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七年级上 短语及重点句型归纳

发布时间:2013-09-17 17:08:23  

七年级(上)英语复习笔记

Starter Unit 1 Good morning!

1. morning 指从早晨到中午12点以前的这段时间。

evening 指晚上,通常为黄昏到入睡之间,即晚上6点到12点。

night 指夜里,通常为夜晚或夜里就寝前的一小段时间,即9点以后。

Good morning! 早上好! Good afternoon! 下午好! Good night! 晚上好

2. How are you? 你好吗?

用于熟人之间的问候语,只是一种礼貌的问候方式,用来询问对方的身体状况。回答用‖I’m fine , thanks.‖

How do you do ? 你好吗?

用于第一次见面的两个人,互相问候时应用How do you do ?回答也用How do you do ? ----How do you do ? ----How do you do ?

3. Thank you! 谢谢你!

当别人帮助,关心,问候,祝福我们时,应用Thank you ;当得到对方的称赞,夸奖时也用Thank you.

Starter Unit 2 What’s this in English?

1. This 是指示代词,可单独使用,指离说话人较近的人或物。

That 指离说话人较远的人或物。

2. a/an 为不定冠词

常见用法:

①表示数量 ―一‖ a pen 一支钢笔 an apple 一个苹果

注:an 用于元音音标前。元音字母包括5个:(A E I O U )

②泛指某人或某物,不是具体说明

A girl is over there. 一个女孩在那边。

③在叙述时第一次提到某人或某物

She is a teacher. 她是一个老师。

3. Spell it , please. 请拼写它。

请求对方拼写某一词语的句型还有:

① How do you spell it? 你怎么拼写它? 回答可以直接写出:P-E-N.

② Can you spell it, please?

由can引导的一般疑问句,应先用Yes或 No进行肯定或否定回答后,才能拼写。 Can you spell it please?

Yes, I can. P-E-N.

请问你能拼写它吗? 是的,我能。P-E-N.

Starter Unit 3 What color is it?

1. What color is it ? 它是什么颜色的?

特殊疑问句,用来询问颜色。

基本结构:What color + be 动词+主语?

当被询问的物品,即句子的主语是单数时,be 动词用is ,回答一般用It’s +颜色.

当被询问的物品,即句子的主语是复数时,be 动词用are, 回答一般用They’re +颜色.

2. 定冠词the

① 特指上文中提到过的人或物

This is an apple, the apple is red.这是一个苹果,这个苹果是红色的。(文章中第一次提到―这个苹果‖时用―an‖,第二次提到用―the‖,特指刚刚提到的苹果。)

② 用来指谈话双方都知道的人或物。

What color is the pen ? 这支钢笔是什么颜色的?(指说话双方都清楚是哪一支钢笔) 1

③ 用来指世上独一无二的事物

the sun 太阳 the moon 月亮

Unit 1 My name’s Gina.

1. Goals: 掌握由what 引导的特殊疑问句的用法及自我介绍。

2. Grammar: be动词(am, is ,are)的用法;特殊疑问句的用法;形容词性物主代词的用法

Section A

1. name 名字

① 英语中,姓和名的排列与中国相反,即―先名后姓‖,先(first name /given name)后(last name/family name)

② Mr、Mrs、Miss、Ms等称呼语只能加在姓氏的前面,不能加在名字前。 Ann White----- Miss White

③ 西方国家的女子结婚前随父姓,结婚后随夫姓。

Ann White-----Ann Smith(丈夫姓 Smith)

2. My name’s = My name is 我的名字是。。。。

介绍自己名字时较正式的用语

I’m =I am 我叫。。。 比较随意一些。

3. 当对方询问What’s your name ? 其答语为―I’m +姓名‖或―My name is +姓名‖,也可以直接说出名字。

4. What’s his/her name? 他/她叫什么名字?

用于询问第三方姓名,his表示询问的是男性,her是女性。

5. 一些初见时所使用的答语

① ---How do you do ? ---How do you do ?

② Nice/Glad to see you. 回答用Nice/Glad to see you too.

③ How are you? 是熟人之间的问候语 回答用----I’m fine.

Section B

1. What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是多少?

询问对方电话号码的特殊疑问句,答语可以是----My telephone number is XXXXXX./ It’s XXXXXX.

Grammar

1. be 动词(am, is, are) 的用法

be动词包括is, am ,are,相当于汉语中的―是‖。

我(I)用am, 你(you)用are, is 用于他(he),她(she),它(it).

单数名词用is, 复数名词用are. 牢牢记住,别忘了。

变否定句时,be后要加not. 变疑问句时,be要往前提.

E.g:

I am a girl. 我是一个女孩。 You are a boy. 你是一个男孩。

He is a boy. 他是一个男孩。 She is Mary. 她是Mary.

I am not a girl. 我不是一个女孩。 Are you a boy? 你是一个男孩吗?

2. 特殊疑问句

特殊疑问句是由―特殊疑问句+一般疑问句‖构成,常用的特殊疑问句有what(什么), when(什么时候), where(哪里), which(哪一个), who(谁)…..

What’s your name? Where is the table?

3. 形容词性物主代词

my(我的), your(你的,你们的), his(他的), her(她的), their(他们的)这些统称为形容词性物主代词。

2

1. 放在被修饰的名词前。

my pen 我的钢笔 (My为物主代词,pen为被修饰词)

2. 不能与冠词(a, an, the)等连用修饰名词

This is my pen. 不能说This is my a pen.

3. 如果名词前还有其他形容词修饰,形容词性物主代词要放在所有形容词的最前面。 my red pen

Unit 2 Is this your pencil?

Section A

1. Excuse me. 请原谅,打扰一下。

作为与陌生人开始谈话或打扰别人时所听到的礼貌用语。

Section B

1. call sb. 给某人打电话

call + 某人电话 拨打…..号码 call sb. at +电话号码 拨打电话号码找某人

2. a set of 一套,一串

后接复数名词 a set of keys 一串钥匙

Grammar

一般疑问句

1. 当询问情况是否属实或需要对方做出肯定或否定回答时

2. 由be动词引导

This is a pen. →Is this a pen?

3. 陈述句变为一般疑问句

○1把be 动词提到句首

This is a pen. →Is this a pen?

○2如果原主语是第一人称,应把第一人称变为第二人称。

This is my pen. →Is this your pen?

○3句末加问号。

4. 回答有肯定回答和否定回答两种。

肯定回答:Yes, 主语+be( am , is , are)

否定回答:No, 主语+be(am, is ,are)+ not

---Is he your father? ---Yes, he is./No, he isn’nt.

