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湖南省攸县明阳学校八年级英语上册 Unit 7 Will people have robots导学案

发布时间:2014-01-27 15:52:02  

Unit 7 Will people have robots导学案

一、 学习目标

1.熟练掌握词汇:future,environment,planet,building,play a part,world peace 2.熟练掌握以下句型 (1)In the future,there will be...

(2)A:Will there be... ? B:Yes,I hope so.

3.学习一般将来时态的相关知识,学会对未来进行预测。

二、重点,难点:

◆重点 由will构成的一般将来时态的句式。

◆难点 1.more,less,fewer的用法。2.there be 句式的一般将来时态there will be? 三、自主学习

Step 1 Review (忆一忆):

1.你认为人们家里将会出现机器人吗?_________________________________

2.孩子们将会去学校上学吗?__________________________________________

3.他们将在自己家里通过电脑学习。_____________________________________

4.人们将可以活到200岁。_____________________________________________

5.将会有更少的人。__________________________________________________ 6.机会有更少的空闲时间。_________________________________________

7.将会有更多的污染。_______________________________________________

Step 2 learning new words and key phrases (单词、短语)

1. in the future__________ 2.be in great danger___________ 3. move to ____________

4.play a part in doing sth _________ 5. save the earth_______________ 6.see blue skies_____________ 7. spend time together_________________

Step 3 Difficult sentences showing(重难点展示)

1. in ten years的汉语意思为________________,用于__一般将来时态__(时态)。10年之后还可以用________ after+时间_ 表示,但一般用于__过去时态___(时态). He _____ ____(find) a pleasant job in ten years. He ______ ___(come) back to China after ten 1

years. after 和in 都有在??之后的意思, after后跟___________(时态).in 后只能跟_____________(时态).

四、合作探究

一般将来时表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语,如tomorrow, next week, next month, in 100 years等连用。

1.由“助动词will+动词原形”构成,will在代词后常简写为’ll, will not 常简写为won’t。在疑问句中,主语为第一人称(I和we)时,常用助动词shall。 2.由“be going to+动词原形”构成,表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做的事情。 What are you going to do tomorrow? 你明天打算做什么?

五、达标测评 1.将来时态训练

(1) Kids will come back to school tomorrow.

Kids _________come back to school tomorrow.(改为否定句)

_______ _______ come back to school tomorrow?(改为一般疑问句) Yes,_______ _______./ No,_______ _______.(作肯定及否定回答)

(2)There will be a heavy rain tomorrow.

_______ _______ be a heavy rain tomorrow. (改为否定句)

_______ _______ _____ a heavy rain tomorrow? (改为一般疑问句) Yes,_______ _______./ No,_______ _______.(作肯定及否定回答)

2用所给词的适当形式填空.

(1)In five years, I ________ (be) able to ______ (go) to college.

(2)There will be _____ (little) pollution in the future.

(3)In ten years, she _______ (be) a doctor. Now she ______ (be) a student.

(4)People ______________ (fly) rockets to the moon for vacations one day.

(5)Linda _______ (study) in a language school three years ago.She _______(become) an English teacher in two years.

3.用more/fewer/less 练习填空

1)Can you give us some water!We are thirsty. We have _________ water to drink. 2

2)Don’t be so rude to your friends. Or you will have ________ friends.

3)Don’t worry. We’ll give you _________ advice.

4)I’m healthy, because I eat _________ vegetables every day.

4.试着写出下里下列词组。

①更多的树 ____________________ ②较少的时间 ______________________ ③更多的钱

____________________ ④较多的污染 ______________________

⑤较多的运动 __________________ ⑥较少的学生 ______________________ 5.选择

( ) 1 We’ll try our best to do the work with _____ money and _____ people.

A. few, little B. a few, a little C. less , fewer D. fewer, less

( ) 2 There _____ a sports meeting next week.

A. is B. are C. will have D. will be

( ) 3 The city will have _____ trees and _____ pollution.

A. more, lot B. less, fewer C. more , less D. less, less ( ) 4 Five years ago, Sally _____ soccer, but today she _____ soccer. She ____

basketballin five years.

A .played, doesn’t play, will play B. played, didn’t play, will play

C. plays, won’t play, will play D.played, doesn’t play, plays

Unit 7 Will people have robots?(SectionA 2d-3c)(第2课时)

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主备人:彭爱武 其他人员:刘晓春 陈飞飞

一、学习目标:

1.掌握单词及短语:in five years, play a part, peace, sea, sky 2.掌握句型:What will the future be like?

