Module 10 Fitness
Want to stay away from colds? Put on a happy face.
Compared to unhappy people, those who are cheerful and relaxed are less likely to suffer from colds, according to a new study. It’s possible that being happy helps the body fight illnesses, say the researchers from New York University.
“It seems that positive（积极的）feelings may reduce the danger of illness,” said the study’s chief researcher Sheldon Cohen.
In an earlier study, Cohen found that people who were cheerful and lively caught coughs and colds less often. People who showed positive feelings were also less likely to tell their doctors that they felt ill.
In this study, Cohen’s team interviewed 193 adults every day for two weeks. During the interviews, the people were given colds by doctors and had to stay alone in a room for six days.
The results showed that everyone in the study was equally likely to get ill. But for people who said they felt happy during the research period, their illness are less serious and lasted for a shorter time.
Cohen believes that when people experience positive feelings, their body may produce a chemical that helps fight illness and disease. So if you are worried abut your health, look on the bright side more often. ( ) 1. Which of the following was NOT a part of the study?
A. People talked about their feelings every day. B. People were kept
alone for six days.
C. People were given colds by doctors. D. People were made to
( ) 2. What did the study find? A. People who felt happy never got ill.
B. People’s feelings didn’t influence their health.
C. People with good feelings became ill more easily. D. People with positive feelings had less serious illnesses.
( ) 3. According to Cohen, which of the following may help fight illness? A. Eating. B. Crying. C. Laughing. D. Sleeping.
( ) 4. This passage is a（n） . A. advertisement B. newspaper report C. story D.
( ) 5. What is the best title for this passage?
A. Smiles Can fight colds B. Cause of Colds Found
C. The Danger of Colds D. How People Get Sick
More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment. Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads worldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!
Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighbourhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car. You can bike to work and benefit（受益）from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way.
Folding（折叠）bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travellers.
Health Benefits of Bicycling:
It helps to prevent heart diseases.
Bicycling helps to control your weight. A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.
Bicycling can improve your mood（心情）.Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better, more relaxed and self-confident.
Bicycling is healthier than driving.
( ) 1. From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very __________.
A. surprising B. exciting C. expensive D. popular
( ) 2. When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood, you may __________.
A. pollute the environment around B. find something you didn’t notice
C. go everywhere and use a little oil D. get off your bike and begin to 2
( ) 3. If you travel with a folding bike, you can fold it and __________.
A. get out of the car B. take it onto a train
C. put it in your purse D. go on airline websites
( ) 4. One of the benefits from bicycling is that __________.
A. you can fold the bicycle B. you will be friendly to others C. you will be more relaxed D. you may get fatter and fatter
( ) 5. Which is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Bicycling is enjoyable exercise for people.
B. Driving cars is healthier than riding bikes.
C. Riding a bike pollutes your neighbourhood. D. Common bikes are welcomed by all airlines.
Module 10 Fitness
Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1. Look at the lady _______ name is Pochi. A. who B. whose C. that D. whom
( )2. I’m afraid he will refuse ________ you his bike. A. borrow B. lending C. to borrow D. to lend
( )3. _______ of the hats suited him, so he had to try on the third one.
A. Neither B. Either C. Both D. All
( )4. I want to buy something out of school but we are banned ________after 9pm.
A. from going B. from come C. to go D. to come
( )5. We failed many times but we kept on experimenting and _______ we succeeded.
A. for a moment B. at the moment C. in the end D. at the end Ⅱ. 同义句转换
1. My watch doesn’t work well.
There is _______ _______ ________ my watch.
2. She likes pork a little, but she likes beef better.
She _______ beef to pork. 3. Comics are exciting to read.
It is ______ ______ read comics.
4. Jamie is a cook. His ideas are changing school dinners.
Jamie is a cook _____ ideas are changing school dinners.
5. We found that he was a clever boy.
We found _______ ________.
6. It’s my father. He gives me my pocket money.
It’s my father_______ gives me my pocket money.
Everyone wants to have healthy teeth. When you laugh, you will 1 your mouth and show your teeth. The healthier
your teeth are, the happier you feel. Why is that?
It’s 2 your teeth are important in many ways. Take care of them, and they'll help to take care of you. Strong, 3
teeth help you grow. They also help you speak clearly. You can
take care of your teeth by doing like these:
Brush your teeth 4 a day, after getting up and before
bedtime. And you brush all of your teeth, not just the front ones. Spend some time 5 the teeth along the sides and in the back. Take your time while brushing. Spend at 6 three minutes each time you brush. Be sure your toothbrush is soft. Ask your parents to help you get a new toothbrush 7 three months. Clean between your teeth with dental floss(牙线).It feels strange when you do it at first, but soon you'll get used to 8 it. Brushing 9 your teeth healthy. You also need to care about what you eat and drink. Eat 10 fruits and vegetables and drink water instead of drinks.
