haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

牛津七年 级期末总复习-

发布时间:2014-01-21 09:01:59  

一、重要词组与意群

unit 1 期末总复习

1.get a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信

=receive a letter from sb.

=hear from sb.

2. go by train= take a train to … 乘火车去

3. two and a half hours= two hours and a half 两个半小时

4. It takes (sb.) some time to do sth. 某人做某事要花费多长时间

sb spend some time/money (in)doing sth/on sth 某人花多长时间做某事

sth cost sb some money 某事花费某人多长时间

5. How much does it cost?= How much is it? 多少钱?

6. get to= arrive in/at= reach 到达

7. at the end of August 在八月底

at the beginning of August 在八月初

on 16 (the sixteenth of) August 在八月十六日

8. in the end= at last= finally 最后

9. The train is slower than the plane. 火车比飞机速度慢。

比较级+than

10. see swans swimming on the lake 看见天鹅在湖上游

11. invite sb. to do sth. /place 邀请某人去做某事

12. get an invitation from sb. 从某人处得到一张请帖

13. send an invitation to sb. 送一张请帖给某人

14. talk to sb. / talk with sb. 和某人交谈

15. send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 送给某人某物 = 把某物送给某人

16. at the travel agent’s 在旅行社里

17. at the end of February 二月底

18. The Lis are planning a trip to Beijing. 李先生一家打算去北京旅行。

19. The Li family has arrived in Beijing. 李先生一家已经到达北京了。

20. raise the national flag. 士兵们正在升国旗。

21.. The national flag is rising. 国旗正在冉冉升起。

22. the history of China = the Chinese history 中国的历史

23. come back / be back / return from Beijing 从北京返回

24. have a wonderful time = enjoy oneself 度过愉快时光 25. a photo of … 一张…的照片

Unit2

1.prevent animals from danger / save animals from danger / keep animals from

danger 保护动物远离危险

2. at the SPCA 在动物保护协会 an SPCA officer 一位动物保护

协会的官员

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 1

3. cruel – cruelty 残忍 be cruel to sb. 对...残忍

4. leave these puppies in the street 把这些小狗遗弃在街上

5. have no food or water 没有食物和水

6. prefer v.偏爱 preference n.

prefer A to B = like A better than B 比起B来更喜欢A

prefer doing A to doing B 比起做B来更喜欢做

prefer …= like… better 更喜欢…

prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

7. be in danger 处于险境 . be dangerous to 对...危险

8. care for = take(good) care of =look after(well) 照顾,照看

9. help homeless animals 帮助无家可归的动物

10. Give him/her a basket to sleep in. 给他/她篮子睡。

11. don’t need to do sth. / needn’t do sth. / don’t have to do sth. 不必做某事

12. a kitten / a young cat 小猫

13. be kind/friendly to sb. be unkind to sb. 对…和蔼可亲 对…不友善

14. help sb.(to)do sth. / help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

15. promise (not) to do sth. 承诺(不)做某事

16. junior members of the SPCA 动物保护协会的初级会员

17. help sb. by doing sth. 通过做某事来帮助某人

18. raise money for … 为…筹钱

19. be useful to ... 对…有用

20. in different ways 用不同的方法

21. on the farm 在农场

22. cross the road safely 安全地过马路

23. find missing people 找到失踪的人

24. make a display 制作展板

25. save v. –safe a. –safely ad. – safety n. 挽救 v. 安全的a. 安全地ad. 安全n.

26.keep people safe from danger 保护人们

27.cross the road safely 安全地过马路

cross v. across prep. 介词 walk across= cross

unit 3

4. a crowded city = a busy city 一个拥挤的城市

5. be crowded with / be filled with / be full of 挤满了,充满了

6. walk across the crowds 穿过人群

7. over = more than 超过

8. Germany – German(s) 德国 -- 德国的,德国人

9. nation n. national a. international a. nationality n. 国家 n. 国家的 a. 国际的a. 国籍 n.

10. What is your nationality? = What nationality are you? = Where are you from? = Where do you come from? 你是什么国籍?= 你来自哪里?

11. read about sth. 阅读与…有关的… know about sth. 了解…

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 2

12. in magazines and newspapers 在杂志和报纸上

13. far away from 离…远

14. in another country 在另一个国家 in other countries 在其他国家

15.be interested in 对…感兴趣 show great interest in 显示极大的兴趣

16. nowadays =today 如今 make friends with … 和…交朋友

17. like doing sth. / enjoy doing sth. / be interested in doing sth. 喜欢做某事

18. a twelve-year-old girl = a girl of twelve years old 一个12岁的女孩

19. look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事

20. a list of … 一张…的清单

21. look up the word in the dictionary 在字典里查这个单词

22. weigh v-weight n. 称 v. -重量n. high a-height n 高的 a. -高度n.

