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30 复合句之状语从句

发布时间:2014-01-26 17:07:16  

第三十课 复合句之状语从句

用来修饰谓语动词、其他动词、定语、状语或整个句子的从句叫做状语从句。状语从句可分为:时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、条件状语从句、目的状语从句、让步状语从句、比较状语从句、方式状语从句、结果状语从句九种。

1、时间状语从句

通常由when,while,as,before,after,as soon as,until∕till,since等词引导。当主句用一般将来时或表示将来含义时,时间状语从句常用一般现在时表将来。

I’ll help you when I come back.

当我回来时,我会帮你的。

She will call me as soon as she arrives in Salt Lake City.

她一到盐湖城就会给我打电话。

(1)在when引导的时间状语从句中,动作可以是表示延续的,也可以表示瞬间的,while引导的从句中,动作一定是表示延续的。

I was watching TV when Tom came in.

汤姆进来时,我正在看电视。

Tom came in while I was watching TV.

当我正在看电视时,汤姆进来了。

(2)as“当??时,一边??一边??”引导的时间状语从句,强调主句的动作与从句的动作同时发生,when与while也有此用法。另外when和as常表示从句动作先于主句动作,有时when还可以表示从句动作在主句动作之后。

As she was dancing, she was singing.

她边跳边唱。

It’s getting colder as winter comes

随着冬天的到来,天气越来越冷了。

(3)before“在??以前”表示主句的动作发生在从句动作之前:after“在??之后”,表示主句的动作发生在从句的动作之后。

She was so absorbed in the book that she had read it for three hours before she realized it. 她对这本书如此地感兴趣,以至于在她意识到之前她已经读了三个小时了。

I went to sleep after I finished my homework.

我做完作业后就去睡觉了。

(4)until ∕ till表示主句动作结束的时间。在肯定句中表示“直到??为止”,主句要用延续性动词。

My mother waited until ∕ till I came back..

妈妈一直等到我回来。

在否定句中,until ∕ till表示“直到??才”,主句通常用瞬间动词。这时until可用before替换。常构成not...until 结构。

He didn’t leave until I came back.

直到我回来,他才走。

(5)since,ever since,引导的时间状语从句中,表示主句动作开始的时间,意为“自??以来”。主句常用一般现在时或现在完成时,从句用一般过去时,常用句型为:it has been+时间+since +从句;it is +一段时间+since+从句。

It’s ten years since I worked in this hospital.

我在这家医院工作十年了。

We’ve been good friends since he came here.

自从他来这里,就成了我的好朋友。

(6)由by the time引导的时间状语从句要注意时态的变化:在一般情况下,如果从句的谓语动词用一般过去时,主句的谓语动词用过去完成时;如果从句的谓语动词用一般现在时,主句的谓语动词用将来完成时。

By the time you returned, I had finished the book.

到你回来时,我已经写完这本书了。

By the time you come here tomorrow, I will have completed the work.

你明天来这儿的时候,我将已经完成这个工作了。

(7)由each time,every time和whenever引导的时间状语从句。

Each time she visited Changsha, she would call on me.

她每次来长沙,总是来看我。

Whenever you go, I’ll follow you!

无论你什么时候去,我都跟着你。

Every time I see you, you grow younger.

每次见到你,你都更年轻了。

2、地点状语从句

地点状语从句一般由连接副词where,wherever等引导,已经形成了固定句型,例如: 句型1:where 从句,(there)+主句。

Where bees are, there is honey.

有蜜蜂就有蜂蜜。

此句型通常译成“哪里??哪里就??”,主句在从句后面时,there可用可不用;如果主句在从句的前面时,一般都不用there。

句型2:anywhere∕wherever从句,主句。anywhere本身是一个副词,但是常可以引导从句,相当于连词,意思相似于wherever。wherever 本身是个连词,表示“在何处,无论何处。” Wherever the sea is, you’ll find seamen.

有海就有海员。

Wherever she goes, I’ll go with him.

不管他去哪里,我都跟他去。

3、原因状语从句

由because,as,since,for等词引导原因状语从句。

(1)because 表示的往往是他人不了解的、不明显的原因,是全句叙述的重点,语气最强,只能用becaue回答由疑问词why引导的疑问句。

He was absent from the meeting that day because he had a bad cold.

他那天因患感冒而缺席了那次会议。

Because yesterday was Sunday, he didn’t go to school.

因为昨天是星期天了,所以他没去上学。

注意:because不能与并列连词so同时出现在句中使用。

She was late for school because she missed the bus.=She missed the bus, so she was late for school.

因为她错过了公共汽车,所以她上学迟到了。

(2)since是指分析后的原因,他人多少有所了解,不是全句叙述的重点,语气较弱。 Since you have read the story, I won’t tell you again.

既然你读过这个故事,我就不再讲了。

Since everyone is here, let’s start our meeting.

既然大家都到了,咱们开会吧。

(3)as表示他人了解的明显原因,不是全句叙述的重点,较口语化,语气较弱。 As I was in a hurry, I left my book at home.

因为太匆忙,所以我把书忘家里了。

As I knew he was ill, I didn’t call him.

我知道他生病了,所以没有给他打电话。

(4)由because引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可用for代替。但是如果不是说明直接原因,而是对多种情况加以推断,就只能用for。

He was absent today, because∕for he was ill.

他今天缺席,因为他病了。

He must have been ill, because he was absent today.

他一定是病了,因为他今天缺席了。

4、目的状语从句

用以补充说明主句中谓语动词发生的目的的从句叫做目的状语从句。表示目的状语的从句可以由that,so that,so,in order that等词引导。目的状语从句中常含有can,could,may,might,should等情态动词。

Speak louder (so) that everyone can hear you.

大声说,以便大家都能听到你的话。

He left early so that he could catch the train.

