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考纲中考英语

发布时间:2014-01-27 11:50:22  

2013年湖南省初中毕业学业考试标准英语

一、 考试指导思想

初中毕业英语学业考试以《英语课程标准(实验稿)》五级目标为依据,是义务教育阶段英语学科的终结性考试。考试要体现新一轮基础教育课程改革的基本理念,落实《英语课程标准》确立的“促进学生综合语言运用能力的发展”的考试指导思想。考试要有利于全面贯彻国家教育方针,推进素质教育;有利于体现九年义务教育的性质,全面提高教育质量;有利于英语课程改革,提高英语教学质量, 培养学生勇于探究的创新精神和解决问题的实践能力,减轻学生过重的课业负担,促进学生生动活泼、主动学习。

英语学业考试要体现语言工具性和人文性的双重属性,落实知识与能力、过程与方法、情感态度与价值观三维课程目标,要依据《英语课程标准》和现行教材来确定考查内容,既重视考查学生对英语基础知识与基本技能的掌握情况,更重视考查学生在具体情境中综合运用语言的能力。在试卷设计上要遵循教育测量的基本原理,坚持以交际语言测试为主,分离测试、综合测试等多种测试并存,力求在语篇层次上,在尽可能真实情景中,以互动的形式测试学生的综合语言运用能力;不仅要关注试卷信度,更要注重试卷的效度;在力求试卷结构简约的同时,确保考查内容的覆盖面,杜绝繁、偏、旧试题,科学控制题量和难度。要坚持“以能力立意为主、知识立意为辅”的原则,根据语言实际使用情形命题,适当增大主观性、开放性试题的比重,尽可能避免命制以词或句为语言单位的试题,不应在脱离语境的情况下单独考查微观语言知识。在选择语言素材时,要充分考虑学生的实际生活和身心发展水平、地域以及文化差异,选用真实、地道、形式多样的语言素材。要根据试题考查的目的和重点,制定科学、可行的评分标准,使英语水平不同学生的成绩都能得到全面、公正、客观、准确的评价,充分发挥考试的鉴定和激励功能,充分发挥测试对教学的正面反拨作用。 二、考试内容与要求

《英语课程标准》规定的义务教育阶段英语课程的总体目标是发展学生的语言综合运用能力。这一能力是建立在语言知识、语言技能、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等五个方面的基础之上的。英语学业考试既要侧重考查学生的语言知识、语言技能、跨文化交际意识和跨文化交际能力,同时又要兼顾对情感态度和学习策略等课程目标的正确引导和适当考查。因此,试卷内容要符合学生生理和心理特点,要关注学生的情感,试题设计要有利于学生养成良好的学习习惯和形成有效的学习策略。

根据《英语课程标准》所规定的五级目标的要求,并结合我省初中英语教学的实际,制定本考试内容如下:

(一)语言知识

要求考生能够掌握语音、语法等基础知识,学会使用1500~1600个单词和200~300条习惯用语或固定搭配。

语法考试内容如下:

1.名词

(1)可数名词及其单复数

(2)不可数名词

(3)专有名词

(4)名词所有格

2.代词

(1)人称代词

(2)物主代词

(3)反身代词

(4)指示代词

(5)不定代词

(6)疑问代词

3.数词

(1)基数词

(2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(包括比较级和最高级)

7.副词(包括比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

(1)动词的基本形式

(2)系动词

(3)及物动词和不及物动词

(4)助动词

(5)情态动词

(6) 时态

①现在进行时

②一般现在时

③一般过去时

④一般将来时

⑤过去进行时

⑥现在完成时

(7) 被动语态

①一般现在时

②一般过去时

③一般将来时

(8) 非谓语动词(动词不定式作宾语、宾语补足语、目的状语)

(9) 动词短语

10. 构词法

(1)前缀、后缀

(2)转化

(3)合成

11. 句子种类

(1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)

(2)疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句)

(3)祈使句

(4)感叹句

12. 简单句的基本句型

(1)主语 + 系动词 + 表语

(2)主语 + 不及物动词

(3)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语

(4)主语 + 及物动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语

(5)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语

(6)there be 句型

13.并列复合句

14.主从复合句

(1)宾语从句

(2)状语从句

(3)定语从句(能辨认出由that, which, who引导的限定性定语从句,并能理解句子意思。) 语音、词汇等其它语言知识考试内容参见《英语课程标准》相关部分。

(二)语言技能

1.听力技能

要求在听到有关日常生活的熟悉话题时,考生应能:

(1)理解主旨要义;

(2)获取事实性的具体信息;

(3)推测说话人的身份、意图和观点;

