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动词不定式和动名词

发布时间:2014-01-20 17:06:35  

不定式
动名词

只能接不定式作宾语的动词口诀:
决定想做计划需要同意,能做被用来做的事 迫不及待下决心做过去常常未能做的事

决定想做计划需要同意,能做被用来做的事
decide to do sth. plan to do sth. need to do sth. agree to do sth. afford to do be used to do 决定做某事 计划做某 需要做某事 同意做某事 能做某事 被用来做

want ∕ would like to do sth. 想做某事

迫不及待下决心做过去常常未能做的事
can’t wait to do 迫不及待地要做某事

make up one’s mind to do 下决心做某


used to do fail to do 过去常常做某事 未能做某事

接不定式作宾语补足语的动词口诀:

请求与命令

想要邀请期待鼓励与建议 答应告诫允许提醒和帮助

请求与命令

ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

想要邀请期待鼓励与建议
want sb. to do sth.
invite sb. to do sth.

想要某人做某事
邀请某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. advise sb. to do sth.

期待某人做某事

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

建议某人做某事

答应告诫允许提醒和帮助
promise sb. to do warn sb. to do sth. allow sb. to do sth. remind sb. to do sth. 答应某人做某事 告诫某人做某事 允许某人做某事 提醒某人做某事

help sb. (to) do sth.

帮助某人做某事

省略to的情况:
? 使役动词和感官动词后:一感二听三让四看 feel/ hear, listen to/ let,make, have, /

look at, see, watch, notice
? had better (not)do sth. 最好(不)做…

? why not /why don’t you do sth为什么 不做…?
? help sb.(to)do sth ? Would rather宁愿做… ? would you please

区分下列词组:

see sb. doing/ do sth.
hear sb. doing/ do sth. watch sb. doing/ do sth.

notice sb. doing/ do sth.

感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice, hear, listen to, feel

+ do表示动作的完整性,
+doing 表示动作的进行性。 注意:被动语态中不能省去to。

只能接-ing作宾语的动词口诀:

喜欢花费,忙着想象,忍不住想要结束练 习

错过建议,保持介意,值得考虑

喜欢花费忙着想象忍不住想要结束练习
enjoy doing sth. spend...doing sth. be busy doing sth. imagine sb. doing sth. can't help doing sth. feel like doing sth. finish doing sth. practice doing sth. 喜欢做某事 花费…做某事 忙于做… 想象…做某事 忍不住做某事 想要做某事 完成做某事 练习做某事

错过建议保持介意值得考虑
miss doing sth. 错过做某事

suggest doing sth.
keep (on) doing sth. mind doing sth.

建议做某事
保持(继续)做某事 介意做某事

be worth doing sth.
consider doing sth.

值得做某事
考虑做某事

介词+doing
常考介词:

at, in, on
of, off, for, from up, about, without

to 等等

be good at doing sth insist on doing
be used for doing sth. thank sb. for doing sth. be tired of d

oing sth. be afraid of doing sth.

擅长做某事 坚持做某事
被用来做某事 谢谢某人做某事 厌烦做某事 害怕做某事

be interested in doing sth. 对做某事感兴趣

put off doing
stop sb. from doing sth.

推迟做某事
阻止某人做某事

give up doing sth.
without doing sth. think about doing sth.

放弃做某事
没有做某事 考虑做某事

What ∕ How about doing 做某事怎么样?

此to 非彼to
look forward to doing sth. (盼望)

pay attention to doing sth.
be used to doing sth. devote to doing sth

(注意)

(习惯于)

prefer doing sth to doing sth.(更喜欢)

(致力于)

make a contribution to doing (做贡献)

定语从句口诀 定从三要素, 先行词抓住, 关系词怎用, 成分起作用。

宾省主不省, 宾主全都在, 关系副来代。

that很万能, 非限却不行, 此时有逗号, 主从被分开。 as很灵活, 正如用的多。 如何用介词, 前后看一看, 有时靠翻译, 通顺才可以。

牛刀小试
1. My mother often asks me _____ some cleaning on Sundays A do B. does C. did D. to do 2. –Do you often hear John _____in his room ? – Listen! Now we can hear him ____ in his room . A.sing , to sing B. sing, sing C. sing , singing D. to sing , singing 3. I watched her ______ in the next room last night . A.dancing B. to dance C. dances D. dance 4.Let’s ______swimming after the exam . A.go B. goes C. to go D. went 5. You’d better _______a bus . A.to catch B. catch C. catches D. catching

小试牛刀
1. Now more and more people are busy_____ about the Internet. A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned

2.-It's too hot. Would you mind _____the door?
-______. Please do it. A. to open; OK C. opening; Of course A. failed B. failing B. opening; Certainly not D. to open; Good idea C. tried D. trying

3. No matter how hard it is, we'll keep_____until we make it. 4. -Are you enjoying_____in Ningbo? -Yes, we are. Very much. A. to live B. living C. lives D. lived 5. We couldn’t help _____(laugh) after we heard the funny story

特殊词精讲:
remember forger stop go on like hate love try start begin
to do (do在后) 要做 (两个字)两件事 doing (do在前)做过 (一个字)一件事

一次性

长期

尽力做 一样

尝试做 一样

stop doing/to do
stop to do
stop doing

停下来去做另一件事,
停止正在做的某事。

Eg:
他们停下来吸烟。 They stop to smoke. 我必须戒烟了 I must stop smoking.

forget doing/to do
forget to do
forget doing Eg: 办公室的灯还在亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作 The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。(已做过关灯的动作)

忘记要去做某事,
忘记做过某事。

He forgot turning the light off.

remember doing/to do
remember to do 记得去做某事
remember doing 记得做过某事

记着放学后去趟邮局。
Remember to go to

the post office after school.

你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
Don't you remember seeing the man before?

go on doing/to do
go on to do做了一件事后,接着做另一件事,
go on doing Eg: 做完数学后,他接着去做物理。 After he had finished his maths,he went on to do 继续做原来做的事。

his physics.
做完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习 Go on doing other exercises after you have finished this one.

try doing/ to do sth.
try to do sth. 努力, 尽力做某事
Although maths is difficult, I will try to study it . try doing sth. 试着做某事 The machine couldn’t work. Let’s try repairing it.

拓展精练
1.Martin looks so well. We’ve never seen him ____ so well before. A. is looked B. is looking C. to look D. look

2.My father has decided ______ because smoking is bad for his health.
A. to stop to smoke C. stopping smoking B. to stop smoking D. stop to smoke

3 It is kind ___ me to carry these books. A. of you helping B. for you to help C. of you to help D. for you helping 4 —Would you like ______ some bread or biscuits? —No thanks. I don’t feel like 5. — Do you remember me, Tom? — Ah, yes, I remembered _____ you in JUSCO last year. A. see B. sees C. to see D. seeing anything now. A. to have, eating B. to have, to eat C. having, to eat D. having, eating

Homework
1.We are interested in _________ to swim. A. study B. studying C. learn D. learning 2.My grandfather wants _____around the world because he enjoys _____new places. A. traveling , seeing C. to travel, seeing B. to travel , to see D. traveling ,to see D. to write in

3. Jack gives me a piece of paper___. A. to write B. to write on C. to write at 4. Let’s make a fire _____ ourselves up. A. to warm B. warming C. warm

D. warmed

5.When I was walking in the field, I saw a plane ___over my head. A. flew B. flies C. flying D. fling


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