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人教版(新目标)初中九年级Unit 4 What would you do学案

发布时间:2014-01-25 11:52:32  

Unit 4 What would you do ?

一、 教学目标

1、 语言目标

Talking about imaginary situations .

(谈论虚构情景)

2、知识目标

表示现在及将来情况的虚拟条件句所引起的虚拟语气的用法与结构。

3、能力目标

根据本单元所学知识,让学生能对与现在事实,过去事实及将来事实相反的事用虚拟条件句表达。

二、 重点知识

1、重点单词

Medical research tie worry energetic confident permission herself bother annoy fairly plenty listener knowledgeable rest shelf cover deep correct burn knee hurt offer refuse helpful

基本要求 会读 会写 会用

2、 重点短语

What if ……. , not……in the slightest , plenty of , get along with …. . , let……down, come up with , com out , rather than , hide……from , take a long walk , ask one’s permission , right away .

基本要求 会读 会写 会用

3、 重点语法

虚拟语气

基本要求 理解其含义,会用虚拟条件句表达不能实现的愿望、假设、怀疑、建议、猜测、可能或纯粹的空想。

三、 导学案

Section A

●例析导学

1、 million num . 意为“百万”

【拓展】 (1)millions n . 意为“无数”

Eg . She has millions of money .

(2) million n . 意为“百万元”

1

Eg . He is worth three millions.

2、

worry n . 意为“ 烦恼”

【拓展】 (1) worry v 。 意为“使发烦,打扰”

Eg . Don’t worry me , I am busy .

(2) worry v . 意为“发愁,着急”

Eg . There is no need to worry .

(3) worry about sb /sth 短语,意为“担心某人/某物”

Eg . You mustn’t worry about your cat . I can look after it .

3、 I’

research n . 意为“研究”

【拓展】 research v . 意为“调查,研究”

Eg . He is researching into a certain subject .

4、

help v . 意为“帮助”

【拓展】 (1) help sb with sth 意为“帮助某人某事”

Eg . Xiao Wang helps me with my work .

(2) help sb (to) do sth 意为“帮助某人做某事”

Eg . The boys help Mr. Wang carry the heavy box .

●专项训练

1、 children in America have little to eat , and you can really help them if you want .

A . Million of B . Two millions C . Millions of D . Two million of

2、There were about two people watching the football match yesterday .

A . Million of B . million C . Millions of D . Two million of

3、There are (thousand) of students in the university .

4、Taking a long way before going to bed can help you before exams .

A . relaxed B . relaxing C . relax D . relaxes

5、The little boy helped his mother cook breakfast . (同义句)

The little boy his mother breakfast .

6、The mother worries about her son very much . (同义句)

The mother her son very much .

●句析导学

1、 He is late for the party .

他晚会迟到了。

当表达某人做某事迟到时,我们常用短语 be late for 表示。

2

Eg . ----I am sorry I am late for school .

----It doesn’t matter , but you should be on time next time.

2、 If I were you , I ‘d wear a shirt and tie .

如果我是你,我会穿衬衣打领带。

我永远成不了你,所以在表达“如果我是你,我就。。。。。。。。”时,用If I were you ……. . 表示是不能实现的。

Eg . ----- What would you do if you have a million dollars ?

------If I were you , I would give it to charity .

3、 What if I don, t know anyone ?

要是我谁也不认识怎么办?

What if …. . 意为“倘使。。。。。。将会怎样?”相当于从句为一般现在时态的条件状语从句,if 后需用陈述语气。

Eg . ---What if I don’t know the way to the bus stop ?

----You can ask the police .

专项训练

1、A : I will have a birthday party . Can you come ?

B :Yes . I’d like to . But what if I don’t find your house ?

A : You can ask the police .

●教学设计

一、课前读词

听写朗读本单元重点单词短语

二、出示本单元教学目标

虚拟语气

三、教学过程

出示if引导的条件状语从句。在条件状语从句中,如果假设的不符合现在的实际情况,则主从句必须用虚拟语气,如:如果我是你,我就呆在家里。很明显,我不会成为你,必须用虚拟语气。让学生看例句,自己归纳虚拟语气结构If sb did / were +其他,sb. would / should / could /might + 动词原形。反复就其结构小组进行练习。可采用如下对话:

What would you do if you were / did ?

I would if I

同学间反复练习

利用本部分听力内容进行练习

●词语辨析

1、 medical /medicine

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(1) medical adj . 意为“医学的”

eg . This is a medical book .

2、 medicine n . 意为“药”,不可数名词,take medicine 意为“吃药” eg . The doctor asks the boy to take medicine three times a day .

3、 little /a little / few / a few

little 和 a little都可修饰不可数名词,few 和 a few 都可修饰可数名词复数

(1) little和few表示否定,意为“少数”

eg . Mum, I have little money . Can you give me some ?

The boy is always thinking himself . He has few friends .

(2) a little和a few表示肯定,意为“一点,一些”

eg . They have a little water .

There are a few books on the shelf .

4、 bring / take

两者都有“带,拿”的意思

(1) bring v . 意为“拿来”,指从远处带到近处,或带到说话人都去的地方。 Eg . Can you bring your book to school tomorrow ?

(3) take v . 意为“拿走’, 指从近处拿到远处,或指随身携带。

Eg . He takes away some books .

5、 maybe / may

两者都表示猜测,意为“可能“

(1) maybe adv . 意为“可能,或许“,通常放在句子开头。

Eg . Maybe he put his books in the bag .

(2) may aux . v 意为“可能”,放在主语后面,并且其后的动词用原形。 Eg . My mother may be at home now .

专项练习

1、Please remember to after meals .

