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初一下英语语法总结1

发布时间:2014-01-25 16:59:39  

初一下英语语法总结

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____come________ watch______ plant_______

brush________do_________ teach_______fly_______study_______fly_______study_______brush________do____

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday 5. ____ they ______(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?7. ____ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They ____(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _____(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) 对划线部分提问)

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

二、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing. 否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词(ing形式):

play______ run_______ swim_________ make________ go________ like________ write________ ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________put_________

stop_________see________buy_________love________live_______take______come________ get________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空,并划出句中的时间状语:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now 2. Listen .Some girls _______ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______( have) an English lesson .6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ______(dance )in the classroom .8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _____(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We ______(have)supper now 10.______Helen_____(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)

三、一般将来时

(一)、 概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时 间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

(二)、基本结构:①be going to + do;②will+ do.

(三)、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

(四)、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

(五)、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

(六).同义句be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow. = I will go swimming tomorrow.

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ next Monday? I ____ ____ ____play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother ___ ___go shopping this ____? Yes, she ____ She ___________ ______ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)____ _______ _____ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _____ _____ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. (对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school? 同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。划出句中表示时间的短语。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ______ (have) a picnic this afternoon.12. My brother ______(go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14.What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________(watch) TV and ________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _____(do) this weekend? She ______(watch) TV and _______(catch) insects.

16. What __(d0) you do last Sunday? I ___(pick) apples on a farm. What ___ (do) next Sunday? I ______ (milk) cows.

17. Mary _______ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

四、一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子,要借助动词did

否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变原形。如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如: Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant_______ are ________drink_________ play_______ go________ make

________does_________ dance________ worry_______ ask _____taste_______ eat_______ draw_____ put ______throw_____ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

Be动词的过去时练习(1) 句型转换

1. It was exciting.否定句:____________2. All the students were very excited.一般疑问句_________________

3. They were in his pocket.否定回答:__________________________________________

Be动词的过去时练习(2)

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year. 6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.否定句:_____________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.一般疑问句:____________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.否定回答:__________________________________________

用be动词的适当形式填空,划出句中表示时间的短语。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you ____(visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?5. ______ he ___ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

过去时综合练习

用动词的适当形式填空,并划出句中的时间状语。

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

五.形容词,副词的比较级:表示“比…更…”(-er)

(一):一般直接在单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词尾+ ;tall Long

(二):以e结尾的单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词词尾直接+_______;nice______ wide_______

(三):“以_____ +______结尾的单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词先___变____,再加____。

busy______ early______ easy________ busy_______

(四):以______音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母(辅元辅)的单音节和少数双音节的形

词,副词,要_____最后一个辅音,再+______。big_____ hot_____ red____ thin_____

(五):多音节和部分双音节的形同此,副词,一般在此类词前面+__________构成最高级形式。

interesting_________ relaxing___________ exciting__________ carefully___________

注意:(1)比较级的句子中最常见的一个词than比。 (2)比较级常用于两者的比较。

六:形容词,副词的最高级:表示“最……”(-est)

(一):一般直接在单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词尾+ ;tall Long Old Low

(二):以e结尾的单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词词尾直接+____;nice______ wide____ large____ fine______

(三):“以_____ +______结尾的单音节和少数双音节形容词,副词先___变____,再加____。

busy______ early______ easy________ busy_______

(四):以______音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母(辅元辅)的单音节和少数双音节的形容词,副词,要_____最后一个辅音,再+______。big_____ hot_____ red____ thin_____

(五):多音节和部分双音节的形同此,副词,一般在此类词前面+__________构成最高级形式。

interesting________ _ relaxing_______ __ exciting__________ carefully___________

六:不规则变化。good/well—better---best bad/badly--- worse---worst many/much----more---most

far---farther---farthest little/few---less---least

注意:(1)一般形容词的最高级前面会有the,而副词的最高级前面一般不会+the。

(2)含有最高级句子中常常可以看到of,in,one of… 之类表示范围的词。

(3)最高级通常是三者以上的比较。

三、练习

一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级和最高级

old_________ young___________ tall_______ ________ long________ ______short___________ strong______ _______ big______ _______ small_______ ________fat____ ________ thin____

________ heavy______ ___ light________ ____nice_____ ____ good______ ______ beautiful_____ ______ low______ _________ high______ _______ slow_____ ________ fast_______ _________

late______ _______ early_____ ________ far______ ________ well______ __________

二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me. 2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.

3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes, she is.4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.

9.Fang fang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls. 10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..

11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig? 12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys? No,they______.