(4)根据语境和实际情况对话;

(5)针对所听内容记录主要信息。

2.阅读技能

要求在阅读各种体裁和题材的简短书面材料时,考生应能:

(1) 理解主旨要义;

(2) 理解材料中的具体信息;

(3) 根据上下文和构词法猜测生词或短语的含义;

(4) 推断作者的身份、意图和观点;

(5) 预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局;

(6) 根据要求从文章中摘录相关信息;

(7) 根据阅读材料回答问题。

3.写作技能

要求考生使用所学语言基础知识,以语篇为单位,清楚、连贯地进行控制性和开放性写作。考生应能:

(1)根据英汉表达习惯,翻译文中部分内容;

(2)根据图示、表格等写出简单的文字说明;

(3)根据提示或实际情况,描述事件或表达自己的真情实感;

(4)根据提示或实际情况,写简单的书信、电子邮件、告示、海报等应用文。

4.口语技能

要求考生使用所学的语音、语法和词汇等基础知识,以口头的形式清楚、流利地表达自己的意思。考生应能:

(1)正确朗读浅易的书面材料;

(2)简单表达图片内容;

(3)就熟悉的话题简单地表达自己的观点和态度;

(4)与人沟通、合作,进行有效的信息交流。

三、 考试形式与试卷结构

英语学业考试包括听力、笔头和口语测试,分卷测试。听力测试和笔头测试同卷,采用书面作答的形式闭卷进行,口语测试另卷以面试形式单独进行。

(一)考试题型

1. 客观题型:判断、选择、匹配等答案唯一的题型,其整卷权重值不高于0.55。

2. 主观题型:听写、对话、摘录、简答、完成对话、翻译语篇、作文、朗读、说话等答案

不唯一的题型,其整卷权重值不低于0.45。其中控制性主观题 (即答案内容确定、表达形式不唯一的试题) 整卷权重值不高于0.35,开放性主观题 (即答案内容不确定、表达形式也不唯一的试题) 整卷权重值不低于0.10。

(二)试卷难度

试卷难度值为0.70。其中容易题、稍难题、较难题的比例分别为:70%、15%、15%。

(三)试卷结构

卷数 大题数 小题数 客、主观题权重 知识、能力题权重 整卷

难度值

客观 主观 知识 能力 控制 开放

1-2 4-5 75 ≤0.55 ≤0.35 ≥0.10 ≤0.20 ≥ 0.80 0.70

(四) 试卷模块

下面两种试卷模块,各市、州可根据实际情况选择使用。

试卷模块一 适应以下两种情形:

1. 暂不单独进行口试;

2. 虽然单独进行口试,但口试成绩不纳入英语学业考试成绩。

考查内容 客、主观题权重 知识、能力题权重

大题(权重/难度) 典型题型 客观 主观 知识 能力

听力技能(0.20/0.70) 选择 0.10 0 0 0.10

听写、对话 0 0.10 0.10

知识运用(0.20/0.75) 单项填空 0.10 0 0.10 0

完形填空 0.10 0 0.10 0

阅读技能(0.40/0.75) 判断、选择、匹配 0.25 0 0 0.25

摘录、简答 0 0.15 0 0.15

写作技能(0.20/0.55) 完成对话、翻译语篇

(控制性表达) 0 0.10 0 0.10

作文(开放性写作) 0 0.10 0 0.10

合计 4 0.55 0.45 0.20 0.80

试卷模块二 适应单独进行口试,且口试成绩纳入英语学业考试成绩的市、州。 卷次 考查内容 客、主观题

权重 知识、能力题权重

大题(权重/难度) 典型题型 客观 主观 知识 能力

第一卷

笔试 听力技能

(0.15/0.70) 选择 0.10 0 0 0.10

听写 0 0.05 0 0.05

知识运用

(0.20/0.75) 单项填空 0.10 0 0.10 0

完形填空 0.10 0 0.10 0

阅读技能

(0.35/0.75) 判断、选择、匹配 0.25 0 0 0.25

摘录、简答 0 0.10 0 0.10

写作技能

(0.20/0.55) 翻译语篇(控制性表达) 0 0.10 0 0.10

作文(开放性写作) 0 0.10 0 0.10

第二卷

口试 口语技能

(0.10/0.75) 朗读、说话、对话 0 0.10 0 0.10

合计 2 5 0.55 0.45 0.20 0.80

四、 题型示例

I. 听力技能

本部分侧重考查学生从录音材料中获取信息、理解信息和处理信息的能力。命题时要尽量选用口语材料,不应在脱离语境的情况下单纯考查语言基础知识。在反应题中应尽可能命制一些开放性试题,在一个较完整的语境中考查学生的真实表达能力。答题形式相同的理解题,不论选项是以图片还是文字形式呈现,应列于同一题型内考查,以确保考查目的明确、试卷结构简约、卷面阅读量不降低。

例题一 听音选图 听5段对话,把与其内容相符图画的字母填在答题卡相应的位置上。每段对话听两遍。

A B C D E

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

录音原文

(Text 1)

W: What’s it, John?

