

4.lie=be(is,are,am,was,were) 位于,在

5store=shop 商店 6.different

from=notthe same as与-不同

二, 词汇转化 1. France 法国---French法语,法国的

2. possible(adj)-可能的----impossible(adj)不可能的 possibly(adv.)可能地

3. Europe欧洲-----European欧洲的,欧洲人

4. lie---lay----lying 躺,位于 lie—lied 说谎

5. receive收到-receiver接收者

6. west西(后有逗号)

---western2.if用法----- 西方的 7. interest(n.)兴趣---interested(adj.)感到有趣的---interesting(adj.)令人感兴趣的 三. 课文知识点 1. such as for example,主将从现

If it rains, we won’t go camping. 3.be famous for 以?.而出名=be well known as be famous as 作为?..而出名 4. prefer to do sth 更喜欢做某事 prefer

doing sth. to

doing sth. 比事 起做某事更喜欢做某事

5. go doing 去做某事 go shopping go shiing

6. why not do sth? =how/ about doing sth? 建议做某事

7.try doing sth..尝试做某事

try to do

sth. 尽力做某8. finish doing sth 完成做某事 9. arrive in+大地方 arrive at +小地方 arrive +副词 arrive home/here/there 到家、到这里、到那里 10. lie in 位于?..

lie on 依赖11. She not 于 lie to only plays sb. 对某人说谎 11. not only?. but also 用于连接两个表示并列关系的成分,着重强调后者,其意为“不仅??而且??”;其中的also有时可以省略。如: well, but also writes music. 她不仅很会演奏,而且还会作曲。 语法复习

1.专有名词特点---名词的第一个字母要大写 专有名词分类: 1)人名 ,称呼,称谓 Mary Mr Li

Doctot Li 2.and but 2)国家名,河流so 用法 湖泊山脉名 and 表示前后并China the 列关系

Yellow River 3)地名,街道名公路名 the Great Wall Changan Street 4)组织机构名 the Red Cross红十字会 5)星期月份节日 Monday May National Day Tom and I went to the park. Tom is tall and he is 15 now.

but 表示前后转折关系(有but就不能写though/although)

Tom is fat but

he can run fast

so表示前后因果关系(有so就不能写because) He is ill so he didn’t go to school. 作文: 假设你是王杰,你的笔友Jimmy对中国很感兴趣,请你根据以下要点给她写信简单介

绍我们的国家。内容必须包括: 1.中国的地理位置。 2.名胜古迹,北京长城,杭州西湖。 3.中国小吃也很有名。

4.中国还有很多节日很有趣。 China is in Eastern Asia. It is a country

with a long For example, we history. It has celebrate the many places of Qingming

interest, such Festival in as the Great

Wall in Beijng

and the West

Lake in

Hangzhou.

There are also

many famous

snacks in China,

too. Chinese

celebrate

festivals

around the year. April, the Dragon Boat Festival in June and the Mid-Autumn Festival in September or October. Of course our biggest festival is the Spring

Festival. All 4.apologize 道of them are 歉=say sorry full of fun. 5.lead 带领Why not come to =take China next

year?

Unit 3

同义词

1.blind瞎的

=can’t see=be

not able to see

2.arrive in/at

到达=get to =

reach

3. by oneself

独自=alone 6.wake up醒来=stop sleeping 7finally最后=at last 8.fall asleep睡着=be asleep=go to sleep 词性转换 1.help帮助-----helpful 2.mean表示?

意思(动词)----meaning意思(名词) 3.reception接待处-----receptionist接待员 4.apologize道歉(动词)-----apology道歉(名词) 5.lead带领-----lead(过去式)----leader 领导 6.final最后的------finally最后 7.appear出现----disappear消失

8. asleep睡着的---sleepy欲睡的----sleep睡着 9.act扮演----actor男演员----actress女演员

10.late 晚的迟的---later 之后

语法 有名词,用名词一。人称代词用性物主代词The 法:动前主动后book is mine) 宾介后也是宾三。反身代词用(动词前用主格I give?,动词后用宾格help me,介词后也是用宾格Look at me.) 二。物主代词用法:有名用形,无名用名(物主代词后有名词,用形容词物主代词my book、没法。

1.做宾做表不做主(做宾语作表语不做主语) She can look after

herself.(做宾语) I am not myself

today.(做表语) Himself can finish the work.