There will be fewer trees and the environment will be in great danger. Everyone should play a part in saving the earth.

二、学习重难点:1.一般现在时和一般将来时的运用。

2. more,less,fewer的用法

三、自主学习:

I.哈哈,我会变!

1. I often _______ up at 6:00 in the morning, but tomorrow morning I

________________up at 7:00 (get).

2. My father_______ a teacher in 10 years ago, but now he ______ a policeman. ( be)

3. Many people in our village _______a lot of tall _________ last year. ( build)

4. Last Friday night, I_________(have) a birthday party at home.

5. There______________(not be) an English test the day after tomorrow.

II.轻松选择

1. Five years ago, Li Mei ______ soccer. A. plays B. played C. will play

2. _____ more buildings in our school in the future. A. There are B. There were C. There will be

3. Her grandmother lived_________103 years old. A. to B. be C. to be

4.—_____________ will Mary’s cousin come back from Shanghai? —In a week.

A. How long B. How often C. How soon

5. Usually Mike spends __________ time doing homework than Jack.

A. little B. fewer C. less

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四、合作探究

1. 辨析:more,less 和fewer

more是much,many的比较级,意为“更多的,较多的”,修饰不可数名词或可数名词。 less是little的比较级,意为“较少的,更少的”,只能修饰不可数名词。 fewer是few的比较级,意为“较少的”,修饰可数名词。 2. pollution意为“污染;污染物”,为不可数名词。

Eg. air pollution 空气污染 noise pollution 噪音污染 拓展:pollution的动词形式为pollute,意为“污染”,其过去式为polluted,现在分词形式为polluting。

3. danger 名词,意为“危险;威胁”。in danger“处于危险之中”,其反义词为out of danger,意为“脱离危险”

拓展:danger的形容词形式为dangerous,意为“危险的”。

4.play a part in 参与(某事)

5.用there be 或者 have的适当形式填空。

1.__________.an English speech contest tomorrow.

2 __________you __________.any questions?

3. __________.no schools in this village 20 years ago.

4. She __________.car and a house in 10 years. But now she__________. nothing because she__________. no money.

5.__________some students and a teacher in the classroom.

6. They __________a lot of housework to do every day.

五、达标拓展: 我也能写写自己。

Five years ago, I was_____________. I played ___________. I had __________. Today, I am _________________.I play_______________. I have__________.

In five years, I will be __________________.I will play ___________________.I will have__________.

II用所给词的适当形式填空

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1. There (be) fewer cars in 100 years. 2. She (be) 20

next month. 4 There will be (few) birds in the future than now. 5. Kids (study) at home on computers in 100 years.

Unit 7 Will people have robots?导学案(Grammar)

主备人:彭爱武 其他人员:刘晓春 陈飞飞 1.一般将来时

1) 由“will / shall +动词原形”构成的一般将来时。

如:It will be very hot tomorrow. 明天会非常热。shall适用于第一人称

2) 与一般将来时连用的时间状语,它们通常是一些表示将来时间的词或词组。例如:

tomorrow (明天) the day after tomorrow (后天)next week (下周)

soon (很快,不久以后) in the future (将来) in three days (三天后)

some day (将来的某一天) when时间状语从句

2. There be句型的一般将来时:

There will be +名词+其他成份。它的意思是“将会有??”

如:There will be fewer cars. 汽车会更少。

肯定句 There will be...

否定句 There (will not) won't be

一般疑问句

回答 Will there be...?

Yes, there will. \ No, there won't

特殊疑问句 特殊疑问词+will there be...?

明年,我们学校将会有2500名学生。 明年,这里将不会有任何人了。

将来,这里的树会更少吗?

3.1)形容词more、fewer和less的用法。

more的意思是“更多的”,它是many和much的比较级,它可以用来修饰可数名词的复数

或者不可数名词;

fewer意思是“更少的”,它是few的比较级,它只能用来修饰 。

less意思也是“更少的”,它是little的比较级,它只能用来修饰 。

例如:

more pollution 更多的污染

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fewer apples 更少的苹果

less money 更少的钱

用more,less,fewer填空:

1.There will be ________(更多的建筑)in 50 years.

2.The students will have ________(更少的家庭作业)to do.

3.There will be ________(更少的污染)here.

4.Kids will have ________(更少的计算机)in their classroom.

