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七年级英语上寒假第3讲

发布时间:2014-01-21 09:02:07  

第三讲( Module 3)

I.学习目标

1.复习Module 3 的重点单词、短语和句型

2.复习There be句型的用法及数词的复习。

II. 重点、难点分析

一、入门一测--根据汉语意思完成句子。

1. 桌上有一台电脑吗?

____ _______ a _______ on the desk?

2. 我们班有40个学生。

_______ ______ ______ students in our class.

3. 今年我13岁了。

I am ________ years old.

二、重点单词、词组讲解

1.there be句型中be动词的单复数问题

原文:There are thirty students in my class.在我的班里有30名学生。(教材P14)

There be 句型常用来表示某地有某物。当名词为可数名词单数或不可数名词时,be 动词用is;当名词是复数时,be动词用are。

如:There is some water in the bottle.瓶子里有一些水。

There are some flowers on the desk. 桌子上有一些花。

【考题链接】There _____a table with three legs in Jerry‘s room. A. is B. has C. have D. are 答案:A 解题思路:此句为there be 句型,a table 是单数,因此be 动词用单数形式,故选A。

【提分秘籍】There be 句型中be的单数形式遵循就近一致原则,即由与其最近的名词的形式决定。

2.——how many 引导的特殊疑问句:意为“多少”,对可数名词的“数量”进行提问。How many 后要跟可数名词的复数形式。

如:How many flowers are there in the park?公园里有多少花?

【考题链接】对划线部分提问

There are two hundred famous companies in Xingjiang from 19 provinces.

________ _________famous companies in Xingjiang are there from 19 provinces?

答案:How many 解题思路:本题考查如何对可数名词的数量进行提问。Companies是可数名词company的复数。

3. ——There be 句型的否定句和疑伺句

(1)There be 句型的否定句是在be 后面加not,即结构为:“There isn‘t/aren‘t +主语+地点状语”。isn‘t是is not的缩写,aren‘t 是are not的缩写。

(2)There be 句型的一般疑问句是将be动词提前,即结构为:“Is /Are there +主语+地点状语?” 1

【考题链接】—Are there any books in the library?

—Yes, ____ .

A. there are B. there aren‘t C. they are D. they aren‘t

答案:A 解题思路:本题考查there be 举行的一般疑问句的答语。由Yes可知是肯定答语。故答案为A。

【提分秘籍】

be动词提前即可

Yes,there is /are.

两种答语

There be 的一般疑问句 No,there isn‘t/aren‘t.

any

some

4. 方位介词:in the middle of 的用法

(1)in the middle of 是介词短语,表示方位,位于句首表示强调。

如:In the middle of the school is a playground. 在学校的中心有个大的操场。

(2)in the middle of 意为“在…..的中心;在…..的中央”

如:There is a boat in the middle of the river. 在河中间有一条小船。

【考题链接】There is a large square _____ the middle of the city .

A. for B. at C. on D. in

答案:D 解题思路:本题考查固定搭配。句意为:在这个城市的中心有一个大广场。in the middle of 意为“在…..的中心;在…..的中央”。故答案为D。

5. Where 引导的特殊疑问句的用法:表示“……在哪儿?”提问地点、方位等。

(1)询问来自何处。 如:Where are you from? I‘m from England.

(2)询问去何处。 如:Where are you going? I‘m going to the zoo.

(3)询问物品位置。 如:Where are my shoes? They are under the bed.

(4)询问某人位置。 如:Where is Tom? Look! He is in the tall tree.

注意:

⑴ 和不熟悉的英美人见面打招呼时,不能问Where are you going?因为这涉及到对方的隐私。否则,对方有可能说:“It‘s none of your business.这不关你的事。”

⑵ 在英语中,询问某人的地址在哪里,用What‘s your address?‖

⑶ 在回答人、某物所处的位置时,一定要准确使用表示方位的介词。如at, in ,on ,next to, near 等。

【考题链接】—_____ is your mother?

—She is in the kitchen.

A. Who are B. Who is C. Where is D. Where are

答案:C 解题思路:your mother是第三人称单数,因此be动词应该用is,由答语“She is in the kitchen.‖可知问句询问的是地点。故答案为C。

【提分秘籍】在考查特殊疑问句时,通常会设置一些情景对话,因此一定要注意上下文之间的提示。 很多时候我们可以根据提示直接得出答案。

6. “at+年龄”的结构:其中at表示“在…..岁时”。 “at+年龄”的结构和“at the age of +年龄”是同义表达。

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如:They go to school at 6. = They go to school at the age of 6. 他们6岁上学。

【考题链接】Lily started to learn to play the piano ______ the age of twelve.