他早早动身,以便能赶上火车。

5、结果状语从句

结果状语从句表示结果,通常位于主句之后。引导结果状语从句的连词(词组)有:so…that,such…that,so that,that等。

(1)so…that与such…that的区别

这两个结构的常用句型如下:

so+形容词 ∕ 副词+that从句

so+形容词+a ∕ an+单数名词+that

such+a ∕ an+形容词+单数名词+that

such+形容词+复数名词 ∕ 不可数名词+that

He is so young that he can’t go to school.

他那么小,以至于不能上学。

She is such a nice girl that we all like her.=She is so nice s girl that we all like her.

她是那么好的一个女孩,以至于我们都喜欢她。

He speaks so fast that I couldn’t follow him.

他讲得太快了,我跟不上。

I have so much time that I can take a walk outside.

我有那么多时间以至于可以出去散会儿步。

(2)当that引导的结果状语从句为肯定句时,so...that…可以与be…enough to do转换;当从句为否定式时,可以与too…to…或be not…enough to do 转换,从而使复合句变为简单句。 Peter is so tall that he can reach the apples in the big tree.=Peter is tall enough to reach the apples in the big tree.

彼得足够高,能够摘到那棵高树上的苹果。

The boy is so young that he can’t look after himself.=The boy is too young to look after himself. 那个男孩太小不能照顾他自己。

6、条件状语从句

由if,unless等连词引导条件状语从句。unless在意义上相当于if…not表示“除非”“如果不”。由于本身已经含有否定意义,因此不要在unless后用否定形式。若主句是一般将来时,if,unless引导的从句要用一般现在时表将来。若主句为祈使句或用一般现在时或含情态动词,从句也用一般现在时。

I won’t go unless I’m invited.

除非请我,不然我不去。

If you study hard, you’ll make progress.

努力学习,你会进步大的。

含有状语从句的复合句有时可转换成“祈使句+and∕or+简单句”。其中and表示句意顺承;or则表示转折,意为“否则”。

If you work harder, you’ll pass the test.= Work harder and you’ll pass the test.

如果你再努力些,你就会通过考试。

If you don’t hurry up, you’ll miss the train. = Hurry up, or you’ll miss the train.

如果你不快点,你会误了火车。

7、让步状语从句

在句子中作让步状语的从句叫做让步状语从句。让步状语从句可置于句首,也可置于句末。引导让步状语从句的连词主要有:though,although,as,even if,even though,whether…or,no matter+疑问句,-ever疑问词。

(1)though,altough表示“虽然,纵然”的意思。

这两个连词意思大致相同,在一般情况下可以互换使用。在口语中,though较常使用,although比though正式。

Although ∕Though his father was worn out, he kept on working.

虽然他父亲已经筋疲力尽,但仍然继续工作。

Although∕Though my mother is old, she is quite strong.

我母亲虽然年纪大了,但身体还很硬朗。

注意:though,although不能与but在句中同时使用。

Though the old man was poor, he was happy=The old man was poor, but he was happy. 尽管那位老人很贫穷,但他很快乐。

(2)as,though表示“虽然??但是“纵使”之意。

As引导的让步状语从句常以部分倒装的形式出现,被倒装的部分可以是表示、状语或动词原形,though有时也可以这样用,但although不可以这样用。例如:

Hard as ∕though he works, he makes little progress.

尽管他学习很努力,但几乎没有取得什么进步。

Child as he is, he knows what is the right thing to do.=Though he is a child, he knows the right thing to do.

虽然他是个孩子,但是他知道该做什么。

(3)even if,even though表示“即使”“纵使”之意。

这两个复合连词的意思基本相同,它们常可互换使用,但意义有细微差别。even if引导的让步状语从句含有强烈的假定性,而even though引导的让步状语从句是以从句的内容为先决条件的,也就是说,说话人肯定了从句的事实。

We’ll make a trip even if ∕though it is bad.

即使天气不好,我们也要做一次旅行。

Even if he is poor, she loves him.=He may be poor, yet she loves him.

即使他很穷,但她还是爱他。

Even though he is poor, she loves him.=He is poor, yet she loves him.

尽管他很穷,但她还是爱他。

(4)whether…or…表示“不论是否”“不管是??还是”之意。

由这一个复合连词引导的让步状语从句旨在说明正反两个方面的可能性都不会影响主句的意向或结果。例如:

You’ll have to attend the meeting whether you’re free or busy.

不管你忙不忙,都要参加这个会议。

Whether you believe it or not, it’s true.

无论你是否相信,这都是真的。

(5)“no matter+疑问词”或“-ever疑问词”的含义为“无论??都,不管??都”,它们引导的让步状语从句可以互换。

Whatever happens, we’ll go through it.=No matter what happens, we’ll go through it.

无论发生了什么,我们都会渡过难关的。

Whoever you are, you have to obey the law.=No matter who you are, you have to obey the law. 不管你是谁,你都要遵纪守法。

但“no matter+疑问词”结构只能引导让步状语从句,而“-ever疑问词”还可以引导名词性从句。例如:

Whatever (no matter what)you say, I won’t believe you.

无论你说什么,我都不会相信你。(whatever 引导让步状语从句)

Whatever you want me to do, I’ll do it.

你让我干什么,我就干什么。(whatever引导宾语从句)

Whoever comes will be welcome.

谁来都受欢迎。(whoever引导主语从句)

8、比较状语从句

比较状语从句主要用于形容词和副词的原级、比较级和最高级的句子之中。

(1)原级

1)as…as 和??一样

Jack is as smart as Tom.

杰克和汤姆一样聪明。

2)not so(as)…as…不如??那样

She is not so(as)outgoing as her sister.

她不如她姐姐外向。

(2)比较级

带有比较级的比较状语从句通常由more…than引导。

This book is more instructive than that one.

