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七年级英语上寒假第2讲

发布时间:2014-01-20 13:57:33  

第二讲( Module 2)
I.学习目标 1.复习 Module 2 的重点单词、短语和句型 2.复习指示代词 this,these,that,those 的用法。 II. 重点、难点分析 一、入门一测--用(this, that, these,those)填空。 1.Mom, ______ is my friend Mike. 2.I like _____ books, but I don?t like _____ books. 3. Who is _____? This is Amy speaking. 二、重点单词、词组讲解: 1.this 的用法:意思是“这;这个” 。 如:---------What?s this ?这个是什么? ----------It?s a pencil.它是一支铅笔。 【考题链接】_________Tongy.He is my friend. A.This B.This’s C.This is D.This are 答案:C 解题思路:This is 不能缩写,this 也不和 are 连用;由句意“这是托尼,他是我的朋友”可知选 C。 【提分关键】 This 一般指靠近说话人的人或事物,可以单独使用,也可与单数名词连用。This is 不能缩写。 2. on the left 的用法 原文:My mum?s parents are on the left ,··我妈妈的父母在左边,·(教材 P9) · ·· 本句中的 on the left 是固定搭配意为 “在左边” 表示方位。 , 若表示 “在··· 的左边” 要用 on the left of 。 ··· , 如:The bank is on the left .银行在左边。 The bank is on the left of the supermarket.银行在超市的左边。 【考题链接】The factory is ____on the left. A.for B.to C.on D.at 答案:C 解题思路:本题考查介词搭配。句意为:工厂在左边。On the left 是固定搭配。故答案是 C。 【提分关键】 in front of 在··· ···的前面 前后左右 Behind 在··· ···的后面 On the left 在左边 On the right 在右边 Eg:The library is in front of the school. 图书馆在学校的前面。 I am behind my mother. 我在我妈妈后面。 Lisa is on the left 利萨在左边。 The post office is on the right 。邮局在右边。 3. Who 引导的特殊疑问句:who 意为“谁”对“人”进行提问。 如:——Who is the girl ?那个女孩是谁? ——She is my sister.她是我姐姐。 【考题链接】——________is the lady over there ? ——She is my sister.她是我姐姐。
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答案:C 解题思路: 本题考查特殊疑问词的用法。结合答语可知,问句问的是“那边的那个女士是谁” 。 故答案为 C。 【提分关键】 Who “谁”——对人进行提问

特殊疑问词小结

What “什么”——对物品、号码、事件等进行提问

When “何时”——对时间进行提问。

How “如何;怎样”——对方式进行提问 如:What ?s your telephone number?你的电话号码是多少? Where ?s Lisa ?利萨在哪里? When is the party ?聚会是什么时候? How do you get there ?你怎样到那里? 4. these 的用法 (1)these 意思是“这些” ,是 this 的复数形式。如:These are apples.这些是苹果。 (2)parents 的意思是“父亲;母亲” ;单数时指其中之一,谓语动词用单数形式;复数