如何写寻物启事和失物招领

必须包含以下要素:

1. 丢失或世道的物品的名称,可直接用省略句 ,比如―A pen.‖或―I lost my pen‖以及―Is this your pen?‖等表示,还要把物品的特征表达清楚。

2. 丢失物品或拾到物品者的姓名

3. 联系电话:Call Mary at XXX—XXXX.

七年级上 短语及重点句型归纳

Unit 1 My name is Gina.

短语: last name family name first name

telephone number/phone number ID card school ID card

句型:Nice to meet you . Nice to meet you, too.

What’s your name? My name’s(name is) Gina./ I am(I’m) Gina.

What’s his name? His name is Tom.

What’s her name? Her name is Gina.

What’s your first name? My first name is Pale.

What’s your family name? My family name is Green.

What’s your phone number?

3

It’s 8563-0770. /My telephone number is 8563-0770.

Three and five is eight. 3+5=8

句型转换

1. 对划线部分提问)

2. 对划线部分提问)

3. 对划线部分提问)

语法:1,形容词性物主代词:my(我的) your(你的) his/her/its(他/她/它的)

our(我们的) your(你们的)their(他们的)

后面需要接名词,修饰名词,做前置定语。 在句中可作主语,宾语等成分。 My book is here. This is my book.

2, 主格: I you he/she/ it

we you they

在句中做主语,一般放句首,后面紧跟 am/is/are 及其他动词。

I’m a student. She looks good.

Unit 2 Is this your pencil?

短语: Excuse me a set of lost and found pencil case computer game

call sb.at+电话号码 pencil sharpener

句型: Is this your pencil? Yes,it is. / No,it isn’t.

Is that your ruler? Yes, it is. /No ,it isn’t.

What's this in English? It's a pen.

How do you spell it? P-E-N.

Here you are. (给你)

否定句) 在be动词后+not

句型转换

1.This is a pencil case.(改为一般疑问句) ________ ________ a pencil case?

2.Is that her key?(作否定回答) ________, it _________.

3.not, is ,my, it, backpack (连词成句) ________ ________ ________ ________ 对划线部分提问) __________ __________ __________?

5. Mary is an English girl. (改为否定句)________________________________.

语法;1,句中含be(am, is, are)一般疑问句的变法: 把be提前,如果句中有my变your,I

变you,其他的照抄不变。肯定回答 yes, 主语+am/is/are 否定回答 No,主语+am not/aren’t/isn’t. 注意:回答时主语如果是物品单数或者this/that的话,用it替代主语,如果是复数人和物品用they替代。

2, be动词的用法口诀;I am, you are, is 他/她/它(he/she/it),单数is 复数are. Be

动词跟随主语的变化而变化。

Unit 3 This is my sister.

短语:thanks for family photo a(the)photo /picture of

my parents family tree in a picture

my friend look at in Class Two (Grade One)

对应词:father--- mother daughter---son boy---girl uncle---aunt 等等

句型:1. This is my friend. These are my friends.

That is her ruler. Those are her rulers.

2 Is this your sister? Yes, it is. /No, it isn’t.

3 Is that your brother? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

4 These are my books. Those are my brothers.

5 This is my sister, Mona.

6 Thanks for the photo of your family.

4

Here is my family photo. = Here is a photo of my family.

语法:可数名词单数变复数:一般情况下加s, book-books, 以s, x, sh, ch结尾的加es watch-watches 以辅音字母加y结尾的,把y改为i再加es boy- boys,

family-families 以o结尾的有生命的加es, 无生命的加s, tomato-tomatoes, photo-photos

Ⅰ.按要求写出相应的词

1.this(反义词)________ 2.these(反义词)________

3.it(复数形式)________ 4.that(复数形式)________

5.photo(复数形式)________ 6.picture(复数形式)________

7.cousin(复数形式)________ 8.friend(复数形式)________

9.son(对应词)________ 10.sister(对应词)________

Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母写出单词

11.My father’s mother is my g ________. 12.My father’s father is my g ________.

13.My father’s sisters are my a ________. 14.My father’s brothers are my u ________. Ⅲ、单项选择。

( )16.Is he your friend? Yes, ________.

A.it is B.it isn’t C.he is D.he isn’t

( )17.Is this your father? No, ________.

A.it is B.it isn’t C.he is D.he isn’t

( )18.Is that your ________ ?

A.a picture B.picture C.pictures D.nice pictures ( )19.Are ________ Kate’s ________?

A.this, book B.that,book C.these,books D.those,book ( )20.Is Guo Peng your brother? ________.

A.Yes,it is B.No,it isn’t C.Yes, she is D.No,he isn’t ( )21.Thanks ________ your last letter.

A.of B.from C.for D.to

( )22.Anna is not my sister. ________ my cousin.

A.He B.He’s C.She D.She’s ( )23.Is ________ your aunt? What’s ________ name?

A.he,his B.she,her C.he,her D.she,his ( )24.What are those? ________.

A.They are apple trees B.They are apples trees

C.Those are apple trees D.Those are apples trees

( )25. Look! Here______ your notebooks. A. is B. are C. am D. be Unit 4 Where’s my backpack?

短语: on the chair under the desk in the drawer

behind the door take… to bring… to

between…and … video tape on the sofa

in the backpack on the dresser math book

alarm clock

介词 in, on, under 的用法

句型:Where's my backpack? It's under the table.

Where're my books? They are on the sofa.

Where are my books? I don’t know.

Are they on the sofa? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

5

Please take these things to your sister.

Can you bring some things to school? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.

一 句型转换

1. Is it in the backpack? (作否定回答)_______, it __________.

2. Tom’s math book is 对划线部分提问) _______ ______ Tom’s math book?

3. Her dresser is next to her bed.(改为否定句) Her dresser _____ _____ next to her bed.

二 介词填空。

1. Is that your computer game ____ the lost and found case?

2. What’s that ____ English?

3. Please call John ____ 495-3593.

4. Thanks ____ the great photo ____ your family.

5. The chair is ____ the floor.

6. Look ____ the picture. Where is the ball?

7. Please take these things ____ your brother.

8. My TV is ____ the desk.

9. My baseball isn’t ____ the bed, it’s ____ it.

10. The chair is ____ ____ the sofa.

选择题

1. There is ________ ―m‖ in the word ―map‖. A. a B. an C. the D. /

2. Can you ____ your teacher?

A. take they to B. take them to C.bring they to D. bring them to

3. That is __________room.

A. Jim and Tom B. Jim and Tom’s C. Jim’s and Tom’s D. Jim’s and Tom

语法: 1,询问人或物品在哪里,我们用Where, 结构为 where+is/are+人/物品名称? ―……在

哪里‖ 回答用 主语+is/are +in/at/under/on/near +地点

注意:表示―在……地方‖地点前要用定冠词the 或者形容词性物主代词my/your/his/their

修饰,但是两者不能同时出现,我们可以说in the room, in my room 但是绝对不可以in the my room.