14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

三)、翻译句子:

1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。________ is _________than Jim? ________ are

2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

_______pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.

4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

_______apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______?My ______ ______.

as….as 和。。。。 一样,中间加形容词原级。如 The car is as new as yours.这个车和你的一样新。I am as tall as Lily。我和莉莉一样高.。tall是形容词原级。

5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。_________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.

6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。He ____ as ______ as ______ ______ Jim.

8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。 Yang Ling goes to bed ______ than Su Yang every day.

9.我跳得和Mike一样远。 I jump as _______ as Mike.

10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。

____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.

11.多做运动,你会更强壮。 Do more exercise, you’ll ______ ______ soon.

12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。

I ______ ________ at Science.But I don’t _________ well in Chinese.

14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。

I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.

18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。

___ you ____football _____than your classmates? No,they____as____as me.

19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。My_____ _____ ______than my ______.

20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。_____sweater_____ as_______as_____.

选择题:

( )1. This box is___ that one. A. heavy than B. so heavy than C. heavier as D. as heavy as

()3. This book is____ that one, but____ than that one.

A. as difficult as; expensive B. as more difficult as; more expensive

C. as difficult as; more expensive D. more difficult as; as expensive

()4. I think the story is not so ___ as that one. A. interesting B. interested

C. more interesting D. most interesting

()5. His father began to work____ he was seven years old. A. as old as B. as early as C. since D. while

( ) 2 This pencil is___ than that one. A. longest B. long C. longer D. as long

( ) 3 My mother is no ___ young. A. shorter B. longer C. little D. few

( ) 4 These children are ___ this year than they were last year.

A. more tall B. more taller C. very taller D. much taller

( ) 5 It was very hot yesterday, but it is___ today. A. even hotter B. more hotter C. much more hot D. much hot

6. Mrs Black has got____ instead of getting any better. A.more bad B. a little worse

C. much badly D. a lot of worse

1. When we arrived, we found the meeting room crowded with___ students.

A. quite a few B. only a few C. few D. a few quite

2. The house is small for a family of six. A. much too B. too much C. very much D.so

3. Through the window we can see nothing but ____ buildings.

A. tall very many B. very many tall C. very tall many D. many very tall

4. -What's your brother like? -He is___. A. a driver B. very tall C. my friend D. at school

5. The jacket was so___ that he decided to buy it. A. much B. little C. expensive D. cheapl

6. Our classroom is____ larger than theirs. A. more B. quite C. very D. much

()1. The earth is about____ as the moon.

A. as fifty time big B. fifty times as big C. as big fifty times D. fifty as times big 22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较)I'm _________ as ________ as Mike .

( ) 4. His father is____than his mother. ;

A. older four years B. as four years older C. four years older D. bigger four years

any other其他任何

( ) 1. Maths is more popular than____. A. any other subject B. all the subjects C. any subject D. other subject

( ) 2. China is larger than ____ in Africa.

A. any other country B. other countries C. the other country J 1%D. any country

( ) 3. Tom is stronger than ___ in his class.

A. any other boy B. any boys C. any boy D. other boy

比较级+and+比较级:越来越怎样 如:older and older 越来越老stronger and stronger越来越强

( ) 1. When spring comes, it gets____. A. warm and warm B. colder and colder C. warmer and warmer D. shorter and shorter

( ) 2. By and by, ____ students in our class came to like English.

A. more and more B. much and much C. many and many D. less and least

( ) 3. At last he began to cry ___. A. hard and hard B. more hard and more hard C. harder and harder D. less hard and less harder

( ) 4. When spring comes the days get ____ and nights ____. A. short; long B. long; short C. longer; shorter D. shorter; longer

1. ___ I look at the picture, ____ I like it. A. The best; the more B. The more; the less C. The more; less D. More;

2. ___ he read the book, ____ he got in it. A. The more; the more interesting B. The less; the more interesting

C. The more; the more interested D. More; more interested

3. ___ you come back, _____ it will be. A, The quicker; the best B. The sooner; the better

C. Faster; the better D. The sooner; better

( )1. I like___ one of the two books. A. the older B. oldest C. the oldest D. older

( )2. Which is___country, China or Japan? A. the large B. the larger C. larger D. largest

( ) 3. Of the two cups, he bought _______. A. the smaller B. the smallest C. small D: smaller

( ) 1. Which do you like ___, tea or coffee? A. well B. better C. best D. most

( ) 2. This work is ____ for me than for you. A. difficult B. most difficult

C. much difficult D. more difficult

( ) 3. Which do you think tastes ____, the chicken or the fish? A. good B. better C. best D. well

( ) 4. The Great Pyramid is about 137 metres high today, but it was once

A. higher B. highest C. high too D. more high

( ) 5. Don't you think it ______ not to write the letter? A. well , B. better C. best D. good

the more

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