haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

七年级英语上寒假第4讲

发布时间:2014-01-20 13:57:28  

第四讲( Module 4)

I.学习目标

1.复习Module 4 的重点单词、短语和句型

2.复习have/has got用法及some和any的用法与区别。

II. 重点、难点分析

一、入门一测--根据汉语意思完成句子。

1. 桌上有一台电脑吗?

____ _______ a _______ on the desk?

2. 我们班有40个学生。

_______ ______ ______ students in our class.

3. 今年我13岁了。

I am ________ years old.

二、提分要点

1.healthy的用法:是形容词,意思是“健康的;健壮的;有益健康的”。

Health是名词,意思是“健康;健康状况。”

【考题链接】We should eat fruit and vegetables for _____.

A. healthy B. health C. healthily D. unhealthy

答案:B 解题思路:由句意“为了健康我们应该吃水果和蔬菜”可知。

【提分秘籍】

由health联想到的

语 healthy adj. 健康的 healthily adv.健康地 unhealthy adj. 不健康的 in good health 身体状况良好 In poor health 身体状况不好

2.it作形式主语的句子:

句型结构为:It is + adj.+to do sth. 其中it是形式主语,真正的主语是气候的动词不定式。

如:How many flowers are there in the park?公园里有多少花?

【考题链接】It is very important for us ______ English well.

A. learn B. learning C. to learn D. learned

答案:C 解题思路:本题考查“It is + adj.+to do sth.”句式。句意为:对于我们来说,学好英语很重要。故答案为C。

【提分关键】

“ It is +adj.+for sb. +to do sth.” 意为:“对某人来说,做某事….‖ 该处形容词指事的特征或特性。 “ It is +adj.+of sb. +to do sth.” 意为:“对某人来说,某人真是….‖该处形容词指人的品质的。

3. 祈使句

我们常见的祈使句一般是以动词原形开头,或在动词原形之前加Do(仅只限于省略第二人称主语的句子) 1

【考题链接】_____ speak loudly. My father is working.

A. No B. Not C. Don‘t D. Doesn‘t

答案:C 解题思路:本题考查祈使句。由“我爸爸正在工作”可知,不许大声说话。

【提分关键】 祈使句一般是把动词原形放在句首,否定句在动词原形前加don‘t,而不用doesn‘t。

4. 以O结尾的名词复数主要有以下几种:

【考题链接】There are some ______ on the desk.

A. tomato B. tomatos C. potato D. potatoes

答案:D 解题思路:由some可知所填单词应用复数形式,四个选项中只有D形式正确。

【提分关键】以O结尾的名词复数形式变化形式比较多样,要注意其中的各种不同变化。

三.重点知识点讲解

1.Meat and fish are healthy food.

⑴保持健康keep healthy身体健康/ 不健康 :be in good/ poor health(名词)反义词:unhealthy

⑵不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式;但如果是两个不可数名词,且用and连接,谓语动词则用复数。但如果表示一道饭或菜时,谓语动词用单数。

肉是他最爱吃的食物。_____________________________________________

肉和鱼是我最喜欢的食物。_________________________________________

我最喜欢的食物是面包夹黄油。_____________________________________

2. Oranges are healthy food.

⑴表示橘子时,为可数名词

篮子里有一些橘子。_________________________________________________

⑵表示橘汁时,为不可数名词。

在玻璃杯里有些橘汁。________________________________________________

⑶表示橙色。

这件上衣是橙色的。__________________________________________________

3. chicken

⑴表示(小)鸡时,为可数名词。

草地上有许多小鸡。__________________________________________________

⑵表示“鸡肉”时,为不可数名词。

这鸡肉很嫩。____________________________________ tender.

拓展:fish表示鱼肉时为不可数名词,但若表示活的鱼时是可数名词,但应注意其单复数同形。 e.g. There isn't any fish in the fridge now. Look, there are many fish in the river.

4. Cola is bad for you. be bad for 对...不好/有害 反义词:be good for 对...有好处

E.g. Swimming is good for our health. 游泳对我们的身体有好处。

Smoking is bad for your health. 抽烟对你的身体不好。

5.How about some cola ?

How about......怎么样?后接名词或动词ing形式

e.g. How about going shopping together ? 一起购物怎么样?

6.All right... 好的 表示同意别人所说的事情。

e.g. I think we should do our homework now. ---All right.

all right 还有很多意思,如:明白了吗?是吧?对吧?等。表示向对方确认他会同意或理解你所说的话。 E.g. You took my book, all right? 你拿了我的书,是吗?

