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牛津8B Unit 1 Check out

发布时间:2014-01-20 11:51:11  

8B
Unit1 Past and Present

Check out

Learning aims
1. To assess students’ progress in using the present perfect tense. 2.To check Students’ understanding of the contexts for using the present perfect tense versus the simple past tense. 3. To assess recognition of some opposite adjectives. 4. Useful expressions ①It’s next to the clock tower, isn’t it? ②Now, let me show you how to get to the railway station.

Have a talk with the students by using the present tense.

Say the past participles of the following verbs. 原形
finish watch travel

过去分词

原形
see give

过去分词

repair
live own

finished watched travelled repaired lived owned

seen given written write made make heard hear become become

Read the conversation on Page 23.Complete it with the correct forms of the verbs.

Where is the railway station?

Tourist: Excuse me, I ⑴___________ (lose) my map. I want to go to the railway station, but I can’t find it. It’s next to the clock tower, isn’t it? Millie: The railway station ⑵_________ (be) there years ago, but I’m afraid it’s not there any more.

Tourist: Oh, really? I ⑶________________ (not visit) Sunshine Town for a very long time. Things ⑷_______________ (change) a lot over the years.

Millie: You’re quite right. Things have changed a lot. ⑸________ you _______ (see) our new park? Tourist: Yes, I⑹________ just_______ (see) it. The park s so big and beautiful. Millie: Yes, it is. It ⑺____________ (become) a new tourist attraction in Sunshine Town. Now, let me show you how to get to the railway station…

have lost (lose) Tourist: Excuse me, I ⑴___________ my map. I want to go to the railway station, but I can’t find it. It’s next to the clock tower, isn’t it? was Millie: The railway station ⑵_________ (be) there years ago, but I’m afraid it’s not there any more. haven’t visited Tourist: Oh, really? I ⑶________________ (not visit) Sunshine Town for a very long have changed (change) time. Things ⑷_______________ a lot over the years.

Millie: You’re quite right. Things have changed Have seen (see) our new a lot. ⑸________ you _______ park? seen (see) it. have just_______ Tourist: Yes, I⑹________ The park s so big and beautiful. has become (become) Millie: Yes, it is. It ⑺____________ a new tourist attraction in Sunshine Town. Now, let me show you how to get to the railway station…

Ask and answer the questions: 1. Where is the railway station in the past? 2. How is the new park? 3. Does Millie show the tourist the way to the railway station?

Act the dialogue out
Excuse me, …Where is the railway station?

……

Complete the following dialogue
A: Excuse me, could you _______(tell) me the way to the post office? I _______ (lose) the way. I want ___________(post) the letter. The post office ________(be)here in the past. But now I’m afraid it ________ (move). B: Yes, go down this street, then______ (turn) left at the first crossing. At the e

nd of the road you _______(find) it.

A: How far is it from here? B: It’s about twenty minutes’ _______ ( walk). A: Can I take a bus? B: Yes. A: Thank you. Things _____________ (change) a lot in this city. I __________ (be) here twice. People here are very friendly. B: Not at all.

Complete the following dialogue tell A: Excuse me, could you _______(tell) me lost(lose) the way to the post office? I have _______ to post the way. I want ___________(post) the was (be)here letter. The post office ________ moved in the past. But now I’m afraid it has ________ (move). turn B: Yes, go down this street, then______ (turn) left at the first crossing. At the end find of the road you will _______(find) it.

A: How far is it from here? walk B: It’s about twenty minutes’ _______ ( walk). A: Can I take a bus? B: Yes. have changed A: Thank you. Things _____________ have been (change) a lot in this city. I __________ (be) here twice. People here are very friendly. B: Not at all.

现在完成时的构成和用法:

助动词 have / has + 动词的过去分词 ( Past Participle ) ⒈指的是动作发生在过去某一时刻并已结束,但该 动作对现在产生了影响,与现在情况具有因果关系。
⒉指的是动作开始于过去某一时刻,一直延续到现 在,或可能还要继续下去。

一般过去时的用法: 表示过去某个时间发生的事、 存在的状态或经常发生的动作。说话的侧重点只 在于陈述一件过去的事情,不强调对"现在"产生 的影响。

Each group should finish your task in 2 or 3 minutes.

Put them into English. 1.过去曾经做过某事 2.不同的时代 3.历史课题 4.事实上 5.结婚
1.搬到(出)某地 2.变化很大 3.在过去 4.变成 5.市场小摊

1.水污染 2.下中国象棋 3.在某种程度上 4.感到寂寞 5.时常
1.新鲜空气 2.独立地 3.带来好处 4.投入使用 5.不再

Group 1:
1.过去曾经做过某事 2.不同的时代 3.历史课题 4.事实上 5.结婚

used to do sth
at different times history project in fact get married

Group 2:
1.水污染 2.下中国象棋 3.在某种程度上 4.感到寂寞 5.时常

water pollution
play Chinese chess in some ways feel lonely from time to time

Group 3:
1.搬到(出)某地 2.变化很大 3.在过去 4.变成 5.市场小摊

move to (out of ) sp. change a lot in the past turn into market stall

Group 4:
1.新鲜空气 2.独立地 3.带来好处 4.投入使用 5.不再

fresh air on one’s own bring advantages be in use / service no more / longer ; not… any more /longer

Try to finish the sentences
with the right forms of the phrases you have just met.

used to 1.My father __________ be a history teacher . 2.The plane always makes a big noise when it takes off ___________. Have you ___________ heard from your parents yet? 3. ______ Yes .I received it yesterday . got married 17 years ago . 4. My parents _____________ on our own 5. We must finish our homework __

_________. from time to time because 6. The old feel lonely ________________ it’s difficult to see their good friends .

Finish off the crossword puzzle. 1 the opposite of ‘easy’ difficult 2 take something to a place and leave it there dump 3 having good luck lucky 4 something useless and is thrown away waste 5 think of someone or something a lot miss

6 feeling sad because you are alone lonely
7 the time now present 8 the opposite of ‘impossible’ possible 9 the opposite of ‘pleasant’ unpleasant

根据英文解释在空白处填上一个恰当的词。

1. I lived with my parents until 1995 when I got married (having a husband or wife). _________ good 2. Lily thinks that it’s _______(not very bad) to be a dentist in the future. lonely 3. Did you feel ________(unhappy because you are alone) when you are in America last summer? dishonest 4. He is a ___________(not honest) boy. He often tells lies.

different 5. This plane is _________(not same) from that one. It’s much bigger. 6. I won’t take this coat because it’s too expensive/ dear ______________(not cheap). impossible 7. Nothing is ____________(not possible) if you put your heart into it. impolite 8. It’s _________(not polite) to disturb others.

Homework
1. Review the whole unit.

2. Act out the conversation on Page 23.
3. Finish the exercises in your workbook.

Thank you for listening. Bye!


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