5.There will be ________(更多的图书馆)in this city.

6.There will be ________(更少的树)in the park.

【双基训练题】

I. 用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。

1. There (be) many people at tomorrow’s party.

2. Listen, who (sing) in English?

3. The children will use computers to study at home in 20 years.

4. -- they (buy) the house?

--Yes, they will.

5. There will be (many) people and (few) in 40 years. II) 单项选择

1. I think Alice is the right person for the job, because she’s always thinking ________ of others than of herself.

A. much B. more C. little D. less (2006, 安徽省中考卷)

2. There are ____ books on the shelf. You can borrow me. (2006, 贵阳市中考卷)

A. few B. a few C. a little.

3. How long will cats live ______?

A. to B. to be C. for D. on

4. There ______ one country in the world.

A. will be only B. be will only

C. will only be D. only will be

5. -- Will there be robots in people’s homes? --______.

A. Yes, there will B. Yes, there be

C. No, there will D. No, it won’t

6. Mr. Smith will be back to school ______ a week.

A. at B. in C. for D. after

7. The old man has ______ friends, so he often feels lonely.

A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

Unit 7 Will people have robots? (Section B 1a-1e)(第3课时)

主备人:彭爱武 其他人员:刘晓春 陈飞飞

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一、学习目标:

1.掌握新单词和短语: astronaut, apartment, rocket, space, space station,computer

4、across from在??对面

辨析:across和through:across与through都可译为“穿过”。cross指从物体表面过去,而through指从物体内部空间穿过。 programmer, fly to

2.掌握句型:I will fly rockets to the moon.

二、学习重难点:巩固will表示的一般将来时态。

三、自主学习

1.Russia(俄罗斯) built a _________________many years ago. 2. People came to the __________ in 1969.

3. My father ______ me to the park last Sunday.

4.She______________to Hainan Island(岛) for vacation. 5. Yang Liwei is the first Chinese_________.

II.我会选:

1. They ________ the train ____ school yesterday. A. will take, to B. took, to C. take, to

2.—What will you be when you grow up? —I think I will be _____ astronaut A. a B. an C. the

3.—Where does her mother live?—She ______ Loudi. A. lives B. lives in C. will live in

4. Mr Green ___________ America in two days. A. flies to B. will fly to C. flew to

5. I’ll live _____ a space station one day. A. in B. on C. at

展示交流:

宇航员/航天员___________________飞行__________(过去式:_____________) 太空/空间_____________火箭_________月亮/月球____________________ 在太空站

_______________________飞往?________________________

四、合作探究

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1、根据要求完成1a,1b 2、听录音,完成1c、1d

3、我们一起来表演对话吧。让我们谈论谈论Joe现在的、10年前的以及10年后的生活。 A: Where do you live? B: I live in an apartment. A: What do you do? B: I’m a computer programmer. A: Where did you live 10 years ago? B: ?

5、I took the train to school.我乘火车去学校。

“take +冠词+交通工具+to?”意为“乘---去---”,也可以用“go to?+by+交通工具”来表达。

类似的用法还有:walk to?→ go to ? on foot“步行去------”; ride to? → go to ? by bike“骑车去------”; drive to?→ go to ? by car“开车去------”;

fly to? → go to ? by plane/ air“乘飞机去------”; 6、live in an apartment住在一所公寓里

五、达标拓展:

I根据句意及首字母提示完成单词

1. China will build our own station. 2. Zhai Zhigang is an excellent to Beijing and have a meeting.

goes round the earth.

II.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Weihai two years ago. 2. an English test next Wednesday.

3. There are many (build) in Harbin. 4. (take) the bus to school yesterday. III.用所给动词适当形式填空

1. What _________ you ______(do) this Sunday? There __________(be) a football match.

3. ―the car ?‖ (buy) ― In 1998 . ‖

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, Her mother ___________(give)her a present.

5. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

6. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ____ (stay) at home and ______(do) some cleaning.

六.学后反思:

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Unit 7 Will people have robots? (Section B 2a-2e)(第4、5课时) 主备人:彭爱武 其他人员:刘晓春 陈飞飞

知识目标:

1.熟练掌握以下词汇: scientist, already, made, factory, simple, human, shape, snake, possible, seem, impossible, housework, hundreds of , be able to,over and over again,fall down,look for,for example,look like,wake up ,bored,such

2.熟练掌握以下句型:

(1) He thinks that it will be difficult for a robot to do the same things as a person.