这本书比那本书有教育意义。

(3)最高级

1)the most…in∕of

This book is the most interesting of the three.

这本书是三本中最有趣的。

2)the+形容词最高级+of∕in

This is the busiest street in our city.

这条路是我们城市最繁忙的街道。

(4)比较级、最高级常用结构

1)no more than 只有(嫌少的意思)

I have no more than two books.

我只有两本书。

It’s no more than a mile to the town.

去镇上不过一英里。

2)not more than 不如(前者不如后者)

Jack is not more diligent than John.

杰克不如约翰勤奋。

3)one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数,意为“最??之一”

Wan Fang is one of the best students in our school.

万芳是我们学校最好的学生之一。

9、方式状语从句

在句子中做方式状语的从句称为方式状语从句。方式状语从句一般位于句尾,有时位于句中。

(1)方式状语从句通常由as,(just)as…so,as if,as though引导。

as,(just)as…so引导的方式状语从句通常位于主句后,但在(just)as…so结构位于句首时,as从句带有比喻的含义,意思是“正如”“就像”,多用于正式文体,例如:

Always do to others as you would be done by.

你希望人家怎么样待你,你就要怎么样待别人。

As water is to fish, so air is to man.

我们离不开空气,犹如鱼儿离不开水。

(2)as if,as though

两者的意义和用法相同,引出的状语从句谓语多用虚拟语气,表示与事实相反,有时也用陈述语气,表示所说情况是事实或实现的可能性较大。常译作“仿佛??似的”“好像??似的”,例如:

He looks as if (as though)he had been hit by lightning.

他那样子就像被雷劈了似的。(与事实相反,用虚拟语气)

It looks as if it may pick up very soon.

看起来天气很快会好起来。(实现的可能性较大,用陈述语气)

练习

Passsage 1

Bessic Coleman was born in the USA.Her family was poor. She was in college for only one year. She had to leave because she did not have enough money to finish her studies.But during that year, she learned about (fly). She read about the first flight of the Wright Brothers and the first American woman pilot, Harriet . Bessie often (think) about what it would feel like to fly like a bird.

At the age of 23, Bessic Coleman went to Chicago.There, she did some ordinary(普通的)jobs. But she wanted to do something more important. She decided to learn how to fly planes. She soon found it was almost impossible to get into a flight school.Which flight school would admit(接受)a black woman?

Bessic learned that she would have a better chance in Europe.So she to study French at a language school in Chicago.

After World War I, Bessie Coleman went to France. She (go) to the famous flight school in northern France. She learned to fly in a plane there. She finished seven months of flight training and in 1921 got her international permit(许可证)to fly in (French). She became the first black woman ever to have an international pilot’s license(执照). Passage 2

Soon it would be the holidays, but before that, there (be) final exams. All the kids had been working hard for some time, reviewing their lessons. If they didn’t pass the exams, they would have to take them in September. There were usually a few who failed, but Jane didn’t want to be one of (they). She had worked hard all year, but she was working so hard that her mother worried about her. She went to bed too late. The night before the big day, her mother insisted that she should have an early night and take a sleeping pill. She promised to wake her up in the morning.

Jane was too nervous to fall asleep. Her mind kept (jump) from subject to subject. At last, the pill did work. In no time at all, she was sitting in the examination hall, looking at the paper, but she could’t answer any of the questions. Everyone around her was writing pages and pages. Though she (think) hard, she couldn’t find anything to write about. From time to time she looked at her watch.

Time was running out. There was only an hour to go. She started one question, wrote two sentences, gave up and tried another. With only half an hour left, she (write) another two sentences. By this time she was so worried that she started crying. Her whole body shook. It shook so much that she woke up. She was still in bed and it had all been a terrible dream.

A minute later, her mother called her name.

一、状语从句有哪些?填下表复习一下吧!

状语从句的种类

二、从方框中选择副词或副词短语填空,使句子完整,意思清楚。

before; after; while; since; until; before; not until…that; no sooner…than; whenever; as long as; by the time; if; wherever; if; the moment

the sun shown itself above the he got out of bed to commence work.

s about to tell a lie.

there is a breath in my body!

三、从方框中选择副词或副词短语填空,使句子完整,意思清楚。

so…that; as; in order that; because; such…that; although; whether; as /though; as if; whatever; so; so…that; since;

because; more…than

17. I didn’t go, I was afraid.

20. It’sall of us want to go to the park.

21. I’ve hadI’m black and blue all over.

we all believe him.

you believe it or not, it is true.

you say is of no use now.

that one.

28. Just as we sweep our rooms,

the weather may pick up very soon.

little Alice was ill, especially as father was away.

四、从方框中选择副词或副词短语填空,使句子完整,意思清楚。

since; as soon as; hardly…when; every time; before; until; after; when; before; when; by the time; while; if;

unless; as

32. we had finished the work, we went home.

the police arrived.

36. I reach Canada, I will ring you up.

our boss was in Beijing.

38. 39. you come here tomorrow, I will have finished this work..

I see you.

42. she was wondering where to go , she met a policeman.

he goes there too.

45. you are in poor health, you should not stay up late.

五、从方框中选择副词或副词短语填空,使句子完整,意思清楚。

as if; so that; as if ; so…that; even though; so…that; as; so…that; no matter what; as; whatever; so…that; before ;

since; as if

46. the weather is so bad, we have to delay our journey.

47. I’ll run slowly

48. The scientist’s report waswe were all very excited.

I can’t give you any.

52. I didn’t understand a word, I kept smiling.

he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

54. happened, he would not mind.

they’re given.

you would be done by.

they come back.

六、从方框中选择副词或副词短语,使句子完整,意思清楚。

till; directly; until; no sooner…than; since; before; each time; when; for; since; as long as; unless; because; if;

hardly…when

they were divorced.

