decide to do sth. plan to do sth. need to do sth. agree to do sth. afford to do be used to do 决定做某事 计划做某 需要做某事 同意做某事 能做某事 被用来做
want ∕ would like to do sth. 想做某事
can’t wait to do 迫不及待地要做某事
make up one’s mind to do 下决心做某
used to do fail to do 过去常常做某事 未能做某事
ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
want sb. to do sth.
invite sb. to do sth.
expect sb. to do sth. advise sb. to do sth.
encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
promise sb. to do warn sb. to do sth. allow sb. to do sth. remind sb. to do sth. 答应某人做某事 告诫某人做某事 允许某人做某事 提醒某人做某事
help sb. (to) do sth.
? 使役动词和感官动词后：一感二听三让四看 feel/ hear, listen to/ let,make, have, /
look at, see, watch, notice
? had better （not）do sth. 最好(不)做…
? why not /why don’t you do sth为什么 不做…?
? help sb.（to）do sth ? Would rather宁愿做… ? would you please
see sb. doing/ do sth.
hear sb. doing/ do sth. watch sb. doing/ do sth.
notice sb. doing/ do sth.
感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice, hear, listen to, feel
+doing 表示动作的进行性。 注意：被动语态中不能省去to。
enjoy doing sth. spend...doing sth. be busy doing sth. imagine sb. doing sth. can't help doing sth. feel like doing sth. finish doing sth. practice doing sth. 喜欢做某事 花费…做某事 忙于做… 想象…做某事 忍不住做某事 想要做某事 完成做某事 练习做某事
miss doing sth. 错过做某事
suggest doing sth.
keep (on) doing sth. mind doing sth.
be worth doing sth.
consider doing sth.
at, in, on
of, off, for, from up, about, without
be good at doing sth insist on doing
be used for doing sth. thank sb. for doing sth. be tired of d
oing sth. be afraid of doing sth.
被用来做某事 谢谢某人做某事 厌烦做某事 害怕做某事
be interested in doing sth. 对做某事感兴趣
put off doing
stop sb. from doing sth.
give up doing sth.
without doing sth. think about doing sth.
What ∕ How about doing 做某事怎么样?
look forward to doing sth. （盼望）
pay attention to doing sth.
be used to doing sth. devote to doing sth
prefer doing sth to doing sth.（更喜欢）
make a contribution to doing （做贡献）
定语从句口诀 定从三要素， 先行词抓住， 关系词怎用， 成分起作用。
宾省主不省， 宾主全都在， 关系副来代。
that很万能， 非限却不行， 此时有逗号， 主从被分开。 as很灵活， 正如用的多。 如何用介词， 前后看一看， 有时靠翻译， 通顺才可以。
1. My mother often asks me _____ some cleaning on Sundays A do B. does C. did D. to do 2. –Do you often hear John _____in his room ? – Listen! Now we can hear him ____ in his room . A.sing , to sing B. sing, sing C. sing , singing D. to sing , singing 3. I watched her ______ in the next room last night . A.dancing B. to dance C. dances D. dance 4.Let’s ______swimming after the exam . A.go B. goes C. to go D. went 5. You’d better _______a bus . A.to catch B. catch C. catches D. catching
1. Now more and more people are busy_____ about the Internet. A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned
2.-It's too hot. Would you mind _____the door?
-______. Please do it. A. to open; OK C. opening; Of course A. failed B. failing B. opening; Certainly not D. to open; Good idea C. tried D. trying
3. No matter how hard it is, we'll keep_____until we make it. 4. -Are you enjoying_____in Ningbo? -Yes, we are. Very much. A. to live B. living C. lives D. lived 5． We couldn’t help _____(laugh) after we heard the funny story
remember forger stop go on like hate love try start begin
to do (do在后) 要做 （两个字）两件事 doing （do在前）做过 （一个字）一件事
stop doing/to do
stop to do
他们停下来吸烟。 They stop to smoke. 我必须戒烟了 I must stop smoking.
forget doing/to do
forget to do
forget doing Eg： 办公室的灯还在亮着，他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作 The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。（已做过关灯的动作）
He forgot turning the light off.
remember doing/to do
remember to do 记得去做某事
remember doing 记得做过某事
Remember to go to
the post office after school.
Don't you remember seeing the man before?
go on doing/to do
go on to do做了一件事后，接着做另一件事，
go on doing Eg： 做完数学后，他接着去做物理。 After he had finished his maths，he went on to do 继续做原来做的事。
做完这个练习后，接着做其他的练习 Go on doing other exercises after you have finished this one.
try doing/ to do sth.
try to do sth. 努力, 尽力做某事
Although maths is difficult, I will try to study it . try doing sth. 试着做某事 The machine couldn’t work. Let’s try repairing it.
1.Martin looks so well. We’ve never seen him ____ so well before. A. is looked B. is looking C. to look D. look
2.My father has decided ______ because smoking is bad for his health.
A. to stop to smoke C. stopping smoking B. to stop smoking D. stop to smoke
3 It is kind ___ me to carry these books. A. of you helping B. for you to help C. of you to help D. for you helping 4 —Would you like ______ some bread or biscuits? —No thanks. I don’t feel like 5. — Do you remember me, Tom? — Ah, yes, I remembered _____ you in JUSCO last year. A. see B. sees C. to see D. seeing anything now. A. to have, eating B. to have, to eat C. having, to eat D. having, eating
1.We are interested in _________ to swim. A. study B. studying C. learn D. learning 2.My grandfather wants _____around the world because he enjoys _____new places. A. traveling , seeing C. to travel, seeing B. to travel , to see D. traveling ,to see D. to write in
3. Jack gives me a piece of paper___. A. to write B. to write on C. to write at 4. Let’s make a fire _____ ourselves up. A. to warm B. warming C. warm
5.When I was walking in the field, I saw a plane ___over my head. A. flew B. flies C. flying D. fling