(2) They think that robots will even be able to talk to people in 25 to 50 years.

(3) Some will look like humans, and others might look like animals

(4) We never know what will happen in the future!

技能目标:1.能够运用所给信息,如标题、图片等预测文章大意。

2. 能够运用本课的核心句型,想象和预测未来社会发展。

情感态度: 21世纪的青少年应该开拓思维,敢于设想和实践,善于运用科学知识发明创造。 课前预习

Ⅰ. 机器人发展史

早在三千多年前的西周时代,我国就出现了能歌 善舞的木偶,称为“倡者”,这可能是世界上最早的“机器人”。上世纪五六十年代,出现第一代机器人,它属于“示教再现”(Teach-in/playback)型机器人,只具有记忆、存储能力,按相应程序重复作业,但对周围环境基本没有感知与反馈控制能力。进入80年代,出现了第二代机器人——有感觉的机器人。它能够获得作业环境和作业对象的有关信息,进行一定的实时处理作业,在工业生产中得到广泛应用。第三代机器人是目前正在研究的“智能机器人”。它不仅具有更加完善的环境感知能力,而且还具有逻辑思维、判断和决策能力,可根据作业要求与环境信息自主进行工作。

Ⅱ. What do these robots look like? What can they do?

课堂学习 Before reading

1. (1)根据要求,利用本课词汇填空。

Safe(反义词)__________ possible(反义词)___________ make(过去式)__________ easy(近义词)__________ hardly(近义词)__________dirty(近义词)_________

(2)拼装游戏。将下列词汇进行组合,看看能否构成其他词汇。你还能举出类似的例子吗?

danger im dis house agree ous possible

2. 利用课前画的机器人草图,全班同学就其外形和功能进行讨论,讨论时可借助如下句型: A: What does the robot look like? B: It looks like a?

A: What can the robots do? B: It can?

3. Groupwork:根据文章标题和插图猜测文章大体内容,完成2b.

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While reading

1. Fast reading 速读短文,回答下列问题。(阅读策略:以极快的速度阅读文章,寻找字面上阐述的信息。) (1)Are there any robots now? (2)Will there be more robots in the future?

2. Careful reading (阅读策略:仔细阅读短文,有目的性、针对性地在文中查找问题答案。) 根据文章内容,判断各句正(T)误(F)。

(1) The robots help people do the most pleasant jobs.

(2) Scientists try to make robots look different from people.

(3) Robots will never get bored to do simple jobs over and over again.

(4) Humans will have more work to do it the future.

(5) Space rockets seemed possible a hundred years ago.

3. Detailed reading(阅读策略:有选择地精研细读有关章节或段落,解决疑难之处。) 阅读文章的1~3自然段,回答下列问题。

(1) What do the robots do in some science movies? (2) Will robots get bored?

(3) What can the robots do in Japanese companies? (4) Does Mr. White think robots can do the same things as a person?

5. Reading up(研读)

1) 自主学习——找出重、难点。

2) 合作探究——细读全文,提出疑难问题,小组讨论,互助解答。

观察与思考:

1. However, they agree it may take hundreds of years.

hundreds of 意 思为__ __________,后跟___________名词复数。当hundred 表示具体数量时,不可以+s,也不可以和of 连用。例如:400___________。

练习:There are ________books in our school library.

A. hundred of B. hundreds of C. nine hundreds D. nine hundreds of

2 . He thinks that it will be difficult( for a robot) to do the same things as a person. ?,it’s easy for a child to wake up and know where they are.

It is +形容词+(for sb. +)to do sth. 意思为_________________________

练习:汉译英。

① 学好英语对我而言很难。_______is difficult for me ________ ________English well. ② 按时到校对我而言很容易。______is easy for me _______ _______to school on time.

3. For example,there are already robots working in factories.

There be sb. /sth. +doing sth. 意思为_____________________________

练习:Listen! There is a girl ________(sing)in the next room.

4. That may not seem possible now,?

seem意思为___________,其后可跟__________词或to do.

练习:①她似乎病了。She ________ ______ __________ ___________.

/ She ________ ____________.

②看,机器人似乎动了。Look! The robot ________ ________ _________.

After reading

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1. 完成课本2c和2d的内容。

2. 介绍自己在课前设计的机器人的用途,完成2e

3. Groupwork:小组讨论全班同学设计的机器人图片,猜测它们的功能。讨论时借助如下对话形式: A:What do you think the robot can do? B: I think it can?

知识巩固 Ⅰ. 根据汉语提示完成句子。

1. No one knows what will happen ___________the ____________(在将来 ). 2. These things were invented __________ __________(数百)years ago.