62. I didn’63. I didn’he came back..

I last saw you?

I have finished my breakfast.

he felt a soft touch on his shoulder.

we met last time.

69. he came to Harbin, he would call on me.

the alien took off ?

72. it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking.

you leave immediately.

74. I didn’t go to school yesterdayI was ill.

75. I asked her to stay to tea,

七、从方框中选择副词或副词短语,使句子完整,意思清楚。

though; so…that; although; such…that; as if; so; whatever; as; for; now; so…that; as if; even though; so that;

such…that

fresh air might come in.

.

I’d like to take a walk.

80. he is rich, yet he is not happy.

81. He is quite experienced, he is young, .

82. We’ll make a trip83. happened, he would stay with her.

85. you can see, I have tried my best.

to say something.

88. He is absent today, he is ill.

t pass such an easy exam.

90. you were free, why not go swimming with us?

八、将下列状语从句翻译成中文,并注意副词和副词短语在状语从句中的用法。

1. Please don’t forget to turn off the light and close the windows when you leave the clasroom.

2. I have lived in London since I left Shanghai two years ago.

3. It began to rain as soon as Jane got home yesterday.

4. The baby didn’t stop crying until he saw his mother.

5. “May I go and play with Dick this afternoon, Mum?” “No, you can’t go out as your work is being done.”

6. “I’m going to the post office.” “While you’re there, can you get me some stamps?”

7. While you are at home alone, please don’t leave the door open.

8. While you are alone with her, tell her that you like her.

9. After the war, a new school building was put up where there had once been a theatre.

10. The famous scientist grew up where he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai.

11. She found her calculator where she lost it.

12. You should make it a rule to leave things where you can find them again.

13. When you read the book, you'd better make a mark where you have any questions.

14. You should let your children play where you can see them.

15. Now he works in the factory where his father used to work.

16. They kept trying when they must have known it was hopeless.

17. He walks when he might take a taxi.

18. He stopped trying when he might have succeeded next time.

19. The boy was restless when he should have listened to the teacher carefully.

20. Why do you want a new job when you’ve got such a good one already?

21. He was about to tell me the secret when someone patted him on the shoulder.

22. I was about to go out when the telephone rang.

23. We were swimming in the lake when the storm started.

24. She was walking down the road when she heard someone shouting for help.

25. The fire went on for quite some time before it was brought under control.

26. He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.

27. Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but he hung up before I could answer the phone.

28. She is getting better by degrees, but it will be some time before she is completely well.

29. They sat down opposite each other, but it was some moments before they spoke.

30. Mother asked me to take more money in case something unexpected should happen.

31. In case I forget, please remind me about it.

32. Take your umbrella just in case it rains.

33. Be quiet in case you should wake the baby.

34. Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot.

35. I’ll keep his address in case I need it.

36. If you check your composition carefully, some spelling mistakes can be avoided.

37. If you had been more careful, the work might have been done better.

38. If you watch your diet, it is easy to reduce.

39. If you have a pair of compasses, it is easy to describe a circle.

40. When you have paid for something, a receipt is given to you.

41. When you see the sun rising slowly in the east, the scene is a perfect dream.

42. “Shall Mary come and play computer games?” “No, unless she has finished her homework..”

43. “Would you mind my sitting here with you?” “No, unless you aren't too noisy.”

44. “Will he agree to come to join us in the work?” “No, unless we promise him more money.”

45. “Can you finish the work in time?” “No, unless we don't sleep throughout the night.”

46. He left the moment you turned back to write on the blackboard.

47. “Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?” “Yes, I gave it to her the moment I saw her.”

48. The doorkeeper gave the alarm the instant he saw the smoke.

49. I raised the alarm the minute I saw the smoke.

50. The first time he took part in the competition, he won a second prize.

51. I would appreciate it if you call back this afternoon for the doctor’s appointment.

52. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes when I heard the sounds.

53. The engineer went on with the work where he had left it before the holiday.

54. The company has a free long-distance telephone number so that customers may call with any questions they have about its products.

55. Is Mr. Smith in the office? Yes, since he is in charge of the office, he must be there.

56. Don’t look down upon Bob. He has his own advantages.Oh, yes. Where others are weak, he is strong.

57. The day must be breaking, for the birds have begun singing.

58. John may come tonight. I don’t want to go out in case he comes.

59. Whatever others say, the expert is sure that his theory is correct

60. Many places are flooded by heavy rainfalls, so they can’t walk wherever they like these days.

61. His father began to work as early as his childhood.

62. The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.

63. The thread of my kite broke and it flew away. I had told you it would easily break where it was the weakest

64. The crowd started cheering as he rose to speak.

65. I had worked here long before you came here. But I shall leave for England before long.

66. Scientists say it may be five or ten years before it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

67. While the Internet is bringing the distance between people, it may also be breaking some homes or will cause other family problems.

68. Though he is in his sixties, yet he works as hard as a young man

69. The two girls look so much alike that no one can tell them apart.

70. John shut everybody out of the kitchen so that he could prepare his grand surprise for the party.

71. Beijing is larger than any city in Africa

72. We must hurry up in order to catch the last train.

73. No matter how hard it may be, I will carry it out.

74. Whatever you may do, you must do it well.

75. Are you thinking about going to New York for the holiday? No. But if I had the time, I would

definitely go.

