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时态(培优)

发布时间:2014-01-27 15:51:58  

突破高考动词时态语态题
动词的时态和语态是历年高考的重点,而且测试的难度也在逐 年加大。动词的语态常和时态放在一起考查。高考命题者常从 以下角度进行命题: 1.直接给出时间状语,考生能直接根据所给时间状语作出选择; 2.给出时间状语,但所给时间状语有着较强的干扰性和迷惑性, 考生不能直接根据时间状语作出选择; 3.给出主句/从句时态,让考生选择从句、主句时态; 4.所给题干是一固定搭配结构,考查考生对于固定结构需用时态 的掌握情况; 5.题干中不提供任何时间状语,而给出一个上下文情景或一个结 构较为复杂的句子,考生必须仔细分析语境,才能作出正确判 断。

一、利用时间标志词巧解动词时态题 遇到动词时态题时首先在题干中寻找时间标志词,如果题 干中有标志性的时间状语,则往往可以根据时间状语选择相应 的时态。

【考例】①Daniel’s family ______ their holiday in Huangshan this time next week.(2009安徽卷) A. are enjoying B. are to enjoy C. will enjoy D. will be enjoying ② His sister left home in 1998, and _______since. (2009全国卷I) A. had not been heard of B. has not been heard of C. had not heard of D. has not heard of ③Judy is going to marry the sailor she ______ in Rome last year.(2008重庆卷) A. meets B. met C. has met D. would meet

动词的时态一般都有其对应的时间状语,熟记下列8种常用时 态所对应的时间状语将对你今后解题有所帮助。

(1)一般现在时:often, always, usually, seldom, now, every day/week…等。 (2)一般过去时:then, yesterday, in the past, last week/ month…, after that, two days ago等。 (3)现在进行时:now, right now, at present, at this moment, these days 等。 (4)过去进行时:then, at that time, at this time yesterday/last week…等。 (5)现在完成时: recently, lately, up to/till now, so far, in/over the past / last few months / years…, for + 一段时间, since +一段时间等,ever since。

(6)过去完成时:before,

by the end of last month / year…;by yesterday/last week…等 (7)一般将来时:tomorrow, next week / month…, in an hour, in the coming / following few weeks等。 (8)过去将来时:the following month, the next week等。
【命题角度及对策】高考测试动词时态须与句中时间状语一 致时,常在题干中加入具体情景,以测试考生对动词时态知 识的实际运用能力。敏锐捕捉时间标志词,并结合具体的语 境,选择出正确的动词时态,是解决此类问题的良策。

二、利用主从时态呼应原则巧解动词时态题 遇到动词时态题时,如果所给题干是含有状语从句或宾 语从句的主从复合句,可根据主从句时态呼应的原则选出正 确的时态。

1. Scientists have many

theories about how the universe _______ into being.(2009北京卷) A. came B. was coming C. had come D. would come 2. The moment I got home, I found I ____ my jacket on the playground. (2008陕西卷) A. had left B. left C. have left D. was leaving

【命题角度及对策】近年来高考试题考查主从句的时态呼应 时,常放在真实的并且符合实际的语境中进行考查。在根据 主从句时态呼应原则解题时,要把握好以下几点:

*(1)在时间、条件等状语从句中,用一般现在时表
示一般将来时,一般过去时表示过去将来时,用现在完成时 表示将来完成时。 (2)正确认定主句动词及从句动词两个动作发生的先 后时间,并认真体会命题者所给出的语境。 (3)解答宾语从句与主句时态呼应题时,考生应熟知 以下规则:主句动词为现在时,则从句动词可根据需要使用 任何时态;主句动词为过去时,则从句动词须用恰当的过去 的某种时态(表示客观真理时使用一般现在时)

三、利用具有特殊时态要求的固定搭配巧解动词时态题 英语中有很多固定搭配或特殊句式,使用的动词时态非常 固定。如果题干构成某种固定搭配或特殊句式,则根据规则选 用规定的时态。

【考例】①This is the first time we ______ a film in the cinema together as a family.(2009陕西卷) A. see B. had seen C. saw D. have seen ②— How can I apply for an online course? — Just fill out this form and we _____ what we can do for you.(2007北京卷) A. see B. are seeing

C. have seen

D. will see

③ I ______ along the street looking for a place to park my car when the accident ______. (2006江苏 卷) A. went; was occurring B. went; occurred C. was going; occurred D. was going; had occurred
【命题角度及对策】高考测试的热点倾向于be doing (about to do)…when…; no sooner…than…; hardly/ scarcely…when…; It / This is / was the first(second…) time…以及对时态有特殊要求的固定句式。在平时的英语学习 中,同学们一定要夯实基础知识,熟记教材中出现的各种习惯 搭配,这不仅有助于解单项填空题,而且对解完形填空和短文 改错题也有帮助,还能在书面表达中增添色彩。

四、利用语境巧解动词时态题 近年来高考试题对时态语态考查的要求越来越高,设题趋 向于不出现时间状语,而向情境化、实际化的方向发展。因此, 细心体会所给语境,根据具体语境选择合适的时态是考生需要 重点解决的问题。

【考例】①Edward, you play so well. But I ______ you played the piano. (2009北京卷) A. didn’t know B. hadn’t known C. don’t know D. haven’t known ② When he _______ the door, he found his keys were nowhere.(2009湖南卷) A. would open B. opened
C. had opened D. was to open

③ Would you please keep silent?

The weather report ______ and I want to listen.(2009湖南 卷) A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast
C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast 【命题角度及对策】近年来高考试题对时态考查的 要求越来越高,大部分试题趋向情境化、实际化。 对策是,捕捉信息,理解情境,综合运用,灵活答 题。


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