Unit4

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

live in the same block of flats 住在同一幢楼 make sick people better 使病人康复 an architect 一位建筑设计师 draw plans of buildings 画建筑图纸 type v. –typewriter n. –typist/typer n. 打字 v. -打字机n. -打字员 n. a removal man 一个搬运工 a removal company 一家搬运公司 move furniture to people’s flats 搬家具到人们家

much furniture 许多家具

6. a piece of furniture 一件(套)家具

7. work in a hospital 在医院工作

work in an office 在办公室工作

work for a construction company 为一家建筑公司工作

8. What job do they do?/ What are their jobs?/ What are they? 他们做什么工作?

9. an ambulance worker 一位救护人员

drive sick people to the hospital quickly. 快速地把病人送进医院

10. rescue people / save people 救人

11. deliver letters and parcels 送信和包裹

12. make … a safe place 使…成为一个安全的地方

13. meet sb. in the lift 在电梯里遇见某人

14. in the city centre= in the centre of the city 在市中心

15. go to meetings = attend meetings 参加会议

16. take notes for the manager 为经理记录笔记 a survey on jobs 一个关于工作的调查

17. come towards 朝…过来 knock sb. down 把某人撞倒

18. catch fire = be on fire 着火. motorcycle -- motorcyclist 摩托车--摩托车手

19. be hurt / get hurt in an accident 在事故中受伤

20. a broken arm 折断的手臂 a broken leg 折断的腿

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 3

21. at the scene of the accident 在事故现场

22. two days later两天以后 ran away 逃跑

23. immediately = at once 立刻 马上

24. on his way to school 在他上学的路上

on my way home 在我回家的路上

on their way to the cinema在他们去电影院的路上

25. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

26. sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人

sell v. 出售 seller n.卖家 salesman n 销售员 sale n. 销售 on sale 打折促销 for sale供销售

27. knock sb down 把某人撞倒 engine – engineer 发动机 – 工程师

Unit 5

1.

2.

3.

tidy a. 整洁的 untidy a.不整洁的 tidy up sth. / tidy sth. up 整理某物 keep sth. tidy 保持…整洁 put sth. together tidily 把…放整齐 enough space 足够的空间 big enough 足够大 need sth. 需要某物 don’t need sth 不需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事 don’t need to do sth. 不需要做某事

need …for sth. = need …for doing sth.

4. My bedroom is too small for all my things. 我的卧室太小了放不下我所有的东西。

My bedroom is not big enough for all my things. 我的卧室太小了放不下我所有的东西。

5. choose -- chose -- chosen 选择 make a choice 做出选择

6. What’s the matter? / What’s wrong with sb.? 某人怎么了?

What’s the trouble/problem (with you)? 怎么啦?

7. live in the suburbs =live in the countryside 住在郊区、乡下

8. at an estate agency 在房产中介 talk to an estate agent 和房产代理商交谈

9. I agree with you. / I think so, too. 我同意你的意见。

I don’t agree with you. / I don’t think so. 我不同意你的意见。

10. on a removal day 搬家的一天

help v.帮助 helper n帮手. helpful a.有帮助的

11. between the wardrobe and the shelf 在衣橱和书架之间

in front of the armchair 在扶手椅前面

the picture on the right 右边的图片

in the right place 在正确的位置 an ideal flat 理想的公寓

behind a vase 在花瓶后

12. What’s the difference between A and B? A和B有什么不同?

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 4

tell the difference between… 辨别…的区别

13. show sth. to sb. / show sb. sth. 给某人看某物

14. think about a removal 考虑搬迁

think about 思考,考虑 think of 想到 think over 仔细考虑

15. look for 寻找 find—found—found找到,发现 find out

16. next to = beside 紧邻 close to = near 靠近

17. between…and… 在… 和…之间 opposite the sofa 在沙发对面 on the floor = on the ground 在地上

