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题库七年级英语(上)-unit2

发布时间:2014-01-24 10:58:56  

七年级英语(上) Unit2 This is my sister.

教材知识点解析

1.介绍他人

1) This / That is...这/那位是......

2) These / Those are...这/那些是......

例:This is my friend Jane. 这(位)是我的朋友简。

These are my brothers. 这些是我的兄弟。

练习:(用is/am/are填空) Those my parents. 那些是我的父母。

拓展:this,that和it用法

(1)距离说话人近的人或物用this, 距离说话人远的人或物用that。如:

This is a flower. 这是一朵花。(近处)

That is a tree. 那是一棵树。(远处)

(2)打电话时,介绍自己用this, 询问对方用that。如:

—Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是格林小姐吗?

—Yes, this is. Who?s that? 是的,我是,你是谁?

注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…,

Are you…?/Who are you?

2.询问人物:--Who’s she ? This/She is my sister.

例:Who are they?----They?re my parents.

练习:--Who?s he ?

A.She?s B.He?s C.It?s D.They?re

拓展:Who 后面用is 还是are ,要根据后面的主语的单复数来决定,主语为

单数则用is,复数则用are.

如:The girl is my sister./These girls are my sisters.

3.确认人物/事物:Is he / Guo Peng your brother? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.

他 / 郭鹏是你的哥哥吗? 是的,他是。 / 不,他不是。

例:-Are those your sisters?

-Yes,they are.

练习:----Is she your sister ?

---- 拓展:一般疑问句,把is和are 放在句首来构成。

Eg: Is this your pen?------Yes,it is .

Are the apples red?------Yes,they are.

4.There be句型

There be句型主要用以表达“某处(某时)有某人(某物)。”其基本结构为“There

be+某物(某人)+某地(某时)”其中there是引导词,没有词义;主语是be

后面的名词, be是谓语动词,在一般现在时中be只用is和are两种形式。

例:There is a book on the desk.一本书在椅子上。

练习:There are my ?

A.parent B.grandparent

C.sister D.friends

拓展:如果“be”后的主语是由and连接的两个或两个以上的名词,那么be的形式要遵循“远亲不如近邻”的原则。也就是说,“be”的形式是由与它最近的那个名词来确定的。若那个名词是单数或不可数名词要用is,是复数就用are。如:

①There is a book and some pens on the floor.

②There are some pens and a book on the floor.

5.以here 引导的倒装句:Here are two nice photos of my family.这是两张好看的我们全家的照片。

此倒装句,指让对方看一个眼前或手头的东西,也可用于表示给对方一个东西。这个这里的“here”不能和别的词替换。

例:Here is a photo of his friends.

练习:(翻译)一张中国地图

6.语法:可数名词单数变复数:

可数名词单数变复数的规则如下:

1) 一般情况在词尾加-s ,清辅音后读/s/,浊辅音和元音后读/z/。

如:book----books /buks/ desk---desks /desks/ bag----bags /b?gz/

game----games /geimz/ key----keys /ki:z/

2) 以s, x, sh, ch,等结尾的词加-es,读/iz/. 如:bus----buses /b?siz/ box----boxes /b?ksiz/ fish----fishes /?fi?iz/ watch----watches /?w?t?iz/

3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i,再加-es。读/z/。如:family----families

baby----babies party----parties strawberry----strawberries

4) 以f或fe结尾的词

①变f或fe为ves。读/vz/。该类词有:knife刀,life生命,wife妻子,self

自己,leaf叶 子,thief贼,half一半,wolf狼,等等。

②直接加-s的有:roof房顶,belief信念,chief首领,gulf海湾,proof证据 ③两种都可以的有:handkerchief手绢----handkerchiefs / handkerchieves

5) 以o结尾的词

①以“辅音字母+o”结尾的词,有生命的加-es,如:potato----potatoes,tomato----tomatoes, hero英雄----heroes;无生命的加-s,如: photo----photos, kilo----kilos, piano----pianos

②以“元音字母+o” 结尾的词,加-s,如:radio----radios, zoo----zoos

6)常见的不规则变化有:

man--men男人 woman--women 女人 a man teacher- two men teachers foot--feet脚

tooth-- teeth牙齿 mouse--mice老鼠 child--children孩子 deer---deer 鹿 sheep--sheep绵羊

Russian---Russians俄国人 German---Germans德国人

American--- Americans美国人

Chinese--- Chinese中国人 Japanese--- Japanese日本人 Swiss--- Swiss瑞士人

Unit 2 重点词组

1.Jenny?s family 詹妮的家庭

2.A picture of my family 我的全家照

3.My grandfather 我的爷爷/祖父

4.The name of my dog 我的狗的名字

5.In the next photo 在下一张照片里

6.Family tree 家谱

夯实基础

一.单项填空

1. Tom! _____ my parents.

A. This is B. That is C. It is D. These are

2. ----____is Alice?

---She is my cousin.

A. Who B. What C.what color

3. Are those your brothers? —________

A. Yes , those are B. No, those aren?t

C. No, these aren?t D.Yes, they are

4. Is that your friend? —_____

A. Yes, it?s B. Yes, it isn?t C. Yes, it is D. Yes, he is

5. They _______good friends.

A.are B.is C.am D.be

6.. Boys and girls, today is Sunday(星期天). Have a goodtime.

—________

A. Thank you! You, too. B. We won?t be happy.

C. Yes D. No, you don?t say it.

7.. Look! This is a______ of my friend. She used to(过去常常)have short hair(短发).

A.photo B.name C.set D.aunt

8.. _______your books.

A. Here are B. Here is C. Are here D. Is here

二.按要求进行句型转换

1. This is my friend. (变为复数句)

2. Is that your baseball? (变为复数句)

3. These computers are new. (变为单数句)

_____

4. Are those dictionaries here? (变为单数句)

5. It?s my backpack. (变为复数句)

6. These are his grandparents.(变为一般疑问句) _______________________________

7. Those are photos. (就画线部分提问)

8. Are these school things? (作否定回答)

9. The woman teacher is at school. (变为复数句)

10. This is a girl student.(变为复数句)

_______________

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