词语用法:1, take v.带走, 把人或物品带到别的地方去,take … to… 把……带到……去 bring v.带来,把人或物品从别的地方带到说话的地方来 bring…to… 把……带

到……来

2,please 后接动词用原形。

Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball?

短语:every day soccer ball computer games

let’s=let us play basketball watch TV

play sports tennis racket ping-pong ball

ping-pong bat play tennis sports club

have a sports collection sound good /interesting

句型:1 Do you have a basketball? Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

2 Does he have a tennis racket? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

3 Let's play ping-pong.

Sorry,I don’t have a ping-pong ball. / Well, let’s play…

That sounds good/ interesting/ boring/great.

4 What sport do you like? -----I like basketball and soccer.

Play+球类名词。中间不用冠词。play soccer/basketball/baseball/tennis

一、短文填空(5分)

Mr. Hall likes sports. He 1____________(have) a son and a daughter. 2____________(them) like sports, too. Mr. Hall has a 3__________(sport) collections. He has 8 tennis ball, 6 basketballs, 5 baseballs 10 soccer balls and 7 volleyballs. But he 4____________(does 6

not) play soccer. His son, Tom, 5__________(like) soccer ball. He is in the school soccer club. He plays soccer with his friends every day. His daughter, Kate, likes volleyball. But she doesn’t play it. She only watches it on TV.

二句型转换(10分)

1.I have a nice book.(改为否定句)

I _______ _________ a nice book.

2.He likes his new room.(改为一般疑问句)

_________ he __________ his new room?

3.We like our school.(对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ you __________?

4.She has a soccer ball.(改为否定句)

She ____________ __________ a soccer ball.

5.Do your father and mother like sports?(做肯定回答)

___________, ____________ ____________.

( )6. _____ like vegetables.

A. He and I B. I and he C. He and me D. I and him

( )7. Let Gina ______ TV. OK?

A. to watch B. to look C. watch D. look

三阅读理解(10分)

Paul love sports. He does some sports every day. After school on Mondays, he goes running with some friends for about half an hour. Then he goes swimming before he goes home for dinner. He also plays in two school teams. On Wednesday he plays football at school and on Friday evening he plays in the table tennis team. On Saturday and Sunday morning he goes swimming again. He also rides to school every day except Sunday. On Sunday afternoon, he does his favorite sport-------sleeping.

( )16. When does Paul do some sports?

A. On Monday B. On Sunday C. Every day D. Every night

( )2. What does he do before dinner on Monday? He _________.

A. goes swimming B. plays tennis C. plays football D. reads some books

( )3. When does he go swimming?

A. On Monday B. On Saturday C. On Sunday D. All above

( )4. _______, he doesn’t ride to school.

A. On Monday B. On Wednesday C. On Sunday D. Saturday

( )5. What does Paul love ?

A. Sports B. His family C. His school D. His friends

语法:1,句中不含be(am,is,are)动词的 一般疑问句的变法。 也就是说句中谓语动词是实义

动词时,要变为一般疑问句,在句首加do/does(当主语是第三人称单数的时候用does),第一人称变第二人称,动词变原形其他的语序不变。I have a computer. – Do you have a computer? She likes playing ping-pang.- Does she like playing ping-pang.肯定回答用yes, 主语+do/does.否定回答用No,主语+don’t/doesn’t.

2一般句子中当主语是第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词要起变化。具体的变化为:

一般情况加s, know-knows, 以s,x,ch,sh,o结尾的加es, teach-teaches, go-goes, 以辅音字母加y结尾,把y改为i, 再加es study-studies

3,do/does 叫做助动词(语法需要加上去翻译部出来的动词)时,后面接动词原形, Does he like reading? She doesn’t like reading. She doesn’t do her homework. 但是如果做实义动词(能翻译出来意思的动词)呢,遇到主语第三人称单数就要起

变化。

She does her homework.

4,have的第三人称单数为 has.

7

5, let sb do sth 让某人做某事 (sb代表人,如果是代词用宾格,do代表动词原形) 6,play+球类 表示―踢,打,玩......‖ play football

play+the+乐器 表示―弹奏……乐器‖ play the piano

Unit 6 Do you like bananas?

短语: food list ice cream lots of= a lot of have lunch/breakfast/dinner

running star have breakfast eat well for breakfast

healthy food French fries like to do sth/doing sth

句型 1 Do you like hamburgers? --- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

2 Does he like salad? --- Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

3 They like oranges, but they don't like broccoli.

4 Mr Baker likes chicken. He doesn't like carrots.

5 What do the students like to eat for breakfast?

6 They usually eat eggs, bread and milk for breakfast.

7 What does Kate like for lunch? 一.单项选择 (10分)

( ) 1. _______ you like ice cream?

A. Are B. Am C. Does D. Do

( ) 2. _______play table tennis.

A.Let B. Lets C. Let’s D. It’s

( ) 3. _______ does your father have _______ lunch? Chicken and tomatoes

A. What; for B. What ; / C. How; for D. How; /

( ) 4.Oranges are a kind of _______.

A. vegetables B. vegetable C. fruits D. fruit

( ) 5. What _______ Tom like _______ for breakfast?

A. does; eat B. is; eat C. does; to eat D. is; to eat

( ) 6—Do you like ice cream for_______ dessert?

A. a B. the C. / D. an

( ) 7.—Does your friend like salad?

A. Yes. she like B. No, she does

C. Yes, she doesn’t D. No. she doesn’t

( ) 8. I have a cat .It likes fish. It eats _______every day.

A. a lot B. many C. Lots of D. much

( )9. –Does your English teacher sing very_______? –Yes ,she does.

A. good B. nice C. great D. well

( )10. –Let’s _______baseball.

--OK. Let’s_______.

A. play; go B. plays; go C. play; to go D. play; goes

( )11. I like to watch them______ TV.

A. for B. in C. on D. at

( ) 12. Mary is a ______ girl. She eats________.

A.good, good B.good, well C. well, good D. well, well

( )13. He has three______.

A. soccer balls B. soccer ball C. soccers ball D. soccers balls

语法: 句中谓语动词是实义动词的陈述句,变否定形式在实义动词前加don’t\doesn’t(主语

是第三人称单数时用doesn’t’).

like doing sth/like to do sth 喜欢做某事

I like swimming. She likes to eat hamburgers.