18. an estate agency 一个房产中介

19.on a cloudy morning 在一个多云的早上

20. on the rug 在地毯 on the wall 在墙上

Unit6

1. be quiet and peaceful 安静祥和 peace n. 和平 peaceful a. 祥和的 in peace

2. please v. – pleasant a. – pleased a. 取悦,使愉快 – 令人愉快的 – 感到愉快的

please sb. 取悦某人,使某人高兴

Pleased to meet you. 见到你很高兴。

With pleasure 很荣幸去做 my pleasure 不客气

3. on the map of… 在…的地图上 read a map 查阅地图

in the suburbs. 在郊区 in the city centre. 在市中心

4. convenient a.方便的inconvenient a. 不方便的convenience n.便利

a convenience store 一家便利店

It is convenient for sb to do sth. 某人做某事很方便

Doing sth. is convenient. 做某事很方便

do sth. conveniently 方便地做某事

5. different a.不同的difference n.不同点

important a. 重要的 importance n.重要性

6. in our new neighbourhood 在我们的新小区

7 take a bus to …= go to … by bus 乘公交车去某处

take the underground to … = go to … by underground 乘地铁去某处

8. There are many traffic jams有许多交通堵塞。

9. at the bottom of some steep steps 在陡峭的台阶下面

on top of the mountains 在山顶

10. It is relaxing and pleasant in the suburbs. 在郊区轻松愉快。

relax oneself 自我放松

11. life in different seasons 不同季节的生活

seasonal changes 季节的变化

falling leaves 落叶

fall -- fell – fallen 落下

make nests 筑巢

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 5

12. wear 穿着,指状态 She is wearing a beautiful dress. 她穿着漂亮的裙子。

. put on 穿上,指动作 It’s raining outside. Put on your raincoat. 外面在下雨,穿上你的雨衣。

13. What’s the weather like in autumn? / How is the weather in autumn? 秋天的天气怎么样?

It is cool and dry in autumn. 秋天凉爽干燥。

It is cold and windy in winter. 冬天寒冷有风。

It is hot and sunny in summer.夏天太阳灼热。

It is warm and wet in spring.春天温暖潮湿。

14. in different places 不同的地方

be different from …/ the same … as…

differences between … and …

15. noise n. 噪音 noisy adj. 嘈杂的 noisy, noisier, noisiest

16. exciting adj. 令人激动的 /excited adj. 感到激动的 excite v. 使激动,使兴奋 excitement n. 激动;兴奋

pleasant adj/ 使人愉快的 please v. 使高兴 pleased adj. 高兴的;

17. walk to school 步行去学校 = go to school on foot

18. go to a restaurant for dinner 去饭店吃饭

19. take Sam to the park 带山姆去公园

read storybooks 读故事书

20. a pair of gloves 一副手套

leaf n. 树叶 leaves pl.

unit 7

1. A warning sign 警示标志

An instruction sign 指示标志

A direction sign 方向标志告

An information sign t信息标志告

2. direct v. 导向 direction n. 方向 director n. 导演

instruct v. 指导instruction n. 指示

3. hike v. (hiked – hiked – hiking) 远足

go hiking in the countryside 在乡下远足

4. wash it by hand in cool water. 在冷水中手洗。

have a barbecue here. 烧烤。

in public places. 在公共场所看

5. No cigarettes. = No smoking. = You mustn’t smoke. = Don’t smoke. 不准吸烟。

6. No litter. = You mustn’t leave rubbish. = Don’t leave rubbish. 不准乱扔垃圾。

7. silent adj. --- silence n. 沉默的—沉默

keep silent = keep quiet 保持安静

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 6

different adj. – difference n. 不同的—不同点

important adj. – importance n. 重要的—重要性

convenient adj. – convenience n. 方便的 – 便利

8. put up tents and go camping 支起帐篷去野营

9. use v. 使用– useful a. 有用的 useless a.没有用的

10. help v. 帮助helpful a. 有帮助的 helpless a. 没有帮助的

11. care v. 在意– careful a. 仔细的 careless a.不仔细的

12. wash it with our hands = wash it by hand 用手洗

13. warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人(不)做某事

14. What does it mean? = What’s the meaning of …? 它是什么意思?

15. take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事 It’s your turn to do sth. 轮到你做某事了

have rules to take care of the environment. 有规则是无论照顾环境。 have rules to take care of our homes and schools.有规则是为了照顾我们的家园和校园。

have rules to keep ourselves safe.有规则是为了保证自身安全。

have rules to keep other people safe. 有规则是为了保证他人安全。

16. do sth. silently = do sth. in silence 静悄悄地做某事

17 take an escalator here. 在这里乘自动扶梯。

exit v. 出去 --反-- enter v. 进入

exit n. 出口 --反-- entrance n. 入口

18. use the telephone for help = call for help 用电话求助

19. What does this sign mean? = What is the meaning of this sign? 这个标志是什么意思?

mean v. meant, meant meaning n.