76. Since you are so weak,you’d better stay at home.

77. English and French are taught here. You can choose whichever you like.

78. I saw Mr. Smith last Sunday. We had not seen each other since I left London.

79. I’ll be back before you leave.

80. The problem won’t be settled until we have had a chance to discuss it thoroughly.

81. If you have done this experiment, you will understand the theory better.

82. They went on working even if it was late at night.

83. I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late for the lecture.

84. Every time you talk to someone or write a message, you show your skills to others.

85. Although he is considered a great writer, his works are not widely read.

86. We should finish the important job, however long it takes.

87. Whoever comes to the party will receive a gift.

88. She is willing to help you, however busy she is.

89. Wherever he is, he will be thinking of you.

90. He got excited at the news, while I was calm.

91. Hardly had he arrived in Hongkong when she rang me up.

92. The moment they heard the shout for help,they rushed out.

93. Try as he may, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.

94. If he had told me, I would have gone with him.

95. Alice is moving to her new apartment next Saturday. I would be glad to help her, should she need some help.

96. We will never give in whatever they might do or say about our plan.

97. I wonder if I will have time. If I have time, I’ll go with you.

98. By the time you come back,the supper will be ready.

99. As long as there is life in my body, I will keep learning.

100. I really wonder why he has posted me many packages since we worked together.

101. I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult.

102. While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking.

103. The children ran away from the orchard(果园), the moment they saw the guard.

104. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain.

105. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble.

106. Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.

107. Wherever you go, you should work hard.

108. Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.

109. They were good persons. Where they went, there they were warmly welcomed.

110. You should have put the book where you found it.

111. Where there is a will, there is a way.

112. Wherever the sea is , you will find seamen.

113. My friends like me because I’m handsome and successful.

114. Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference.

115. The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more. 116. The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them.

117. The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 118. He got up so early that he was able to book the first ticket for the concert.

119. It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it.

120. To such a degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night.

121. We’ll start our project if the president agrees.

122. You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying.

123. Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.

124. Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal.

125. The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough.

126. No matter how hard he tried, he could not change her mind.

127. He won’t listen whatever you may say.

128. She is as bad-tempered as her mother.

129. The house is three times as big as ours.

130. The more you exercise, the healthier you will be.

131. Food to men is what oil is to machine.

132. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

133. She behaved as if she were the boss.

134. Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.

135. When ( the museum is ) completed , the museum will be open to the public next year .

136. He’ll go to the seaside for his holiday if (it is ) possible.

137. I’m taller than he (is tall ).

138. The higher the temperature (is), the greater the pressure (is ).

139. If (it is) possible, he will help you out of the difficulty.

140. You must attend the meeting unless (it is) inconvenient to you.

141. As (he was) young, he learned how to ride a bike.

142. Whenever (she is) free, she often goes shopping.

143. Work hard when (you are) young, or you’ll regret.

144. While (he was) a young boy, he was always ready to help others.

145. Although (he was) a farmer, now he is a famous director.

146. As (she was) walking along the river bank, she was singing a pop song.

147. Although (he is) doing his best in maths these days, he has still got no good marks.

148. He won’t go there with us unless (he is) invited.

149. The concert was a greater success than (it was) expected.

150. He stood up as if (he were) to say something.

151. He wouldn’t solve the problem even if (he were) to take charge.

152. She looked anxious as though (she was) in trouble.

153. He had mastered the English language before (he was) in the USA.

154. When the meeting was over, all the people went out of the meeting-room.

155. Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.

156. He visited a lot of places while he was traveling.

157. We always sing as we walk.

158. He left the classroom after he had finished his homework .

159. Mr. Brown had worked in a bank for a year before he came here.

160. We began to work as soon as we got there.

161. I will call you as soon as I get home.

162. Mr Green has taught in that school since he came to China three years ago.

163. They walked till /until it was dark..

164. Xiao Liang didn’t leave home till / until his father came back.

165. By the time he gets there , his father has already gone.

166. By the time I got to school, the class had already began.

167. When you think you know nothing, then you begin to know something.

168. When truth is buried under the ground it grows, it chokes, it gathers such an explosive force that on the day it bursts out , it blows up everything with it.

169. Strike while the iron is hot.

170. Will you watch my clothes while I have a swim.

171. You can feel the air moving as your hand pushes through it.

172. Our headmaster laughed as she spoke.

173. When she came in, I stopped eating.

174. When I lived in the countryside, I used to carry some water for him.

175. We were about to leave when he came in.

176. While my wife was reading the newspaper, I was watching TV.

177. I like playing football while you like playing basketball.

178. As we were going out, it began to snow.

179. It was raining hard when (as) I got there.

180. When I had read the article, he called me.

181. When I got to the cinema, the film had begun.

182. She thought I was talking about her daughter, while, in fact, I was talking about my daughter. 183. While the foreigner was buying a souvenir, the girl called the police.

184. Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially as (when/ while) Father was away. 185. The moment I heard the news, I hastened to the spot.

186. No sooner had the sun shown itself above the horizon than he got out of bed to commence work..

187. Please pronounce the word the way I did.

188. I had cut the meat into pieces before Mother started cooking.

189. You cannot judge a man till you know his whole story.

190. While the word is in your mouth, it is your own; when it is once spoken, it is another’s.

191. Where wine is in, truth is out.

192. When children stand quiet, they have done some ill.

193. We shall never have friends if we expect to find them without fault.

194. The moon is not seen when the sun shines.

195. The more we do, the more we can do; the e busier we are, the more leisure we have.

196. The greater a man is, the less he is disposed(准备)to show his greatness.

197. We only live once, but if we work it right, once is enough.

198. Books wind into the heart; the poet’s verse(佳句) slides(滑动) in the current of our blood. We read them when young, we remember them when old.

199. The instruments in the flight desk are arranged so that the most important are closest to the pilot.

200. To transport eels by air transport proved to be a more desirable(理想的)method as the death rate of the eels declined(下降)to 5% or less in spite of the fact that the eels were transshipped at Hong Kong where the temperature is usually around 32℃.

九、把下列句子翻译成英文。汉译英是最具有挑战性的练习,迎接挑战吧!不许作弊噢!