M: It’s a photo of my family.

(Text 2)

W: How’s the weather today, Peter?

M: Oh, it’s sunny. Shall we go outing?

(Text 3)

M: Do you like sports, Mary?

W: Yes. My favorite sport is running.

(Text 4)

M: What are you doing, Weihua?

W: I’m watching TV.

(Text 5)

W: Would you like hamburgers, Tom?

M: Yes. They’re delicious.

参考答案 1-5 CEDAB

例题二 选择 根据你听到的对话,选择正确的答案回答问题。

听第一段对话,做第1—3小题

1. Where is Peter now? A. B. C.

2. What’s wrong with Peter?

A. He’s got a fever. B. He’s got a toothache. C. He’s quite well.

3. What can Mr Johnson most probably be?

A. A doctor. B. A teacher. C. A student.

录音原文

W: Hello, is that Mr Johnson speaking?

M: Yes. Speaking, please.

W: This is Peter’s mother, Mrs White. Mr Johnson, Peter is ill. I’m afraid he can’t go to school today.

M: I’m sorry to hear that. Is it serious?

W: He has a fever and a cough. Half an hour ago his father drove him to see the doctor. I think they

are at the doctor’s now.

M: All right. I see. I hope he will get well soon. Give my best wishes to him.

W: Thanks. Bye! (提示声)

参考答案 1-3 CAB

例题三 听写 根据你所听到的内容,填写下面的表格,每空不超过3个单词。 Travel in Shanghai

Days in Shanghai 1 days

Where to live 2

What to do D1 Watch the opening ceremony

D2 Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town

D3 3

Rules Don’t 4 alone at night

Keep 5 clean

录音原文

Good morning and welcome to Shanghai! I am Xiao Ming. I am the tour guide of your group. I hope we can stay with you happily in Shanghai for three days. If you have problems or get lost, please call me. My mobile phone number is in this card. We’ll live in Hunan Hotel. Today we’ll have the most interesting part of our visit. We’ll watch the opening ceremony of the Shanghai World Expo. Tomorrow we’ll go to visit Zhouzhuang Water Town. And the day after tomorrow we’ll go to visit Nanjing Road. You can go shopping there. We have two rules. Please don’t go out alone at night. And please keep the bus clean. Wish you have a good time here. Thank you! 参考答案

1. Three 2. Hunan Hotel 3. Visit Nanjing Road 4. go out 5. the bus

例题四 对话 根据你听到的内容和实际情况,写出简要答语, 完成录音问卷调查表。(本题提供的是开放性提示,属开放性试题。)

QUESTIONNAIRE

English Learning in Schools

1. _______________________________________________________

2. _______________________________________________________

3. _______________________________________________________

4. _______________________________________________________

5. _______________________________________________________

录音原文

Excuse me, can I ask you some questions? I’m a newspaper reporter. I’m going to write about English learning in schools. Your answers will be of great help for me. Of course, you can’t speak right now since you’re having the test, I know. So you have to write your answers when you hear my questions. Just write your answers on your paper. OK?… Yes, thanks. Let’s begin.

My first question is, When did you begin to learn English? Please write your answers.(提示声) My second question, How many English words have you already learned? (提示声)

My third one is, Do you usually speak English or Chinese in your English class? (提示声) The fourth, Are you still interested in English? (提示声)

Now comes my last question. Why do you still like English or why not any more? (提示声) That’s all for my questions today. Thank you very much for your help. (提示声) 参考答案

1. In 2002. 2. About 1600.

3. English. 4. Yes, I am. / No, not any more.

5. Because English is very useful. / Because it’s become too difficult for me.

II. 知识运用

本部分侧重考查学生在一定的语境中灵活运用语法、词汇等语言知识的能力。单项填空题要注意加大考点的覆盖面,力求题干语境真实、语义完整、表达地道。完形填空题应避免单纯根据语法结构设疑,要在重点考查阅读理解能力的同时,测试考生通过上下文灵活运用动词、名词和形容词等语言知识的能力,选材以记叙文或夹叙夹议的文章为宜。要注意选项的同质性,力求类别相同、先后有序、长短一致、难度相当,以提高试题的信度和效度。 例题一 单项填空 从A、B、C三个选项中选择正确的答案填空。

1. —Do you know Taiwan, Jerry?