(himself不能手本人。 做主语,要改成3.固定短语

He can finish enjoy oneself the work by 玩的开心 himself.)

2.做主语或宾语

的同位语

I myself see

her.(我亲自去

看她)—做主语

同位语

You will see

the singer

himself

tomorrow.你明

天会见到这个歌 help yourself/yourselves to 你、你们随便吃?.. teache oneself +科目/语言 自学。。。科目/语言 talk/say to oneself 自言自语 by oneself独

自 not only very lovely, but 写作:以“My also very favourite

animal”为题目,

写一篇短文,介

绍你最喜欢的一

种动物。

My favourite

animal

As we all know,

animals are our

friends. I like

every animal.

But I like dogs

best. Dogs are helpful. That’s why people like to feed gods at home. I have a dog called “Baby”. It is brown dog. It likes to follow me everywhere. Every day I give it some water to drink

and some food Unit 4复习 to eat. At 同义词

weekends, I 1.discuss讨论make it take a =talk bath. At that

time, the dog

is very gentle.

After that I

will take him

for a walk in

the park.

This is my

favourite

animal – a

beautiful,

gentle and cute about=talk over. 2.convenient方便的=easy 3. harmful有害的=bad 4.produce产生=make 5.in danger=not safe 词性转换

1.fight战斗----fought过去式---fighter战士

2.harm伤害-----harmful有害的

3.convennience方便-----convenient方便的

4.imagine想象(动词)imagination想象(名词) 5.ill/sick 有

病的-------disease疾病

6.contain 包含------container容器

现在进行时态 1 用法: ①现在正在进行或发生的动作 例:English book now. 我现在正在

读一本英语书。

②当前一

段时期内的活动

或现阶段正在进行的动作 例:They

Beijing these

days. 他们这些天一直住在北京。

2 与现在进行时连用的时间状语常见的有:now

/these days /或有look ,listen等的提示 / 4 现在进行时的构成:be +现

在分词(动词ing) 5 现在进行时的四个基本句型

肯定句 He now. 否定句

now.

一般疑问句

TV now? 回答

特殊疑问句

6 动词现在分词的构成 ①一般在动词尾加ing 例:play →playing②以

不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing 例:make →making③以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,先双写这一辅音

字母,再加ing

例:

put--putting,s

wim—swimming.run---running ,begin---beginning,

travel---travelling

Wuhan for ④特殊的有

lie→lying

die→ dying

7 有些动词的

现在进行时表示

将要发生,常见

的有

go\come\leave\

fly\move\start

\arrive\do例:

我马上就来(将会来) Beijing. 他将离开武汉去北京

(将离开)

vacation? 吉姆度假打算做什么?(将做什么)8.有些动词不能加--ing.要用一般现在时表达

喜厌动词不能加(like,love,hate,prefer),感官动词不能加(see,hear,smell,taste),想--相信,明白,知道,不能加-ing(want,believe,understand,know) I understand now. 我现在明

白了。 不能说I am understanding 以“now.

the treesHow to save

题,写一篇短文。”为

Trees are very important to us, so we should try to protect them. How to save trees? First, we should plant more trees and stop cutting down trees.

After that, we trees. can go to work Unit 5 by bike or on 同义词

foot instead of 1.valuable 宝driving cars.

Then we can try

to send e-mails

instead of

paper letters.

At last, we

should use both

sides of every

piece of paper.

If we start now,

we can save

millions of 贵的= useful and important 2.drop 掉下=fall down 3.turn off关掉=stop running 4.a littlle(接名词)一点点=not much a little接形容词=a bit 5.a few一些,

几个= not many 3.experiment6.continue继续=go on 7. add?to..添加?到?=put?in? 8.return归还=give back return回来=go back 词性转换 1.drink喝---drinkable可饮用的 2.salt盐----salty咸的 实验----experimental实验的

4. chemist化学家 ------ chemistry化学-----chemical 化学品(可数名词) 5.value宝贵----valuable 宝贵的 6. many/much很多---more更多------most最

7. a few一些,几个--fewer很少--fewest 最少

8.a little一点点----less很少-----east 最少 语法

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