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八年级 Unit10 if you go to the party,you'll have a great time!教案

发布时间:2014-01-26 17:07:17  

Unit 10 If you come to the party, you’ll have a great time!

Teaching materials(教学内容):

一、Language Points.词汇 短语 句型

二、Grammer:Ⅰ、重点词汇讲解:

(1).wear (2).ask (3). too…to… (4) upset

(5).advice (6).around the world (7) make money

(8).keep to oneself (9).have problem with (10).afraid

(11) mistake

Ⅱ、情态动词 should 的用法

Ⅲ、if 引导的条件状语从句

三、Exercise:

一、Language Points:

词汇:meeting n. 会议;集会;会面 video n.录像带;录像

organize v. 组织;筹备 chocolate n.巧克力

upset adj. 难过;失望;沮丧 travel n&v 游行;游历;旅游

teenager n. (13—19岁)青少年 normal adj. 正常的;一般的

unless conj. 除非;如果不 certainly adv. 肯定地;一定地;无疑地

wallet n. 钱包 worried adj. 担心的;发愁的

mile n. 英里 angry adj. 发怒的;生气的

understanding adj. 善解人意的;体谅人的 careless adj.粗心的;不小心的

mistake n. 错误;失误 himself pron. 他自己

careful adj. 小心的;细致的;精心的;慎重的 advise v 劝告;建议

solve v. 解决;解答 step n. 步骤;步

trust v. 相信;信任 experience n. 经验;经历

短语:keep…to oneself 保守秘密 potato chip 炸土豆片;炸薯条

In the end 最后;终于 in half 分成两半

give sb some advice 给某人一些建议 travel around the world 周游世界

lose one’s wallet 丢钱包 run away from 逃跑

the first step 第一步 make money 挣钱

have a great/pleasant/nice/wonderful time = enjoy oneself=have fun 玩得开心

句型:1. I want you to remember the rules for school parties. 我想让你记住参加学校聚会的规则。

2.If we have it today, half the class won’t come. 如果我们今天开聚会,班上一半同学不会来。

3.You’ll be able to mke a living doing something you love.你能做你喜欢的事来谋生。

4.Can you give me some advice? 你能给我一些指导建议吗?

5.Unless we talk to someone, we’ll certainly feel worse. 除非我们与别人谈谈,不然我们会觉得更难过。

6.if you go to the party, you’ll have a great time. 如果你来参加这个聚会,你会玩的很开心的。

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Ⅰ●.重点词汇:

1. wear vt .作为及物动词,意思根据其后所接宾语不同而改变。

(1).wear 表示“戴着,留着”。(表示佩戴非衣服类的物品时,例如:sword/necklace/watch/ring )

Eg: She wears a red flower in her hair. 她头发上带了一朵红花。

Our maths teacher is an old man who wears thick glasses. 我们数学老师是一位带了一副深度眼镜的老人。

He is a little man who wears a moustache. 他个子小小的,留着胡子。

(2)wear 表示“带着(某种表情)”

Eg: Her face always wears a cheerful smile. 她脸上老带着愉快的笑容。

(3)wear表示“穿破”,be worn out 表示一种状态,作:“穿破了,疲惫不堪”解。

Eg:I have worn out my shoes. I must get another pair. 我的鞋子穿破了,我得再买一双。

练习: Most British high school children______ uniforms at school.

A. wear B. dress C. put on D. dress up

2. ask vt. 做动词,根据其后所接的宾语不同,意思也不一样。

(1)ask 用作动词,意为“请求,要求”,常用结构是“ask sb to do sth”叫某人做某事。

Eg:The teacher ask me to sit down. 老师叫我坐下来。

(2) ask 做及物动词时,意为“询问,问”,后接名词、代词做宾语。

Ask a question 问问题 ask the way 问路

(3) 还可以和for搭配成一个固定词组,意为“请求,向。。。要。。。”。

Eg:You can ask the policeman for help when you are in trouble. 当你遇到麻烦时,可以向警察求助。

练习:Mr Lin asks the students ____ in the river, because it’s too dangerous.