2

7.A bit tired ?这是一个省略句,完整的句子应该是 Are you a bit tired?

a bit 意思是:有点儿,稍微,可以用来修饰形容词、副词和动词。

E.g. I am a bit hungry. 我有点饿了。

四、易错易混辨析

1.have和have got

2.good和well

五、语法精析:

(一)Have got 的用法

【肯定句】E.g. He has got a car. 他有一辆小汽车。

【否定句】E.g. She hasn‘t got any picture books. 她没有图画书。

【疑问句】E.g.—Have you got any music CDs? 你有音乐CD吗?—Yes, I have,有。

第一人称、第二人称和第三人称复数用have got, 第三人称单数用has got。

【注意】

1.使用have时如要改为否定句或疑问句则要借助助动词。

E.g. Does she have any friends in China? I don't have any brothers or sisters.

2.have/has got 与there be的区别。

have/ has got表示某人―拥有‖,而―there be‖则表示―某地存在……‖。

E.g. We have got a map of China. 我们有一幅中国地图。

She has got a new pen. 她有一支新钢笔。

There is a library in our school. 我们学校有一个图书馆。

There are many trees and flowers there.那儿有许多树和花。

(二)some和any的用法与区别

some与any的区别:

(1)巧记:肯定句中用 some,请求邀请委婉时,some 用于疑问句;

否定疑问用 any, 肯定句中用 any,任何一个接单数。

(2)它俩都是―一些‖的意思,后面既可接可数名词复数,又可接不可数名词,但用法有区别。

some 用于肯定句。但当表示请求、邀请、语气委婉,希望对方得到对方肯定回答时,可用于疑问句,此时句中常出现情态动词 can, may, could, would. any 用于否定句和疑问句。

如:A:Could I have some meat?B:Sorry, you can't have any meat. There isn't any.

(3)如果名词前有冠词、指示代词、物主代词等限定词修饰时,则只能用 some of,表示―…中的一些。 3

如:Some of the apples are hard to reach. Some of your teachers are not young.

(4)注意:any 也可用在肯定句中, 此时后面接可数名词的单数, 意为 “任何一个”。

如:You can ask any student in our class. You can choose any subject.

★III.开心驿站

★IV.综合训练

一、句型转换

(A)把下列句子改为同义句。

1. Does she have any dictionaries?

____________she ________any dictionaries?

2. Tom doesn‘t have aunts.

Tom ________ ___________aunts.

3. Don‘t you have any brothers?

_________ you _______ any brothers?

4. How many knives does he have?

How many knives __________ he_________?

5. What does your brother have?

What ________your brother___________?

(B) 按要求改写下列句子。

1. She has got some brothers and sisters. (改为否定句)

She__________ got _____ brothers ___________ sisters.

2. My friends have got some books. (改为一般疑问句)

________ your friends _______ __________books.

3. They have got some old bikes.(改为单数句)

_________ ________got _________old bike.

对画线部分提问)

_________ _________people _______ __________ in her family?

5. Have you got any sisters?(作否定回答)

_________,__________ ________.

6.There are some universities in this city.(改为单数句)

There ________ ___________ ____________ in this city.

对画线部分提问)

________ _________ ________can you see in the park?

4

对画线部分提问)

______________ ___________ Tom __________ from?

二、单项选择

( )1.I think the man ___________ in your school.

A. is B. are C. isn‘t D. aren‘t

( )2. On the wall ___________ a map of the world.

A. have B. has C. there has D. there is

( )3. There is __________ on the hill.

A. some sheep B. some sheeps C. a little sheep D. little sheeps

( )4. The _________ are on his bed.

A. trousers B. shirt C. coat D. blouse

( )5. How many ________ behind the house?

A. childrens are B. children are there C. child is there D. childs are there

( )6. There _________ picture in the book.

A. isn‘t B. isn‘t a C. isn‘t any D. aren‘t

( )7. In his bag he __________ a new story book.

A. there is B. is C. has D. have

( )8. There is a picture _________ my family __________home.

A. about, in B. of, at C. of, in D. with, at

( )9. There is _________“u”and ____________ “I”in the word “your”.

A. an, a B. a, an C. a, a D. an, /

( )10. Are those_____________?

A. girls students B. girl student C. girls student D. girl students

( )11. – How many pens are there in the pencil-box?

-There is ___________.

A. only a B. only C. an D. only one

( )12. You must thank __________. This is ___________ bike.

A. her, her B. her, she C. she, her D. it, me

( )13. There is _________money in his bag.

A. any B. some C. same D. a

( )14. How many _________ Tom __________?

A. pen has, got B. pens has, got C. pen does, have D. pens has, have

( )15. –Are there _________ flowers in the picture?

