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9AUnit3知识点梳理

发布时间:2014-01-24 10:58:53  

9A Unit3主要知识点梳理

一、重点词汇及句型讲解

1. drive sb. mad 把某人逼疯 drive-drove-driven mad-madder-maddest

2. I don?t know 我不知道如何去处理它。

▲deal with的意思是“处理(问题、任务等)”,常与疑问词how连用。如:

你知道该怎样缓解压力吗? Do you know how to deal with stress?

▲do with 也可表示“对付”“处理”的意思。常与疑问词what连用,如:

那位年轻妈妈不知道如何对待她的宝宝。

The young mother doesn?t know what to do with her baby.

▲我不知如何处理这件事。I don?t know = I don?t know

3. I often stay up late to complete the exercises ,and then I feel tired the next day.

我经常熬夜熬得很晚才能完成习题,于是第二天我就感到很累。

stay up late 熬夜 stay out late 呆在外面很晚

4.

我想拒绝做这么多的作业,但往往我都只好接受。

▲拒绝做某事 refuse to do sth.

▲accept表示主观上“接受,接纳”;receive表示客观上“收到,受到”与主观愿望无关。如: 昨天我接到去参加聚会的邀请,但我拒绝接受。 5. I hardly have any spare time for my hobbies such as…

▲ hardly 副词 “几乎不”是一个否定词,与hard完全不同,也不相关。

他几乎没时间出国,是吗? He hardly has time to go abroad,does he ?

▲hard 形容词或副词,“困难的,努力地”

努力学习study hard 一道难题 a hard question

5. achieve 及物动词 “获得,得到, 达到”,常指需通过努力和勇气而达成。

You should achieve a balance between study and play.你应在学习和爱好之间获得平衡。

6. get的不同用法。

▲get=receive 意为“得到,收到” 如:

努力吧,你就会得高分。 Study hard, and you will get high marks.

▲get=become 意为“变得” 如:

听到那孩子的话,老师生气了。 After hearing the boy?s words, the teacher got very angry. ▲get=have 意为“有,患有(病)” 如:

最近我头疼得厉害。 I?ve got a bad headache these days.

▲get=arrive意为“到达” 如:

昨晚我很晚才到家。 I got home late last night.

▲get构成一系列短语,有不同的含义,有时可以用另一动词代替

get on 上车 get off 下车 get on/along with…进行某事;与…相处

get down下来;取下来 get back回来(=come back=return)

get a cold 伤风,感冒(=catch a cold)

get a letter from sb.收到某人来信(=receive a letter from sb.=hear from sb.)

get a bus乘汽车(=take a bus) get high marks 获得高分 我真的不理解他们为什么如此严格。 1

▲be strict with sb. “对某人要求严格”; ▲be strict in sth. “对某事要求严格”

e.g. 他父亲对他要求严格,尤其对他的学习方面。

His father is strict with him, especially in his study.

8. reply 与answer

▲reply 后有宾语时须加 to ,而answer 后面可直接跟宾语;answer 可表示对电话、敲门等作出的“应答”,reply 则不能。

请接一下电话好吗? Would you please answer the telephone?

他还没回我上一封电邮。 He has not replied to my last e-mail yet.

她答复说她很乐意接受我们的邀请。

She replied that she was happy to accept our invitation. 他们对我会很有价值。 be of great importance = be very important be of great help=be very helpful

10. I have plenty of friends plenty of =a lot of 充足的,大量的

11. I don?t have any 我没有亲密的朋友好交谈。

close 此处的意思是“亲密的”;还可表示距离,意为“靠近的;接近的”,常与to 连用。 这个车站离我们家最近。This station is our nearest one from our home.

12.Can you offer me some suggestions?你能给我提供一些建议吗?

▲offer sb. sth.=offer sth.to sb.强调动作的“主动意愿”;

▲provide sth. for sb.=provide sb. with sth. 强调客观的“供应;供给”

13. 你能建议我如何才能在功课和兴趣爱好之间获得平衡吗?

▲advise 动词,表示“建议、劝告”,advise sb. to do sth.(建议某人做某事);而advice为不可数名词,give sb. some advice “给某人一些建议”

谢谢你有价值的建议。Thanks for your valuable advice.

他建议我不要再玩电脑游戏了。 He advised me not to play computer games any longer.

▲suggestion 与advice都可作“建议”解释, advice是不可数名词,只能用a piece of , a bit of ,some 等修饰

你能给我个建议吗?Can you give me a piece of advice?=Can you give me a suggestion? 你应该采纳他关于如何学好英语的建议。

You should take his advice/suggestions on how to learn English well.

14. I hope you think that my advice is worth taking.我希望你认为我的建议值得采纳。

worth是形容词,意为 “值得”,可以作表语或后置定语;

sth be (well) worth doing 表示“……(很)值得做”,这里doing为主动形式,被动含义。 我的汽车值3000美元。My car is worth $3000.

这本书很值得一看。This book is well worth reading.

15. Don?t give up your hobby but do not forget about your family, either.不要放弃你的爱好,但是也不要忘记你的家庭。

“也”:also(肯定句,句中), too(肯定句,句末), as well(肯定句,句末), either(否定句) 你喜欢购物,我也一样。 You like shopping and I like it, too/as well.= You like shopping and I also like it.= You like shopping and so do I.

你不认路,我也不。 You don?t know the way and I don?t know it, either.

二、语法讲解

(一) 不定式to do sth.

2

1. 不定式做主语时,能换成it做形式主语的句型,原主语不定式后置。 2. 不定式可做宾语,用在某些动词( want , prepare ,decide , choose , hope… )后面 。 他保证再也不迟到了。 He promised not to be late again.

希望收到你的来信。 I hope to hear from you.

3.不定式可做表语。

她的理想是当个大舞蹈家。 Her dream is to be an excellent dancer.

游戏的目的是帮我们了解世界。 The goal of the game is to help us to learn about the world.

4. 不定式可做宾语补足语。常用动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:allow, tell, advise… 我父母不许我晚上6点后出去。 My parents don?t allow me to go out after 6 p.m.

▲有些动词不定式在某些动词(如:make , let ,have ,see , hear , notice , help等。)后做宾语补语时,to可以省去,但是在被动语态中要加 ?to?。

老板逼我们整天干活。 The boss made us work all day. =We were made to work all day by the boss.

5. 不定式可做定语。

没必要麻烦他。 There is no need to trouble him.

6. 不定式可做状语。

他回到家发现房子着火了。 He returned home to find his house on fire.

7. 除掉why以外的疑问词,加上不定式放在某些动词后做宾语。

我不知道接下来该怎么办。 I don?t know what to do next. = I don?t know what I should do next. 他们无法决定何时离开。 They couldn?t decide when to leave.

(二)句子种类

1. 感叹句由what 和how引导,what强调名词,how强调形容词,副词。

我们去公园划船多有趣啊! What great fun we had going boating in the park!

他英语说得多好啊! How well he speaks English!

2. 反意疑问句是在一个肯定或否定陈述句的后面 ,加上一个省略的否定或肯定的一般 疑问句 ,回答时要注意yes、no要与后面句中谓语肯定或否定相一致。

他们昨晚没看球赛是吗? 不,看了/是的,没看

They didn?t watch the football game last night, did they ? Yes, they did. / No, they didn?t.

3

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