20. turn left = turn to the left 向左转

on the right of…在。。。右边

21. Good luck! 好运 lucky a 幸运的 luckily adv. 幸运地 unluckily ad.

22. finish doing 完成做某事

Unit8

1. grow healthy and grow strong 长得健康强壮

Mike can swim well. So can his brother. Mike能游泳游的很好。他的兄弟也能。

I have finished my homework. So has Mary. 我已经完成了回家作业。Mary也完成了。

Joe likes playing badminton. So does Alice. Joe 喜欢打羽毛球。Alice也喜欢。

We like having barbecues. So do they. 我们喜欢烧烤。他们也喜欢。 I don’t like swimming. Neither do I. 我不喜欢游泳。我也不喜欢。

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 7

go for a spring outing 去春游 go for an autumn outing去秋游

2. read an information sheet 读信息条

3. stay healthy and strong. 保持健康强壮。

go to bed early and get up early 早睡早起。

exercise regularly 有规律的锻炼。

4. regular a.有规律的 irregular a. 没有规律的

regularly ad. 有规律地 irregularly ad. 没有规律地

5. at least = not less than 至少

6. at most = not more than 至多

7 eat too much sweet food 吃太多甜食drink too many soft drinks 喝太多软饮料。

eat less junk food. 少吃垃圾食品。

8. You should do sth. = You’d better do sth. 你应该做某事 = 你最好做某事

You shouldn’t do sth. = You’d better not do sth. 你不应该做某事 = 你最好不做某事。

9. be late for school. 上学迟到。

leave rubbish 乱扔垃圾。

10. have a sore throat. 喉咙痛。

I have toothache and a stomach ache. 我牙疼,胃疼。

My eyes hurt. (hurt—hurt – hurt) 我眼睛受伤了。

11. You watched TV for too long. 你看电视太长了。

You watched too much TV. 你看电视太多了。

12. I think you drink too little water. 我认为你喝水太少了。

You don’t have enough water. 你喝的水不够。

have too few vegetables. 吃蔬菜太少。

have more vegetables. 多吃蔬菜。

13. change my bad habits. 改变 坏习惯。

some suggestions on sth. 给某人关于某事的建议

give suggestions to sb. = give sb. suggestions 给某人建议

write a report on habits 写一份关于习惯的报告

14 I didn’t do enough exercise. = I didn’t exercise enough. 我锻炼得不够。

15. I played computer games for too long. 我打电脑游戏时间太长了。 played too many computer games. 打了太多电脑游戏。

16. have an unhealthy life before. 以前的生活不健康。

lead to a healthy life. 渐渐生活健康了。

17. not any longer = no longer 不再

used to do sth. = (often) did sth. 过去常常做某事

18. Did sb. use to do sth? = Did sb. often do sth? 某人常常做某事吗?

19. Sb. didn’t use to do sth. = Sb. didn’t often do sth. 某人不常常做某事。 used to do sth. 过去常常做…(但现在已不这么做了)

be used to do sth. 被用来做某事

be / get used to doing sth. 现在习惯于做某事

20. grow healthy 变得健康 grow strong 变得强壮

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 8

连系动词grow+形容词 n. health a. healthy?unhealthy 反义:healthier

21. Shall we do sth.? 表示建议

=How / What about doing sth.?

=Why not do sth.?

=Why don’t you do sth.?

=Let’s do sth, shall we?

=Would you like to do sth?

Unit9

1.The SPCA needs money to take care of homeless animals. SPCA需要钱去照顾无家可归的动物

2. We need to raise some money for the SPCA. 我们需要为SPCA筹钱

3. home n. 家 homeless a. 无家可归的

4. different foods for the festival 节上的各种食物

5. international food festival 国际食物节

6. nation n. 国家national a. 国家的 international a. 国际的 inationality n.国籍

7. sell sth. to sb/ sell sb sth 卖… 给某人 buy sth from sb. 从某人处买….