—Yes. Taiwan is _______ island. It belongs to China.

A. a B. an C. the

2. —What ______ when the earthquake (地震) happened on May 12th ?

—Er, I was having a geography lesson in the classroom.

A. are you doing B. did you do C. were you doing

3. —Who’s basketball player in China now? Is it Yao Ming?

—No. It’s Sun Mingming.

A. tall B. taller C. the tallest

参考答案 1—3 BCC

例题二 完形填空 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

During my second month of the art school, our teacher gave us a pop quiz (突击小测验). I was a hard-working student and I did well in all the 1 . I had finished the questions successfully and easily, until I read the last one: “What is the first name of the 2 who cleans the school?” Surely this was some kind of joke. I had seen the cleaning woman several times. She was tall, dark-haired and about 50 years old, 3 how would I know her name? I handed in my paper, leaving the 4 question empty.

Just before class 5 , one student asked if the last question would count towards our quiz grade.

“Absolutely (绝对地),” said the teacher. “In your life, you will meet many people. 6 people are important and all jobs are important. They deserve (值得) your attention and care, even if all that you do is 7 and say hello.”

I’ve never 8 that lesson. Actually, that was the most 9 lesson in my life. I 10 learned her name was Feng Yue.

1. A. subjects B. homework C. texts

2. A. nurse B. woman C. student

3. A. or B. and C. but

4. A. first B. second C. last

5. A. ended B. began C. changed

6. A. Some B. Most C. All

7. A. laugh B. smile C. shout

8. A. learned B. forgotten C. remembered

9. A. important B. boring C. relaxing

10. A. seldom B. also C. never

参考答案:1—5 ABCCA 6—10 CBBAB

III. 阅读技能

初中英语学业考试应把阅读技能作为主要考查内容,着重考查学生从各种书面材料中获取信息、理解信息和分析、处理信息的能力。所选材料要力求体裁多样、题材丰富、时代感强,体现地域及文化差异;内容要符合学生的生活实际和身心发展水平,具有教育功能。由于承载信息媒介的日益多样化,命题时要适当选用一些实用性强的语言材料,如广告、告示、说明书、指令、图表等。

例题一 判断 根据所给短文内容判断下列各句子。与短文内容符合的写(T),不符合的写(F),短文未涉及的写(N)。(T = True, F = False, N = Not Given or Not Mentioned)

During the day we work and play, at night we sleep. Our body rests while we sleep. Students who are tired usually need more sleep. If we want to be strong, we must get plenty of sleep.

People around the world care about their sleep and ask themselves questions about sleep on March

21. Why ? Because it is World Sleeping Day.

Why do we need sleep? Nobody can give a perfect answer to this question. However, tests have shown that if a person is lack (缺乏) of sleep for more than four hours a day, he or she will lose weight, drop body temperature and finally get ill.

Different people need different amounts (数量) of sleep. Eight hours a night is considered the average (平均的) amount of sleep. Primary school children need at least ten hours, junior high school students nine hours and senior high school students eight hours.

Here are some of the most useful suggestions for a good night’s sleep.

● Go to bed at the same time. ● Use your bed only to sleep.

● Keep the bedroom dark and quiet. ● Don’t exercise in the evening.

● Drink a glass of milk before sleep. ● Stop looking at the watch while you can’t sleep.

1. Junior high school students need nine hours of sleep every day.

2. We should eat healthy food in order to sleep well.

3. Everybody needs ten hours of sleep every day.

4. March 21 is World Sleeping Day.

5. You should look at your watch again and again if you can’t fall asleep.

参考答案 1—5 TNFTF

例题二 选择 阅读下列材料,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项回 答问题或完成句子。

(A)

1. We can call this young man ______.

A. Mr Adam B. Edward C. Adam Davis

2. How much are two pairs of socks and a bag?

A. ¥18. B. ¥24. C. ¥33.

3. Which is the best title(标题)for this poem?

A. Welcome Spring B. Merry Christmas C. The New Year

4. Which’s the least popular means of transportation (交通方式)?

A. Cars. B. Bikes. C. Buses.

( B )

DIY, which means Do It Yourself, is quite popular in UK. Lots of stores and supermarkets sell DIY things. TV programs show people how to DIY.

English people like DIY. There is a saying in UK — “An Englishman’s home is his castle(城堡)”.

