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发布时间:2014-01-25 16:59:47  



不定冠词有两个,a 和 an。a用在辅音开头的单词前面;an用于以元音开头的单词前。如:a book, an apple。

1) 不定冠词用在但数可数名词前表示“某一个”。如:

There is a policeman at the door.


2) 不定冠词用在单数可数名词之前,表示“任何,每个”。如:

A car be insured.


A soldier must obey orders.


3) 不定冠词用于头一次出现的单数名词之前。如:

There is a box in the room. The box is heavy.


4) 不定冠词和名词连用作表语或同位语,主要说明某个人或东西所属类别。如:

She is a teacher. 她是个。

We all thought him a suable person for the job.


5) 定冠词用在价格、速度、比率等短语中。如:

six kilometers an hour 每小时60公里

3 times a day 每天三次

6) 不定冠词用在专有名词前。如:

He wants to buy a Kodak.他想买架柯达相机。


have a try试一下 take a break 休息一下 have a good time 玩得痛快

make a living 谋生 as a matter of fact 事实上 in a word 总而言之

2. 定冠词的用法

1) 定冠词和名词连用,表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。如:

Mother carved the meat into slices.


2) 定冠词用于可数名词前,表示一类人或东西。如:

The horse is a useful animal. 马是一种有用的动物。

3) 定冠词用于第二次出现的名词之前。如:

I got a letter yesterday. The letter was sent by e-mail.


4) 定冠词用于有词组或者修饰的名词前。如:

He is investigating the cause of the fire.他正在调查这场大火的原因。

5) 定冠词用于某些名词或者前,表示一类人,一个民族,阶级或阶层。如: the chinese 中国人 the rich 富人

the dead 死者 the deaf 聋人

6) 定冠词用于指说话双方都知道的人或事。如:

Please close the door.请把门关上。

7) 定冠词用于世界上独一无二的事物前。如:

the sun 太阳 the earth 地球 the world世界

8) 定冠词用于序前表示顺序。如:

the third group 第三组

9) 定冠词用于形容词和的最高级前面。如:

This is the most intersting book I have ever read. 这是我所读过的书中最有趣的一本。


play the piano弹钢琴 play the flute吹长笛


The Blacks came to China in 1994.



the Changjiang River长江 the Red Sea 红海 (用于表示江河海洋的名词前)

the Taiwan Straits台湾海峡 the Gulf of Mexico墨西哥湾 (用于表示海峡海湾的名词前) the Alps阿尔卑斯山 the Sahara Desert撒哈拉沙漠 (用于山脉沙漠的名词前)

the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国(用于国家名称)

the National Gallery国家美术馆 the Military Museum 军事博物馆(用于公共建筑名前)

the State Council国务院 the Senate参议院 the House of Representatives 众议院 (用于机关、团体名词前)

the Geneva Agreement日内瓦协议 the Washington Post 华盛顿邮报 (用于报刊、条约之前)


1) 表示独一无二的职务、身份前一般不用冠词。如:

Elizabeth II, Queen of England 英国女王伊丽莎白二世

He was elected chairmen of the committee.他当选为协会主席。

2) 表示球类、棋类的运动项目不加冠词。如:

play football 踢足球 play chess下象棋

3) 在一日三餐名词前不用冠词。如:

have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

4) 交通工具名词前不用冠词

by car坐汽车 by ship 坐船

by plane坐飞机 on foot 步行

5) 在一些地点的名词,如:bed, church, school, hospital,home, work等。当人们去这些地方做在这些地方应该做的事时,不加冠词。

go home回家 go to school去上学 go to church去教堂祈祷

in hospital住院 go to work上班


He came to the school to speak to the headmaster.他来学校和校长谈话。

He went to the church to see the carvings.他去教堂看雕刻。

His mother is in hospital and he has been in the hospital to take care of her.



1) 不带the 的不可数名词可以表示泛指

I like music.我喜欢音乐。

2) 不带the 的复数可数名词表示泛指。

Bananas are yellow.香蕉是黄色的。

3) “the+单数可数名词”可以表示泛指

The elephant is the largest land mammal.大象是陆地上最大的哺乳动物。

4) “不定冠词a/an+单数可数名词” 可以表示泛指。

A dog makes good pet.狗是很好的宠物。


1.巧记a和an:单词:不见原因(元音),别施“恩 (n)”。 字母表:Mr Li has one fox.( a,e,f,h,i,l,m,n,o,r,s,x前用an)。









1.There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall.

2.This is _______ useful book.I've read it for _______ hour.

3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse.

4. _______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day.

5.Let's go out for _______ walk.

6.It's too hot.Open _______ door,please.

7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei's mother.

8. _______ sun rises in _______ east.