8. buy sth for sb. 为某人买某物

9. sell foods from different countries 卖不同国家的食物

10. in the playground=on the playground 在操场上

11. That’ll be fun!那会很有趣

12. What great fun it is to do sth.! 做什么事很有趣

13. ask sb. to help us/ ask sb for help 向某人求助

14. get ready for = be ready for 为…做准备

15. take part in = join in 参加(活动) join 加入组织、党派、兴趣小组、人群

16. around the world = all over the world 全世界

17. make a poster for sth. 为… 制作一个海报

18. Here is the money. 这是钱

Here is the change. 这是找头

19. I hope to hear from you soon.. 我希望尽快看到你的来信。

look forward to hearing from you soon 期待看到你的来信

20. at the international food festival 在国际食物节上

21. show me how to make raisin scones 教我怎么做提子烤饼

22. salt n盐 salty a. 咸的

mix v. 搅拌mixture n. 混合物

mix A, B, and C together 把A, B, C 搅拌在一起

add a little sugar and some raisins 加一点糖和葡萄干

23. firstly- secondly- next-then- after that- finally 第一,第二,接着-然后-这之后-最后

24. have an international food festival 举办一次国际食品节

Unit10

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 9

1. a surprise party一个惊喜聚会

be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇

be surprised to do sth. / do sth. in surprise惊奇地做某事

2. prepare for sth. 准备某事

plan a party筹备晚会 at the party在聚会上

3. Are you free? / Do you have time? 你有空吗?

free adj. 自由的freedom (u)n. 自由 have much freedom 有许多自由

4. look forward to sth.期待某物look forward to doing sth. 期待做某事

5. What a pity/shame! 多遗憾啊!

6. something else其他的事/东西

have something to do有事要做

7. It sounds great! 听起来很棒!

8. How are you? I’m fine, thanks. 你好吗?我很好,谢谢。

How do you do? How do you do? 你好。 你好。

9. play chess and play cards 下象棋和打牌

shop for the birthday party 为生日购物

have some chicken wings and spring rolls. 吃些鸡翅和春卷

would rather have some nuts/ soya milk 宁愿吃些坚果/ 豆奶

10. take some photographs.拍照。

11. decorate A with B 用B装饰A

decorate v. 装饰decoration n. 装饰品

12. have to do : must do 必须做

don’t have to do : needn’t do/don’t need to do 不必做

13. beat two eggs 打两个蛋

beat---beat---beaten 打

stir the mixture 搅拌混合物

sing a birthday song to sb.. (sing---sang---sung) 为某人唱一首生日歌

14. gave sb. presents/gifts 送某人礼物

wait for the cake to cool 等待蛋糕冷却

enjoy the party : have a good time at the party 享受派对

15. decide to do sth. 决定做某事

16. teach sb. to do sth. ( teach---taught---taught) 教某人做某事

17. on Saturday 在星期六

on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午

have got something to do 有事要做

18. What a pity!= What a shame! 多可惜

19. play computer games 玩电脑游戏

sing karaoke 唱卡拉OK

have a barbecue 烧烤

. play chess 下棋

watch DVDs 看DVD片子

bake a chocolate cake 烤一个巧克力蛋糕

chocolate powder 巧克力粉

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 10

some icing sugar 一些冰糖

20. wait for sb to do 等到某人做某事

21. I’d rather do 宁愿做…

I’d rather not do 宁愿不做…

22. ask sb to do sth 要求…做…

ask sb about sth . 问某人关于某事

23. Let’s have a birthday party for… shall we?

/What about doing sth… ?/Why not do sth….?

---That’s a good idea.

Unit11

1. do a project about food 做一个食物的课题

2. My favourite food is … = I like…best 我最喜欢的食物是…

3. talk about 谈论有关…. talk with/to sb. 与某人交谈

4. freeze- froze- frozen v. 使…结冰

5. frozen food 冰冻食品 freezing weather 结冰的天气

6. be going to be about…. 将关于…

7. a frozen food factory. 一家冰冻食品工厂

8. at a dairy 访奶制品工厂里

9. at a noodle factory 面条厂里

10. enjoy oneself at the party = have a good time at the party 在派对上玩得开心

11. bake v. 烘,烤baker n. 面包师傅 bakery n. 面包房

12. a Grade Seven student 一个七年级学生

13. It is convenient for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事方便

14. I look forward to hearing from you soon. 我期待你的来信

15. the skin and bones.鱼皮和鱼骨

16. keep them fresh for a long time.长时间保鲜。

17. get the frozen fish to the shops 把冷冻的鱼送到商店

18. refrigerate v. 冷藏 refrigerated adj. 冷藏的 refrigerator n. 冰箱

19. grow vegetables on a farm.在农场种植蔬菜。

20. cut sth. into small pieces 把…切成小块。

21. Sir Madam 先生 女士

22. sincere adj. -- sincerely adv. 真诚的 – 真诚地

二、语法知识

1.现在完成时态

现在完成时的构成:助动词have(has)+ 过去分词,

1.表示过去发生或完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果

I have just cleaned my clothes. 我刚洗过衣服(“洗衣服”是发生在过去的

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 11

动作,对现在造成的结果是“衣服干净了”)