A lot of people spend their holidays making their homes beautiful “castles”. They share DIY

experiences with their friends. More and more people have discovered the joy of DIY. Sometimes people also DIY for saving money. With the economic downturn(经济低迷) at present, many people can not afford a big house. They are looking at how they can make their houses better without spending a lot of money. It is not surprising that DIY is so popular.

DIY can bring us fun and help us save money, but it is not always as easy as it is thought to be if we bite off more than we can chew. Maybe factories should make products(产品) that are easier and safer for us to DIY.

5. What does DIY mean?

A. Do it yourself. B. Popular. C. Cheap.

6. Why is DIY so popular in UK? Because .

A. many people can not afford a big house

B. lots of stores and supermarkets sell DIY things

C. DIY can bring people fun and help them save money

7. How do we understand the saying “An Englishman’s home is his castle”?

A. A lot of people spend their holidays making their homes beautiful.

B. People make their houses better without spending much money.

C. People share DIY experiences with their friends.

8. What does the passage mainly tell us?

A. DIY things. B. DIY in UK. C. I like DIY.

(C)

In a survey of 2005 schoolchildren in six cities, including Beijing and Shanghai, it was found that about 77% of them were short of sleep. Should school hours be cut? In a new survey taken by the China Daily website, almost 70% of the 1,133 people online agreed to cutting school hours, while 20% disagreed and 10% gave no answer.

Liu Xing (12-year-old, 6-grade student): I get up at 5:50 every school day, and go to bed at 10:30. Besides, I spend my weekends taking classes in math and English, as well as learning to play the piano.

Wang Qun (Liu Xing’s mother): My son is still not doing enough to win a place at a top high school, as it is so competitive. They want students with good English and math and also special skills.

“Craig” (netizen): The best way for children to learn is playing. By playing, they can improve all kinds of skills.

“Skylark” (netizen): Young parents have little time to play with their children, so letting them go home early is not a good idea. I think schools should have more activities for children after class. Qi Zhen (high school teacher): People might take some time to accept shorter school hours. It will also take time to change people’s traditional mind that going to college is the only way to a good job.

9. According to the survey, ______schoolchildren think they are short of sleep.

A. most B. few C. all

10. The survey made by China Daily website shows that many people think school hours ______.

A. should be a little longer B. should be cut shorter C. is quite all right

11. Liu Xing is very busy mostly because his mother wants him to ______.

A. win a place B. play the piano C. go to a top high school

12. “Skylark” thinks it’s a good idea that children have more_______.

A. time at home B. activities at home C. after-class activities in school

13. We can infer (推断) from his words that Qi Zhen_______ cutting school hours.

A. agrees to B. disagrees to C. gives no answer to

参考答案 1—5 BBCAA 6—10 CABAB 11—13 CCA

例题三 匹配

A)阅读下篇材料,从所给的A—F六个选项中,选出正确的选项填空,使短文通顺、内容完整。

The police do many things for us. They help keep us and our things safe. They help keep cars moving safely. They take care of people who are hurt. 1

The police go around town to see that everything is all right. 2 Some of them walk or go by car. In some big cities, some of the police ride on horses.

As they go around town, the police help people. 3 Then they take the children home. If the police see a fight, they will stop it at once. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well.

Some police stand at crossings. 4 They make sure that the cars do not go too fast. They help children cross the streets. They also help people who can’t walk well.

Without the police, our streets would not be safe. 5 Lost people might never be found . The police do a good job. We need them. And we should thank them for their good job.

参考答案 1—5 BFAED

B)阅读1—5段材料,根据每段内容选出恰当的标题。

1. _______________

Last month, at the age of 42, Dmitry Medvedev (梅德韦杰夫) becomes the youngest president of modern Russia. He has been a fan of British hard rock since childhood. But his parents didn’t have the money to buy him his favorite band’s albums. However, 30 years later, he was able to invite the band to play at Kremlin (克里姆林宫).

2. _______________

He is the premier of the world’s most populous (人口多的)country. But, millions of people would rather call him “grandpa”. Always in plain (朴素的) jackets, he seems an ordinary old man with a kind smile. But in the face of disasters he has the power to pull together the whole country.

3. _______________

China’s biggest earthquake in 32 years has shaken all fields of life. All athletes said that they

would like to do whatever they can. Liu Xiang and his coach donated (捐款) for the quake victims. NBA all-star center Yao Ming has promised to donate 2 million yuan. They want to help those who are suffering from the quake.

4. _______________

An 18-meter high “Olympic torch (火炬)” made of more than 110,000 pots of flowers, the biggest “Olympic torch” in the world, is seen at the Liberation Park in Wuhan, Hubei Province. The

“Olympic torch” was exhibited at the opening ceremony of the 2008 Wuhan Flower Expo (世博会)

to express local people’s best wishes to this summer Olympic Games.