9. _______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China.

10.Are you going to do it _______ second time?

11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA.

12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street.

13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995.

14. ______ old man is ______ teacher.He likes playing ______ basketball after ______ supper.

15.After I had _______ quick breakfast,I hurried to school.

16.Are _______ sheep kept by _______ farmers for producing _______ wool and _______ meat?

17.They went to _______ People's Park,but we both went to _______ People's Cinema yesterday.

18.I often watch _______ TV in _______ evening.

19. _______ day of _______ December 20,1999 is Monday.

20.Tomorrow is ______ Christmas Day and my father and I went to choose _____ Christmas tree today.

21.I think _______ maths is more important than any other subject.

22.He often goes to _______ school by _______ bike.

23.What does this _______ word mean, _______ Father?

24.What _______ important news!


1.—Does Jim have _______ ruler?

—Yes,he has _______ .

A.an;some B.a;one C.a;/ D.any;one

2.There is _______ old bike. _______ old bike is Mr Zhao's.

A.an ;The B.the;An C.a;The D.the;The

3. _______ apple a day keeps the doctors aw ay.

A.The B.A C.An D.Two

4.—How many books do you have?

—I have _______ book.That's _______ English book.

A.a;an B.a;one C.one;an D.one;one

5.At that time Tom was _______ one-year-old baby.

A.a B.an C.the D./

6. _______ tiger is _______ China.

A.The;a B.A;the C.The;from D.The;the

7.We can't see _______ sun at _______ night.

A.the;the B.the;/ C.a;/ D./;/

8. _______ useful book it is!

A.What an B.How a C.What a D.What

9.One afternoon he found ______ handbag.There was _____ “s”on the corner of _____ handbag.

A.a;an;the B.a;a;the C.an;an;an D.the;a;a

10. _______ old lady with white hair spoke _______ English well at _______ meeting.

A.An;an;a B.The;/;an C.The;/;a D.The;/;the

11. _______ Great Wall is _______ longest wall in the world.

A.A;a B.The;the C.A;the D.The;a

12. _______ new bridge has been built over Huangpu River.

A.The;a B.A;/ C.A;the D.An;the

13. _______ woman over there is _______ popular teacher in our school.

A.A;an B.The;a C.The;the D.A;the

14.He used to be _______ teacher but later he turned _______ writer.

A.a;a B.a;the C./;a D.a;/

15.They made him _______ king.

A.a B.the C.an D./

16.His father is _______ English teacher.He works in our school.

A.a B.an C.the D./

17.Is he _______ American boy ?

A.an B.a C.one D./

18.Does Tom often play _______ football after _______ school?

A./;/ B./;the C.the;/ D.a;/

19.They passed our school _______ day before yesterday.

A.an B.one C.a D.the

20.Australia is _______ English-speaking country.

A.a B.an C.the D./

21.She has _______ orange skirt. _______ skirt is nice.

A.a;The B.an;The C.an;A D.the;The

22.This is _______ apple.It's _______ big apple.

A.an;a B.a;the C.a;an D.an;the

23.Look at _______ horse over there.

A.a B.an C.the D./

24.Don't play _______ basketball here.It's dangerous.

A.a B.an C./ D.the

25.There is _______ old woman in the car.

A./ B.the C.a D.an

26.Beijing is _______ beautiful city.It's _______ capital of China.

A.a;a B.the;the C./;the D.a;the

27.Shanghai is in _______ east of China.

A./ B.an C.a D.the

28.I've been a student there for nearly two and _______ half years.

A.a B.an C.the D./

29.Bill is _______ English teacher.He likes playing _______ football.

A.a;the B.an;the C.a;/ D.an;/

30.The museum is quite far.It will take you half _______ hour to get there by _______ bus.

A.an;/ B.an;a C.a;/ D./;/

八、同步练习 1.There is _____ apple on the desk. A. a B .the C. an D./ 2.The girl under ____ tree is my sister. A. a B .the C .an D./ 3.Mary is from _____ USA. A. a B. the C. an D./ 4.He met _____ friend of his on the road. A. a B .the