形式指父亲和母亲, 谓语动词用复数形式。如:My parents are workers.我的父母是工人。 【考题链接】These are my _________. A. father B. mother C. parents D. parent 答案:C 解题思路:be 动词用的是 are ,名词应用复数形式,只有 C 项符合。 【提分关键】These 本身具有复数概念,因此其后面的名词要用复数形式。 5. at 的用法:意思是“在··,后跟表地点的名词,表示在某处。如:He is at the library.他在图书馆。 ·” 【考题链接】He is _______the gate. A.in B.on C. at D.down 答案:C 解题思路:at the gate 意思是“在门口” 。 【提分关键】at 后跟地点名词时,该名词一般表示的地方较小。 6. 如何询问工作:当你想询问某人的工作时可以用这种结构: What’s +名词所有格\形容词性物主代词+job? 如:——What?s your job?你是做什么工作的? ——I am a worker. 【考题链接】—________Bob? —He is a worker. A.Where?s B. What?s C. When is D.Which is 答案:A 解题思路:由答语“He is a worker.”可知问句询问的是 Tom 的职业。 【提分关键】what 不仅可以询问工作,还可以询问号码、地址、名字、学科、事件等。 如:What?s your address?你的地址是什么? What?s his name?他叫什么名字? What?s your favourite subject?你最喜欢的学科是什么? What do you usually do on weekends?你周末通常做什么? 7。For example 的用法:意为“比如;例如” ,常用以引出同类中的一个例子,常有逗号与前后的句子隔开。 如:I? like playing sports,for example,playing basketball.我喜欢做运动,比如,打篮球。 【考题链接】I can see many animals,_______exampel,monkeys. A. as B. with C. for D. to 答案:C 解题思路:本题考查固定搭配。For example 意为“比如;例如” 。句意为:我能看到许多动物,
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比如猴子。故答案为 C。 【提分秘籍】 (1)for exmple 是固定搭配,其中 example 是名词,意为“例子;范例” 。如: Plese give us an example.请给我们举一个例子。 (2)for example 常用于引出一个例子,如果要引出多个例子,用 such as.如: I like somg animals such as lions and monkeys.我喜欢一些动物,比如狮子和猴子。 三、重点知识点讲解 1.This is my mother. She is an English teacher at a school.这是我的妈妈,她在一所学校当英语老师。 My father?s job is at a police station.我爸爸在警察署工作。 My father is a bus driver in Beijing. 我爸爸在北京当公交车司机。 这几个句子中分别用了 in 和 at 表示在什么地方工作。介词 at 和 in 都可以用来表示地点。通常,at 表示较 小的地点,in 表示较大的地点。 e.g. She?s at the library. 她在图书馆。 They like that big shop in Shanghai. 他们喜欢上海的那家大商店。 拓展:问职业的三种

问法: ?What do you do ? ?What are you? ?What's your job? 2. Is this your family? Yes, it is. Are these your grandparents? Yes, they are. 这两个句子分别是用 this 和 these 作主语, 当做肯定和否定回答是, 我们要用 it 代替 this, 用 they 代替 these. That 和 those 的用法也相同。 e.g. Is that your brother? Yes, it is . Are those your friends? Yes, they are. 【EX.1】单项选择 1. She is ____ home. 2. My mother is a manager _______ Shanghai. 3. Are those books yours? Yes,_______. 四、易错易混辨析 1.these 和 those these those This 的复数形式,指距离较近的事物。 That 的复数形式,指距离较远的事物。

A. in B. on C. at D. of A. in B. on C. at D. of A. those are B. it is C. they are

2.family,home 和 house family home house 意思是“家庭” ,侧重指一个家庭。如:I have a big family .我有一个大家庭。 意思是“家” ,侧重指家庭成员共同生活的地方。如:I stay at home.我待在家里。 意思是“房屋、住宅”,一般对家人所居住的建筑物而言。 如: There are many new houses in our village. 我们村里有很多新房子。 【EX.2】用 home, family, house 填空。 1. I go _________ at 6 pm. Every day. 2. She has a happy___________. 3. There are many tress behind the _________. 4. There are four people in his _________. 5. He is at _______ at this moment.
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6. The garden is on the right of the _______. 五、语法精析:指示代词 this, that, these, those 的用法 指示代词 单数 复数 this these that those

(一) this 和 that (1)this 和 that 是指示代词,it 是人称代词。 (2)距离说话人近的人或物用 this, 距离说话人远的人或物用 that。 如:This is a flower. 这是一朵花。(近处) That is a tree. 那是一棵树。(远处) (3)放在一起的两样东西,先说 this, 后说 that。 如:This is a pen. That is a pencil. 这是一支钢笔。那是一支铅笔。 (4)向别人介绍某人时说 This is…, 不说 That is…。 如:This is Helen. Helen, this is Tom. 这是海伦,海伦,这是汤姆。 (5)This is 不能缩写, 而 That is 可以缩写。 如:This is a bike. That?s a car. 这是一辆自行车。那是一辆轿车。 (6)打电话时,介绍自己用 this, 询问对方用 that。 如:—Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是格林小姐吗? —Yes, this is. Who?s that? 是的,我是,你是谁? 注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…, Are you…?/Who are you? (7)在回答 this 或 that 作主语的疑问句时, 要用 it 代替 this 或 that。 如:①—Is this a notebook? 这是笔记本吗? —Yes, it is. 是的,它是。 ②—What?s that? 那是什么?—It?s a kite. 是只风筝。 (二) these 和 those 用法 this, that, these 和 those 是指示代词,these 是 this 的复数形式,指时间,距离较近的或下面要提到的人或 事;those 是