5. _______________

During three days of national mourning (哀悼) ordered by the government, national flags were flying at half-mast and public entertainment had been canceled (取消). The public were asked to stand in silence for three minutes from 2:28 pm on Monday, the time the deadly quake hit on May 12.

A. “Grandpa” is here

B. The biggest “Olympic torch” in the world

C. The youngest president

D. A nation mourns

E. Quake shakes sporting world

F. The Olympic Games

参考答案 1—5 CAEBD

例题四 摘录 阅读短文,然后完成内容摘要。

(A)

Taohuayuan

It lies in Taoyuan County and is 23 km away from Changde. The temples here were built in the 10th century. During the reign (统治) of Guangxu (1875-1908) of the Qing Dynasty, a scenic spot (景点) appeared according to the article“On the Land of Peach(桃)Flowers”written by Tao Yuanming, a famous writer of the Jin Dynasty. The tour area today is made up of four parts-the Taohua Mountain, the Taohualing Hill, the Taoyuan Mountain and the Qinren Village. Changde Poem Wall

Changde Poem Wall is a 3-kilometer-long riverbank alongside the Yuanjiang River, which is engraved (雕刻) with poems, handwriting and painting and it is listed as the longest wall with engraved arts in Guinness Record.

Title(标题): 1 _________ in Changde

Name Location (位置) Features (特色)

Taohuayuan in Taoyuan County the Taohua Mountain

4 _

3 _ away from Changde the Taoyuan Mountain

the Qinren Village

2 _ alongside the Yuanjiang River poems

handwriting

5 _

参考答案

1. Places of interest / Scenic spots / Scenic area / Attractive places…

2. Changde Poem Wall 3. 23km / kilometers 4. (the) Taohualing Hill 5. painting

(B)

On the afternoon of May 28th, there was a car accident on Nathan Road. As a result, the road was blocked (阻塞). The two drivers were quarrelling (争吵) and both of them said that the other was wrong. However, the other drivers were not interested in knowing whose fault (过错) it was, they were waiting impatiently (不耐烦) and just wanted to be able to leave.

Finally someone called the police. Two policemen soon arrived. They cleared the road

immediately and tried to control the traffic.

Then the police took the two drivers to the police station. There, the drivers described the course of the accident, saying that it was not their own fault. However, the policemen decided that both drivers were wrong because they had driven too fast and carelessly.

The two drivers also had to take the alcohol (酒精) test. Fortunately, they did not drink any alcohol before driving. Otherwise (否则) the result would be more serious!

A Traffic Accident

1 On the afternoon of May 28th

Place On 2

Reasons The two drivers had driven too fast and 3

Result of the accident 4 was blocked.

Result of the alcohol test They 5 any alcohol before

driving.

参考答案

1. Time 2. Nathan Road 3. carelessly 4. The road

5. did not drink

例题五 简答 阅读短文, 然后根据短文内容简要回答下列问题。

Helping others is easier than you think. You don’t need to wait to become a rich man like Bill Gates to help the poor. You can become a volunteer, you can donate your time, your old clothes and so on. And in doing so, you can become a better and happier person.

Choose some people to support. For example, homeless people, poor children and so on. All of these are suitable.

Decide what you are able to give. Yes! Sometimes it isn’t only money—you can donate your time as a volunteer, you can donate your knowledge teaching poor children, you can donate your old clothes, you can donate food or you can share a meal with a hungry child.

Tell people about it. Tell your friends or your children. Put it in your blog (博客) or on your website. In this way, the good work you do will be multiplied (增加)!

1. Is it difficult to help others in the writer’s opinion?

2. Whom can you choose to support in the passage?

3. What does the underlined word “it” mean?

4. If you are a volunteer, what will you do to help the children in poor areas?

参考答案

1. No. / No, it isn’t.

2. Homeless people, poor children and so on.

3. The good work you do. / Helping others. / Donating things to others. /…

4. I’ll help them with their lessons / share a meal with some of them / …

IV. 写作技能

本部分侧重考查学生根据提示,以书面的形式进行信息沟通,再现生活经历,描述周围的人、物的能力,以及表达意见、观点的能力,特别是考查学生表达个人经历的能力。作文题立意要尽量与语言实际使用情形一致,体现“用英语做事情”的理念,要提供明确的写作方向,不提倡无提示的自由作文。给出的提示可以是开放性的,也可以是控制性与开放性相结合的。但是,每一题型采用一种提示为宜,易于学生审题、作答,方便教师评卷、分析。当前要着力加大开放性提示试题的比重,引导学生表达真情实感。

例题一

A) 完成对话 通读下面的对话, 然后根据上下文补全对话。

Seegar: We shall have a picnic tomorrow. Can you come, Jackson?

