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七年级英语上寒假第1讲

发布时间:2014-01-20 13:57:28  

第一讲( Module 1)

I.学习目标

1.复习Module 1 的重点单词、短语和句型

2.复习语法动词be的一般现在时的陈述句和一般疑问句形式;人称代词和物主代词的用法。

II. 重点、难点分析

一、入门一测--用合适的be动词填空。

1. I________ eleven. _________ you eleven, too?

2. —__________ you Chinese?—No, I _________ not.

3. —Where _________ “Y”? —It __________ here.

二、重点单词、词组讲解:

1.Be动词

am : 用于主语是第一人称I的句中。

be is :用于主语为第二人称you及其他人称的复数形式的句中。

are : 用于主语为第三人称单数的句子中。

考题链接:—Hello! ___ you Li Lan?—Yes, I _____.

A. Is;am B. Are;is C. Are; am D. are ; am

答案:C 解题思路:主语为第二人称,be动词用are;主语为第一人称,be动词用am。

【提分关键】我(I)用 am,你(you)用are; is 跟着他(he)她(she)它(it),所有复数都用are。

2. 询问对方姓名:当你想知道对方的名字时,可以用What’s your name?来询问,其答语有三种形式:

(1)My name is + 姓名; (2)I am + 姓名; (3)直接回答姓名。

考题链接:—What’s ___ name,Tom? —Mike.

A. your B. her C.his D. you

答案:C 解题思路:由句意“汤姆,他叫什么名字?”可知是在询问别人的名字;再由答语“Mike”可知这是一个男孩的名字,因此要用代词his.

【提分关键】我的my你的your, 我们的our, 他们的their, 男的他的是his, 女的她的是her, 你们的还是your。

3. 初次见面打招呼:两人初次见面,经过介绍认识后相互打招呼,回答时可以说Nice to meet you,too.我也很高兴见到你。

考题链接:—Hello,my name is Jenny. —_____.

A. Fine, thanks. B. Thanks. C. How are you? D. Nice to meet you.

答案:D 解题思路: 两人初次见面,通常用Nice to meet you. 互致问候。

【提分关键】初次见面时,常用Nice to see/meet you.或者Glad to meet/see you.表示问候。

4. 询问籍贯:当你想知道对方的籍贯时,可以用Where are you from?来询问,其答语有两种形式:

(1)人称代词+be动词+from+地点。 如:I am from China. 我来自中国。

(2)直接用地点回答。 如:China.中国。

考题链接:—Where ____ you ____ ? — I am from China.

A. is; from B. are ; from C. is; in D. are; in

答案:B 解题思路:you 对应的be动词是are , 询问对方的籍贯可用Where are you from?

【提分关键】表达“来自”除了可以用 be from 之外,还可以用come from。

如:She is from London.= She comes from London. 她来自伦敦。

5. 年龄的表达:当你想表达自己的年龄时,可以用这种结构来表达:基数词+years+old。

如:I am fourteen years old. 我十四岁。

考题链接:—How old are you? —I ____ eleven _____ old.

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A.am; year B. am; years C. are; year D.are; years

答案:B 解题思路:I 后对应的be动词是am; 年龄的表达要用“基数词+years+old”。

【提分关键】课本Starter部分讲过,询问年龄要用 how old引导的特殊疑问句。How old意为“多大年龄,几岁。”

6. 含be动词的一般疑问句的构成是在肯定句的基础上,将be动词(am,is are)移至主语之前,这时be动词已在句首,第一个字母应变为大写,原句首单词的首字母变为小写(人名除外),句末要用问号,其答语有两种形式:

肯定回答:Yes, 主语+be. 否定回答: No, 主语+ be not.

如:Are you a student? 你是一名学生吗? Yes, I am . / No, I am not.

Is he your teacher? 他是你的老师吗? Yes, he is ./ No, he isn’t.

考题链接:—Are you Bob? —_____ .

A.Yes, I’m. B. My name is Jack.. C. Yes, I am . D.No, he isn’t.

