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英语阅读练习Passage 39

发布时间:2014-01-25 09:56:14  

Passage 39

One day, a poor boy who was trying to pay his way through school by selling goods from door to door found that he had only had one dime (一角钱硬币) left. He was hungry so he decided to ___1___ for a meal at the next house.

However, he lost his nerve when a lovely young woman opened the door. ___2___ a meal, he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked ___3___ so she brought him a large glass of milk, After drinking it, the boy asked, “How much do I owe (欠) you?”

“You don’t owe me ___4___,” she ___5___. “Mother has taught me never to accept pay for a ___6___.” He said, “Then I thank you from the bottom of my heart.” As Howard Kelly left that house, he not only felt stronger ___7____, but it also increased his faith (信仰) in God and human race. He was about to give up before that.

Years later the young woman became critically ill. The local doctors finally sent her to the big city, where specialists can be called in to study her rare disease. Dr. Howard Kelly, now famous, was called in for the consultation (会诊). When he heard the name of the town she came from, a strange light ___8___ his eyes. Immediately, he went down through the hospital hall into her room.

Dressing in his doctor’s gown (制服) he went in to see her, and ___9___ her at once. He went back to the consultation room and ___10___ his mind to do his best to save her life. From that day on, he gave special attention to her case.

After a long struggle, the battle was won. Dr. Kelly requested the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval (确认). He looked at it and then wrote something on the other side. The bill was sent to her room. She was afraid to open it because she was quite sure that it would take the rest of her life to pay it ___11___. Finally she looked, and the note on the side of the bill caught her attention. She read these words…

“Paid in full with a glass of milk.”

(Signed) Dr. Howard Kelly

Tears of joy ___12___ her eyes as she prayed silently. “Thank you, God. Your love has spread through human hearts and hands.

1. A. call B. make C. beg D. prepare

2. A. As well as B. instead of C. Thanks to D. With the help of

3. A. thirsty B. sleepy C. tired D. hungry

4. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

5. A. asked B. recorded C. replied D. wished

6. A. help B. kindness C. hand D. value

7. A. physically B. mentally C. commonly D. greatly

8. A. fixed B. shone C. filled D. appeared

9. A. recognized B. knew C. saw D. found

10. A. set up B. took up C. made up D. put up

11. A. to B. on C. for D. off

12. A. arrived B. went C. dropped D. flooded

Passage 40

I was fifteen months old, a happy carefree kid until the day I fell. It was a bad fall. I landed on a glass rabbit which ___1___ my eye badly enough to blind it and left a big ___2___ scar in the middle of my eye. My frightening, sightless and cloudy eye lived on with me. And as I grew, this sightless eye in so many ways controlled me.

I walked with my face looking at the ___3___ so people would not see the ugly me. Yet Mama would say to me, at every turn, “Hold your head up high and face the world. If you hold your head up high, it will be okay, and people will see your ___4___ heart.” She continued the words ___5___ I wanted to hide.

Those words have meant different things to me over the years. As a teenager, even though I always looked down to ___6___ my shame, I found that sometimes when I held my head up high and let people ___7___ me, they liked me. My mama’s words helped me begin to ___8___ that by letting people look at my face, I let them see the kindness and beauty ___9___ both eyes even if they couldn’t see it on the surface.

When I met the man who became my husband later, we looked each other ___10___ in the eye, and he told me I was beautiful inside and out. He meant it. My mama’s love and ___11___ were the spark that gave me the confidence to deal with many difficulties in life. I had faced hard situations, met my problems head on, and learned not only to respect myself but to have deep compassion for ___12___.

“Hold your head up high,” has been heard many times in my home. Each of my children has felt its invitation. The gift my mama gave me lives on in another generation.