1. 当你离开教室的时候,请不要忘了关灯和关窗。

2. 自从两年前我离开上海后就住在伦敦了。

3. 昨天简一回到家就开始下雨了。

4. 这个婴儿直到见到他的母亲才停止哭泣。

5.“妈妈,今天下午我可以去和迪克玩吗?”“不行,你不能出去,因为你还在做作业呢。”

6.“我要去邮局。”“你到那儿的时候,可以给我买一些邮票吗?”

7. 你独自一人在家的时候,请不要让门开着。

8. 你和她独处的时候,告诉她你喜欢她。

9. 战后,一所新学校被建在了曾经是一家剧院的地方。

10. 这位著名的艺术家在出生地长大,在一九三零年的时候,他来到了上海。

11. 她在丢失计算器的地方找到了她的计算器。

12. 你应该养成把东西放在容易找到的地方的习惯。

13. 当你读这本书的时候,你最好在有问题的地方做上标记。

14. 你应该让你的孩子在你看得见他们的地方玩。

15. 现在,他在他父亲曾经工作过的工厂里工作。

16. 在他们已经知道希望渺茫的时候,他们还是继续尝试。

17. 他可以坐出租车的,但是他却走路。

18. 他下次可能成功的,但是他却停止了尝试。

19. 这个男孩本来应该认真听老师讲课的,但是他却坐立不安。

20. 你已经有了一份那么好的工作了,但是你为什么还要一份新的工作呢?

21. 他刚要告诉我这个秘密,这时有人在他的肩膀上拍了一下。

22. 我正要出去,这时电话响了。

23. 我们正在湖里游泳,这时风暴开始了。

24. 她正沿着马路走,这时她听到有人喊救命。

25. 在火势得到控制之前,已经烧了很长的时间。

26. 他犯了一个错,但是在错误变得更严重之前他就把情况改正过来了。

27. 有人在半夜给我打电话,但是我还没有来得及接听他就挂断了。

28. 她现在恢复得很好了,但是要全部康复还需要一些时间。

29. 他们面对面坐着,沉默了一会才说话。

30. 母亲叫我多拿点钱,以防预想不到的事情会发生。

31. 万一我忘记,请提醒我这件事情。

32. 拿上你的伞,以防下雨。

33. 安静点,以防你把这个婴儿弄醒了。

34. 带上一顶帽子,以防阳光太热。

35. 我要留着他的地址,以防我会用得着它。

36. 如果你仔细检查你的作文,一些拼写错误就可以避免了。

37. 如果你更仔细一点,这项工作会做得更好一些的。

38. 如果你注意饮食,减肥很容易。

39. 如果你有一把圆规,画一个圆圈很容易。

40. 你付钱买东西后,就会得到一张发票。

41. 当你看到太阳缓慢地从东方升起,那个场面就是一个完美的梦境。

42.“玛丽可以来玩电脑游戏吗?”“不行,除非她做完了她的作业。”

43.“你介意我和你一起坐在这里吗?”“不行,除非你不那么吵。”

44.“他会同意来加入到我们的工作中吗?”“不会,除非我们答应给他更多的钱。”

45.“你能按时完成工作吗?”“不行。除非我们整晚都不睡觉。”

46. 他在你转身在黑板上写字的那会离开了。

47.“你记得给玛丽你欠她的钱了吗?”“是的,我一见到她就给她了。”

48. 看门人一看到冒烟就立刻拉响了警报。

49. 我一看到冒烟就拉响了警报。

50. 第一次参加比赛,他获得了个二等奖。

51. 在约医生这个事情上,如果你下午能够回电话,我会很感谢你的。

52. 我刚开始回家去换衣服,这时就听到了声响。

53. 这位工程师继续干他在假期之前干的工作。

54. 这家公司有一个免费的长途电话号码,以便于客户对它们的产品有任何问题时可以打电话来。

55. 史密斯先生在办公室里吗?是的,自从他掌管办公室以来,他都会在。

56. 别小看鲍勃,他有他自己的优势。噢,是的。别人的缺点正是他的优点所在。

57. 天肯定亮了,因为鸟儿已经开始歌唱了。

58. 约翰可能今晚会来。我不想出去,以防他会来。

59. 不管别人说什么,这个专家相信他的理论是正确的。

60. 很多地方都被强降雨给淹了,因此他们这些天不能去想去的地方散步了。

61. 他的父亲在童年的时候就开始工作了。

62. 他还没有来得及冲进房间去救这个婴儿,屋顶就塌下来了。

63. 我风筝的线断了,风筝飞走了。我已经告诉过你最薄弱的地方会容易断的。

64. 当他起身讲话的时候,人群开始欢呼。

65. 你没来这里之前我老早就在这里工作了。但是我不久要离开去伦敦。

66. 科学家说还需要五至十年的时间,才有可能把这种药物放在人类病人身上进行测试。

67. 互联网在拉远人与人之间的距离的同时,也可能正在拆散家庭或者会引起其他的家庭问题。

68. 尽管他六十多岁了,然而他还像年轻人一样努力工作。

69. 这两个女孩看起来太像了,以至于没有人能够把她们区别开来。

70. 约翰把所有人都关在了厨房外,以便于他能够为聚会准备好他的大惊喜。

71. 北京比非洲的任何一个城市都大。

72. 我们得赶快才能赶上最后一班火车。

73. 不管会有多么地艰难,我都会实施它。

74. 不管你做什么,都要把它做好。

75. 你在考虑要去纽约度假吗?不。但是,如果我有时间,我肯定会去的。

76. 既然你那么虚弱,你最好待在家里吧!