Unit 7 How much are these pants?

短语: welcome to how much at a good price at Huaxing Clothes Store 8

have a look at on sale ten dollars in all colors for yourself book store bag for sports clothes store

buy…from… sell to…

句型:1 How much is the blue T-shirt?/What price is the blue T-shirt?

What’s the price of the blue T-shirt?

It's ten dollars.

2 How much are these socks?/ What price are these socks?

What’s the price of the socks? They are two dollars.

3 How much is the milk? It's one dollar.

4 Can I help you?= What can I do for you?

Yes, please.

Ok. I'll take it.

Thank you. --- You are welcome.

5 What …do you want?

Here you are.

¥18! 单项选择

( )1 . – ________ it the TV? –It’s 2000 yuan.

A. How many B. How much C. How about D. How big

( )2. I want to buy a shirt _______ my father.

A. to B. on C. for D. in

( )3. –Can I help you? –_________.

A. Thank you B. Yes, please, I want a pen.

C. You’re welcome. D.I’m sorry.

( )4. Let’s go and have _______ his new CD.

A. look at B. a look at C. a look D. the look at

( )5. Jim’s _______ is red.

A. shoes B. bag C. socks D. pants.

( )6. –How much are the pants? –________ twenty dollars.

A. It has B. It is C. They have D. They are

( )7. –Are these your shoes? –Yes, ___________.

A. they’re B. they are C. these are D. there’re

( )8. –The T-shirt is only ten dollars. ----–I’ll ______it.

A. buy B. take C. sale D. sell

( )9. I like red but my brother ____________.

A. likes red, too B. doesn’t C. does D. don’t like

( )10. I like sports. My friend Allan ______likes sports.

A. too B. but C. and D. also

( )11. We have socks______ all colors ______ $ 4 each!

A. at, in B. in, for C. at, at D. for, for

( )12. We have ________ students.

A. fourty –four B. four – fourty

C. forty – four D. four –forty

( )13. How much _________ do you want?

A. tomatoes B. bananas C. hamburgers D. chicken

( )14. There are many things ____________.

A. sale B. sell C. on sale D. for sell

( )15. --- Where ____________ your new pants?

--- ____________ on the bed.

A. is, It’s B. are, They’re C. is, They’re D. are, It’s

阅读理解

9

It is Sunday afternoon. Mary goes to do the shopping with her mother. Her mother wants to buy some food for supper. Mary wants to buy a new skirt and some school things. They come to a shop.

―What does your shop sell?‖ Mary asks, ―A lot of things.‖ The girl in the shop says. ―You can buy food, drinks, chothes in our shop and school things, too.‖

Mary and her mother go in. there are many people in the shop. Mary finds a nice white skirt. ―How much is the skirt?‖ Mary asks the girl in the shop.

―It’s eighty yuan.‖ ―That’s too dear. Can I find a cheap one?‖

―What about the green one? It looks nice. And it’s only thirty yuan.‖

―Ok, thanks a lot.‖ ―You are welcome.‖

After that, Mary buys some school things, too. Here mother buys a lot of food, like bread, cakes, meat and fish. They get home very late.

( ) 1. Mary goes to do the shopping with her mother on ________.

A. Saturday afternoon B. Saturday morning

C. Sunday morning D.Sunday afternoon

( )2. Mary wants to buy a new skirt and _________.

A. some food B. some drinks C. come clothes D. some school things

( ) 3. The white skirt is _____.

A. ¥30 B. ¥110 C. ¥80 D. ¥100

( ) 4. Mary buys a _________ skirt.

A. white B. green C. red D. dear

( ) 5. The green skirt is ___________.

A. nice but dear B. nice and cheap

C. not nice but cheap D. not nice or cheap

结构: 询问价格 How much + is/are + 物品名称?

What’s the price of+ 物品名称? ……多少钱?

回答:It’s/They’re + 价格

歌诀巧记基数词:基数词,不难记,找出规律很容易:零至十二形各异,一个一个单独记。如果表示“十几”,后面要加“teen‖.thirteen, fifteen形异须留意;eighteen只有一个“t‖.表示“几十”要加“ty‖;twenty, thirty是特例。表示数字”几十几“,连字符号“-”莫丢弃。

Unit 8 When is your birthday?

短语:English speech contest school trip School Day

Art Festival October tenth

basketball game birthday party volleyball game

Chinese Contest Music Festival English party

fifteen years old date of birth

句型:1 When is your birthday? My birthday is November 11th.

2 When is her/his birthday? Her/His birthday is November 11th.

3 When is Sarah's birthday? Sarah's/ Her birthday is November 11th.

4 When is your mother's birthday?

My mother's/ Her birthday is November 11th.

5. How old are you? I’m fifteen.

单项选择

1. –_________ is he? –He’s fourteen.

A. How big B. How old C. How many D. How much th2. We have an English concert _____ July 5 each year.

A. in B. at C. on D. of

3. _______ is your Art Festival?

A. What B. When C. Which D. Who

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4. The boy is only ______. Today is his _________ birthday.

A. five; five B. fifth; five C. fifth; fifth D. five; fifth

5. Sunday is the _______ day of a week.

A. third B. second C. first D. last

6. Students don’t go to school ________ Sundays.

A. in B. at C. on D. to

7. –What’s the date today?– It’s _________.

A. TuesdayB. July 7th C. the second day of the week D. June

8. Vera ________ know when Jeff’s birthday is.

A. not B. isn’t C. don’t D. doesn’t

9. Look at the girl over there. ___ is my good friend and ____ birthday is September 11th..

A. He; his B. He; he’s C. She; her D.She; she’s

10. Our school will have a speech ________ next month.

A. game B. trip C. contest D. concert

11. –Do you have a school trip?– _______

A. Yes, you do. B. No, I do. C. Yes, there is. D. Sorry, I don’t know.

12. When is ________ birthday party?

A. David B. David’s C. you .D. him

13. I ________ a birthday party every year.

A. have B. get C. bring D. take

14. –_______ is this pencil case? –It’s five yuan.

A. How many B. How much C. How old D. How

15. _____ today? It’s Monday.

A. What day is B. What’s the date C. When is D. How is

语法: 月份前用介词in, in May 在六月,但是具体到某一天用介词on, on May 1st. 基数词变序数词的口诀:(第)一、二、三要牢记。八去“t‖, 九去“e‖, f代ve. ty结尾变y为i, 再加eth.

Unit 9 Do you want to go to a movie?

短语: go to a movie Beijing opera movie star

on weekends a kind of this kind of movie

what kind of movie want to do many kinds of

all kinds of learn about go...with... a sad story

action movie a great actor Chinese history

favorite actor successful thriller Rush Hour

句型:1 I want to go to a movie. --Do you want to go to a movie?

Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

2 He wants to go to a movie. --- Does he want to go to a movie?

Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

3 What kind of movies do you like?

I like action movies and thrillers, but I don't like documentaries.

4 Maria likes thrillers but she doesn't like comedies. Jack likes cartoons best. 5 I think Beijing Opera is very interesting. / I don't think it's great.

6 句型转换

1. Linda likes action movies and comedies.(改为否定句)

Linda ________ like action movies _______ comedies.

2. I want to go to a comedy.(同义句) I want to _________ a ________.

3. I like thrillers. I don’t like documentaries.(两句合为一句)

I like thrillers______ I don’t like documentaries.

4. I think it’s an exciting movie.(改为否定句)

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I _______ think it ________ an exciting movie.

5. 对划线部分提问)

______ _________ __________ _________ _________ his father ______

单项选择

( )1.________ does he go to school on weekdays?

A.What B.What time C.Why D.What about

( )2..What time ________ your teacher ________ supper?

A.does, has B.does, have C.do, has D.do, have

( )3.He was born ________ the morning of December 8th.

A.in B.on C.at D.of

( )4.When do you get ________ Shanghai?

A.to B.up C.down D.in

( )5.________ your coat, please. It’s very cold today.

A.Put up B.Put on C.Wear D.Dress

( )6.Mike likes playing ________ guitar after ________ breakfast.

A.the, the B.a, a C.the, a D.the, ×

( )7.I like ________ a little longer ________ weekends.

A.sleep, on B.to sleep, on C.sleep, in D.to sleep, in ( )8.Is it ________ boring job? No, it is ________ interesting work.

A.a, an B.an, a C.×, a D.a, ×

( )9.What time ________ the child ________ his homework?

A.does, does B.does, do C.do, does D.do, do

( )10.I work all the day. I’m very ________.

A.happy B.sorry C.tired D.sad

( )11.We ________ a shower schedule and I am the one to ________ a shower.

A.take, take B.make, make C.take, make D.make, take

( )12.Do you often ________ music?

A.listen B.listen to C.hear D.watch

( )13.Do you think the news ________ very interesting?

A.are B.is C.sound D.look

完形填空

My name Ted Pike. I am in a big store. I work in the morning. I only work at night. Every morning I come home . I breakfast at seven. After breakfast I . I at about half past two. I have lunch and supper at twenty to eight. Then I at a quarter past eight. I start work at nine. I the store every night. I like my work very much.

( )1.A.be B.am C.is D.are

( )2.A.a student B.a teacherC.a nurse D.a worker

( )3.A.am not B.don’t C.doesn’t D.aren’t

( )4.A.at half six B.at half past six C.at six half D.at six past half ( )5.A.have B.has C.eats D.do

( )6.A.go bed B.go to the bed C.go to bed D.go to my bed

( )7.A.get B.stand up C.get up D.get down

( )8.A.at a quarter three B.at a quarter to three

C.at three quarter D.at three to quarter

( )9.A.go work B.go the store C.go to work D.to go work

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( )10.A.look like B.look for C.look out D look after

语法:too, also也,都用于肯定句中,但是also用于句中,too用于句末,且用逗号隔开。 and 与but 的区别。 but 表示转折关系。and 表示并列关系。

Unit 10 Can you play the guitar?

短语: play the guitar join the English club learn about school show

a little rock band art club play chess

e-mail address music club School Music Festival

swimming club be good with

help sb. with sth. play the drums play the piano

句型:1 Can you swim? --- Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

2 Can he paint? --- Yes, he can. / No, he can't.

3 What can you / he / she do? --- I/He / She can play the piano.

4 I want to join the music club.

5 What club do you want to join? --- I want to join the music club.

6 Maybe you can be in our school concert.

7 May I know your name / telephone number / address?

8. Thanks a lot. Thank you very much. 单项选择

( )1. Can John play the ____ well?

A. piano B. basketball C. chess D.football

( )2. My sister can't ___________ in a river.

A.skate B.run C.swim D.jump

( )3. The girl ___________ blue eyes is Jessie's sister.

A.in B.has C.with D.have

( )4. Can’t you see it on the blackboard?

A. Yes , I can’t B .Yes ,I can C.No, I can D. Yes , he can

( )5. Let’s go and play _____________ ping-pong.

I don’t want to play __________ violin.

A. a, the B. the, a C. X, the

( )6. Who wants _______________ the swimming club?

A. to joins B. join C. to join

( )7. Maybe he can ___________ in their basketball team.

A. is B. be C. are

( )8. I can’t sing Japanese songs very ___________.

A. well B. much C. good

( )9. There is ______ ―s‖ and ______ ―u‖ in the word ―busy‖.

A. an, an B. a, an C. an, a D. a, a

( )10. Is the boy your brother ______ your cousin? He is my cousin.

A. and B. or C. but D. with

( )11. I can speak English, but ______________________.

A. very much B. a lot C. not much

( )12. They help me ________________ Japanese.

A. in B. with C. on

( )13. Are you good _______________ kids?

A. with B. at C. for

( )14. A: ______________ do you join the club? B: I like music.

A. What B. Where C. Why

( )15. We want two good musicians __________ our rock band.

A. for B. in C. at

( )16. One of his friends_____ from the USA.

A. is B. are C. am D. be

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( )17. Miss Liu teachers_____ English. We all like______ classes very much.

A. our, her B. us, her C. we, her D. our, she

( )18. Lucy likes to play_______ her friends.

A. with B. at C. for D. on

语法:一般疑问句总结:be动词提前型,句首加助动词do/does型,can/could/may/will/would

等情态动词开头型, 回答一律用yes/No回答。注意,助动词和情态动词后接动词一定用原形。

结构:1 join与 join in 的区别

join 参加,指参加某项活动

join in 加入 着重加入某种组织,团体,政党并成为其中一员。

2,help sb do sth/help sb with doing sth 帮助某人做某事

3, be good at=be well in 在……擅长,擅长于

be good for 对…… 有好处

be good with 和……相处的很好

4, learn about sth 学习有关于……

Unit 11 What time do you go to school?

短语: go to school get up take a shower go to work

get to go to bed do homework

go home at five o’clock listen to sb. write to sb.

brush one’s teeth a funny time take the number17 bus

all night get home from A to B

in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

at around six fifteen watch morning TV get to school

know about

句型:1 What time do you get up? --- I get up at six o'clock.

2 What time is it?= What is the time? --- It's eight fifteen.

3. What a funny time to eat breakfast!

4. Can you think what his job is?

5. Do you want to know about my morning?

6. School starts at nine o’clock. 单项选择

( ) 1 —____ is it?