答案:C 解题思路:含有be动词的一般疑问句的回答只有肯定回答和否定回答两种形式,在肯定回答中,I am 不能缩写。

【提分关键】肯定句变一般疑问句的方法可以用口诀“一调二变三问号”来帮助学生记忆。“一调”是把be动词调到主语的前;“二变”是改写句首单词的首字母大小写及人称的改变(一变二,二变一,三自身,即:第一人称变为第二人称,第二人称变为第一人称,第三人称不变);“三问号”是句末用问号,用升调读。一般疑问句的回答分为肯定回答和否定回答两种。

7。But连接的并列句:由but连接的并列句,but是并列连词,意为“但是,然而”。

如:I can play basketball, but I can’t play it well. 我会打篮球,但是我打得不好。

考题链接:Tony is a quiet student, ____ he is active in class. A. so B. and C. but D. or

答案:C 解题思路:本题考查的是连词的用法。空格前面意为“托尼是个安静的学生”,空格后面意为“他在课堂上很活跃”。结合句意可知所缺的连词是but,故答案为C。

【提分秘籍】

and “又,而且”,表递进关系

but 意为“但是,然而”,表转折关系

并列连词 or 意为“否则”,表选择关系

so 意为“因此,所以”,表因果关系

8.“姓氏”和“名字”的表达法:“first name ”意为名字,last name 意为“姓氏”。

如:He is Steve Jobs. Steve is his first name and Jobs is his last name. 他叫史蒂夫·乔布斯,史蒂夫是他的名字,乔布斯是他的姓氏。

考题链接:He is Jim Green. Green is his ________.

A. first name B. last name C. given name D. full name

答案:B 解题思路:本题考查名字和姓氏的表达法。Jim Green中,Green是姓氏,故符合题意的一项

B.

【提分秘籍】

中国人的习惯是姓在前,名在后;而西方人的习惯则是姓在后,名在前。西方人的名字由三部分构成,即“名字+中间名+姓氏”,中间名往往省略不写。

如: Barack Hussein Obama

first name/ middle name last name/

given name family name

名字 中间名 姓氏

9. in 的介词用法:in chinese 意为“在汉语中”,其中in表示“用;在”。

如:—What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? — It’s a map. 它是一张地图。

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考题链接:Both my parents were born _______ 1970. A. At B.in C. on D. to 答案:B 解题思路:本题考察介词的用法。句意为“我的父母都生于1970年”,表示“在1970年”要用“in 1970”。 故答案为B。

【提分秘籍】in

三、重点知识点讲解

1. We’re twelve years old. 我们12岁。

注意很多情况下我们是把这种表达方式作为一个整体来记忆,其实这是一个形容词短语作表语,中心词为形容词old;twelve years为数量词短语修饰old。按照同样的逻辑我们可以推出下列表达方式: 如:The street is 10 li long. 这条街有10里长。

The road is 15 metres wide. 这条马路有15米宽。 2.Where are you from?

一般说来,副词不与介词连用,那么本句中from是否没有必要呢?比如要问对方到什么地方去,我们会说:Where are you going?而不是Where are you going to?但是如果这里不用介词from,而只说Where are you?就表示“你在哪里”,而不是“你是什么地方人”。一般说来,where表示“在某地;到某地”,也就是说where相当于in the place, to the place。 【EX1.

】根据汉语完成句子

1. ——你来自哪里? ——我来自山东。

—Where _________ you ________ ?—I _________ __________ Shandong. 2.——你多大了?——我十岁了。

—________ _________ are you ?—I’m ten _________ _________.

四、易错易混辨析 1. Hello 和 hi

2. with 和 and

3. too与either, also表示“也”的区别:

4.all 和 both

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【EX.2】

1.单项选择

( )①.My mother likes cooking , and I do, _______.

A. too B. either C. also D. very

( )②My sister can’t swim.And I can’t swim,_______.

A. too B. either C. also D. very

2.用所给词的适当形式填空。

①. Li Ming and Wang Lingling _______ (go)to the bank.

② John with his parents _________( go) to the cinema on weekends.

3.根据汉语意思,用also翻译下半句。

①她弹钢琴也唱歌。

She played the piano, ________________________________.

②我参加了她的生日聚会,而他也参加了.

I was at her birthday party, ____________________________.

③她会滑雪也会溜冰

She can ski and _____________________________________.

五、语法精析

(1).动词be(am,is are)一般现在时中的用法

【用法】用于说明身份,年龄,状态等。

【肯定句】主语+ be(am,is are)+其他

【例句】 I am a student. She/he/It is from America. We/You/They are from China.