Jackson: Yes, I can.

Micheal: 1 ?

Seegar: We shall have the picnic in Fair-Lake Park.

Jackson: Micheal, 2 ?

Micheal: No, I won’t take a bus. I’ll take a taxi.

Jackson: Seegar, 3 ?

Seegar: Oh, I’m afraid she can’t.

Micheal: 4 ?

Seegar: Because she will go to a lecture tomorrow.

Jackson: What a shame!

Micheal: 5 . Can you speak more slowly, please?

Jackson: I just said “What a shame”. That means it’s a pity that Seegar’s sister can’t go with us. Micheal: Oh, I see. I hope we’ll have a good time.

参考答案

1. Where shall we have the picnic?

2. Will you go there by bus? / Will you take a bus there?

3. Will your sister go there, too?

4. Why not?

5. Excuse me. / I’m sorry I can’t follow you. /…

B) 完成对话 根据实际情况完成以下调查访谈。(本题提供的是开放性提示,属开放性试题。) Reporter: Excuse me. I’m doing a survey for a magazine Hobbies. Can I ask you some questions? You : Sure.

Reporter: Everyone has hobbies. So do you, don’t you?

You : (1)

Reporter: What are they?

You : (2)

Reporter: Uh-huh. Which is your favorite one?

You : (3)

Reporter: OK. When did you pick it up?

You : (4)

Reporter: Well, why do you like that so much?

You : (5)

Reporter: Thank you.

You : You’re welcome.

参考答案

1. Yes, I do.

2. Fishing, collecting stamps and playing computer games.

3. Collecting stamps, of course.

4. When I was six years old.

5. Because I can learn quite a lot from the stamps.

例题二 翻译语篇

A) 阅读下面短文,将文中划线部分译成汉语或英语。

Food is very important. Everyone needs to eat well if he or she wants to have a strong body. 1. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is knowledge. We begin to get knowledge even we are very young. 2. 孩子们对周围的一切都感兴趣。They learn something when they are watching and listening. When they are getting older, they begin to read storybooks, science books and anything they like. 3. When they find something new, they love to ask questions and try to find out the answers.

4. 获取知识的最佳方法是什么呢? If we learn by ourselves, we will get the most knowledge. If we are always getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. 5. If we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand better.

参考答案

1. 我们的大脑也需要某种食粮。

2.Small children are interested in everything around them.

3. 有新发现时,他们喜欢提问,并努力去寻求答案。

4.What is the best way to get knowledge?

5. 如果我们采用恰当的学习方法,就会学得更多,理解得更透彻。

例题三 作文

A) 以下是两则美国学生的信息,请从中选择—位作为你的笔友,并给他(她)写封英语短信。要求信中包括以下内容:

1. 简单介绍自己;

2. 根据对方信息说明你想与他(她)成为笔友的原因;

3. 你的期待。

注意:

1. 信中不得使用自己的真实姓名和地名;

2. 80词以上。(本题提供的是开放性提示,属开放性试题。)

Name:Lisa

Age:14

City:Los Angeles

Hobbies:music, dancing and reading

Notes:Look for pen friends who want to learn about Disneyland. Name:Toby

Age:15

City:Los Angeles

Hobbies:sports (especially football), travelling

Notes:Look for pen friends who want to learn about the computer.

参考答案

Dear Lisa,

My name is Sue. I live in Changde, Hunan and I want a pen pal in America. I think America is a very interesting country because there are many places to have fun, like Disneyland. I’m 14 years old. I can speak a little English. My favorite subject in school is music. But I don’t like math because it’s too difficult!

As I know, you like music, dancing and reading. So we share the same hobbies. I hope you can visit China sometime and make friends with me.

Can you write to me soon?

B) 最近,你在全班就 “你心目中最好的老师” 这一问题进行了一次调查,结果如下图所示。 请给英语板报写一篇60词左右的报道,简单介绍本次调查的结果,并谈谈自己的看法。

标题和每段的开头语已给出,不计入字数。(本题提供的是开放性与控制性相结合的提示,题中“谈谈自己的看法”部分属开放性内容。)

Fun Fair (公平的) Helpful

FUN,FAIR OR …?

My recent survey shows: 41% of my classmates like the teachers who are fun. _ _________________________________________________________________In my opinion, _______________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案

FUN,FAIR OR …?