A swim B. to swim C not to swim D to not swim

3.too...to... 固定句式结构,意为“太。。。而不能。。。。”。在结构上是肯定的,但意义上是否定的含义。动词不定式符号to后面不加not, too 后面加形容词或副词原形。

Eg: He is too young to join the army. 他年龄太小而不能参军。

She is too lazy to finish her homework. 她太懒了而不愿意完成她的家庭作业。

*在too...to...结构中,当动词不定式的动词时不及物动词时,其后所跟的介词不能省略。

Eg: The room is too small to live in. 这房间太小了,住不下。

She is too hard to deal with. 她太难相处了。

The pen is too broken to write with. 这只笔太破了,不好写字。

辨析:too...to... enough to.... 和 so...that...互相转换。

(1)与enough to 转换时,enough前的形容词或者副词须是too后面的形容词或副词的反义词并且使用否定。

(2)与so…that…转换时,that后面的从句要用否定形式。

Eg: The girl is too young to go to school. 这个小女孩太小了,还不能去上学。

== The girl is not old enough to go to school.

== The girl is so young that she can’t go to school.

练习:句型转换;

---She is too clever to solve the problem.(用enough to 和 so that 改写)

2

-----_____________________________________________

-----_____________________________________________

4.upset adj 难过;失望;沮丧。Upset做形容词,常与介词about/at连用。表示:“对。。。心烦意乱”。Upset后也可接that从句。

Eg: There is no point getting upset about it. 犯不着为此事难过。

She was upset that he had left without saying goodbye. 他的不辞而别让她感到沮丧。

拓展:(1)upset 可以做动词,有两种意思“使心烦意乱”和“打乱,搅乱,弄翻”两个意思。

Eg:Losing the book borrowed from her friend upset her. 她弄丢了从朋友哪里借来的书,这使她心烦意乱。 The heavy rain upset our plan for a picnic. 这场大雨打乱了我们的野餐计划。

(2)upset 还可以做名词,意为“混乱,麻烦”。

Eg:The fire caused an upset in the building. 大火使楼里一片混乱。

5. advice n.建议;劝告 V 忠告,建议。

(1)advice做名词时是不可数名词,表示“一条一个建议”时,用a piece of advice.

Eg:Let me give you a piece of advice. 我给你一个建议。

(2)表示“接受或者听从某人的建议”时,通常用“take one’s advice”或者“follow one’s advice”

Eg: Please take your teacher’s advice to study well. 请接受老师的建议,好好学习。

He follow his wife’s advice at last. 最后他接受了妻子的意见。

(3)advice 做动词时,意为“忠告,建议”,常用结构“advice sb to do sth”建议某人做某事。

Eg: She advices him to stop smoking. 她建议他戒烟。

6. around the world 意为“全世界”。

*同意词组:all over the world = across the world = throughout the world

Eg: Jim wants to travel around the world. 吉姆想环游世界。

= Jim wants to travel

Eg: What are you going to do when you grow up? 你长大了想干嘛?

--- I want to travel across/ all over / throughout the world. 我想环游世界。

7.make money 动词短语,意为“挣钱”。

* 同义词组有earn money

固定搭配的句式make money for sth/sb 意为“为(给)。。。赚钱”。

Eg:At the age of 12, my grandfather had to make money for the whole family.

我爷爷在12岁时,就必须给全家赚钱。

I miss a great chance to make a lot of money. 我失去了一个赚大钱的机会。

拓展:make 的固定搭配词组:

make a decision 做出决定 make up one’s mind to do sth下决心做某事

make faces 做鬼脸 make friends (with sb) (与某人)交朋友

make sure 确定;确信 make a noise 制造噪音

make mistake 犯错

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8.keep to oneself 是固定搭配,意为“保守秘密”,“不与。。。来往”。

Eg:I’ll thank you for keeping your opinions to yourself. 请你别发表你的看法。(保留你自己的意见。) They are only a man live here and he keep to himself. 这里只有一个男人住在这里,他不跟别人交往。

