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2014新版8年下英语知识点

发布时间:2014-01-24 12:52:08  

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

话题:Talk about health and first aid 知识索引: Section A

1. too much, much too, too many 2. enough

3. have a sore throat 4. go along

5. see sb do sth, see sb doing sth 6. on the side of the road 7. stop to do , stop doing 8. get off, get on 9. happen to do

10. expect sb to do sth 11. wait for

12. to one’s surprise, in surprise 13. agree to do sth, agree with sb 14. thanks to, thanks for 15. in time, on time

16. it is +adj+that+句子、句型 17. think about, think of, think over

18. what’s the matter?= what’s wrong?=what’s the trouble?=what’s up? 短语归纳:

1. have a cold感冒 2. too much太多

3. drink enough water喝足够的水 4. have a sore throat喉咙痛 5. feel very hot感觉很热 6. have a fever发烧 7. have a headache头痛

8. take one’s temperature量体温 9. on the weekend在周末

10. play computer games玩电脑游戏

11. take breaks away from 从……离开去休息 12. lie down and rest躺下休息 13. on the side of the road在路边 14. next to挨着

15. shout for help呼救 16. get off 下车

17. have a heart problem有心脏病 18. go to a doctor看医生 19. wait for等候

20. to one’s surprise使……吃惊 21. thanks to sb多亏了某人 22. in time及时

19. hurt oneself 20. lie down Section B

1. be interested in sth= have an interest in

2. be used to do sth, be used to doing sth, used to do sth

3. lose one’s life

4. because of, because

5. free, set …free, …for free 6. run out of 7. save one’s life 8. cut off

9. bandage sth

10. so that, so …that 11. lose blood

12. tell of讲诉,告诉 13. make good decisions

14. be in control of ,be in the control of 15. keep on doing sth

23. think about考虑 24. save a life救命 25. right away马上 26. get to到达

27. get into trouble制造麻烦,陷入困境 28. have a stomachache胃痛 29. hurt oneself上到自己 30. have a sore back背部疼痛 31. have a toothache牙痛 32. see a dentist 看牙医 33. get an X-ray照X光片

34. put some medicine on the cut把一些药放在伤口上

35. get some sleep/rest得到一些睡眠、休息 36. play soccer踢足球 37. fall down摔倒 38. put on穿上

39. rest for a few days休息几天 40. feel sick生病、恶心

41. cut one’s knee弄伤某人的膝盖 42. have a nosebleed流鼻血 43. get hit on the head击中头部

44. put one’s head back把某人的头向后仰 58. be ready to do something准备做某事

45. mountain climbing 爬山 59. cut off切除

46. have problem breathing有呼吸问题 60. lose blood失血

47. get hit by a ball被球击中 61. climb down爬下去

48. get sunburned晒伤 62. get out of离开,从……出来,摆脱

49. be interested in对……有兴趣 63. tell of 述说,讲诉

50. be used to doing sth习惯于做…… 64. make good decisions做正确的决定

51. take risks毛线 65. be in control of 控制,掌管

52. lose one’s life丧命 66. keep on doing继续做

53. because of由于 67. have a serious accident有一个严重的事故

54. in a very dangerous situation处于一个危险68. go mountain climbing去爬山

的境地 69. free oneself解脱

55. on that day在那一天 70. mind doing sth介意做某事

56. by oneself自己 71. know of知道,听说

57. run out of用完 72. have a sore leg腿疼

句型:

1. ---What’s the matter? ---I have a stomachache.

2. ---What’s the matter with Ben? ---He hurt himself. He has a sore back.

3. ---Dose he have a toothache? ---Yes, he does.

4. ---What should she do? ---She should take her temperature.

语法:

1. 反身代词

mself ourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves

用法:做宾语、主语或宾语的同位语、表语

2. 情态动词should

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