1. A. cut B. hit C. pushed D. touched

2. A. old B. long C. light D. ugly

3. A. sky B. front C. floor D. people

4. A. honest B. beautiful C. lonely D. joyful

5. A. whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. whichever

6. A. protect B. hide C. avoid D. prevent

7. A. miss B. remember C. watch D. know

8. A. realize B. notice C. feel D. understand

9. A. of B. behind C. beside D. for

10. A. straight B. hard C. proudly D. kindly

11. A. excitement B. decision C. encouragement D. pride

12. A. anyone B. everyone C. another D. others

Passage 41

On that day, in the hospital, I asked the doctor if he could test Jim again. The doctor ___1___ so. To my sadness, it was the same score.

Later that evening, I told Frank the ___2___ news. After talking it over, we agreed that our ___3___ was much better than an IQ test. We thought that Jim’s score must have been a ___4___ and we should treat him as usual.

We moved to Indiana in 1962, and Jim studied at Concordia High School in the same year. He got good grades in the school, especially in biology and chemistry.

Jim entered Indiana University in 1965 as a pre-medical student. Soon after that, his teacher ___5___ him to take more courses. In 1968, he was ___6___ by the School of Medicine, Yale University.

In graduation day in 1972, Frank and I went to the ceremony at Yale. After the ceremony, we told Jim about the ___7___ IQ score he got when he was six. Since that day, he sometimes looked at us and said with a smile, “My dear mom and dad ___8___ told me that I couldn’t be a doctor. They didn’t tell me until I graduated from medical school!” It is his special way of ___9___ us for the faith we had in him.

A few days later, Jim ___10___ another IQ test. We went to the same hospital. He had received the test there eighteen years before. This time he scored 126, an increase of 36 points. The result seemed to be impossible!

Children often do as well as their parents or teachers ___11___ of them. That is, tell a child he is “___12___”, and he may play the role of a foolish child.

1. A. thought B. refused C. did D. worried

2. A. bad B. good C. lucky D. strange

3. A. friend B. son C. doctor D. student

4. A. hope B. joke C. magic D. mistake

5. A. ordered B. encouraged C. argued D. sent

6. A. accepted B. remembered C. asked D. required

7. A. high B. same C. low D. different

8. A. sometimes B. ever C. often D. never

9. A. telling B. asking C. thanking D. showing

10. A. looked for B. revised for C. waited for D. asked for

11. A. expect B. hear C. learn D. speak

12. A. clever B. shy C. friendly D. stupid

Passage 42

It was the district sports meet. My foot still hadn’t cured from an earlier injury. I had wondered whether or not I should attend the meet. But there I was ___1___ for the 3000-meter race.

“Ready…set…” The gun popped and we were off. The other girls rushed in front of me. I felt ___2___ as I fell farther and farther behind.

“Hooray!” shouted the crowd. It was the loudest ___3___ I had ever heard at the meet. The first-place runner was two laps ahead of me when she crossed the finish line.

“Maybe I should ___4___,” I thought as I moved on. ___5___, I decided to keep going. During the last two laps, I ran in pain and decided not to __6___ track next year. It wouldn’t be worth it, ___7___ my foot did cure.

When I finished, I heard a cheer --- ___8___ than the one I’d heard earlier. I turned around and ___9___ enough, the boys were preparing for their race. “They must be cheering for the boys.”

I was leaving ___10___ several girls came up to me. “Wow, you have got courage!” One of them told me.

“Courage? I just ___11___ a race!” I thought.

“I would have given up on the first lap,” said another girl. “We were cheering for you. Did you hear us?”

Suddenly I regained ___12___. I decided to attend track again next year. I realized strength and courage aren’t always measured in medals and winnings, but in the fighting we overcome. The strongest people are not always the people who win, but the people who don’t give up when they lose.

1. A. late B. eager C. ready D. thirsty

2. A. ashamed B. excited C. frightened D. pleased

3. A. cheer B. shout C. cry D. noise

4. A. slow down B. drop out C. go on D. speed up

5. A. So B. Otherwise C. Besides D. However

6. A. play B. arrive C. race D. attend

7. A. even if B. only if C. unless D. until

8. A. weaker B. longer C. lower D. louder

9. A. well B. sure C. surprisingly D. strangely

10. A. while B. when C. as D. since

11. A. finished B. won C. passed D. lost

12. A. cheer B. hope C. interest D. experience

Passage 43

It all started a year before when my daughter Suzanne and I were shopping in Sydney. In the window of a sports shop I noticed a photo of a group of young people climbing the rock ___1___ in a canyon. “That’s what I’m going to do next ___2___,” I said. Suzanne laughed. “Sure, Mum! Don’t forget you’re 65 years old!”