【否定句】主语+ be(am,is are)+not+其他

【例句】 I am not a student. She/he/It isn’t from America. We/You/They aren’t from China. ★注意: 缩写形式: is not= isn’t are not = aren’t 但是 am not 一般不缩写

【一般疑问句】be(am,is are)+主语+其他

【其他句式及例句】

①be+形容词 e.g.I am very happy. He is very kind. The fruit is very nice.

②be+名词 e.g. Mr. Wang is our teacher. He is very clever boy. They are our friends. ③be+介词短语 e.g. The book is on the desk. Are they from America? She is at home now. ④be+形容词短语 e.g. He is only twelve years old.

⑤be+副词 e.g. Class is over.一般过去时和一般将来时的被动语态句型:

【考查点】be动词(am, is ,are)的正确使用

【易错点】is 和 are 在选择时混淆不清。

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(2)人称代词和物主代词

①人称代词分为:第一、第二、第三人称,且有单复数之分。

②人称代词的主格在句中做主语,一般用在动词前(疑问句除外);宾格在句中做宾语,多用于动词、介词后。

③形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词,表示该名词是属于谁的。 ④名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。

如:This is my bag. = This is mine. That is her ruler. = That is hers.

一般看后面有没有名词,如有,就用形容词性物主代词;如无,就用名词性物主代词。 【考查点】人称代和和物主代词的正确使用

【易错点】形容词性物主代词和人称代词宾格在选择时混淆不清。

【EX.3】用be 动词的适当形式填空,使句子完整、通顺。 1.—_________you Mr Wang?—Yes, I_________. 2.—Where _________ ”Y”?—It __________ here. 3.—How _________ you?—I ___________ fine.

4.—What ________ your name? —My name _________ Han Mei. 5.—What class _________ you in? —I _________ in Class one. 6.—__________ you Chinese?—No, I _________ not. 7. Where_________ Tom from?

8. I________ eleven. _________ you eleven, too?

★III.开心驿站

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★IV.综合训练

一、单项选择

( )1. What __________your name?

A. is B. are C. am

( )2.I __________ Jim Green.

A. is B. are C. Am

( )3.-How ________ you?-I ________fine, thank you.

A. are, is B. am, are C. are, am

( )4.What is this?What is=__________.

A. What are B. It’s C. What’s

( )5.-What’s this?- ________ M.

A. It B. It’s C. Its

( )6.-How are you?-I’m __________, thank you.

A. good B. nice C. fine

( )7. -Nice _________meet you. -Nice ________meet you, _________.

A. to, to, too B. to, to, to C. too, to, too

( )8. I’m in__________.

A. Number Four B. Class One C. which row

( )9. - Welcome to Beijing.-_____________.

A. OK B. Yes C. Thank you

( )10.-Good afternoon, Mrs. Read.-____________ ,Miss Gao.

A. Good afternoon B. How do you do C. Good morning

( )11.-_________ you Mr Wang?-No, I __________ Liu Jian.

A. Are, am B. Is, is C. Are, am

( )12.-Thank you. -_________.

A. That’s right B. Thank you C. You’re welcome

( )13.-How are you, Jim? -___________.

A. My name is Han Mei

B. I’m fine, thank you C. Nice to meet you

D. Very well, too. Thank you

( )14.-__________ -Good morning. Sit down, please. What’s your name, please?

A. Good morning, Miss Gao. B. Welcome to our school.

C. How are you? D. Nice to meet you, sir.

( )15.-What is your name? -_____________.

A. My name is Jim Green B. My name is Green Jim

C. Jim Green is I D. This is Green Jim, here

二、 完形填空

Tony Smith _16_ a boy. Smith is Tony’s _17_, and Tony is __18__ first name. He _19_from Cambidge. In tony’s class. Tony and Lingling _20_ thirteen _21_old and Daming _22_ twelve years old. Lingling _23_ Daming’s friend. They ( ) 16. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )17. A. given name B. last name C. Full name D. first name

( )18. A. her B. his C. him D. He

( )19. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )20. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )21. A. years B. year C. time D. times

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( )22. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )23. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )24. A. is B. am C. are D. be

( )25. A. is B. am C. are D. be

三、阅读理解

(A )

My name is Bruce. I come from America.I’m twelve years old.There are four people in my family, my father, my mother, my sister and me. My father is a teacher, and he is in China now. My mother is a teacher,too. She and my sister aren’t in China. My sister is three years younger than I. She is a student,too.

I have some friends here. They often teach me Chinese .I can speak a little Chinese now.