3. When I work for a long time, I’ll _________ _________(感到厌倦).

4. I still don’t have a computer of __________ __________(我自己的).

5. When she was 20, her dream to be a singer __________ __________(实现).

Unit 7 Will people have robots?(Section B 3a-4)(第六课时)

主备人:彭爱武 其他人员:刘晓春 陈飞飞

一、学习目标:

1.掌握单词和短语:probably, during, holiday, world, lots of, be good for, be comfortable, during the week, on the weekend

2.理解一般将来时在文章中的运用,学会分析文章结构和句子。

3.大胆推测自己十年后的生活,会用英语表达。

二、学习重难点:能正确运用一般将来时表达个人想法.

三、自主学习

1.牢记新词和短语,完成以下句子

1) He will p________ forget to have lunch, because he is so busy.

2) He want to be a r_______.

3) I w______ to my mother last night, because I missed her very much.

4)Look!They are f_______ kites happily.

5) W_______ one do you like beat?

2.完成句子

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我希望你的梦想能够实现。 I hope your dream can . 预测未来很难。 can be difficult.. 我有很多朋友。____________________________________________ 3.仔细阅读3a,找出以下短语和句子。

作为一名新闻记者____________________独自居住______________ 养只宠物鸟

______________ 在周末__________________ 在工作日_________________ 穿正装

_________________

在将来_________________ 能够穿着更随意___________________ 二十年后

___________________

四、合作探究:

Task 1 Read and finish3a 完成3a,并背诵记忆 Task 2知识拓展:

(1)I’ll live in Shanghai, because there will be more jobs in that city.

(原因状语从句)

(2)During the week, I’ll wear smart clothes.

during the week 在工作日 on the weekend 在周末

(3)probably 副词,意为“或许;大概”。常用作状语,可位于句首,也可位于句中,即实义动词之前,助动词、情态动词或连系动词之后。 (4)take a holiday 度假;休假

(4)during 介词,意为“在??期间”。一般所指的时间长度明确。也常指某一特定活动的时间,表示某动作在这一特定的时间内发生,时间段前常用限定词the或物主代词等。

(5) 请仔细观察下面的二个句子,然后总结be good for和be good at的用法

我的公寓对养宠物不太好。My apartment will be no good for pet.

我擅长唱歌。 I’m good at singing.

be good for 后跟 , 译为

be good at 后跟 , 译为

练习:用 be good for 和 be good at填空

Ming ______swimming in the river. Doing morning exercises _______your health.

(4) wear指________,意为; put on 指_________,意为_______; in后跟_____,指______, dress sb.既可指_________也可指____________。

练习: (1)I____________ a coat every day.

2) Look! The girl_________________ red is my sister.

3) Some Kids can_________________ themselves before five years old.

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五、课堂检测 I.轻松选择

1. The child isn’t old enough to ______ himself. A. wear B. put on C. dress 2 ..—Who’s that boy?—___________boy ?—The one on the bike. A.Who B.What C.Which

3. This kind of T-shirt looks ___ and sells ___ in the market.

A. nice; good B. well; well C. nice; well D. good; nice 4. My mother ___ very young, though she is fifty years old. A. looks B. sees C. was D. sounds 5. Please look ___ the blackboard.

A. for B. at C. out of D. to 6. It is very cold. You’d better ___ your coat now.

A. dress B. put on C. be in D. wear 7. Today he is ___ in a blue coat.

A. dressing B. dressed C. wearing D. putting 8. Mrs. Green ___ up and went to the party last night. A. dressed B. wore C. put

II根据汉语完成句子.

1.你喜欢读哪本书?

______book do you like _________ __________?

2.我将去美国度假. I’ll go to America __________ __________.

Ⅲ.与一般现在时,一般过去时,现在进行时的区别。

1. I _____ (be) a little kid ten years ago. I _____ (be) a middle school student now. I _____(be) a college student in five years. 2. She______ (not have ) a pet parrot five years ago. She _____( have) a parrot now. She ______ (have ) a car in five years 家庭作业: I. 根据本课所学到的重点句型,模仿3a写一写你的未来计划。

可仿造3b的模式写,文章开头已给出。

In 20 years, I will be ?

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