-Yes, there is ____________.

A. any, any B. some, some C. any, some D. some, any

三、完形填空:

Her name is Helen Green. This is a photo of her ______1____. There are seven____2_____ in her family. They are her____3____ Jeff, her father and mother, her brother Harry, her son Jim and her daughter Kate. The old man and woman____4_____ are Jeff‘s _____5______. Jeff is the man_____6____ the black shirt. He is tall and big. The woman in the blue dress is Helen. The man _____7______ Jeff and Helen is _____8_____ uncle. The girl in the purple blouse is Jim‘s ____9____. The boy in the gray trousers_____10_____ Jim. Helen has a big family.

( )1. A. friend B. house C. home D. family

( )2. A. peoples B. people C. sheep D. boy

( )3. A. wife B. aunt C. husband D. uncle

( )4. A. middle of B. in the middle C. beside D. in the middle of 5

( )5. A. son and daughter B. parents C. brother and sister D. uncle and aunt

( )6. A. in B. on C. at D. of

( )7. A. between B. from C. behind D. on

( )8. A. Jim and Kate B. Jim‘s and Kate C. Jim‘s and Kate‘s D. Jim and Kate‘s

( )9. A. daughter B. sister C. aunt D. wife

( )10. A. am B. are C. is D. look like

四、阅读理解

(A)

This is a picture of Kate‘s family. The man is Kate‘s father. His name is Mr Smith. He is a teacher in No. 8 Middle School. The woman is Kate‘s mother. She is a teacher, too. But she is in No. 2 Middle School. The boy is Tom. He is Kate‘s brother. He is in Class 3, Grade 1 in No. 2 Middle School. He and his sister are not in the same grade, but they are in the same school. Oh, do you know Mr Smith‘s father? He is a doctor, but now he isn‘t in the picture. He is in American.

( )1.There is _______people in the family.

A. four B. five C. three

( )2. Mr and Mrs Smith have________ children.

A. two B. three C. one

( )3. Tom and Kate are __________.

A. in the same class B. in the same grade C. students

( )4. Mrs and Mr Smith are _____________.

A. teacher B. in the same school C. not in the same school

( )5. ___________ is a doctor.

A. Kate and Tom‘s father B. Kate and Tom‘s mother C. Kate and Tom‘s grandfather

(B)

A picture is on my desk. It is a picture of Mary‘s family. The man is her father Mr White. He is a doctor.

A woman is behind Mary. Sam is her mother. She's a teacher. A boy is in the picture, too. He is Mary's brother Sam. Mary and Sam are in the same school. But they aren't in the same grade. They look like their mother. The White family are English. They come from London.

( )6. Is the picture about the White family?

A. Yes, it is. B. No, it isn‘t. C. Yes, they do. D. No, they don‘t.

( )7. What does Mr White do?

A. He‘s a doctor. B. He‘s a teacher C. He‘s a nurse. D. He‘s a cook.

( )8. What does Mrs White do?

A. She‘s a doctor. B. She‘s a teacher. C. She‘s a nurse. D. She‘s a cook..

( )9. What does Sam look like?

A. He looks like a cook. B. He looks like a doctor.

C. He looks like his mother. D. He looks like his father.

( )10. Where are the White family from?

A. They‘re from the USA. B. They?re from Cuba.

C. They‘re from Canada. D. They‘re from England.

五、从方框中选择合适的词或词组并用适当形式填空

6

2. Lucy is my father‘s sister. She is my ________.

3._________ students are there in your class?

4. Jack lives in China __________ his parents.

5. There isn‘t ___________water in the bottle.

6.Is the T-shirt old _________new?

7.I buy _________books in the bookstore.

8.This is a________ school. There‘re only 200 students in it.

9.She ________ a big schoolbag.

10.The boy is from America. __________name is John.

六、 书面表达

请以“如何保持健康”为题写一篇60 词左右的短文。要求:思路清晰,语言表达清楚,注意语法和拼写。 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

综合训练参考答案:

一、A 1. Has, got 2,hasn't got 3, Haven't got 4, has, got 5, has, got

B. 1, hasn't, any, or 2. Have, got, any 3. He, has, an 4. How many are there

5. No, I haven't. 6. is, a, university 7. How many monkeys 8. Where does come

二、1-5 ADCAB 6-10 BCBBD 11-15 DABBC

三、1-5 DBCBB 6-10 AADBC

四、(A)1-5 BACCC (B) 6-10 AABCD

五、1. for 2. aunt 3. How many 4. with 5. any

6. or 7. some 8. small 9. has got 10. His

六、略

7

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com