A. for B. in C. on D. at

答案:D 解题思路:本题考查固定搭配。At the age of 意为“在….岁时”。故答案为D。

【提分秘籍】“at+年龄”的结构和“at the age of +年龄”结构都可以和when……years old进行同义转换。

三、重点知识点讲解

1.In Betty‘s school there are 46 students in a class.

在 Betty 的学校里一个班上有46个学生。

(1)In Betty‘s classroom是一个介词短语作状语,表示地点,位于句首。也可以将这个介词短语移至句末。

There are 46 students in a class in Betty‘s school.

(2)Betty‘s school Betty的学校

―‘s‖放在有些名词后面,表示所有关系,带有这种词尾的名词形式,被称为名词的所有格。 e.g. My sister‘s books 我妹妹的书 the teacher‘s office 老师的办公室

Tom‘s mother 汤姆的妈妈

※如果原词已有复数词尾-s,则仅仅加一个―‘‖。

e.g. the teachers‘ reading-room 教师阅览室 the students‘ desks 学生们的课桌

※名词所有格主要用于表示有生命的东西(特别是人或者是高级动物)的名词,但也可用于表示时间、国家、地市等方面的名词。

e.g. today‘s newspaper 今天的报纸 one of Wuhan‘s factories 武汉的一个工厂

2.Where‘s the library? 图书馆在哪儿?

询问―某物或某人在哪里?‖就要用到这个句型。Where‘s =Where is

回答这个问题就要用到表示地点的介词。在本单元出现了以下几个介词:

(1)in 在……里

e.g. There isn‘t a television in my classroom. 我们的教室里没有电视机。

There are some books in my desk. 我课桌里有几本书。

(2)behind在……背后

e.g. The cat is behind the door. 猫在门背后。

e.g. —Where is Jim? 吉姆在哪里? —He is behind the door. 在门后面。

(3)next to 靠近,挨着

e.g. The dining hall is next to the library. 餐厅在图书馆旁边。

The science lab is next to our classroom. 科学实验室挨着我们的教室。

(4)in front of 在……前边

e.g. There is a tree in front of our classroom. 我们的教室前面有一棵树。

Is the gym in front of the library? 体育馆是在图书馆前面吗?

※注意 in front of与in the front of的区别:

in front of在……(外面的)前边in the front of在……(里面的)前边

e.g. There is a new teacher‘s desk in the front of our classroom.

在我们教室的前面有一个新的讲台。

(5)on 在……上

e.g. Are there any computers on your desks? 你们的课桌上有计算机吗?

The cat is on the chair. 猫在椅子上。

3.形容词性的物主代词

在日常生活中我们会经常说到―……某人的……‖。当我们要表示―某人的什么东西‖这一概念时,就会用到形容词性的物主代词。形容词性的物主代词用作定语。英语中主要有以下这些形容词性的物主代词:

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e.g. This is my book. 这是我的书。

Is that your computer? 那是你的电脑吗?

His sister is 6. 他妹妹6

岁。

Her name is Mary. 她的名字叫玛丽。

This is my cat. Its name is Mimi. 这是我的猫。它的名字叫咪咪。

Our school is new. 我们的学校是新学校。

Are these your desks? 那些是你们的课桌吗?

Their classrooms are there. 他们的教室在那儿。

【EX1.】英汉互译

1. Betty 的妈妈 __________ 2. 我们的学校 ___________ 3. 在?.的前面 ___________

4. teachers’ desks _________ 5. Her name _______________ 6. behind ___________

四、易错易混辨析

1. in front of和in the front of

2.between和among

【EX.2】翻译句子:

1. 在我们的教室前面有一个新的讲台。

___________________________________

2. 在我家门前有一条河。

____________________________________

3.在床和桌子中间有一把椅子。

_____________________________________

4. 桌子上有一些书。我着到它们中间有一支铅笔。

______________________________________

五、语法精析:

㈠There be 句型

【用法】There are /is… 是一个表示某地有某物的句子结构。

There is 后接可数名词单数形式或不可数名词。

There are 后接可数名词的复数形式。

【肯定句】

E.g. There are two books on the desk. 桌子上有两本书。

There is a blackboard in our classroom. 我们的教室里有一块黑板。

There is some milk in the glass. 杯子里有一些牛奶。

【否定句】在动词be(are, is)后加not。

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E.g. There aren‘t (are not) any computers there.这里没有电脑。

There isn‘t (is not) a desk in the office.办公室里没有课桌。

【一般疑问句】将动词be (are或is)移至句首。

E.g. —Are there any boys in the classroom? 教室里有男生吗?