9. have problem with….表示“在。。。方面有问题”,相当于have trouble/difficulty with sth.. Eg: Some old people have some problems with the life in city. 一些老年人不适应城市生活。

Jim has trouble diffculty with his Chinese. 吉姆在汉语学习中有些困难。

10.afraid adj 做形容词时,意为“害怕;畏惧;担心”

固定句式:be afraid of sb/sth 害怕某人/某物

be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事

be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

Eg:Don’t be afraid of dog. 不要怕狗。

I’m afraid of telling you the truth. 我害怕告诉你事实。

I’m afraid to tell you the truth. 我害怕告诉你事实。

*** I’m afraid that….从句常用于口语,表示委婉地“谢绝,”或者“拒绝”对方,相当于“I’m sorry, but…” Eg: Would you like to come to my birthday party ? 你能来参加我的生日聚会吗?

---- I’m afraid I can’t. Because my sister is ill I have to look after her. 恐怕我不能去,我妹妹病了,我要照顾她。

11. mistake n./v 错误;失误

(1). 做名词时,是可数名词。

make a mistake 犯错 make mistakes 犯错

Eg:Please check your parper to make sure there are no mistakes. 请检查你的试卷以确保没有错误。

The whole class did a good job, and none make a mistake. 全班都做得很好,没人犯错误。

(2)作动词,意为“弄错;误以为”,过去式mistook,过去分词:mistaken。

常用结构:mistake A for B 把A错当成B

by mistake 错误地(做副词)

Eg:Mr Lin always mistake salt for sugar. 林先生经常把盐当做糖。

Tina took Lily’s bag by mistake. 缇娜错拿了莉莉的包。

He is always be mistaken for a girl by people. 他经常被人们当做女孩子。

Ⅱ情态动词should 的用法。

(1)定义:should 是请他动词,意为“应该、应当”,表示劝告,提出建议。可以用于各种人称,本身无人称或数的变化,也不能做谓语动词。只能后接动词原形,构成谓语。表示说话人的预期和情态。否定是shouldn’t.

(2)同义词组:should == be supposed to

(3)结构是: should + V-原

Eg: You should wear your cool pants. 你应该穿上那条很酷的短裤。

What should we do next? 接下来我们应该做什么呢?

4

You shouldn’t do the thing your mother doesn’t like. 你不应该做那些你妈妈不喜欢的事。 练习:You have made some mistakes again. I think you_____ be more careful next time.

A can B may C should D would

-----How was the youth club last night, Mark?

-----It was great fun. You ____ come.

A would B mustn’t C should D shouldn’t

Ⅲ、if 引导的条件状语从句。

(1)定义:有一个或者一个以上的从句构成的句子叫复合句。

在复合句中修饰主句的从句叫状语从句。

状语从句根据其所表达的意思可以分为很多种,例如:条件状语从句,时间状语从句等。 If 引导的从句在复合句中表示条件,做主句的条件状语,故称为条件状语从句。 Eg:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we’ll have a picnic. 如果明天不下雨,我们就去野餐。

(2)if 引导条件状语从句的时态问题:

① 在条件状语从句中,主句如果是一般现在时,从句用一般现在时表示将来时。

Eg: If it rains, I will stay at home. 如果下雨,我就呆在家里。

I’ll go with you if you don’t want to go alone. 如果你不想一个人去,我会陪你去。

② 如果主句含有must,may,can 等情态动词,从句也用一般现在时。

Eg:If you drive fast, you may have an accident. 如果你超速驾驶,就可能会出交通事故。 You must stop if the traffic light is red. 如果红灯亮了,你必须停下来。

③ 如果主句是祈使句,从句也用一般现在时。

Eg:Be careful with your homework if you don’t want to make mistakes.

如果你不想出错的话就仔细检查你的作业。

Do not forget water the flower if you want to make it lives long.

如果你想让花活得长一点,就不要忘记给花浇水。

练习:

-----Lucy,what about going camping if it ______ tomorrow.

-----Sounds great!

A didn’t rain B doesn’t rain C won’t rain

--- If Bob _____ away from the junk food, he will be in good health.

A stay B will stay C stays

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