I didn’t feel I was that age! I ___3___ a club and trained weekly. Each day I felt my physical energy ___4___ and, along with it, my confidence. Then Suzanne pointed out, “It’s good, but how can you clear away the ___5___ of height?” “I’ve got it all worked out,” I replied bravely. “We’re going to the indoor climbing centre.”

While I was going up the high wall, I was afraid to look down as if a terrible animal was after me. Some time later, as I reached the ground, I sat down ___6___ on the floor. Later that night, as I lay in bed, I encouraged myself, “You had climbed the wall! You will certainly make it!”

We set off with our packages to the Grand Canyon. When we reached it, I found the canyon was a huge black hole --- far ___7___ than I had imagined. As the guide clipped me onto the rope, my heart ___8___ double-time and I wondered why I had got myself into this. Time lost all meaning ___9___ I pushed my body forward. Only the strong rope kept me from ___10___ hope. I began to think it would never end when everyone had stopped. “This is as far as we go, and we can climb out after a few steps,” the guide said finally. Two and a half hours later, we returned to the car park at last. I began to shake, one hard step after another.

Getting onto the bus, I ___11___ into the seat I had left so confidently a lifetime before. Then, while I was in the seat catching my breath, a feeling of great happiness spread ___12___ me. I had done it, at 66 years of age.

1. A. side B. top C. face D. back

2. A. week B. month C. season D. year

3. A. joined B. found C. got D. visited

4. A. appear B. change C. rise D. increase

5. A. sense B. idea C. fear D. worry

6. A. quickly B. quietly C. suddenly D. heavily

7. A. higher B. deeper C. longer D. lower

8. A. hit B. beat C. jumped D. knocked

9. A. as B. since C. before D. after

10. A. dropping B. forgetting C. losing D. missing

11. A. climbed B. fell C. stepped D. sat

12. A. through B. around C. from D. along

Passage 44

I would often watch the kids as they played during breaks. She seemed so small as she ___1___ her way through the crowd of boys on the playground. A sea of children, and yet to me, she ___2___ from them all.

I remember the first day I saw her playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she ran circles around the other kids. She managed to ___3___ jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her but no one could.

I began to ___4___ her, basketball in had, playing alone. She would practice shooting over and over again. One day I asked her why she practiced so much. She said, “I want to go to college. The only way I can go is that I get a scholarship (奖学金). I like basketball. ___5___ I am good enough, I will get a scholarship. I’m going to play college basketball. Daddy often says to me that if the dream is big enough, the facts don’t count.”

I watched her through those junior high years and into high school. One day in her senior year, I saw her sitting in the grass, head in her arms. I walked across the street and sat down beside her.

___6___ I asked what was wrong. “Oh, nothing. I’m just too ___7___. The coach told me that at 5.5 feet, I would probably never get to play for a top-ranked team --- much less given a scholarship --- so I should stop dreaming about college.”

She was heartbroken and I felt my own throat tighten (喉咙发紧) as I sensed that she was very ___8___. I asked her if he had talked to her father about it yet. She lifted her head and told me that her father said those coaches just didn’t understand the ___9___ of a dream. He said if she really wanted to play for a good college, and wanted a scholarship, ___10___ could stop her except one thing --- her own attitude. He told her again, “If the dream is big enough, the facts don’t count.”

The next year, as her ___11___ went to the Northern California Championship game, she was seen by a college recruiter (招聘人员). She was ___12___ a scholarship. She got the college education she had dreamed of.

It’s true that if the dream is big enough, the facts don’t count.

