第十四讲（There be 与 have/has(got)）
I.学习目标：复习 There be 与 have/has(got)的用法 II.重难点：There be 与 have/has(got)的用法和区别 Ⅲ.知识链接： There be 与 have/has(got)的用法和区别 （一）Have 的用法： （1）Have 的意思为"有"，其单数三人称形式为 has. （2）句型转换 ①has：肯定句：He has a big dog. 否定句：He doesn't have(has not) a big dog. 一般疑问句：Does he have a big dog?(前面用了 does 后面就用 have 的原形） Yes,he does./No,he doesn't. ②have:肯定句：They have a big dog.(have 用于除第三人称单数之外的其他情况） 否定句：They don't(have not) a big dog. 一般疑问句：Do they have a big dog? Yes,they do./No,they don't. 总结： A.在只含有 have 的句子中，变否定句在 have 前加 don't，其余不变。变疑问句在句首加 Do，其余不 变。 B.在只含有 has 的句子中，变否定句在 has 前加 doesn't,has 变成 have。变疑问句在句首加 Does, has 变成 have。 (二)Have/has got 的用法： （1）定义 Have/Has got 句型:它表示某物归某人所有，是一种所属关系,主语为人，只有"拥有"的意 思。转换：have got=have has got=has （2）Have/Has got 句型的转换 A．否定句：在 Have 或 Has 后加 not, 缩写为 Haven't 或 Hasn't. 如：I have got three sisters. → I haven't got three sisters. He has got a bike. → He hasn't got a bike. B．一般疑问句：把 Have 或 Has 提前到句首 如：I have got three sisters. → Have you got three sisters? Yes,I have./No,I haven't. He has got a bike. → Has he got a bike? Yes, he has./No, he hasn't. 复习：have 的用法及否定句、一般疑问句的变法。 ① have 的意思是：________，它的单数形式是：_______。have 是_______词。 例如：我有许多好朋友。_____ _____ many good friends.他有许多好朋友。_____ _____ many good friends. ② 把下列两道题改为否定句： 1．I have many good friends：_____________________________ 总结：have 的句子改为否定句__________________________________________________ 2．He has a dog：_________________________ 总结：has 的句子改为否定句要_____________________________________ 同样的道理：请将下列两道题改为一般疑问句： I have many good friends：_____________________________ 总结：______________________________________
He has a dog：_________________________ 总结：________________________________________________________ 答案：略 练习： 一、用 have 的正确形式填空： 1、He_____two brothers. 2、I_____a beautiful picture. 3、Betty_____ a lovely dog. 4、They_____some friends here. 二、请将下列的句子改为否定句和一般疑问句。 1-3 题改为否定句： 1．He has two brothers. _______________________________________________ 2．I have a beautiful picture. ___________________________________________________ 3．Betty has some friends here
. ___________________________________________________ 4-6 题改为一般疑问句： 4．They have a good teacher. _________________________________肯定回答：_________________ 5．I have some cards. __________________________________________ 否定回答：____________________ 6．Tony has a sister. __________________________________________ 否定回答：____________________ 三、请用所给词的适当形式填空。 1．I _________ （have）a brother，but I_________ （not have）a sister. 2．He _________ （have）a beautiful pen. _________ you_________（have）a pen？ 3．Lingling _________ （have）an English dictionary. 4．_________ Tony_________（have）a car？ have got 的用法及否定句、一般疑问句的变法。 ① have got 表示_________________________________ 例：我有一只猫。I have got a cat. have got 的第三人称单数形式是：____________________________ ② have got 可以缩写为：_______________ 例如：I have got a cat = ________________________ has got 可以缩写为：_______________ 例如：He has got a cat = ________________________ 练习:请用 has got 或 have got 填空。 1I a bike. 2He a bike. 3You a bike. 4Your sister a bike. 5We some books. 6Our teacher some books. ③ 通过刚刚的复习，我们可以知道：have 和 has 的否定句是借助助动词 或 ， 一般疑问句是借助助动词 或 ， 并提到 。 但是 have got 和 has got 的 否定形式和一般疑问句怎么变呢？ have got has got （三）there be 句型用法 （1）there be 句型基本认识 1．定义：There be 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。 2．结构：
(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. (2) There are +复数名词+地点状语. 注意事项： there 是引导词，在句中不充当任何成分，翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人或某 物，谓语动词 be 要与主语（某人或某物）的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时，谓语 动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。 如：①There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。 ②There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们教室里有一位老师和许多学生。 ③There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩，一个女孩。 （2）there be 句型的常考点 考点一：各种句型转化。 1：变成否定：There be 句型的否定式的构成和含有 be 动词的其它句型一样，在 be 后加上 not 或 no 即可。注意 not 和 no 的不同：not 是副词，no 为形容词，not a/an/any + n. 相当于 no+ n.。 如：There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall. There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree. 2：变成一般疑问句：There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首，再在句尾加上问号 即可
。但同时要注意：当肯定句中有 some 时，要将其改为 any（否定变化也一样） 。 如：There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars? There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water? 3：特殊疑问句 对主语提问：当主语是人的时候，则用 who 引导，当主语是物的时候，则用 what 引导。注意： 无论原句的主语是单数还是复数，对之提问时一般都用 be 的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来 决定)。 如：There are many things over there. →What's over there? There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room? 对地点状语提问：则用 where 引导。 如：There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer? There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children? 对数量提问：般有两种句型结构： ①How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语？ ②How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语？ 考点二：there be 句型的时态。 be 可以有现在时 （there is/are） 过去时(there was/were)、 、 将来时(there is/are going to be 或 there will be)和完成时(there have/has been)；还可用 there must be ,there can't be, there used to be 等。 如：---There ______ a concert this evening. ---Yeah. Exciting news! A. are going to be B. is going to be C. is going to have D. will have 答案：B 考点三：there be 句型反意疑问句的构成：be (not) there? 如：There is some milk in the bottle, ____ ? A．isn't there B．aren't there C．isn't it D．are there 答案：A 考点四：there be 句型的主谓一致：There be 结构中的 be 动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就 近原则。