A . take some medicines B . have medicine C . eat medicine D . take medicine

2、Maybe she to the park .

A . go B . goes C . to go D . going

3、She may to the park .

A . go B . goes C . to go D . going

4、Don’

A . a little B . little C . a few D . few

5、She has few friends here . 4

A . has she B . hasn’t she C . does she D . doesn’t she

Section B

● 例析导学

1、 Social situations don’

bother v . 意为“打扰”

【拓展】 (1) bother n. 意为“麻烦”

Eg . Did you have much bother (in) finding the house ?

(2) bother n . 意为“讨厌的人或物”

Eg . His lazy son is quite a bother to him .

2、

company n . 意为“陪伴”

【拓展】 (1) company n . 意为“伙伴”

Eg . Company is coming for dinner .

(2) company n . 意为“公司”

Eg . He is working in a big company .

3、

rather adj . “宁可,宁愿”

【拓展】 (1)rather than 短语,意为“而不是”

Eg . I like English rather than Chinese .

(2)rather. . . than. . . 短语 ,意为“是。。。。。。而不是。。。。。。”

Eg . This is rather for father to decide them for you .

(4) would rather. . . than. . . 短语,意为“宁愿而不愿”, 相当于短语prefer to do . . . rather

than do. . .

eg. He would rather deal with a man than with a woman .

4、 People aren’

afraid adj . 意为“害怕的”

【拓展】(1)be afraid to do sth 短语,意为“害怕做某事”

Eg. The little girl is afraid to touch the little dog .

(2) be afraid of sth 短语,“害怕某事”

Eg. The children are usually afraid of snakes .

(3) be afraid that 从句 意为“恐怕。。。。。。。。”

Eg. I am afraid that you are wrong .

(5) Your friends would probably say that you are easy to get along with .

【拓展】 (1) get along with sb 意为“和某人相处。。。。。。。”

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eg. Tom gets along with his classmates .

(2) get along with sth 意为“某事进展。。。。。”

Tom gets along well with his work .

专项训练

1、What would you do if someone asked you (be) in a movie ?

2、No one helped Li Lei . He did it by .

A . myself B . herself C . himself D . yourself

3、 you .

A . instead B . than C . rather than D . more than

4、Jenny gave us on how to learn English well .

A . some advices B . many advices C . some advice D . an advice

5、我今晚宁愿呆在家里也不愿听音乐会。

1)I go to the concert .

2)I stay at home go to the concert .

6、He has lived here for 20 years, so he has friends here .

A . a lot B . lot of C . a plenty of D . plenty of

7、The little girl isn’t afraid (go) out at night .

8、I prefer to do sports rather than watch TV at home . (同义句) I do sports watch TV at home .

●句析导学

1、 What would you do if someone asked you to be in a movie ? 如果有人请你演电影你会怎么做?

这是if引导的虚拟句。

Eg. A :What would you do if you had a million ?

B :I ‘d give it to charity .

2、What are you like ?

你的性格如何?

Like 是介词,意为“像”,这是询问某人性格的句子。

Eg. A :Do you like Tom ?

B :Yes.

A :What is he like ?

B :He is outgoing .

专项训练

1、A : Do you have enough money ?

B : No , I haven’t .

6

A :What would you do if you had enough money in the future ?

B :I’d give it to charity .

2、A : Hello! Kate .

B :Hello! Jim.

A:Do you know Tim?

B :Yeah . We are good friends .

A :What is he like ?

B :He is creative and outgoing .

●教学设计

一、课前读词

听写朗读本单元重点单词短语

二、出示教学目标

虚拟语气

三、教学过程

阅读文章,找出疑难问题,小组进行解决,教师予以点拨。

特别提醒:在虚拟语气中,I后用were , 而不用was .

四,讲解本单元重难点并练习。

写作练习

可让学生采用虚拟语气写一些在生活中不能实现的事。

●词语辨析

1、 hard / hardly

(1) hard adj . 意为“困难的, 坚硬的”

eg. The question is hard to answer .

The stone is very hard .

Hard adv . 意为“努力地”

Eg. Tom is working hard .

(2) hardly adv . 意为“几乎不”,表否定。

Eg. They could hardly believe their ears .

2、 confident / confidence

(1) confident adj . 意为“有信心的”。常用搭配有be confident

意为“ 确信。。。。。。 ”

We are confident of success .

7 of sth / that。。。。。

(2) confidence n . 意为“信心,自信”, 常用搭配有have confidence in ……意为

“对。。。。。。。有信心”

eg. We have confidence in the match .

3、 start / begin doing sth 和start / begin to do sth

都表示开始做某事,但当下列情况时多用start / begin to do sth

1)主语是物而不是人

2)本身为动词ing形式

3)动词表示心理活动

4、 there be 和have (has)

都表示“有”

(1) there be 表示存在。

Eg. There are 34 students in our class .

(3) have (has)表示归谁所有。

Eg. I have three new books .

6、 in front of 和in the front of

都表示“在。。。。。。前面”

(1) in front of 表示在物体外部的前面

eg . There are a bike in front of the classroom .

(3) in the front of 表示在物体内部的前面

eg . There is a desk in the classroom . It’s for our teacher .

专项训练

1、The baby can hardly speak a word , A . can the baby B . can’t the baby C . can he D . can’t he

2、You shouldn’t borrow others’ books permission .

A . without B . with C . for D . at

3、Don’t worry . There plenty of time .

A . are B. is C . has D . have

4、a sports meeting next week . If it , we’ll have to cancel it .

A . be ;will rain B . have ; will rain C . be ; rain D . be , rains

5、I have to do today .

A . anything important B . something important

C . important nothing D . important something

6、篮子里有许多苹果。

eggs in the basket .

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