77. 这里教授英语和法语。你可以选一样你喜欢的。

78. 上个星期天我看见史密斯先生了。自从我离开伦敦后我们彼此就没有见过面。

79. 在你离开前我就回来。

80. 直到我们有机会彻底讨论,这个问题才会被解决。

81. 如果你做了这个实验,你会更好地理解这个理论。

82. 即使很晚了,他们还是继续工作。

83. 我赶着去为的是听讲座不迟到。

84. 每次你和人说话或者给人写信息,你就是在向别人展示你的技能。

85. 尽管他被认为是一位伟大的作家,但是他的作品却没有被广泛阅读。

86. 无论花多久时间,我们都要完成这个重要的工作。

87. 来参加聚会的人都会收到一份礼物。

88. 无论她多么忙,她都愿意帮助你。

89. 无论他在哪里,他都会想你的。

90. 他为这个消息感到很兴奋,而我却很平静。

91. 他一到香港就给我打电话。

92. 他们一听到救命的大叫声就冲了出去。

93. 尽管他尝试了,他好像永远都不能把工作干得漂亮。

94. 如果他告诉我了,我就已经和他一起去了。

95. 下个星期六爱丽丝要搬进她的新公寓。如果她需要帮忙,我将乐意帮助她。

96. 无论他们对我们的计划作何言行,我们都不会让步。

97. 我想知道我是否会有时间。我如果有时间,我会跟你去。

98. 到你回来的时候,晚饭就准备好了。

99. 只要我还活着,我就会一直学习。

100. 我真想知道自从我们一起共事以来,他为什么给我邮寄了那么多的包裹。

101. 我直到长大成人才意识到我的母亲是多么地特别。

102. 约翰在看电视,而他的妻子在做饭。

103. 一见到保安,孩子们就逃离了果园。

104. 我一到家,就开始下雨了。

105. 每次我听你的意见,我就陷入麻烦。

106. 通常来说,有工厂的地方,空气就会被严重污染。

107. 无论你去哪里,都应该努力工作。

108. 没有雨水的地方,耕种是困难或者是不可能的。

109. 他们是好人。无论他们去到哪里,他们都被热情欢迎。

110. 应该把书放在你发现它的地方。

111. 有志者事竟成。

112. 有海的地方,就有水手。

113. 我的朋友喜欢我,因为我又帅又成功。

114. 既然每个人都到了,让我们开始我们的会议吧!

115. 高税收是有害的,因为它不能鼓励人们去多赚钱。

116. 老板叫秘书尽快处理信件,以便他可以在上边签字。

117. 老师有意提高说话的声音,以便后面的学生能够更清楚地听到他的话。

118. 他起得很早,结果订到了这场音乐会的首张门票。

119. 这是一个绝好的机会,我们不能错过了。

120. 她太兴奋了,以至于昨晚都睡不着觉。

121. 如果董事长同意,我们就开始我们的项目。

122. 只要你持续努力,你肯定会成功的。

123. 如果没有人反对,我们就在这里举行会议。

124. 尽管我很尊重他,但是我不同意他的提议。

125. 即使天气恶劣,这位老人还是老喜欢去游泳。

126. 无论他怎么努力尝试,但他还是不能改变她的主意。

127. 不管你说什么,他都不会听的。

128. 她脾气和她母亲一样糟糕。

129. 这所房子是我们房子的三倍大。

130. 你运动越多,你就会越健康。

131. 食物对人来说,就像油对机器一样重要。

132. 入乡随俗。

133. 她行事起来就像她是老板似的。

134. 有时候我们像我们的父母教育我们那样去教育我们的孩子。

135. 当博物馆竣工后,明年就会对公众开放。

136. 如果可能,他会去海边度假。

137. 我比他高。

138. 温度越高,压力越大。

139. 如果可能,他会助你脱离困境。

140. 你必须参加会议,除非它对你有什么不便之处。

141. 年轻时,他学习了怎么骑自行车。

142. 她有空的时候经常去购物。

143. 年轻的时候努力工作,不然你会后悔的。

144. 还是一个小男孩的时候,他总是乐于助人。

145. 尽管以前他是一个农民,但是现在是一位著名的导演。

146. 她一边沿着河岸走,一边唱着一首流行歌曲。

147. 尽管这些天来他一直努力学习数学,但是他仍然没有取得高分。

148. 他不会和我们去那里,除非被邀请。

149. 音乐会比预料的要成功。

150. 他站起来,似乎要说话。

151. 即使他来负责,他也不会解决这个问题。

152. 她看起来很焦急,还像有麻烦了。

153. 在去美国之前,他已经掌握英语了。

154. 当会议结束的时候,所有人都走出了会议室。

155. 莫扎特在四岁的时候开始写音乐。

156. 旅行的时候他参观了很多地方。

157. 我们总是边走边唱。

158. 做完作业他就离开教室了。

159. 在来这里之前,布朗先生在一家银行工作了一年。

160. 我们一去到那儿就开始工作了。

161. 我以回到家就给你电话。

162. 自从三年前来到中国,格林先生就在那所学校教书。

163. 他们一直走到天黑为止。

164. 小梁直到他父亲回来才离开家。

165. 他到那儿的时候,他的父亲已经走了。

166. 我到学校的时候,课已经开始了。

167. 当你认为自己一无所知的时候,就是你开始有所知道的时候了。

168. 当真理被埋在地下的时候,它在生长,它感到压抑,它蓄存着一种爆炸性力量,一旦

冒出,它就会炸破一切!

169. 趁热打铁。

170. 我游泳的时候你帮我看一下衣服,好吗?