1. A. pulled B. drew C. pushed D. ran

2. A. ran out B. stayed away C. stood out D. jumped away

3. A. put B. throw C. get D. shoot

4. A. notice B. know C. study D. hear

5. A. Because B. As C. If D. While

6. A. Quietly B. Quickly C. Suddenly D. Surprisingly

7. A. weak B. short C. heavy D. tall

8. A. anxious B. excited C. angry D. disappointed

9. A. aim B. fact C. right D. power

10. A. everything B. nothing C. something D. anything

11. A. team B. school C. group D. college

12. A. afforded B. offered C. donated D. lent

Passage 45

Learning experiences happen to us in our lives. Not long ago, I had one that I would like to share.

I was going to Marblehead with my sailboat team. The team was racing down the high-way at ___1___ we realized we were hungry. Luckily, we saw a rest area ahead. I had a brand-new $20 bill. I was so ___2___ because I had never had that kind of cash before. By spending it on food seemed like throwing it away. We all rushed into the pizza line. ___3___ I got a pizza and a drink, and walked to my table. About halfway through the meal, I ___4___I had not handed any money to the cashier (收银员). I had just walked out, and ___5___ had noticed. I felt terrible.

My conscience (良心) opened its mouth and swallowed (吞) me in one big bite. I couldn’t ___6___ over it. I just couldn’t go back to the cashier and pay for my stolen pizza. I was so upset (不安的) that I ___7___ to give myself the pleasure of an ice cream for ___8___ that someone would say, “Hey, Jeff, why don’t you use the change from the pizza instead of that nice, new $20 bill?” I was not so ___9___ of my cash now.

For the next two years, whenever the “pizza thing” came into my mind, I would say to myself, “Don’t think about it…”

I have learnt two things from this ___10___. Maybe I was a fool giving in to my conscience, and being too stupid to have a free pizza. But the real lesson is that even if you get away from what you have done, your conscience will ___11___ you.

This goes with the saying, “A coward (懦夫) dies a thousand deaths, a hero dies one.” I was a coward and have felt terrible ___12___ that at least a thousand times. If I had been a “hero” and gone back to pay for the pizza, I would have felt a little uncomfortable about it only once, or maybe twice.

1. A. before B. while C. after D. when

2. A. excited B. satisfied C. interested D. relaxed

3. A. Immediately B. Luckily C. Finally D. Easily

4. A. noticed B. thought C. knew D. realized

5. A. nobody B. somebody C. a teammate D. the cashier

6. A. look B. get C. turn D. think

7. A. wanted B. hoped C. refused D. meant

8. A. hope B. surprise C. anger D. fear

9. A. sure B. pleased C. proud D. upset

10. A. experience B. story C. thing D. mistake

11. A. get to B. catch up with C. go away from D. fall behind

12. A. of B. for C. with D. at

Passage 46

It seems school children all over the world complain about their school food. Cherie Blair, the wife of Prime Minister Tony Blair, said that she would prepare a packed lunch for her son if school dinners do not improve. So what do students of your age eat for lunch at school?


High schools have canteens, which serve everything from noodles to rice, but not burgers and chips. Other children bring food from home such as cold rice balls, meat or fish, pickles and vegetables.

Students take home a menu for the coming month containing notes on nutrition(营养) value. Twice a year parents are invited to have a taste of the food. The class with the fewest leftovers(剩饭) at the end of the month receives a prize.

The United States

A typical menu from a US school is made up of a hamburger with fried potatoes or roast chicken, lettuce and pickles, fruit and cookies. School lunches must also provide at least one-third of the daily dietary allowances(定量) of protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, calcium , and calories(卡路里).


Meat pies, sausage rolls and hotdogs are all traditional dishes in Australian school shops. But as the nation pays more attention to children’s health, healthier foods have started to find their way onto school menus.

Many schools have used a traffic light system. The sale of red-labelled foods, including pastries, chocolate and soft drinks, is served only twice a week. Healthier green-labelled foods such as sushi, sandwiches, corn and watermelon, however, are served every day.

In some schools, students have a choice of up to 89 foods to choose from, including popcorn and rice.