2.表示过去已经开始, 持续到现在的动作或状态.常与since + 过去的时间点,for

+ 一段时间,so far 等时间状语连用。

I have learnt English for more than ten years.我已经学了10多年的英语。

(从10年前开始,持续到现在还在学)

She has swum since half an hour ago.我已经游泳了半个小时

(半个小时前已经开始游泳,到现在还在游)

现在完成时态的时间状语:already, never, ever, just,yet, before, up to now, so far, for the last few weeks,these days, since

for a long time等

3.短暂动词与一段时间连用

短暂性动词在肯定句、疑问句中不能与时间段连用,这些动词与延续性动词

的转换:

become --be, begin--have ,

borrow --keep, buy -- have,

come (go, arrive, get) --be here/there/in…,

die-- be dead, finish-- be over,

join--be in …(be a member of … )

leave-- be away ( from…),

但在否定句中,短暂性动词可以与时间段连用。

如:I haven’t bought the bike for a year.

我买这辆自行车还不到一年。

She hasn’t come here for an hour.

她来这儿还没有一个小时。

have been to 意思是“到过,去过”,表示曾经到过某处,但现在人不在那儿。

have gone to 意思是“去了”,表示已经去了某地,现在人可能在去的途中

或已在那儿了。

have been in 意思是“呆在某处一段时间了”

(练习):用have been/gone to have been in 填空

1. Mike and his parents __________ the north for half a year.

2. Mum is not at home now. she _________ the shop.

3. ______ you ever _____ to kunming ? Never.

4. Where _____ you ______ these days?

5. Has Jim arrived yet?

Yes, he _______ here for several days.

6. Where is Peter? I don’t know where he ________.

7. Hi Jim! Where _____ you _____ ? Li Lei is looking for you.

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 12

(小试牛刀)

1. The house is dirty. We _______ it for weeks.

A didn’t clean B hadn’t cleaned C don’t clean D haven’t cleaned

2. ---____the sports meeting might be put off.

---Yes, it all depends on the weather.

A I’ve been told B I’ve told C I’m told D I told

3. ---- I’m sorry to keep you waiting.

----Oh, not at all. I _____here only a few minutes.

A have been B had been C was D will be

4. You don’t need to describe her. I _______ her several times.

A. had met B have met C met D meet

5. -----Will you go to Beijing for vacation ?

-----I _______ to go , but I don’t know if I can go .

A was planning B have planned

C had been planning D have been planning

答案:have been in have gone to have been have been has been has gone have been

D B A B B

2一般将来时be going to /will

1)概念以及构成 表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,经常与表示将来的时间状语连用。

2)它的标志性时间状语 1.含tomorrow; next短语 2.in+段时间  3.how soon 4.by+将来时间 5祈使句句型中or/and sb. will do 6.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时 7.another day

3)如何比较be going to 与will的使用:

①be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。

e.g: He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day.

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 13

②be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。

e.gHe is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.

③be going to 含有“计划准备”的意思而 will 则没有这个意思

e.gShe is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour.

④在有条件从句的主句中不用 be going to, 而用will,

e.g: If any beasts come at you, I'll stay with you and help you

4)主将从现

定义:if 引导的条件状语从句,主句用将来时,从句用现在时态。If是连词所连接的句子叫条件状语从句。表示假设或条件,意思是“ 如果?的话” 。常见的主将从现连接词:ifas soon as, unless

e.g: I’ll go with you as soon as I finish my work.

①表示假设,表示将会发生和可能发生的事或进行提醒警告。

句子结构如下If +句子(一般现在时)+主句(主语will/may/can) +动词) a. If you finish your homework, you can go out and play.

b. If I have enough money next year, I will go to travel.

②表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 、民间谚语等句型是 If + 句子 (一般现在时) + 主句 ( 一般现在时).

e.g If you study hard, you are sure to succeed.

