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1.25英语讲义

发布时间:2014-01-25 10:58:02  

一、Unit 11 What time do you go to school? get up 起床 get home到达家中 get to work到达工作岗位 make breakfast做早饭

make a shower schedule 做一个洗澡的安排 practice guitar 练吉它 leave home 离家

take a shower = have a shower 洗淋浴澡 take the Number 17 bus to the Hotel 乘17路公共汽车去旅馆 go to class 上课 go to school 上学

go to work 上班(反义词 go home) have breakfast/dinner/lunch 吃早、晚、午饭 go to bed 睡觉(反义词get up) 二、英语时间的表达

put on 穿衣服(反义词take off) do one’s homework 做家庭作业 tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事 know about sth. 知道某方面的情况 love to do = like to do 喜欢干某事 listen to the early morning news on radio 听电台早间新闻

watch the early morning news on TV 看电视早间新闻

around six o’clock 六点左右 in the morning 在早上 in the afternoon 在下午 in the evening 在晚上 listen to 听…

(1)整点时间可表示为“钟点数+o’clock”或直接读钟点数,省去o’clock。如: It’s ten o’clock a. m. 现在是上午十点整。

(2)非整点时间可直接采取读数法。(3)非整点时间的分钟数不超过30分钟,也可用介词“past”。 (4)非整点时间的分钟数超过30分钟,用介词to。此句话还有几种表达方式。如:What is the time? 几点了? What time is it by your watch? 你的手表几点了? 2. what time与when

what time翻译为“几点”问的是具体的时间,一般回答要具体到小时。What time do you go to school? I go to school at half past seven o’clock. 我七点半去上学。

回答具体到点钟,且注意在几点前边的介词用at。

when也是对时间的提问,但与what time的区别是:用when提问,回答既可以是具体的时间,也可以是不具体的时间,如:in the morning,last year,in 1998等范围大的时间,例如:When does he take a shower?他什么时候洗澡? He takes a shower in the morning. 也可用具体时间: I take a shower at 6 o’clock in the morning. 7. listen to, hear和sound

△listen to意为“注意听”,表示有意识地去听,但不一定听得见什么,强调听的动作。(listen不及物,listen to及物)如: They are listening to the teacher. 他们在听老师说。

△hear意为“听见”,表示耳朵里听到了,但不一定有意识地听,强调听的结果。如 I’m sorry to hear that. 听到那个消息我很难过。△sound意为“听起来,听上去”,可作连系动词,后接形容词作表语,还可以和like连用。例如:The music sounds sweet. 这音乐听起来悦耳。 8. To get to work, he takes the number 17 bus to the Saite Hotel. 为了赶去上班,他要乘坐去赛特宾馆的17路公共汽车。 (1)to get to work 是动词不定式作目的状语。 (2)take a bus 表示“乘坐公共汽车”。如: 9. Thanks for your letter. 谢谢你的来信。

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Thanks for… 谢谢……,其后接名词,或相当于名词的词。如:

Thanks for your help. 多谢你的帮忙。

Thanks for coming to see me. 谢谢来看我。

10. I usually get up at around six fifteen. 我通常在大约六点一刻时起床。 around 表示“大约”的意思 。 around 还可表示“在周围,在附近”,“朝……四处”。 如:There are around 100 people in the hall. 大厅里大约有一百人。 She looks around the room. 她环顾一下室内。

11. School starts at nine o’clock. 九点钟学校开始上课。 start动词,一般用词组begin to do表示“开始”的意思,相当于begin。开始做某事如:What time does the party start? 聚会几点开始?It starts to rain (raining). 开始下雨了。He usually starts studying at eight at home. 他在家通常8点开始学习。

三、常用句型

1)询问职业、身份What is your father? He is a doctor. 2)询问姓名、关系Who is that boy? He is my brother

3)询问相貌特征What is she like?=What does she look like? 4)询问目的What did they come here for?

She is beautiful. To attend a meeting.

5)询问原因 6)询问天气

Why did they come here? How is the weather today?

Because they have a meeting to attend. = What is the weather like today?

7)询问颜色 8)询问尺寸

What dolor is her skirt? What size does he wear?

It’s red. He wars 40.

9)询问钟点 10)询问星期

What time is it? What day is it today?

It’s 7:30. It’s Tuesday.

11)询问几号 12)询问年龄

What is the date today? How old is he?

It’s May 2. He is 38.

13)询问多久 14)询问长度

How long have you been here? How long is the bridge?

For five months. It’s 500 metres.

15)询问距离 16)询问频度

How far is it from here to the zoo? How often do you come back?xk.Com]

It’s 6 kilometres. Once a week.

17)询问多快 18)询问数量

How soon will she arrive? How many jackets do you have? In an week. How much coffee do you want?

19)询问价格 20)询问高度 How much is it? How tall is she?

How much does it cost? How high is the tower?

四、感叹句

感 叹 句

感叹句是用来表示说话人喜悦、愤怒、哀伤、惊奇等强烈感情及情绪的句子。感叹句由感叹词what和how引导,句末用感叹号。

一、

what引导的感叹句 2 / 4

1、 What + a/an + adj.(形容词)+ 可数名词单数+主语+谓语! 例如:

What an easy question it is! What a fine day it is today! What an interesting book it is!

2、 What + adj.(形容词)+ 可数名词复数+主语+谓语! 例如:

What beautiful flowers they are! What good students they are! What nice pictures they are!

3、 What + adj.(形容词)+不可数名词+主语+谓语! 例如:

What bad weather it is today! What fun it is! What beautiful music it is! What delicious food it is!