South Africa

Most of South Africa’s schools do not serve meals at all. Classes end at 1:30 p.m. and students get their own lunches. Many students bring food from home, usually sandwiches.

Fast food and fried food sell the best among students, which has led to a rise in obesity among children. But as more people began to realize the fact that being too fat may cause different diseases, some schools in towns have led the way towards better nutrition. Now students at these schools are provided with lunches of porridge with vegetables, such as cabbages, onions, beans, carrots and tomatoes.

1. What does the underlined word “obesity” in the last paragraph probably mean?

A. Allowances. B. Sadness. C. Nutrition. D. Overweight.

2. We can infer from the passage that ________.

A. a typical menu from a US school is made up of enough nutrition

B. most students in South Africa eat their lunches at home

C. many schools in Australia have traffic lights outside their schools

D. you can have whatever you like in school canteens in Japan

3. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Food served in the US is the best of all.

B. Schools should try to satisfy the needs of students.

C. Schools serve different foods from country to country.

D. School children all over the world dislike their school food.

4. Who is the article meant for?

A. School lunch suppliers. B. Headmasters. C. Students.

D. Nutritionists.

Passage 47

Jeanne Calment took up skating at age 85, made her first movie appearance at age 114, and held a concert in the neighborhood on her 121st birthday.

When it comes to long life, Jeanne Calment is the world’s recordholder. She lived to the ripe old age of 122. So is 122 the upper limit(限制)to the human life span(寿命)? If scientists come up with some sort of pill or diet that would slow aging, could we possibly make it to 150—or beyond?

Researchers don’t entirely agree on the answers. “Calment lived to 122, so it wouldn’t surprise me if someone alive today reaches 130 or 135,” says Jerry Shay at the University of Texas.

Steve Austad at the University of Texas agrees. “People can live longer than we think,” he says. “Experts used to say that humans couldn’t live past 110. When Calment blew past that age, they raised the number to 120. So why can’t we go higher?”

The trouble with guessing how old people can live to be is that it’ s all just guessing. “Anyone can make up a number,” says Rich Miller at the University of Michigan. “Usually the scientist who picks the highest number gets his name in Time magazine.”

Won’t new anti-aging techniques keep us alive for centuries? Any cure, says Miller, for aging would probably keep most of us living until about 120. Researchers are working on treatments that make the life span of mice longer by 50 percent at most. So, if the average (平均) human life span is about 80 years, says Miller, “adding another 50 percent would get you to 120.”

So what can we learn from this little disagreement among the researchers?That life span is flexible(有弹性的), but there is a limit, says George Martin of the University of Washington. “We can get flies to live 50 percent longer,” he says. “But a fly’s never going to live 150 years.” Of course, if you became a new species(物种), one that ages at a slower speed, that would be a different story, he adds.

Does Martin really believe that humans could evolve(进化)their way to longer life? “It’s pretty cool to think about.” He says with a smile.

1. What does the story of Jeanne Calment prove to us?

A. People can live to 122. B. Old people are creative.

C. Women are sporty at 85. D. Women live longer than men.

2. According to Steve Austad at the University of Texas, ________.

A. the average human life span could be 110 B. scientists cannot find ways to slow aging

C. few people can expect to live to over 150 D. experts aren’t sure how long one can live

3. Who thinks that a scientist will become famous if he makes the wildest guess at longevity?

A. Jerry Shay. B. Steve Austad. C. Rich Miller. D. George Martin.

4. What can we infer from the last three paragraphs? ________

A. Most of us could be good at sports even at 120.

B. The average human life span cannot be doubled.

C. Scientists believe mice are aging at a slower speed than before.

D. New techniques could be used to change flies into a new species.

Passage 48

What are emotions? As far as we know, human beings have always had emotions. Poets write about them, singers sing about them, and lovers and friends talk about them. We know that we can “control” emotions, “express” emotions and “feel” emotions. Is it possible that we can smell emotions? Are we able, like some animals, to smell fear?