—It’s six o’clock.

A . What B. What color C. What time D. How

( )2 ―12: 45‖reads(读作) ____.

A. a quarter past twelve B. a quarter to twelve

C. twelve forty-five D. three quarters past twelve

( )3 Mike often gets up ____ 6:40 ____ the morning.

A. in; in B. on; on C. at; at D. at; in

( )4 Maria often ____ breakfast at seven o’clock.

A. drink B. has C. have D. eatX*X*K]

( )5 It’s seven o’clock, it’s time to ____.

A. goes home B. go home C. to go home D. going home

( )6 —What time do you get up, Jim?

—I get up ____.

A. about six o’clock B. at about six o’clock

C. about at six o’clock D. six o’clock

( )7 —____, what’s the time, please?

—It’s half past six.

A. Hi B. Sorry C. Hello D. Excuse me

14

句型转换

1. 对划线部分提问)

_________ ________ Alice________ a shower?

2. 对划线部分提问)

_______ ________you want________ ___________ a lot about China?

3. My aunt usually eats lunch at 12:00.( 对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ ________ your aunt usually _________ lunch?

语法: 1,时间表达法 1,直接表达法,8:20 eight twenty

2, 间接表达法 分钟+to+时钟 表示―几点差几分‖

3:40 twenty to four

分钟+past+时钟 表示―几点过几分‖

3:20 twenty past three

a quarter to three 3:15

three quarter past five 5:45

half past six 6;30

具体时间前用介词at 表示在几点

2, What time 问具体的时间,具体到几点

When 问时间,范围比what time 广,可以是具体的时间,也可以是大概的时间 结构:take sb to sp 带某人去某地

listen to 听

write to sb 写信给某人

tell sb about sth 告诉某人有关于某事

tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事

Unit 12 My favorite subject is science.

短语:science teacher favorite city favorite TV show

have math be busy doing sth be busy with sth

last class be strict with sb. after class

on Wednesday on Friday morning play with

for two hours

句型:1 What's your /his/her favorite subject?

My /His /Her favorite subject is English.

2 Why do you like P. E.? Because it's fun.

3 Why does he/she like art? Because it’s interesting.

4 Who is your science teacher? My science teacher is Mr. Wang.

5 Our teacher is very strict and I’m usually very tired after class.

句型转换

1. I like biology best.(改为同义句) _______ _______ subject is______.

2. Gina can play the violin very well.(改为一般疑问句)

________ ________ ________ the violin very well?

3 What’s his favorite subject?(改为同义句)

What __________ _________ he ________ _________?

结构:1, favorite=like…best 最喜爱…… 2, be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 be busy with sth 忙于某事

初中七年级上语法总复习

15

I’m , what’s ,name’s, they’re等。

I ________ a student. Lilei and I __________ good friends. You ________ Janpanese. These ________ apples.

Mary, this _________ Tom. Those_________ bananas.

Miss Zhou ________ my teacher.

They _________students.

2.

3.

4. 通常情况下,称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语或介词宾语。 形容词性的物主代词属于限定词,后面要跟它所限定的名词。 通常情况下,人称代词主格会与跟在它后面的be动词缩写。如:I am=I’m you are=you’re

He is=he’s she is=she’s it is =it’s we are=we’re they are=they’re

用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. _____ is my brother. ______name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _____. ( he )

4. _______ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

5. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

6. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

7. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

8. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

16

9. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )

10. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

11. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

12. ______ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

13. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )

冠词分为不定冠词(a ,an)、定冠词(the)和零冠词(不用冠词的情况)三种。 不定冠词a(an)与数词 one 同源,是―一个‖的意思。a 用于辅音音素前,而 an 则用于元音音素前。

不定冠词a、an的用法:

1. 用于可数名词的单数形式前,表示"一"

There is a tiger in the zoo.动物园里有一只老虎。

2. 表示一类人和东西

A tiger can be dangerous.老虎可能有危害性。

3. 表示"某一个"的意思

A gentleman wants to see you.有一位先生要见你。

4. 用在单数可数名词前,表示身份、职业

My mother is a teacher.我妈妈是教师。

5. 第一次提到的人或事物,但不特别指明是哪一个

Long long ago there was an old king who had a very beautiful daughter. 很久很久以前,有一个年老的国王,他有一个非常美丽的女儿。

定冠词the的用法:

巧计定冠词the用法歌诀:

特指双方熟悉,上文已经提起。

世上独一无二,方位名词乐器。

某些专有名词,还有复数姓氏。

序数词最高级,习惯用语要牢记。

1. 用以特指某(些)人或某(些)事物

This is the house where Luxun once lived.这是鲁迅曾经住过的房子。

2. 用于指谈话双方都明确所指的人或事物

Open the door, please.请把门打开。

3. 用以复述上文提过的人或事物

(第一次提到用―a或an‖,以后再次提到用―the‖)

I have a black pen. This is the pen.

4. 在姓氏复数前,表示一家人

The Bakers came to see me yesterday.贝克一家人昨天来看我。

5. 表示演奏乐器时,乐器的前面要加the

play the piano 弹钢琴play the violin 拉小提琴

*中国乐器名词前不与冠词连用:play erhu(二胡)]

17

the+n{发明物} 必须是单数

who invented the telephone?

6. 某些固定的表达法

in the morning 在早上 in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上 go to the cinema 去看电影

go to the theatre 去看戏 all the year round 一年到头

on the way to 前往...去的路上

零冠词的用法: ( / )

1. 专有名词前一般不加冠词

China 中国 Europe 欧洲Lei Feng 雷锋 William Shakespeare 威廉·莎士比亚

2. 月份、星期、节日前一般不加冠词

January 一月份 Sunday 星期日Christmas Day 圣诞节 Thanksgiving 感恩节 National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节

注:民族节日前要加the 如:the Spring Festival

3. 三餐、四季前一般不加冠词

I have lunch at school.我在学校吃午餐。

Summer is the best season for swimming.夏天是游泳的好季节。

比较: I had a big lunch yesterday.

昨天我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。(表示某一个)

比较: I will never forget the summer we spent in Hawaii.

