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新概念3第四课

发布时间:2014-01-20 11:51:22  

HUIJING EDUCATION 汇京辅导中心 一对一个性化辅导教案

学生: 周强宁 科目: 英语 年级 高三 教师: 谢小丽 时间:20 13 年 月 日

课 题

教学目标

重 难 点

【课文讲解】 Lesson 4 The double life of Alfred 1.单词、短语及句型 2.从句 从句

1.These days, people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices.

Manual adj. 体力的=physical

manual work: 体力工作 mental work: 脑力工作

people who do manual work=>blue-collar workers

people who work in offices/do mental work=>white-collar worker

for more money far-副词用来加强语气==much

2.People who work in offices are frequently referred to as "white-collar workers' for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work.

refer to...as = regard...as 把...看作为

I always refer to him as boolworm(书呆子)

for the simple reason=>for 引导的原因状语从句

for the reason that比because正式,因此多用于正式文体

collarn. 衣领

white-collar:白领(do mental work) bule-collar: 蓝领(do manual work) (get) hot underthe collar:怒气冲天

3.Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers. human nature人性

Such...that... that引导同位语从句,进一步补充说明such的基本内涵

His kindness was such that we will never forget him. =》Such was his kindness...

Such is human nature that we want to get a lot of things free.

介词for表示一种目的

Privilege n. 好处 =advantage特权(special right)

牺牲掉自己的好处:sacrifice one's advantage/privilege

特许某人做某事:give sb.the privilege of doing sth.

privileged:(a.)荣幸的

4.This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.

be willing to do sth.=be ready to do sth.心甘情愿做

give rise to,lead to,cause:引起,惹起=result in

Such conduct might give rise to misunderstandings.

The bad conditions have given rise to a lot of crimes.

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HUIJING EDUCATION 汇京辅导中心 一对一个性化辅导教案

in the case of: 至于,就...而言=concerning

Stealing isno shame in the case of him.

in case of:(连)万一,以访

You should ensure your house in case of fire.

who引导定语从句

5.When he got married, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job.

6. too embarrassed to say:太尴尬而没有说明

be ashamed of

get married

marry(v.)如果强调动作:He married the girl

如果表示状态:get married,be married

如果表明和某人已经结婚多长时间了:be married to sb

The old man has been married to his wife for 50 years.

too...to...:太...而不能

6.He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home dressed in a smart black suit.

simply:副词,用来修饰限定动词told

dressed in a smart balck suit---形容词短语表示一种状态

He got to work dressed in a beautiful coat.

He left home wearing a smart balck suit.

7.He then changed into overalls and spent the next eight hours as a dustman. Before returning home at night.

changed into:换上

Before returning home=Before he returned home

在Before引导的时间状语从句中,return的逻辑主语和主句的主语he是保持一致的,所以这个时间状语是有介词Before和动名词搭配而成,相当于Before引导的时间状语从句。 如果运用动名词形式,动名词的逻辑主语必须是主句的主语

After gettting home,he had a good rest.

Before having dinner,he finished all his homework.

8.Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustmen kept his secret Alf's wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will, for Alf has just found another job.

she never will=she will never discover the secret

在省略句式中,never要放在助动词之前

“will you go to see her?"

“I will never to to see her"/"no ,I never will."

9.He will be earning only half as much as he used to, but he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money.

half as much as (he used to)

half(a quarter,twice,three times)as .... as...---表示倍数

I won't marry a man who is twice as old as me.

We got three times as many people as we expected.

This room is about three times as large as that one.

...as(形容词或副词原形)as...:是...几倍

比...多几倍:...times(形容词或副词比较级)

This road is four times longer than that one.

=》This road is five times as long as that one.

is well worth the loss of money

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HUIJING EDUCATION 汇京辅导中心 一对一个性化辅导教案

What he obtained is well worth the loss of time.

well 副词用来加强语气,修饰形容词worth

【Special difficulties】

A.英语中的许多动词不能以人作为宾语,只能代某物或某事,如果需要说明是某人就要用介词to

He told a story to me.=》He told me a story .

两类词汇:tell可以和双宾语搭配(指物的直接宾语;指人的间接宾语)

explain,say只能代一个(直接)宾语,在间接宾语前要介词to

She speaks English to her husband and Swedish to her children.

He admitted his guilt to the police.

Did you suggest this idea to him?

当直接宾语比较长或者是个从句时,通常放在间接宾语之后,但say除外。

I explained to him the impossibility of granting his request.

He comfessed to me that he had fallen asleep during the meeting.

B.“Worth"后面只能跟名词或动名词

His suggestion is worth considering.

【Multiple choice questions】

(1)...a...

illustrate:阐明,阐述

“...a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becomingwhite-collar worker"

(2)...c...

double life

(3)...d...

"...he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money"

Structure

(4)...b...

to go 可以省略

They usually go to work wearing a collar and tie.

(5)...d...

"Alfred was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job." too...to(不定式to表示否定)

so...that:“如此,以致于”(在that引导的结果状语从句中,如果采用否定式,可以和too...to 互换)

The water is too hot for us to dringk.

==》The water is so hot that we can't drink.

(6)...C...

"He simply told her that he worker of the Corporation"

simply :副词“仅仅是,再没有别的了”=only,just

无论是simply,only还是just,往往用在主体词之前

I did it simply/only for the money

I don't like driving.I do it simply /only because I have to go to work each day. and no more ??放句尾

in a simple way: 简单地,简朴地

She was always dressed in a simple way.

(7)...b...

如果主、从的主语一致,可用介词和动名词形式搭配

Before returning home...

before---连接词,引导时间状语从句

选 择 汇 京 3 让 您 放 心

HUIJING EDUCATION 汇京辅导中心 一对一个性化辅导教案

Before he returned home...

before 引导的从句,常用一般现在时或一般过去时,不用进行时。

(8)...c...

"half as much as it used to be"

the amount 要用定语从句进行限定

used to: 当主句的谓语动词是行为动词时,之后的动词必须省略掉

used to be: 当主句的谓语动词是系动词时,之后必须带有系动词be. I feel the summers are hotter that they used to be

I feel you are much fatter than you used to be.

(9)...d...

gain: 获利,赢得(表示通过努力)~time,~reputation,~speed,~height fee: (为专业服务支付的)费用 doctor's ~s,the lawyer's ~s

pay for my university fees

payment: (商业、信贷)支付的款项(正式)

wages: (体力劳动者的)工资

salary: (白领的)薪水

(10)...b...

companion:同伴

(11)...c...

"well worth the loss of money"

pay back: 偿还,报复

reward:酬劳

value:价值

Compensate for=make up for:弥补

Vacabulary

(12)...a...

"call" : 命名

cry out:喊叫 shout: 喊

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