If a glass falls on the floor, it usually breaks

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 14

4)进行时态表将来 在英语中有一些词如go, come, arrive, leave等表示位

移的动词我们常用它的进行时态表示将来。

e.g: My mother __________ (come) to see me next Sunday. (is coming)

配套习题:

1. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

2. --- Don’t forget to ask him to write to me. --- I won’t. As soon as he

_______, I’ll ask him to write to you.

A. will come B. came C. comes D. is coming

3. Frank _______ to see his grandma if he _______ free tomorrow.

A. will come; will be B. comes; is C. will come; is D. comes; will be

4. There _______ robots in 100 years, I think.

A. will have B. is going to have C. be D. are going to be

5. There _______ a talk on science in our school next Monday. A. will give

B. will be C. is going to give D. is

6. — Will people live to be 300 years old? —_________.

A. No, they aren't B. No, they won’t C. No, they don't D. No, they can't

7. I will see you again _________.

A. a day B. every day C. one day D. everyday

8. --I don’t know if it ______ tomorrow. --The students will not go to the

Summer Palace if it ______ tomorrow.

A. rains; will rain B. rains; rains; C. will rain; will rain D. will rain,rains

答案:DCCDBBCD

三、祈使句

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 15

祈使句是表示请求、命令、劝告、祝愿或建议的句子。祈使句的主语为第二人称,一般省去不用。祈使句分为第二人称祈使句及第—、三人称祈使句两大类。 第二人称祈使句通常用来向听话者发出命令,提出要求或建议。这种祈使句的主语you通常不表示出来,而是以动词原形开头。如

Stand up! Don’t worry about!

但如果说话时有多人在场,就得把主语表示出来,或加呼语,以便指明是向谁提出请求或发出命令。如: Parents with children go the front! 带孩子的家长到前面去! Mary clean the windows,and you boys wash the floor! 玛丽擦窗户,你们男孩子洗地板! Come in,everybody! 每个人都进来!

有时将主语表示出来是为了加强语气或表示“不高兴”、“厌烦”、“鄙视”等情绪。如: Don’t you be late again! 你可别再迟到了! You get out of here! 你给我滚出去! Mind your own business,you! 你少管闲事

2.第一、三人称祈使句是以第一人称和第三人称代词或者名词等作为祈使的对象,这类祈使句通常以let为引导词表建议。如: Let’s go! Let us go home! Let him be here by 10 o’clock

祈使句除用谓语动词表示外,还可用名词、副词、动词短语等表示。如: Help! Patience!

二、祈使句的强调形式及否定形式 祈使句的强调形式是在整个结构之前加do。如: Do be careful! Do Stop talking! Do give my regards to your parents!务必/一定代我向你父母问好!

祈使句的否定形式是在整个结构之前加don’t或never。如: Don’t you be nervous!你不要紧张!

以let为引导词的祈使句的否定形式通常是在Let’s或Let us/me后加not。如: Let’s not waste our time arguing about it! 咱们别浪费时间争论这事了! Let’s not say anything about it! 这事咱们谁也别说!

但英式英语也用这样的表达:Don’t let’s say anything about it.

三、祈使句的反意疑问句 1.祈使句的反意疑问部分为肯定形式,要用shall,will。如: Pass me the book,will you? 2.Let’s表示第一人称的祈使句,反意疑问句为“Shall we?”。如: Let’s go for a walk,shall we? Let’s forget it,shall we? 3.Let me和Let us 表示第二人称的祈使句,反意疑问句为“will you?”。如: Let us go for a walk,will you? 4.其它行为动词引

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 16

起的祈使句,无论其陈述部分是否定还是肯定的祈使句,多用“will you?”,表一种客气的语气。如: Listen to me,will you? Don’t tell anyone about it,will you? 但在肯定的祈使句后有时也用“won’t you?”表“提醒对方注意”或表“邀请”。如: Have a cup of coffee,won’t you? Come in and take a seat,won’t you/will you

四、祈使句用于两个重要句型中 1.“祈使句+and+表结果的陈述句”用来叙述肯定的条件。

2.“祈使句+or+表结果的陈述句”用来叙述否定的条件,or表示“否则;要不然”。试比较:

Hurry up and you’ll catch the train. (=If you hurry up,you’ll catch the train.) Hurry up,or you’ll miss the train.(=If you don’t hurry up,you’ll miss the train)

(小试牛刀)

( )1.Her doctor said: ―________ work so hard‖

A Stop B Don’t C Can’t D No

( )2. Sindy , ________ to be here at 8 o’clock

A is sure B is sure that C will be sure D be sure

( )3.________ when you cross the road.