Sometimes you can see what emotions a person is feeling. When people are happy, they smile; when they are sad, they might cry; when they are angry, their faces might turn red; when they are feeling shy, they might sweat(出汗). These are all physical reactions(反应), so can we say that emotions are physical reactions to something in our lives?

The problem is that emotions don't always include physical reactions that we can see. Some people are good at hiding their emotions, and different people can have different physical reactions to the same emotion. Some people's faces, for example, go white when they are angry and some people's faces turn red. Some people go quiet when they are angry and some people shout.

Sometimes there is a physical reaction that we can't see. For example, a person might be nervous and feel sick inside, but other people might not be able to see that. We might be able to see or smell emotions, but we can't touch them. Can we describe them? In one way we can describe emotions. Everybody has some idea what “happy” and “sad” mean. But in another way it is difficult to describe emotions. Is the way you “love” your pet, your family, your friend, or your husband and wife the same? I always think it is strange in English that we often write “love” at the bottom of a Christmas card or a letter to a relative we hardly know or hardly ever see. We might write “love” at the bottom of a letter to someone of the opposite sex(性别) who is just a friend, but we wouldn't write “love” at the bottom of a letter to somebody of the same sex even if we know that friend much better.

Some people say that emotions are just a chemical reaction, but I don't want to believe that. I don't know what they are, but life would be boring without them.

1. According to the passage, because you can “express” emotions, ________.

A. your face might turn red when you feel shy. B. you might know it when you're in danger.

C. you might smile when you're happy. D. you are good at hiding your emotions.

2. Which reaction is NOT mentioned when people are angry?

A. Their faces turn white or red. B. They don't seem to like to talk to others.

C. They often talk to people in a loud voice. D. They write to their friends or relatives.

3. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Emotions only include physical reactions.

B. We can hardly see a person's feelings from his face.

C. We might smell or see emotions, but we can't touch them.

D. We write “love” at the bottom of the letter to our closest friends.

4. In the writer's opinion, what is “emotion”?

A. It's hard to say what it is. B. It is just a chemical reaction.

C. It's a physical reaction to something in our lives.

D. It can be controlled, felt, expressed and known easily.

Passage 49

According to a survey(调查) by CIF, there's room for improvement all over Britain. Cleaning our home, love or hate it, is one job you have to work on. But that is not to say everyone spends the same amount(量) of time or effort on making their places tidy. A new survey by CIF—experts on making cleaning jobs easier—shows that when it comes to washing windows or cleaning the oven(炉), where you live in the UK may show how much effort you put into the job.


25% of men have never cleaned the toilet, but those in Wales are the worst. Nearly four in ten Welsh men said they never cleaned anywhere in the house. Hate cleaning the shower head? You are not alone—a quarter of a million British people say the same. 20% of Scottish people regard window-cleaning as their most hated job.


36% of people in the southeast say cleaning the cooker is their hated task. 68% of those in the northeast spend more than six hours a week cleaning their homes, especially the kitchen. In sharp contrast(强烈的对比) to that, 49% of Welsh people put their hands up to cleaning for under an hour.


18% believe cleaning starts here: that's the percentage of women who clean wearing their dressing gowns(a kind of clothes). 51% of women in the northwest may be staying in bed and giving their husbands a cuddle(拥抱)as a “thank you” for helping them clean. In other places, there are far fewer helpful men.


32% of women in the northeast turn up the CD player to help make the cleaning more fun. Almost six in ten women agree, however, that cleaning is seriously energetic exercise.

★★★★ SHIFT (除掉) THE DIRT WITH CIF! ! ! ! ★★★★

It's no secret that the right cleaning products will cut cleaning time and effort in half and no one knows that better than CIF. For all your cleaning needs, here are some of CIF's top tips:

·Stop a lot of build-up on your shower head. Give it a quick squirt(喷) with CIF bathroom spray(喷剂) once a week.

·Stainless steel(不锈钢) tools seem to need endless cleaning. The CIF Wild Orchid Oxy-Gel lifts dirt easily and leaves the kitchen smelling fresh and clean.