—Yes, there are. /No, there aren‘t. (不要写成there‘re not.)

【注意】当there be 后连接两个或两个以上主语时,动词be用就近原则:

E.g.There is a pen and two books on the desk.

There are two apples and an orange on the table.

㈡ 基数词和序数词

【定义】基数词用于表示数量多少,而序数词用于表示次序,常在日期中出现。

【区别】基数词前面没有―the‖;序数词前一定要有―the‖。

【基数词变化规律口诀】

基数一打先记清,13至19后加teen。(学习先从基数词开始,1到12为一打,每个单词各不同)

3、5、8尾有意见,十几,几十都要变,(three变thir-;five变fif;eight去t,表十几,几十统一全变) 表示几十加ty。二十、四十稍变脸。(从13起至19结尾都为teen,二十起到几十结尾是ty)

若要表达几十几,几十短横1到9。(如果要表示几十几,在几十后加短横后再添1到9,如twenty-one) One hundred一百记,若表几百几十几。(到了一百就是One hundred)

【基数词变序数词助记歌】

基变序,有规律,末尾加上th;一、二、三特殊记,八加h,九去e,ve要用f替;以y结尾变ie,后跟th莫忘记。若想表示几十几,前用基来后用序。

特殊:one — first, two — second, three — third, five — fifth, nine — ninth, twelve — twelfth,

forty — fortieth, eighty-nine — eighty-ninth

【EX.3】

1、请翻译下列短语。

(1)60名学生 (2)15本英语书 (3)4个孩子

(4)12月31 (5)6月2日 (6)第九周

(7)40年前 (8)11+7 (10)上学第一天

2、把下列基数词改成序数词。

one--- two--- three--- nine---

fourteen--- twenty--- thirty-five--- eighty-one

★III.开心驿站

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★IV.综合训练

一、补全对话

A: Hello, Tony! __________to our school.

B: Thanks.___________ school is very big.

A: Yes.__________ ___________ thirty-six classroom and six science_________.

B: __________ there __________ dining halls?

A: Yes, there are three dining halls.

B: How many students __________ ____________?

A: There are about three thousands(千)

B: _________ are the teacher‘s offices?

A: They‘re behind the classrooms.

二、根据句意和所给词首字母提示完成单词

1. T_________are some blackboards on the wall.

2. TV is short for t____________.

3. If you don‘t know the new word, you can look it up in the d_______________.

4. There are four l___________in the famous university, you can borrow all kinds of books from them.

5. There are many beautiful p__________.

6. –How old is your brother?

-He is s___________. He is a middle school student.

7. Jim sits n___________to me. We are in Row Three.

8. Kate is in front of me. Betty sits b___________me. I am in the middle of them two.

三、单项选择

( )1.There is ________―m‖ and__________ ―e‖ in the word ―me‖.

A .a, an B. an, an C. a, a D. an,

( )2. There _________ some money in the bag.

A. are B. am C. is D. be

( )3. There is a bird ________the tree.

A. on B. at C. up D. in

( )4. Is Mrs Brown _________her children in China?

A. and B. with C. or D. of

( )5. What _________in the boxes?

A. is B. can C. are D. things

( )6. The door is not_________. It‘s _________.

A. open, closed B. open, lock C. lock, open D. locked, opened

( )7.-Are there any flowers in the bag?

-No, ___________.

A. there is B. there are C. there isn‘t D. I don‘t think so

( )8. Can you ________the map? Let‘s _________it.

A. see, look B. look at, see C. see, look at D. look, see

( )9. There is a picture of ________ in her purse(钱包).

A. her B. hers C. her‘s D. my

( )10. There is a small window ________the wall.

A. in B. on C. under D. near

( )11. There aren‘t _________ books on the table. There is only one.

A. some B. any C. many D. much

( )12. - I can‘t find my bike. Do you know?

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-___________.

A. Sorry, I‘m not B. No, I don‘t C. Yes, I can D. No, I can‘t

( )13. We can‘t see_________. We think _________are in the tree.

A. it, they B. they, they C. them, they D. them, them

( )14. - Hello. 5326791.