我永远不会忘记我们一起在夏威夷度过的那个夏天。(表示特指)

4球类运动 play basketball 打篮球 play volleyball 打排球play football 踢足球

5. 没有特指的可数名词复数形式后。 I like tomatoes.我喜欢西红柿。

6. 固定词组

go to school 去上学 go to bed 上床睡觉go by train 乘火车去

go by boat 乘船去at table 在用餐 in hospital 住院

at noon 在中午 at night 在晚上at midnight 在半夜 in town 在城里

在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划/。

1. What’s this? It’s ________ clock.

3. What is it? It’s _____ ―w‖.

4. What color is your coat? It’s _______orange. It’s _______orange coat.

5. Jim’s mother is_______Mrs.Green. She is _________ teacher.

6. Those pens are in ________ pencil-case.

7. Here’s ________ interesting family photo.

8. When does Lily go to ______ bed in __________evening?

9. _______ ―h‖,______ ―o‖and _______―w‖ in the word ―how‖.

11. Where is ________bag? It’s under_______table.

12. I often go to _______school at _______7:00.

14. They like playing ______ football.

15. My favorite subject is_______P.E. .

16. Do you have______pingpong bat? Yes, I do.

17. Do you want to see _______ action movie? No, I want to play______chess.

18. When is his sister’s birthday? It’s________April _______eleventh.

19. Does Bill like_________hamburgers? No ,he doesn’t.

20. A:Let’s play soccer. B:I don’t have_______soccer ball.

A:Well,let’s play ________drums. B:That sounds good.

22. How much are ________ two hats? They are 10 dollars.

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23. Rich often goes to see _______Beijing Opera on______weekends.

25. When do people usually eat _______breakfast?

They usually have________it in ______morning.

26. Please listen to ________teacher carefully. 五.名词及名词的所有格

名词:

表示人、事物或抽象概念的名称的词

(二)名词的数

1.可数名词有单数和复数两种形式,其复数形式的构成主要有以下几种:

(1) 一般情况下,在词尾加s

eg.book——books,dog——dogs,pen——pens,boy——boys

辅音结尾的名词后的s的读音为[s],以浊辅音和元音结尾名词后的s读音为〔z〕。

(2)以s,x,ch,sh结尾的词名词变复数时,要在词尾加es.

eg.beach——beaches,brush——brushes,bus——buses,

box—boxes(es读音为〔iz〕

(3)以―辅音字母+y‖结尾的名词,先变y为i,再加es.

eg.city——cities,family——families,

documentary——documentaries,country——countries,

strawberry——strawberries(ies读音为[iz])

(注:以―元音字母+y‖结尾的词,直接在词尾加-s.eg.boys,holidays,days)

(4)以o结尾,表示无生命的物体时加s,

photo-photos, piano-pianos, radio-radios, zoo-zoos

表示有生命的物体时,加es,都读/ z /

Nogro hero-heroes vocano potato-potatoes,tomato-tomatoes mango-mangoes, 以f或fe结尾的直接加s

belief- beliefs roof safe gulf chief cliff

(6)有些名词由单数变复数时,不是在词尾加s或es,而是变换其中的字母。

man——men, woman——women, policeman——policemen,Englishman——Englishmen, Frenchman——Frenchmen,

foot——feet, tooth——teeth, goose-geese

child——children, mouse—mice, Ox—Oxen(公牛)

(7)还有一些名词的单数和复数形式相同。

eg.Chinese,Japanese,sheep,deer,fish

(8)另一些名词本身即是复数形式,不可用作单数。

eg,people,police,trousers,pants,clothes,scissors

①当一个名词作定语说明另一个名词时,这个名词一般用单数。

eg.an apple tree,five apple trees,a girl friend,two girl friends,a twin sister 但是,当man和woman作定语修饰复数名词时,就要用其复数形式。 eg.two men teachers,three women doctors

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②可用―量词+of+名词复数‖这一结构表示可数名词的数量。

eg.a room of students,two boxes of pencils

2.不可数名词一般没有复数形式,它的―量‖的表示方式如下。

(1)表不定数量时,一般用much,(a)little,a lot of/lots of,some,any等词

修饰。

much money,a little bread

(2) 表确定数量时,一般用―数词+量词+of+不可数名词。

two/three/…+量词复数十of+不可数名词。

a bag of rice,two glasses of milk,four bottles of water

3. 有些名词既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词,但词义有所不同。

fruit水果——fruits表示不同种类的水果; food食物——foods各种食品;

fish鱼——fishes鱼的种类;

drink饮料、酒——a drink一杯/一份饮料、一杯酒;

cloth布——a cloth桌布、抹布; sand沙——sands沙滩;

tea茶——a tea一杯茶; chicken鸡肉——a chicken小鸡;

orange橘汁——an orange橘子; glass玻璃——a glass玻璃杯,glasses眼镜; paper纸——a paper试卷、论文; wood木头——a wood小森林;

room空间、余地——a room房间

本册已经学过的不可数名词有:

broccoli, food, dessert, orange, fruit, soccer, tennis, breakfast, lunch, dinner,

help, opera, work, homework, timeice-cream, salad, chicken

名词的所有格:

名词的所有格(表示人或物的所属关系)

(1)有生命的名词所有格以及表示时间、距离、城镇、国家等的名词所有格。 ①不是以s结尾的名词变成所有格时,在词尾加’s.

eg.Mike’s watch;Women’s Day

②以s结尾的名词变成所有格时,只加’。

eg.teachers’office,students’rooms

③两个或两个以上名词并列,表示共同所有,只需在最后一个名词后加’s.

eg.Tom and Mike’s room汤姆和迈克的房间(表示汤姆和迈克共有一间房) ④两个或两个以上名词并列,表示分别所有,需在几个名词后都加’s.

eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bikes玛丽和詹妮的自行车(表示玛丽和詹妮各自的自行车)

(2)无生命的事物的名词所有格常用of结构

eg.a map of China,the beginning of this game,the door of the room

(3)特殊形式

①可用’s和of短语表示的名词所有格

. the boy’s name=the name of the boy(男孩的名字)

the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog(狗的腿)

China’s population=the population of China(中国的人口)

China’s capital=the capital of China(中国的首都)

②双重所有格

eg.a fiend of my mother’s我妈妈的一个朋友

a picture of Tom’s汤姆的一张图片

一、 写出下列词的复数形式。

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baby_______ case_______ knife_______ photo_______Chinese________ hamburger___________ key______ watch_______ name_______ strawberry_________ tomato__________ dollar________ orange__________ people_________ documentary_________ boy_________ piano_______ child_________ man_______ this______that_______ I _______ she_____

you_______ bus_______ wish_______ Japanese_________am________

二. 把下列句子变成复数句。

1. This is my friend.

2. This is a bike.

3.That is her brother.

4.It is a red orange.

5.He is a teacher.

6. What’s this?

7.He is a Chinese boy.

8.I am a student.

9.A photo is on the wall.

10.You are a Chinese.

11.It is an action movie.