C .an D./ 5.Mr Black will go back to England______. A .by air B .by a plane C. by trains D. at a train 6.Yesterday I went to____ work on ____foot. A. /, / B ./, the C .the, / D. the, the 7.There is ____“h” in the word “hour”, but____ “h”doesn’t make a sound. A. a, a B. a, the C. the, ,an D .an. the 8.I’m going to see my mother. She is ill ____. A. in hospital B. in the hospital C. in a hospital D. at a hospital 9. We have three meals ____day. We have breakfast at 6:30 in ____morning every day. A. the, the, the B. the, /, the C. a, /, the D .a, the, the 10.——This is____ film I’ve told you about several times. ——It’s great. I’ve never seen ___ more moving one. A. a, a B. the, the C. the, a D. a, the 11.——Tina,could you please play____ piano for me while I’m singing? ——With pleasure. A .a B. an C. the D. / 12.I want to try again. Please give me____ third chance again. A .a B. the C. an D. / 13. ——What’s the matter with you? ——I caught____ bad cold and had to stay in____ bed. A. a; / B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 14.____ sun is shining brightly. A. A B. An C. The D. / 15. Swimming is____ in summer. A. a great fun B. great fun C. great funs D. great a fun 参考答案: 1-5CBBAA 6-10ADACC 11-15CAACB 6.冠词的用法练习题

1.There is a desk by the window. On_______desk there is_____exercise book.

A.a; the B.the; the C.an; a D.the; an

2.There is_______"h"in the word "honest."

A.a B.the C.an D.不填

3.They went to_______Summer Palace yesterday and stayed there for_______day.

A.the; a B.the; the C.不填; a D.the; 不填

4.It's________pity you won't be back before I leave.

A.the B.a C.an D.不填

5.Lincoln was elected__________ President of _________United States in 1860.

A.the; the B.不填; the C.a; 不填 D.不填; 不填

6.She is going to play_______piano at the concert this evening.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

7.Most boys like playing_______football.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

8.Let's go and watch the children play______chess.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

9._____elephant is bigger than________ horse

A.不填; 不填 B.an; a C.An; a D.The; a

10.Is Tom going to have_______X-ray check?

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

11.They have_________rice for________lunch every day.

A.不填; 不填 B.the; the C.the; a D.不填; the

12.We did_______experiment last week. It was _______useful one.

A.the; the B.an; a C.an; the D.the; an

13.Beijing is one of________most beautiful cities in ________world.

A.a; the B.the; 不填 C.the; the D.不填; the

14.February is__________second month of the year

A.a B.an C.不填 D.the

15.----How did you go there?

----We went there by_______bus.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

16._______Wangs come to see you tomorrow

A.A B.An C.The D.不填

17.The students of Class One often read English early in_______ morning.

A.不填 B.the C.an D.a

18.On the moon it's too hot in________day and too cold at________night.

A.the; 不填 B.the; the C.a; the D.a;

19.A spaceship flies at about eleven kilometres_________second.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

20.The picture on_________left is more beautiful than the one on _______right.

A.不填; 不填 B.the; the C.a; a D.an; an

21.The woman took the little girl by________hand.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

22.Mr. Read patted him on________er.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

23.All the work had to be done by_______hand when there were no modern machines.

A.不填 B.the C.an D.a

24.We should always think of________old and_______sick.

A.the; the B.an; a C.不填; 不填 D.the; a

25.May I have _______look at the book?

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

26.It took me_______hour and______half to finish the work.

A.a; a B.an; an C.a; an D.an; a

27.She was in______hurry to work.

A.不填 B.a C.an D.the

28.My brother has an interest in drawing_______horses.

A.the B.an C.a D.不填

29.Sam is_______man easy to get along with.

A.不填 B.the C.a D.an

30.Europe and America are separated by_______ Atlantic Ocean.

A.不填 B.the C.a D.an

31.The largest landmass is usually divided into two "continents" along______Ural Mountains.

A.不填 B.the C.a D.an

32.There are only______few mistakes in your composition. Don't make______same ones again, please.

A.a; the B.a; a C.the; the D.不填; 不填

33.Henry is fond of playing________piano while Alice is interested in listening to _______ music.

A.不填; .the B.the ; 不填 C.the; the D.不填; 不填

34.What________weather we are having today!

A.a B.the C.不填 D.an

35.Tom met his old school friend on his way________home from China.

A.a B.the C.不填 D.an

36.Spring is___best season of the year. Autumn is________busy season.

A.a; a B.the; the C.a; the D.the; a

37.Let's go and have_______walk around_________garden.

A.a; the B.the; the C.a; a D.the; a

38.Children usually go to________school at _______age of six

A.the; the B.a ; the C.不填; the D.a; a

39.At last we got to________place where Chairman Mao had once lived.

A.a B.an C.不填 D.the

40.Sam is________man to speak at the meeting tomorrow.

A.不填 B.the C.a D.an

41.Birds can fly high in________sky.

A.不填 B.the C.a D.an

42.Taiwan is_______island, it is_______largest island of China.

A.a; the B.the; the C.an ; the D.an; a

43.It is cold in________winter. And______days are shorter.

A.不填; the B.the; the C.the; 不填 D.a; the

44.Were there is_______will there is______way

A.the; the B.a; a C.a; the D.the; a

45.The workers in that factory are paid by________hour.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

46.________Chinese are________hardworking people.