Do you want to have white and healthy teeth? Please brush your teeth!
( ) 1. A. close B. wash C. serve D. open
( ) 2. A. though B. because C. if D. when
( ) 3. A. tight B. white C. healthy D. clean ( ) 4. A. once B. twice C. three times D. four times
( ) 5. A. on B. in C. at D. to
( ) 6. A. first B. least C. once D. last ( ) 7. A. every B. both C. either D. neither
( ) 8. A. helping B. making C. feeling D. doing
( ) 9. A. starts B. produces C. keeps D. suggests
( ) 10. A. a lot B. lots of C. few D. a little
Generally speaking, American food is not very thick in taste. Salads are much liked and are served all year round. Many Americans are trying to keep down their weight. This is shown in menus offering “low calorie (卡路里)” or “weight watchers” meals. In markets, one can find “No Cal” drinks (meaning without calories) such as cola.
Many Americans drink coffee or tea with their meal. If a waiter in an American restaurant asks “Now or later?”, what he means is “Do you want coffee with your meal or later?” When eating out in the USA, we can ask for tea, milk, beer, and so on, if we prefer these to coffee. American restaurants cannot serve beer, wine, or liquor unless they are licensed to do so.
The main dish in American meals is usually meat, chicken or fish, but more than one of these is hardly served at the same meal.
Most Americans eat quickly during the day—that is, breakfast and lunch—unless it is a social, business, or family situation. The evening meal, however, is usually a family time. Racing through daytime meals is part of the “American pace” of life, for working hours are considered important.
The nationwide fast-food restaurants are suitable for the ways of American eating. The standard (标准的) products, of nearly the same price, are served quickly, and taste the same whether bought in New York City or in Los Angeles.
McDonald’s is a popular restaurant. It offers many choices of hamburgers, French fries and “cokes”. These foods are rich in fats, sugar and salt. Often, they are the major meal of the day of many young working people.
( ) 1. “Weight watchers” most probably means ________ in Chinese.
A. 减肥者B. 观察者C. 称重者D. 参与者 ( ) 2. In American restaurants which of the following is NOT true?
A. Many American people like salads.B. Coffee can be served after a meal.
C. One can order tea if he doesn’t like coffee. D. All restaurants can sell beer and wine.
( ) 3. At the same meal, American people usually ________.
A. have meat , chicken and fish together B. have either meat or chicken or fish C. drink a lot of beer, wine or liquor D. sit down together around a table
( ) 4. Usually American people have breakfast and lunch quickly because ________.
A. the food doesn’t have a thick taste B. they are all too busy to eat slowly C. they think work time is important D. they want to keep their weight down
( ) 5. In American restaurants, the standard foods ________. A. have different prices B. taste different from place to place
C. are very expensive D. can be served quickly
( ) 6. This passage mainly talks about ________.
A. American restaurants and people B. American eating culture
C. American working situation D. American food and price
Eating in western(西方的)restaurants is a little different from eating in Chinese ones．It is 1. _________ to understand the differences and to act politely．As they say when in Rome(罗马)，do as the Romans do.
When you first arrive at the restaurant，you should wait for the waiter(服务员)to 2. _________ you to a table．Sometimes it is all right to 3. _________a table for yourself，but you should ask 4. __________．In a western restaurant，each person usually asks for their 5. __________food or dishes and eats 6. _________they ask for．Western people don't put all of the food in the middle of the table to share (分享)．
One of the 7. __________differences between Chinese restaurants and western ones is that most Chinese restaurants are noisy，but most western restaurants are 8. __________ and people there speak in a low voice．Don't shout to the waiters，9. __________ people may think that you are rude (粗鲁的). If you need help，you should 10. __________ to ask with your eyes instead of your voice．It’s better not to put up your hand，either．
I have a healthy lifestyle. 1. 我每天六点起床，then I exercise. My eating habits are pretty good. I try to eat a lot of vegetables. I eat fruit every day. 2. 我从来不喝咖啡。 3. Of course, I love junk food too, and I eat it two or three times a week. Oh, and 4. I sleep nine hours every night. So you see, I look after my health. And my healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. 5. Good food and exercise help me to study better.