二、 how引导的感叹句

1、How + adj.(形容词)+主语+谓语(系动词)… ! 例如:

How happy your father is! How poor the beggar was! How cold it is today!

2、How + adv.(副词)+主语+谓语(实义动词)… ! 例如:

How well she draws!How quickly our country is developing!How fast he is running!

3、How +主语+谓语! 例如:

How I wanted to see you!How she loves her child!How I miss you!

4、 How + adj.(形容词)+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语(系动词/实义动词)… !

How good an example she has set for us! 她为我们树立了多好的榜样啊!

How beautiful a lake it is! 多漂亮的湖啊!

How foolish a man he is! 他是个多么愚蠢的人啊!

5、感叹句除了由上述的what, how引导之外,也可以用单词、短语或句子加感叹号“!”构成。 例如:

Wonderful! The book is so interesting!

6、what感叹句和how感叹句有时可以互换。 例如:

This is a nice dog. 其感叹句由两种形式:What a nice dog this is! How nice this dog is!

【注 意】

(1) What在感叹句中作定语,用于修饰名词,名词前可有形容词或冠词;

How在感叹句中作状语,用于修饰形容词、副词、动词或句子。 例如:What a foolish boy he is!

= How foolish a boy he is!

(2) 感叹句中的主语、谓语通常可以省略。 例如:What a nice girl ( she is ) !How handsome ( he is ) !

(3) What感叹句中可数名词单数前一般为不定冠词a/an,而不用the。转换成how感叹句是,该名词前一般

用定冠词the,以表示特指。 例如:What a big fish it is! = How big the fish is!

What dear meat it is! = How dear the meat is!

(4) 感叹句中all不能放在句尾。 例如:What happy young people ( they all are ) != How happy the young

people all are!

感叹句答案答案:1-5 AAAAA 6-10 ADCBC 11-15 AAABB 16-20 ACCDA 21-25ADBDA26-32 BCCAC AD Unit 12 My favorite subject is science.

1.What's your favorite subject?你最喜欢什么科目? favorite adj.特别喜爱的,如:

a favorite song 一首喜爱的歌,his favorite daughter 他最疼爱的女儿,my favorite lesson 我最喜欢的功课。 注:favorite与like汉语均有“喜爱”的意思,但他们的词性不同,在句子中所处的位置也不同。试比较: He likes playing football very much.他非常喜欢踢足球。(like在主语后作谓语) Football is his favorite sport.足球是他喜爱的运动。(favorite在名词前作定语)

句中favorite本身就含有“最”的意思。因此,它没有比较等级。类似的问题有What's your favorite food/drink?回答时就说:My favorite food/drink is...很喜爱like...very much like...a lot.

Why do you like P.E.?你为何喜欢体育课? —Because it's fun.因为它有趣。

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(1)疑问词why用来提问原因,往往用表示原因的because从句回答。如: —Why are you late for work?你今天为什么上班迟到了? —Because the traffic is too bad.因为交通太糟糕了。

because因为,是一个连词,它的后面必须是一个从句。如:

He doesn't go to school today because he is ill.今天他没来上学,因为他病了。

(3) PE体育课,是 physical education的缩写形式。P.E.= physical education 体育课。

4.After class I have volleyball for two hours.课后我打两个小时的排球。 (1)after class“课后”。注意class前不加冠词。

(2)此处“have”表示“从事,进行(由后接的名词所表示的动作)”,如: have a swim 游泳 have a walk 散步 have 的应用很广泛,在不同的场合有不同的意思,可译为“有、吃、喝、开、举行、上”等。如: I have a

child.我有一个孩子。 have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 have a cup of tea 喝杯茶 have some fruit 吃些水果 have a meeting 开会 have a sports meeting 开运动会 have a party 举行一个晚会 have sports 进行体育活动 have a look 看一看 have to 不得不

(3)for后加表示时间的名词,译为“??之久”表示一段时间。如: We have a talk for ten minutes.我们谈了十分钟。

5.I don’t like any subjects.我不喜欢任何功课。 注意:some和any的不同用法

(1)some用于肯定句,而any则用于否定句和疑问句。

any也可用于肯定句,修饰单数名词,表示“任何一个”的意思。 You may come any day you like. 你随便哪天来都行。 相似词辨析

五、名词作定语

即前一名词对后一名词起限制、修饰的作用。如:

boy student 男学生 woman doctor 女医生 film star 电影明星 credit card 信用卡 music teacher 音乐教师 bus stop 公共汽车站 注意:

(1)当一个名词作定语修饰另一名词时,比如在复合名词中,前一个名词一般应用单数形式。如: a bus stop 公共汽车站 apple trees 苹果树 the grievance committee 申诉委员会 但用复数形式的情况也不少,须个别记忆。如: a glasses frame 眼镜框 sports equipment 运动器材 an appointments committee 任命委员会 (2)用作定语的名词如指人,一般亦用单数形式。如: a boy student 男生 girl friends 女友

但woman和man用作修饰复数名词的定语时,则一般须用复数形式。如: men doctors 男医生 women teachers 女教师

3.class的语义有许多

(1)“班级”。如:Are you in Class One?你在一班吗?

(2)“课”。如:They have four classes in the afternoon.午后他们有四节课。 (3)“同学们”。如:Good morning,class.同学们,早上好。

(4)“教室”。如:He sits in the middle of the class.他坐在教室的中间。 五.语法知识

明天:使役动词、及物动词与不及物动词

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