如：1.There ___ any rice in the bowl. A. are B. is C. isn't D. aren't 2.There ___ many apples on the tree last year. A. have been B. were C. are D. is 答案：CB 考点五：there be 句型用的其他动词：there be 句型中有时不用动词 be ，而用 come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be , happen to be ,等。 如：There ____ a knife and a fork on the table. (2007 黄冈) A. seems to be B. seem to be C. is seeming to be D. are 剖析： 根据就近原则， 首先排除 B、 而 there be 句型中有时不用动词 be ， D， 而用 come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be 等，所以答案应从 A、C 中选。感官动词一般不用进行时，故 C 也不正确。 注意事项：there be 句型与 have 句型的区别 (1) There be 句型和 have 都表示"有"的含义。区别如下：There be 表示"某处存在某物或某人"；have 表示"某人拥有某物/某人"，它表示所有、拥有关系。 如：He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。 There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。 (2)当 have 表示"包括"、"存在"的含义时，There be 句型与其可互换。 如：A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。 练习： 一、用 have got 的句型翻译： 1、我
有一个姐姐。 2、我没有一个姐姐。 3、你有一个姐姐吗？ 4、他有一些卡片。 5、他没有卡片。 二、请把下列句子改为否定句和一般疑问句： 1、I have got some books. 2、She has got some books. I got books. She got books. --you got books? she got books? ---No,I . Yes,she . 3、I have got some fish. 4、He has got a dog. 变为否定句： 变为否定句： 变一般疑问句： 变一般疑问句： 答案：一.1.I have got a sister 2.I haven’t got any sisters. 3.Have you got any sisters 4 He has got some cards 5.He hasn’t got any cards. 二．略 总结 have、has 与 have got、has got 的变成否定句和一般疑问句的区别： ①have、has 变否定句要借助助动词 或 ； have got、has got 变成否定句则是在 和 的后面加 ，即： ， ②have、has 变成一般疑问句是要借助助动词 或 提到句首，并且 要还原成 。 have got、has got 变成一般疑问句是直接把 或 提到句首，后面照写。 注意：改成否定句和一般疑问句时要把 some 改为 any，改为一般疑问句时如果出现第一人称 I 则要改为第二人称 you.
综合训练： I. 将下列句子变成否定句和一般疑问句。 1.There is some water in the bottle. 2.There are many apples in the box. II. 对句子划线部分提问。 3.There are seven days in a week. 4.There are lots of books in our library. 5.There is a knife over there. 6.There is a little milk in the glass. Ⅲ 单项填空。 . ( )8.There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table . A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much ( )10.How many ___ are there in the room ? A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper ( )11.Do you know if ___ a meeting next Sunday ? A. there was going to have B. there was going to be C. is there going to be D. there will be ( )12.－ Is this the last exam we have to take ? － No, but there ____ another test three months later from now. A. will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been ( )13.There ______ great changes in such kind of computers in the last few years. A. is B. are C. will be D. have been ( )14.There _____ a film tomorrow evening． A．will have B．have C．is going to be D．has ( )15.There ________ a football match on TV this evening. A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have ( )16.There ____ a school at the foot of the hill. A．have B．stand C．are D．stands ( )17.There's going to ____ in tomorrow's newspapers. A. have something new B. have new something C. be something new D. be new something ( )19.How many boys ____ there in Class one? A. be B. is C. are D. am ( )20.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper. A. is B. are C. was D. were ( )21.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk. A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some ( )22.There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them. A. are B. is C. has D. have ( )23. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street? A．
Is there B．Are there C．Has D．Have ( )24. There ____ great changes in our country since 1982.
A. have been B. were C. has been D. are )25. There is little water in the glass, ____ ? A. isn't there B. isn't it C. is it D. is there ( )26. ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there? ---- ____. A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is ( )27.----What did you see in the basket then ? ----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges. A. is B. are C. was D. were ( )28. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street ? A. Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have ( )29. ____ is there on the table? A. How many apples B. How much bread C. How much breads ( )30. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me? A. any B. some C. a D. an ( )31. How many ____ are there in your classroom? A. desks B. desk C. chair D. door ( )32. There ____ something wrong with our classroom. A. are B. has C. is D. have ( )33. There is some ____ on the table. A. apple B. orange C. cake D. sandwich Ⅳ .汉译英。 34.房子前面有一辆小汽车。 ( 35.今晚不开会。 36.我能为你做点什么吗？ 37.山脚下有一棵大树。 38.你们班有多少学生？ 39.桌子上放着什么？ 40.你丢的那个钱包里有多少钱？
D. How many food
参考答案 1.There is not any water in the bottle. Is there any water in the bottle? 2.There are not many apples in the box. Are there many apples in the box? 3.How many days are there in a week.? 4.How many books are there in your library? 5.What's (there) over there. 6.How much milk is there in the glass? Ⅲ 7-11 CDBBD . 12-16 CDCBD 17-21 CACAA 22-26 BBADB 27-31 CBBAA 32-33 CB Ⅳ 34) There is a car in front of the house. . 35) There is not going to be a meeting tonight. 36) Is there anything I can do for you ? 37) There stands a tall tree at the foot of the mountain . 38) How many students are there in your class? 39) What's on the table ? 40) How much money is there in the purse you have lost ?