that 的复数形式,指时间、距离较远或前面已经提到过的人或事物。 如:①This is my bed. That is Lily?s bed. 这是我的床。那是莉莉的床。 ②These pictures are good. 那些画很好。 ③ Are those apple trees? 那些是苹果树吗? 在回答主语是 these 或 those 的疑问句时,通常用 they 代替 these 或 those 以避免重复。 如:④Are these/those your apples? 这些(那些)是你的苹果吗? Yes, they are. 是的,他们是。 (三)用法口诀:一看远近 二看单复 三看回答或 this these 靠近我 that those 离我远 this that 指单数 these those 指复数 【考查点】打电话时 this 和 that 的正确使用。 【易错点】打电话时 this 和 that 的使用及疑问句的回答要用 it 和 they 代替易混。 【EX.3】单项选择 ( )1._____ is my father and _____ are my friends.

A. Those, these

B. This, these

C. That, that
C. it is

D. These, this
D. it isn?t

( )2. —Is this your book? —Yes, ______. A. this is B. this isn?t

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★ III.开心驿站 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 父母亲 _________ 照片;相片 ___________ 在左边 ___________ ____________ ___________ 紧挨着___________ ___________ 医院___________ 他们的____________ 家,家庭___________ 警察 ____________ 在…..的前面 ____________ 司机,驾驶员 _____________

★ IV.综合训练 一、单项选择 ( )1. Are there any cups on the table? ---Yes, are. A. they B. there C. those D. their ( )2. I have two _________. A. pencil-box B. pencils-box C. pencil-boxs D. pencil-boxes ( )3.—Where?s New York, please? —It?s _________ America. A. in B. in the C. of D. of the ( )4.—This is a picture of my family. —Can I see ________? A. it B. that C. them D. this ( )5. Can you see ________ bike? A. Kate?s brother B. Kate brother?s C. Kate?s brother?s D. brother of Kate ( ) 6. —Please come in. ________, please. —Thank you. A. This is way B. Come on this way C. That way D. This way ( )7. This is ________ apple, ________ apple is red. A. a, An B. an, An C. an, The D. the, An ( )8. Your father and mother aren?t at home. Mary, please _______ your little brother. A. look at B. look after C. look like D. look ( )9. —This is my new friend, Lucy. —___________. A. Hello, Lucy! B. You look like a cat. C. How old are you? D. Please this way. ( )10. Look at _______picture. It?s ________ picture of my wife. A. a, the B. the, a C. the, the D. a, a ( )11. —Where are you __________? —Qingdao. A. at B. of C. from D. / ( )12. Kate can_______ English very well.
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A. speaks B. speaking C. is speaking D. speak )13. _________ are my friends. A. This B. These C. That?s D. it ( )14.—_________________? —She is a doctor. A. What are you B. What can she do C. Is she a doctor D. What?s her job ( )15.—Hello. Who's that? —______________. 1. I am Tom. B. This is Tom.. C. That's Tom. D. My name is Tom. 二、完形填空 My name is Rick. This is my