阅读短文,判断正(T),误(F)。

( )1. Bruce comes from America.

( )2. His mother is in China now.

( )3. His sister is a student in China now.

( )4. He has no friends here.

( )5. His father teaches him Chinese.

(B)

Nigel is our new next-door neighbour. He’s a pilot. He was in the R.F.A. He will fly to New York next month. The month after next he’ll fly to Tokyo. At the moment, he’s in Madrid. He flew to Spain a week ago. He’ll return to London the week after next . He’s only forty-one years old, and he has already been to nearly every country in the world. Nigel is a very lucky man. But his wife isn’t very lucky. She usually stays at home!

( )1. Nigel’s job is a ________.

A. teacher B. doctor C. actor D. pilot

( )2. ____ Nigel will fly to Tokyo.

A.next month B.the month after next

C.a week before D.We don’t know in the text.

( )3. How old will he be the next year?__________

A.forty B. forty-one C. forty-two D. forty-three

( )4. What does Nigel’s wife usually do? _________

A. Goes to every country in the world with Nigel. B.Goes to work

C. Fly to New York and London. D. Stays at home.

( )5. Is Nigel’s wife lucky? _________

A. Yes, she is. B. No, she isn’t. C. She is lucky. D.No, she is.

四、综合填空(用be动词的适当形式填空)

left, there

a two signs. One says, "Don't swim in the lake!"The other says, so nice. Andy and his family like it very much.

五、写作

第一节 根据汉语意思完成成句子。

1.我是一名教师。我是中国人。

I am ________ _______ and I’m ________ .

2.——你来自哪里? ——我来自山东。

—Where _________ you ________ ?—I _________ __________Chengdu?

3.——你多大了?——我十三岁了。

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—________ _________ are you ?—I’m thirteen_________ _________.

4.张倩是一名新生。她在五班。

Zhang Qian is ________ ________ __________. She is ________ _________ _________.

5.我和汤姆现在在广州。

I’m in Guangzhou __________ __________ now.

第二节 书面表达

假如Kate是你的朋友,写一篇短文介绍她。参考以下信息,不少于60个单词。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

一、根据首字母和英文释义完成单词,看看你的基础知识掌握好了吗?

1.Hello! you.

3.I'm from China. .

4.—

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—My name's Tony.

,Miss Liu!

6.I am Daming, 

7.I'm eleven. Are you eleven y old, too?

8.Boys and girls, I'm your new teacher. 

Grade One. And you?

二、句型转换,按要求变换句型,大显身手吧!

1. What is the boy's name?(改为同义句)

What is the_________ _________ the boy?

2. I am Mary.(改为同义句)

________ __________is Mary. 对画线部分提问)

_________ __________name? 对画线部分提问)

_________ ___________three and two? 对画线部分提问)

_________ ___________ ____________name?

6. His last name is David.(改为否定句)

His last name_________ David.

7. My father is American.(改为同义句)

My father____________ ______________ America. 对画线部分提问)

__________ __________is___________ sister?

三、英汉互译

1. Tony is from England. He is English.

__________________________________

2.I’m twelve years old.

___________________________________

3.Tom来自哪里呢?

_____________________________________

4.托尼和玲玲都是13岁。

_____________________________________

5.她的英文名字叫Lucy.

________________________________________

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参考答案:

综合训练:

一、单项选择:1-5 ACCCB 6-10 CABCA 11-15 CCBAA

二、完形填空:16-20 ABBAC 21-25 AAACC

三、阅读理解:(A)1-5 TFFFFF (B) 1-5 DBCDB

四、综合填空:1. is 2. are 3. is 4. are 5.is 6.are 7.is 8.is 9.are 10.is

五、写作:

第一节:1. a teacher, Chinese 2. are, from, am from 3. How old, years old

4. a new student, in Class Five 5. with Tom

第二节:略

加油站参考答案:

一、1. to 2. name 3. Chinese 4. What 5.morning 6. friend 7.years 8. lesson 9.Class 10. students 二、1. name of 2. My name 3. What’s your 4. What is 5.What is her

6. isn’t 7. is from/comes from 8. How old ; your

三、1. 托尼来自英国,他是英国人。 2. 我今年12岁。

3. Where is Tom from?/Where does Tomcome from?

4. Tony and Lingling are thirteen years old.

5. Her English name is Lucy.

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