171. 当你的手在空气中挥动的时候,你就能感觉到空气在流动。

172. 我们的校长边说边笑。

173. 她进来的时候,我停止了吃东西。

174. 我还在乡下住的时候,我常常帮他提水。

175. 我们正要离开,这时他进来了。

176. 我在看电视,而我的妻子在看报纸。

177. 我喜欢踢足球,而你喜欢打篮球。

178. 我们正要出去,天就开始下雪了。

179. 我到那儿的时候,雨正下得很大。

180. 我读完这篇文章的时候,他给我打了电话。

181. 我到电影院的时候,电影已经开始了。

182. 她以为我是在谈论她女儿,然而,实际上,我在谈论我女儿。

183. 当这个外国人在买纪念品的时候,这个女孩给警察打了电话。

184. 母亲很担心,因为小爱丽丝病了,尤其是父亲不在家的时候。

185. 我一听到这个消息,就匆匆忙忙赶到了现场。

186. 太阳刚出现在地平线上,他就起床开始工作了。

187. 请跟着我念单词。

188. 在母亲煮饭前,我已经把肉切成块了。

189. 直到你完全了解一个人后,才能对他进行评判。

190. 话还在你嘴里的时候,它还是你的,但是一旦说出来,它就是别人的了。

191. 酒后吐真言。

192. 孩子乖乖站着,必定闯了祸。

193. 如果我们想找没有缺点的朋友,我们就没有朋友了。

194. 太阳出来的时候就看不见月亮了。

195. 我们做得越多,我们能做的就越多;我们越忙,我们的空闲时间就越多。

196. 一个人越伟大,就越少炫耀他的伟大。

197. 我们只活一次,但是,如果我们利用好它,一次就够了。

198. 书籍在我们的心灵里扎根,诗人们的佳句在我们的血管中运行。我们年轻时读了书,年老了又把它们记起。

199. 这些仪表盘上的仪器之所以这样安排,是为了使最重要的仪器靠近驾驶员。

200. 尽管当鳗鱼空运到香港时,当地气温通常在摄氏32度,鳗鱼的死亡率却下降到5%或以下,这就证明航空运输鳗鱼是一种更加理想的方式。

Passsage 1

Bessic Coleman was born in the USA.Her family was poor. She was in college for only one year. She had to leave because she did not have enough money to finish her studies.But during that year,she learned about flying.She read about the first flight of the Wright Brothers and the first American woman pilot,Harriet .Bessie often thought about what it would feel like to fly like a bird.

At the age of 23,Bessic Coleman went to Chicago.There,she did some ordinary(普通的)jobs.But she wanted to do something more important.She decided to learn how to fly planes.She soon found it was almost impossible to get into a flight school.Which flight school would admit(接受)a black woman?

Bessic learned that she would have a better chance in Europe.So she began to study French at a language school in Chicago.

After World War I.Bessie Coleman went to France.She went to the famous flight school in northern France.She learned to fly in a plane there.She finished seven months of flight training and in 1921 got her international permit(许可证)to fly in France.She became the first black woman ever to have an international pilot’s license(执照).

培西·克尔曼出生在美国。她家庭贫困。她只上了一年大学。她不得不离开学校,因为她没有足够的钱继续学业。但是在那一年,她学习了和飞行有关的东西。她阅读了关于莱特兄弟的第一次飞行和美国的首位女飞行员哈里雅特的故事。培西经常想,如果能够像鸟儿一

样飞那会是什么样子。

二十三岁的时候,培西去了芝加哥。在那里,她干一些普通的工作。但是,她想做一些更重要的事情。她决定学习怎么开飞机。不久,她发现几乎不可能进入到飞行学校里去。哪家飞行学校会接收一名黑人女性呢?

培西获悉,在欧洲机会要大得多。因此,她开始在芝加哥的一个语言学校学习法语。 第一次世界大战以后,培西·克尔曼去了法国。她进入了在法国北部最著名的飞行学校。她在那里学习开飞机。她结束了七个月的飞行练习,并在1921年取得了在法国飞行的国际许可证。她成为了首位拥有国际飞行驾照的黑人女性。

Passage 2

Soon it would be the holidays, but before that, there were final exams . All the kids had been working hard for some time, reviewing their lessons. If they didn’t pass the exams, they would have to take them in September. There were usually a few who failed, but Jane didn’t want to be one of them. She had worked hard all year, but she was working so hard that her mother worried about her. She went to bed too late. The night before the big day, her mother insisted that she should have an early night and take a sleeping pill. She promised to wake her up in the morning.

Jane was too nervous to fall asleep. Her mind kept jumping from subject to subject. At last, the pill did work. In no time at all, she was sitting in the examination hall, looking at the paper, but she couldn't answer any of the questions. Everyone around her was writing pages and pages. Though she thought hard, she couldn’t find anything to write about. From time to time she looked at her watch.

Time was running out. There was only an hour to go. She started one question, wrote two sentences, gave up and tried another. With only half an hour left she wrote another two sentences. By this time she was so worried that she started crying. Her whole body shook. It shook so much that she woke up. She was still in bed and it had all been a terrible dream. A minute later, her mother called her name.

不久就是假期了,但是,在那之前,还有期末考试。所有的孩子都已经很努力学习一段时间了,都在复习功课。如果他们考试不及格,就得在九月份补考。通常会有几个不及格,但是简不想成为其中的一个。她整年都在努力学习,而且,努力到让她母亲都为她担心的地步。她很晚才睡觉。在考试的前一天晚上,她母亲坚持要她早点儿睡,还要她服一粒安眠药。她答应会把她叫醒。

简紧张得睡不着。她的脑海里想着一门又一门的科目。最后,安眠药发挥效果了。很快,她就坐在考场里,看着试卷,但是她答不上任何一道题。她旁边的每一个人正一页又一页地写着。尽管她绞尽脑汁,可是,还是找不到可写的东西。她时不时地看表。

时间过得很快,只剩一个小时了。她开始答一道题,可写了两个句子就把它放弃了,然后去做另外的题。只剩半个小时的时候,她又写了两个句子。到这个时候,她非常焦急,开始哭了起来。她身体颤抖。身体抖得如此地厉害,以至于她一下子醒过来了。她还在床上,刚才只是个噩梦而已。不一会儿,她听到母亲叫她的名字。

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