room. There is a shirt_1__ the bed. It?s_2__ . I also have a pair(双)of _3__. They are blue, too. There is a desk and a chair in__4_ room. A football is under the_5__. I like it very much. I_6__ play football very well. I often play it with my friends. A picture is on the wall. You can see four people in it. The man and the woman are my_7__. They work in a school and teach Chinese. They are _8__. The little girl is my __9_. She is very lovely 可爱的)She is only three years old. She doesn?t go to school, so she _10___ read or ( . write. I have a happy family. ( )1. A. in B. on C. with ( )2. A. white B. green C. blue ( )3. A. shoes B. coats C. shirts ( )4. A. his B. her C. my ( )5. A. room B. desk C. floor ( )6. A. can B. am C. do ( )7. A. mother B. parents C. father ( )8. A. teachers B. doctors C. workers ( )9. A. mother B. brother C. sister ( )10. A. can B. can?t D. must 三、 阅读理解 (A) My name is Jim. Mike and I are in No. 7 Middle school. He is eleven. I?m twelve. Mike is a good student. We are in the same class. He is a class monitor(班长). We are good friends. Mike?s father is our teacher. He teaches us maths (数学) . His mother is a teacher, too. She teaches us English. It?s Sunday 星期日) ( today. We don?t go to school. He says to me, “Hello, Jim!” My parents aren?t at home. Please come to my home. 根据短文回答下列问题。 1. What school are Jim and Mike in? ______________________________________________________________________ 2. Are Jim and Mike in the same class? ______________________________________________________________________ 3. Are Mike?s parents teachers or workers? _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Are Mike?s parents at home today? ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Is Mike?s mother a Chinese teacher? _________________________________________________________________________(
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( B) This is a picture of a bedroom. I can see a bed, a desk., a light and some books. The light and the books are on the desk. The chair is behind the desk. A picture of Jim?s family is in the wall. Jim?s father and mother are in the picture. We can see Jim?s cat. It?s not in the picture. 根据短文内容,完成对话。 A: What can you see in the picture? B: I can see a bed, a desk, a light and some books. A: Where are these things? B: ______1_______ A: _______2________ B: A light and some books. A: Where is the chair? B: It?s behind the desk. A: ________3__________ B: It?s a picture of Jim?s family. A: Who are they in the picture? B: ______4________ A: Where is Jim?s cat? B: _______5________ 1.____________________________ 2.____________________________ 3.____________________________ 4.____________________________ 5._____________________________ 四、句型转换 1. His parents are in China. (对画线部分提问) ____________ __________ his parents? 2. She is like her mother. (

用 her father 改为选择疑问句) ___________ ___________like her mother ________her father? 3. Lucy and Lily are in the same school.(改为同义句) Lucy and Lily __________ __________ _________ ___________. 4. Is he Jim?s father? (改为肯定句) __________ ___________ __________father. 5. Those are old buses. (改为单数句) ____________ ___________ __________ ____________. 6.This is an English girl. (改为复数句) _____________ _____________ __________ ____________ 7.She is my new friends. (改为复数句) _________ ___________ __________new _________. 8.Those are American children. (改为单数句) _________ __________ _________ American ___________. 9. This is my father. (对画线部分提问) __________ _____________ ___________?

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10. We?re in the same school. (改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答) _________ ____________in the same school? __________,_________ __________. 五、写作 第一节 根据汉语意思完成成句子。 1.-你的爸爸在哪儿工作? -他在附近一家工厂工作。 -_______ __________ your father_________? -He ________ _______a factory__________here. 2.-你朋友的妈妈是做什么工作的? -她是一名公共汽车的司机。 -_________ _____________your friend?s mother_________? -She?s a___________ ______________. 3.高老师在第十四中学教英语。 Miss Gao__________ ___________in the No.14 Middle School. 4.那是他的全家照。 That is a picture _________his_________ 第二节 书面表达 请以 “My Family”为题,写一篇小短文。 要求: 1. 条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确,书写清晰、规范。 2. 要将表中的内容全部体现在文章中。 3. 不得少于 60 个词。

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参考答案: 【EX.1】 1. C 2. A 3. C 【EX.2】 1. home 2. family 3. house 4. family 5. home 6. house 【EX.3】 1. A 2. C 开心驿站: 1. parents 2. photo 3. on the left 4. next to 5. hospital 6.their 7. family 8. police 9. in front of 10. driver 综合训练 一、单项选择:1-5 BDAAC 6-10 DCBAB 11-15 CDBDB 二、完形填空:1-5 BCACB 6-10 ABACB 三、阅读理解: (A)1. No.7 Middle School. 2. Yes, they are. 3. Teachers. 4. No, they aren?t. 5. No, she isn?t. (B)1. They are in the bedroom. 2. What?s on the desk? 3. What?s on the wall? 4. Jim?s father and mother. 5. Sorry, I don?t know. / It?s not in the picture. 四、句型转换:1. Where are 2. Is she, or 3. aren?t in different schools 4. He is Jim?s 5. That?s an old bus 6. These are English girls 7. They are our, friends 8. That is an, child 9. Who is this 10. Are you, No, we aren?t 五、写作: 第一节:1. Where does, work, works in, near 2. What does, do, bus driver 3. teaches English 第二节:略

4.of, family

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