My recent survey shows: 41% of my classmates like the teachers who are fun. 52% of them think a favorite teacher should be fair. And 69% are fond of helpful teachers.

In my opinion, best teachers should be both kind and full of love just like parents. Such is my English teacher. I like her very much. My classmates say I’m good at English. And I’m going to be an English teacher when I grow up. What is your favorite teacher like?

Sue

C) 初中阶段的学习生活即将结束。假设你是张华,身在中考考场,回想自己在父母和老师的关爱和帮助下的成长过程,心中充满感戴之情。请根据表中所列信息,用英语给父母或老师写一封70词左右的短信,深表谢意。(本题提供的是开放性提示,属开放性试题。) 感谢

对象

Father Mother Miss Gao

参考

用语 take care of, love, help, encourage, cheer up…

thankful, work hard, try to do better…

注意:1. 感谢对象可在父母或老师中任选其一,请避用真实姓名和校名。

2. 除表格所列关键词语外,还可适当发挥、举例并抒发感受。

3.信的开头和结尾已经给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear _______________,

Words fail me when I want to express my thanks to you. _______________

________________________________________________________________

Best wishes!

Yours

Zhang Hua

参考答案

( A )

Dear parents,

Words fail me when I want to express my thanks to you. You’ve taken good care of me since I was born. When I’m in trouble, you always encourage me and cheer me up. Once I argued with my best friend and was upset. You talked with me the whole night and finally helped me solve the problem. With your help, I’ve become a good student. I’m so thankful for your love that I’ll work harder and try to do better in the future.

Best wishes!

Yours

Zhang Hua

( B )

Dear Miss Gao,

Words fail me when I want to express my thanks to you. You’ve taken good care of my studies since I came to this school. When I’m in trouble, you always encourage me and give me good advice. I still remember that once I failed in an English exam and was upset. You cheered me up and told me some good ways to improve my English. With your help, I’ve made great progress in English. I’m so thankful for your love that I’ll work harder and try to do better in the future. Best wishes!

Yours

Zhang Hua

V. 口语技能

本部分侧重考查学生的英语口头表达能力,特别是在真实语境中沟通信息、描述事物与情感、发表意见和表达观点的能力。口语测试应该以考查学生口头表达的实际效果为主,兼顾流利性和准确性。各地应尽可能推行口语测试,确有困难的可暂缓实施,但要把对口语技能的考查有机地结合在听力、知识运用、写作等能力的考查之中。

例题一 朗读

Now Wu Peng from Class 1 was in front! Lin Tao didn’t run as fast as Wu Peng, but he was not far behind. Jiang Honglin was catching up, too, but not fast enough. “Come on, Wu Peng!” shouted the Class 1 students. “Oh! No!”

Wu dropped his stick! He stopped to get it and of course fell behind. Lin Tao ran past him. He was first past the finishing line. Class 3 were the winners!

“Hooray!” shouted Class 3. “Well done, everyone! Congratulations, Lin Tao!”

例题二 说话

A) 看图说话

参考答案

One day after school,Bill went to the playground to play basketball with his friends as usual. They had great fun running and jumping and shooting the basket.

When Bill arrived home, it was already 5:30.

He felt so tired and hungry. He was pleased to see that supper was ready. He was going to eat when his mother stopped him.

“Look at your dirty hands. Go and wash them before dinner,” said his mother.

After a while, Bill came back and showed his mother his clean hands.

Soon his mother came to Bill with a dirty towel in her hands. “Could you tell me what has happened?” asked his mother. Bill’s face went red.

B) 就某一话题说话

Tell us some traffic rules you know, please.

参考答案

With pleasure. Here are some traffic rules.

If you want to cross a street, you must wait for the green light. You mustn’t cross in front of the traffic. If the light is yellow, you should wait. It’s better to wait and be safe.

Don’t drive too fast. If you drive too fast, a car may hit you. If there is a lot of traffic, you must

wait. If the traffic light is red, you must stop. If you are not careful, you may have an accident. 例题三 对话

提问卡

You want to know something about his / her trip. Please ask him / her at least five questions about his / her trip according to the following card.

回答卡

He / She wants to know something about your trip. Please answer his / her questions about your trip. The following card can help you.

A Holiday Trip

WHEN

WHERE

WITH WHOM

HOW

WHAT

参考答案

A: When did you go traveling? B: On May Day.

A: Where did you go? B: We went to the Great Wall.

A: Who did you go there with? B: With my parents.

A: How did you go there? B: By plane.

A: What did you have for lunch that day? B: Bread and orange juice.

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