- Hello! ________ Mr Green?

A. Is this B. Are you C. Is he D. Is that

( )15. There are some ________ near the river.

A. apple trees B. banana trees C. apple tree D. banana tree

四、完形填空:

Look ________the picture. It‘s a picture ________my room. I have a bird. ________name is Polly. I

look ______it every day, but ________not in the picture. You _________see it there. Can you see a cat?

It?s under my chair. The cat and the bird are in different rooms. They can‘t live in _________. My

books________ on my desk. My pens and pencils are in my bag. The bag_______ behind the door. My bed

is beside ________desk. In the morning, I put everying in good order(秩序)。

( )1. A. of B. at C. in D. on

( )2. A. at B. in C. on D. of

( )3. A. it‘s B. It‘s C. Its D. its‘

( )4. A. at B. after C. of D. on

( )5. A. It‘s B. it‘s C. Its‘ D. its‘

( )6. A. at B. can‘t C. aren‘t D. can

( )7. A. same room B. the same room C. the one room D. the same rooms

( )8. A. are B. is C. am D. see

( )9. A. look B. is C. am D. is

( )10. A. two B. new C. the D. a

五、阅读理解

(A)

Our school is very beautiful, but it is not very big. There are a lot of trees in it. I'm in Class One. The walls of our classroom are white. There's a blackboard on the front wall and six pictures on the back wall. Our classroom is very clean. There are forty students in our class. Wu Lin is our monitor(班长). We are all friends in class. We listen to the teacher carefully. We often play football after class. We study hard. I like English very much. My father and mother are both teachers. Sometimes they help me to study English.

根据短文内容判断正(T)误(F)

( ) 1. Our school is very beautiful and big.

( ) 2. In our school there are many trees.

( ) 3. There are six pictures and two blackboards on the back wall of our classroom.

( )4. There are fifty students in Class One.. He is eating.

(B)

Look at this big tree. In the tree there are some birds. How many birds are there? There are three. Oh, there

is a cat under the tree. Near the cat there is a big table. There are two cups and some books on the table.

There is a boy under the tree, too. Near the tree, there is a small river. There is a boat on the river. In the

boat, there is a little girl. She is young. Can you see? This is a very nice picture.

( )1. Where is the cat?

A. It is in the tree. B. It is near the tree. C. It is near the table. D. It is under the table

( )2. Where is the young girl?

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A. She is in the boat. B. She is near the table. C. She is under the tree. D. She is near the boat.

( )3. What‘s on the table?

A. Some books. B. Some books and a cat.

C. Two cups and some books. D. Some birds and some books.

( )4. What do you think the boy is most likely(最有可能) doing?

A. He is eating. B. He is reading. C. He is sleeping. D. He is crying.

六、句型转换

1. Eighty-three plus fifteen is ninety-eight.(对画线部分提问)

___________ eighty-three plus fifteen?

2.There aren‘t any old cars.(改为单数句)

There _________ ________ old cars.

3. My friends come from America.(对画线部分提问)

__________ __________ your friends come from?

4. They can‘t go there on time.(对画线部分提问)

_________ __________ they ____________ on time?

5. Is there a dictionary on the desk?(作肯定回答)

___________, __________ ___________.

6. The tall building is in the front of our office.(对画线部分提问)

___________ the tall building?

7. Jim comes from Canada. (对画线部分提问)

___________ ___________ Jim ________from?

8. Are there any computers in your classroom?(作否定回答)

__________, ___________ _________.

七、 书面表达

根据以下提示,以“My school ”为题写一篇60 词左右的短文。

提示:

1. 有800名学生,60位老师。

2. 有20个班级。

3. 有两栋教学楼。

4. 有一个图书馆、一个餐厅、两个科学实验室、一个体育场。

5. 我们很爱我们的学校。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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综合训练参考答案:

一、1. Welcome 2. Your 3. There 4. are 5. labs

6. Are 7. any 8. are 9. there 10. Where 二、1. There 2. television 3. dictionary 4. libraries 5. pictures

6. sixteen 7. next 8. behind

三、1-5 .BCD BC 6-10 A DCAA 11-15BBCDB

四、1-10 BDCBB BBABC

五、(A)1-4 FTFF (B)1-4 CACB

六、1. What‘s 2. isn‘t an 3. Where do

4. What can‘t, do 5. Yes, there is 6. Where‘s

7. Where does, come

七、略

8. No, there aren‘t 9

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