A Do care B Care C Do be careful D To be careful

( )4. ________him the secret, will you?

A Don’t tell B Not to tell C Not telling D No telling

( )5. ________ in bed. It’s bad for your eyes.

A Not to read B Don’t read C Don’t to read D Not read

( )6. ________ Your child. We’ll look after him.

A Not to worry about B Don’t worry about

C Not worry for D Don’t worry with

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 17

( )7.They are very tired. Why ________ have a rest?

A not they B not to they C don’t they D not to

( )8 --You look rather tired. ________ stopping to have a rest? -- All right.

A Why not B How about C Why not to Dwhy don’t

( ) 9 ______ tell a lie.

A Hardly B Not C No D Never

( )10.Please ________ look outside. Look at the blackboard.

A not B don’t C aren’t D can’t

答案:BDCABBCBDB

四、形容词、副词比较级最高级

1. 原级的用法: 用于两者之间对比,意思为―……和……相同‖

A+v.+as….+形容词原级+as B

Tom is as honest as Jack.

Her skin is as white as snow.

My dog is as old as that one.

He is not as (=so) tall as I.

2. 比较级的用法: 1)A+形容词比较级+than+ B

Susan is happier than Jane.

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 18

His brother is younger than me.

Beijing is more beautiful than Osaka.

形容词比较级前还可以用much, even, still, a little,far, a lot, a bit, much more来修饰。 Very, so, too, quite 不能修饰比较级。

2)数字+形容词比较级+than

I’m two years older than you.

She is a head taller than me.

3)比较级+and+比较级,表示“越来越??”

The earth is getting warmer and warmer.

China becomes more and more stronger.

4)the +比较级,the +比较级结构,表示“越??就越??”

The more I study it, the more I like it.

5)which/who +is +比较级

Which city is bigger, Beijing or Tianjin?

Who is happier, you or me?

3. 最高级用法: 用于三者及以上的人或事物的比较,最高级前加the,最高级前有物主代词,序数词和名词所有格时,不加定冠词,后面跟带in或of表范围的短语。

1)one of the +最高级

Shanghai is one of the most beautiful cities in China.

Our city is one of the safest cities in the world.

Most people like apples.

Most of the boys are good.

It is our nearest neighbor in space.

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 19

(三)副词比较级和最高级的用法:

1. 原级主要的句型:

1)as+副词原级+as Tom runs as fast as Jones.

not as/so+副词原级+as He didn’t come as/so early as Li Lei.

2)too+副词原级+to do sth. Jean rides too slowly to catch up with me.

3)so +副词原级+ that Jean rides so slowly that she can’t catch up with me.

4)副词原级+enough to do sth. Jean doesn’t ride fast enough to catch up with me

2. 比较级的用法:

1)比较级+than。当前后使用的动词相同时,通常用助动词来代替后面的动词,该动词或助动词可以省略。 Lily run faster than Mary(did).

2)比较级+and +比较级 The days are getting longer and longer in summer.

3)the more?the more? The harder you work, the better you will learn.

3. 最高级的用法: 副词最高级前一般有the,也可省略。 He works (the) hardest of all the students in the class

(小试牛刀)

1. The air in Beijing is getting much________ now than a few years ago.

A. clean B. cleaner C. cleanest D. the cleanest

2. — ________ is your grandpa, Emma?

—He’s watering the flowers in the garden.

A. When B. What C. Where D. How

3. Nowadays science fiction isn’t as________ as cartoons among teenagers.

A. popular B. more popular

C. less popular D. the most popular

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 20

4. We are glad to see that Shanghai is developing _______these years than ever before.

A. quickly B. less quickly C. more quickly D. the most quickly

5. The cheese cake tasted so______that the kids asked for more.

A. delicious B. well C. bad D. badly

6. She looks very ________ .

I think she needs to have a rest.

A. tired B. hard C. well D. hardly

7. — ________ do you play computer games?

—Once a week.

A. How soon B. How often C. How long D. How many

8. The population of Tianjin is_________than that of Shanghai.

A. larger B. less C. smaller D. fewer

9. It’s raining_______ .We have to stay at home instead of going fishing.

A. badly B. hardly C. heavily D. strongly

10. —Can you give a hand with this table? I want to move it.

—Sure. _______ are you going to put it?

A. Why B. How C. Where D. When

答案:BCACAABCCA

以 生 命 激 情 学 习 以 科 学 方 法 学 习 21

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com