12.She has a nice dress. 六.数词

(一)基数词 在英语中表示数目的词称为基数词。

1.基数词的构成

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,

fourteen,fifteen,sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先说―几十‖,再说―几‖,中间加连字符。

23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,

78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(二)序数词 在英语中表示顺序、次序的词称为序数词。

1.序数词的构成

(1)一般在基数词后加th eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不规则变化 one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,

eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve——twelfih

(3)以y结尾的十位整数,变y为ie再加th twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth,

ninety→ninetieth

(4)二十一后的―几十几‖直至―几百几十几‖或―几千几百几十几‖只将个位的基数词变

为序数词。

twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth

2.序数词的用法

(1)序数词作定语时,一般要与定冠词或物主代词连用。

.Tom is their second son. He is the first one to come here.

(3)序数词的缩写形式为:阿拉伯数字加上这个词的末尾两个字母。

1st 2nd,3rd,4th,20th,21st,22nd,23rd

(4)表示年、月、日时,年用基数词,日用序数词。

2005年8月15日:(英)15,8,2005=15th,August,2005;

(美)8,15,2005=August 15th,2005

(三)基数词和序数词都可以用来给数字编号。

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No.1(1号),No.3bus(3路公共汽车),Room 103,(103号旁间) The second lesson=Lesson Two(第二课)

(五)数学运算的表达

9-2=7 Nine minus two is seven.

6x5=30 Five times six is thirty

8÷2=4 Eight divided by two is four.

Exercise:

按要求补全句子。

1. There are _________________________________(58个学生)in our class.

2. I have ____________________________(13本书) in my schoolbag.

3. There’re ____________________________(27个男生)

and ________________________(31个女生) in my class.

4. There are ________________________________(44位女老师) in her school.

5. There are __________________________(94位男医生) in that big hospital,

6. There are ___________________________________(12个月) in a year.

7. Paul’s father is _____________________________________(57岁).

七.时态复习-----一般现在时

1.

I am a teacher. My brother is at school.

Lucy and Lily are in Class One,Grade Two.

2. 实义动词的一般现在时

一个动作经常反复地发生,就用一般现在时。第三人称单数(he, she, it,Tom和单数名词等)作主语时,谓语动词要加―s‖或―es‖,这种动词形式简称为动词的单三形式。记住:单三人称单三动,其他人称用原形。如:

They get up at six o’clock. He goes to school at seven thirty. 动词第三人称单数的构成规则:

a.一般情况下在动词词尾加s 如:get----gets like----likes play—plays,

want—wants, work—works, know—knows, help—helps,get—gets

b. 以字母s、x、ch或o结尾的动词加-es;如:guess—guesses, fix—fixes, teach—teaches,

brush—brushes, go—goes,do—does,watch—watches,catch—catches

c. 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,再加-es。如:study—studies,carry—carries,

fly—flies,worry—worries

特殊词: have----has

3情态动词can

情态动词(can, may, must)后动词用原形。如:

I can play the guitar. He can play the violin. She can swim.

4几个动词的用法

a. let后用动词原形 Let’s play soccer.

b. Like后加动词不定式,即like to do 表示具体的,一次性的爱好,偶尔喜欢做。I like to swim.

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like doing sth 表示一贯的爱好,是习惯性的动作。I like swimming.

c. want 加to 再加动词原形(即动词不定式)=would like to do sth I want to be a doctor.

d. Help +人+动词原形 help+人+with sth/doing sth

Exercise:

一、 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. He __________ (get) up at six o’clock.

2. ________you _________ (brush) your teeth every morning?

3. What________(do) he usually ________(do) after school?

4. At eight at night, she_________ (watch) TV with his parents.

5 _______Mike ________(read) English every day?

6. How many lessons_________your classmate________(have) on Monday?

7. What time _______his mother__________(do) the housework?

8. The boy _________(like) playing football.

9.We_______(have)no classes on Sundays.

10 Peter and Mary often_______(play) badminton together.

11.______(do)she _______(like) playing the violin?Yes,she______(do).

12. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

13.Sandy usually _______(play) the piano on Sundays.

14. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

15.May I _________(know) your address?

16.__________(be) you twelve?

17.She__________(like) fish, but she ________________(not like) meat.

18.Mr Green wants ____________( buy) a new watch.

19.Let’s _____________(watch)TV.

20._____________your mother ___________(have) a baseball bat?

21._____________Jim and Tom ___________(like) hamburgers?

22.What kind of movies___________ your grandfather___________(want) to see?

23.Where ___________(be ) the two volleyballs?

句型复习

句型结构

1. 肯定句:主语+be(am, is, are)+…

主语+can+动词原形+

行为动词原形

主语+ +其他…

行为动词单三形式

2. 否定句: 主语+be(am, is,are)+not+…

主语+can’t(can not) +动词原形+…

主语+don’t(do not)+动词原形+…

3. 一般疑问句 a.Be(Am/Is/Are)+主语+…?

Yes,主语+be No,主语+be not.

b. Can+主语+动词原形+…?

Yes,主语+can. No,主语+can’t.

c.Do/Does+主语+动词原形+…?

Yes,主语+do/does. No,主语+don’t/doesn’t.

4. 特殊疑问句 a.特殊疑问词+be+主语+…?

特殊疑问词:(what, how, where, when, why---)

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主语+be+…

b.疑问词+can+主语+动词原形+…?

主语+can+动词原形+…

c.疑问词+do/does+主语+动词原形+…?

动词原形

主语+ +其他…

动词三单形式

d.疑问词: who/how/how old/how much/where/

when/why/what/which/

一 写出下列动词的三单形式。

take be like play swim run do go watch wish think eat have want study help learn teach start

二 将下列句子改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答。

1.My name’s Bob.

2.I’m his uncle.

3.Our shirts are too long.

4.My friend gets up at five o’clock.

5.Lucy and Lily like sports.

6.Jerry’s teacher can play chess.

7.Alica is my aunt.

8.She wants to see Beijing Opera.

三 划出下列每句中正确的词。

1.(Is/Are) his eraser on the sofa? 2.(Where/What) are your baseball?

3.(Do/Does)Mary have a clock? 4.(Are/Do) they want to see a movie?

5.(Is/Can)she play the violin? 6.I (don’t/doesn’t)like hamburgers.

7.Why does Alice(likes/like)music? 8.Who (am/is) your father?

9.(What/What’s) her favorite subject? 10.How much (are/is) her socks?

三 there be 句型练习。

1 . There _____ two apples, one orange and one banana on the table. A. is B. are 2 . There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table. A. is B. are

3. Are there _____ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't ______

A. any , any B. some, any C. some ,some

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