A.The; the B.不填; a C.不填; 不填 D.the; a

47.He bought_______dictionary______last week.

A.the; the B.a; 不填 C.a; the D.the; a

48.They always have_______breakfast in the factory

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

49.Tom is_______8-year-old boy.

A.a B.an C.the D.不填

50.______sun rises in _______rest.

A.The; the B.The; 不填 C.A; the D.不填; 不填


1. When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have ______ bed.

A. the breakfast in B. the breakfast in the C. breakfast in D. breakfast in the

2. Beyond ______ stars the astronaut saw nothing but ______ space.

A. the, 不填 B. 不填,the C. 不填,不填 D. the, the

3. Alexander Graham Bell invented ________ telephone in 1876.

A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one

4. After watching ____ TV, she played _____ violin for an hour.

A. 不填,不填 B. the, the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,the

5. Many people are still in ____ habit of writing silly things in ____ public places.

A. the, the B. 不填,不填 C. the, 不填 D. 不填,the

6. Paper money was in ____ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in ____ thirteenth century.

A. the, 不填 B. the, the C. 不填,the D. 不填,不填

7. Have you seen ______ pen? I left it here this morning.

Is it ____ black one? I think I saw it somewhere.

A. a, the B. the, the C. the, a D. a, a

8. She is _____ newcomer to ____ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries.

A. the, the B. the, 不填 C. a, 不填 D. a, the

9. Many people agree that ___ knowledge of English is a must in ____ international trade today.

A. a, 不填 B. the, an C. the, the D. 不填,the

10. ______ usually go to church every Sunday.

A. The Brown B. A Brown C. Browns D. The Browns

11. The train is running fifty miles ______.

A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour D. a hour

12. ___ earth we live on is bigger than___ moon. A. The, a B. The, the C. An, a D. An, the 13. — What’s the matter with you ? —I caught ___ bad cold and had to stay in ___bed. A. a, / B. a, the C. a, a D. the, the 14. —Do you know ___ lady in blue? —Yes. She is a teacher of a university. A. the B. a C. an D. / 15. —Where’s ___ nearest supermarket? —It’s over there, just around the corner. A. a B. an C. the D. / 16. The young man will work in ___ school as a maths teacher. A. the B. a C. an D. / 17. Most of the representatives think that ______ the meeting was very successful. A. on whole of B. on a whole C. on the whole D. on the whole that 18. The investigators found that more should be done for ______ in India. A. those poor B. a poor C. poor D. the poor 19. He grabbed me ______ and pulled me onto the bus. A. a arm B. an arm C. the arm D. by the arm 20. “How did you pay the workers?”

“As a rule, they are paid ______.”

A. by an your B. by the hour C. by a hour D. by hours

21. What _____ exciting football match! Our team beat Tom’s team at last.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

22. In the United States, Father’s Day falls on _____ third Sunday in _____ June.

A. the,不填 B. the, a C. 不填, the D. a, 不填

23. I have two dogs. ______ black one is two years old and ______ yellow one is three years old.

A. A, a B. The, a C. The, the D. A. the

24. ______ new bridge has been built over ______ Huangpu River.

A. The, a B. A, / C. A, the D. An, an

25. -What colour is ______ orange?

-It’s _____ orange.

A. an, an B. an, the C. an, / D. /, an


1. C 2. A。太空中的星体或世界上独一无二的东西前应加定冠词。Space作“宇宙空间”解时,也是抽象名词,通常不加冠词

3. C。作invent宾语的名词只能用“the+单数可数名词”,表示发明的某类东西。

4. D。watch TV是习惯搭配,不必用冠词。表示乐器的名词前应用定冠词。

5. C。in the habit of是习惯用语,正如in the morning, on the other hand一样,其中的定冠词不可或缺。Public places是复数名词短语,表示泛指概念,其前面不必用定冠词。

6. C。be in use是习语,在这习语中没有任何冠词。 Thirteenth是序数词,在序数词前应用定冠词。

7. D。问句和答语中的pen均非特指,而是泛指,故应用不定冠词。

8. C。newcomer是单数可数名词,泛指某类人中的一个,要用不定冠词。抽象名词或学科名称前不加任何冠词,chemistry是表示学科的抽象名词,因此前面不加the。

9. A。虽然knowledge是不可数名词,但有of English修饰,故用不定冠词。Trade是抽象名词,前面不应加the。

10. D 11. A 12. B 13. A

14. A。考查the 表示特指的用法。根据题意知道是特指“穿蓝色衣服的那个夫人”。

15. C。考查“the 用在形容词的最高级前”的用法。题意为“最近的超市在哪里?” 16-20 ADDDB 21-25 BACCC

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