·Cooking outside? CIF cream will get your barbecue (烧烤) completely clean, ready for those long, lazy summer evenings. Perfect!

1. The main purpose of this passage is to ________.

A. tell us the results of a certain survey

B. advertise a certain cleaning product

C. show us which is the hardest job at home

D. advise men to do more cleaning housework

2. From the survey we can know that people in different parts of Britain ________.

A. have different ways to do housework

B. like to do different kinds of housework

C. have so many different kinds of tools on house cleaning

D. spend different amounts of time and effort on house cleaning

3. According to the survey, ________ spend the most time cleaning their homes.

A. people in Wales B. people in the northwest

C. people in the southeast D. people in the northeast

4. CIF in the passage probably refers to ________.

A. an organization doing research on housework

B. some experts who give advice on doing housework

C. a company providing advice and products on cleaning

D. a TV show about providing cleaning products

Passage 50

Imagine that you are the first person ever to see Hawaii. What would be the first thing you would set foot on?

The beach, naturally. There are hundreds of miles of beaches on the twenty islands of Hawaii. These islands cover 1,600 miles and are about 2,300 miles west of California. Most of them are covered with fine white sand. They are thought to be among the finest beaches in the world. Another wonderful thing about the beaches of Hawaii is the water temperature. The year-round average(平均) temperature of the water at the famous Waikiki Beach is 23℃!

The same is true of air temperature. In fact, there are no real seasons in Hawaii. There is a difference of only two or three degrees between the hottest day of summer and the coldest day of winter. That's why the Hawaiians don't have a word for weather in their language.

Perhaps the nicest thing about Hawaiian beaches are the waves. The earliest settlers(定居者) in Hawaii, the Polynesians, quickly learned how much fun it was to ride the waves. They developed a sport which is now very popular on the islands called body surfing. You go out into the ocean, wait for a big wave to come towards you, jump on it, and ride it all the way to the beach.

Now imagine once again that you are the first person ever to set foot in Hawaii. What do you think would be the second beautiful thing you would notice?

Would it be those strange triangles(三角形状物) rising out of the water hundreds and hundreds of meters high? What are those beautiful things? They are volcanoes(火山), of course. These volcanoes are not just a part of the islands. They made the islands at first. Because of them the islands are still growing.

The most famous volcano on Hawaii is Mauna Loa. It is the world's most active volcano. It has been erupting(喷发) for thousands of years. Even when it isn't erupting, smoke comes out of the earth from a thousand little holes.

In 1950 Mauna Loa erupted for twenty-three days. That erupting produced the greatest amount of lava(熔岩) in modern history. In 1960 it erupted again. That time it added a kilometer of beach to the island. Because Mauna Loa has erupted so often, it has become the biggest (but not the tallest)mountain in the world.

These volcanoes could be dangerous to the population of Hawaii. In fact, Hilo, the second largest city in Hawaii, is built just under Manna Loa. The volcano could erupt at any time. Most people believe that it will erupt sometime in the next twenty-five years. But the people of Hilo do not seem worried. They live with the danger as part of their lives.

1. According to the passage, what are the two most beautiful things in Hawaii?

A. Waves and cities. B. Beaches and language.

C. Volcanoes and beaches. D. Volcanoes and people.

2. Which is NOT the reason why the Hawaiians don't have a word for weather in their language?

A. There are no real seasons in Hawaii.

B. The temperature of the water at one of the beaches is always 23℃.

C. The Hawaiians feel almost the same in the hottest day and coldest day.

D. There is not much difference in air temperature all the year round in Hawaii.

3. What should be the meaning of “body surfing”?

A. Riding waves. B. Body-building. C. Sea bathing. D. Jumping into the sea.

4. It can be inferred that ________ according to the passage.

A. volcanoes are more active because the area of the island is enlarging

B. the visitors to Hawaii can probably see more than one active volcano

C. Mauna Loa is the tallest mountain in the world because it has erupted so often

D. people in Hilo are sure that more visitors will come because of volcanoes

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