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Unit 8--全部课件

发布时间:2014-01-27 16:53:51  

What did he/she/they do last weekend?

went fishing watched TV listened to music read a book

played soccer have (had) pizza surfed the Internet go(went) to the library

go(went) to the zoo
cleaned the room

The rules of the past form 过去式变化规则

1

played

worked

3

wanted needed 2 decided lived improved carry—carried study-studied worry—worried
shop- shopped

4

stop- stopped plan- planned
5

go—went have--had

see--saw

eat—ate buy–bought take–took win—won hang-hung meet-met

What animals are there in the aquarium?

an aquarium水族馆

dolphin starfish海星

seal海豹

shark鲨鱼 octopus章鱼 sea horse海马
['?kt?p?s]

Learn the words

seals 海豹 shark鲨鱼

souvenirs 纪念品

gift 礼物,赠品

Did you meet…on your last trip?
meet (met)

Liu Yifei

I met Liu Yifei on my last trip. meet sb.遇见某人 get (got) her autograph

得到 她的亲笔签名
I got her autograph.

get one’s autograph 得到某人的亲笔签名

New words:

aquarium shark seal souvenir ate else win (won, won) autograph got gift

水族馆 [?’kw?ri?m] 鲨鱼 海豹 纪念品 [‘su:v?ni?] 动词eat的过去式 其它;另外 赢;获胜 亲笔签名[‘?:t?,gr?f] 动词get的过去式、 礼物,赠品

What did you do on your last school trip?

school trip

What did you do on your last school trip?

went to the aquarium

saw a shark

bought some souvenirs.

took photos

What did you do on your last school trip?

went to the zoo

ate/had some ice cream. hung out with my friends和朋友一起闲逛 hang out闲逛,闲荡

Sam was on school trip last Sunday. He went to the aquarium. What did he do ? Can you guess?

go to the aquarium by subway

see some seals and sharks
hang out(闲逛 )with his friends take photos

buy souvenirs(纪念品)
meet Yao Ming and get his autograph(亲笔签名) take the bus back to school

A: Where did he go last Sunday? B… A: What did he see there? B… A: Were there any sea horses? B… A: Who did he hang out with? B… A: Did he take any photos? B… A: What did he buy? B… A: Who did he meet? B… A: How did he go back to school? B…

go to the aquarium by subway

see some seals and sharks
hang out(闲逛 )with his friends take photos

buy souvenirs(纪念品)
meet Yao Ming and get his autograph(亲笔签名) take the bus back to school

A: Did Sam go to the zoo? B: No, he didn’t. He went to the … A: Were there any seals? B: Yes, there were. A: Where did Sam go last.. B: He went the aquarium. A: What did he see there ? B: He saw some seals and.. A: Who did he hang out with? B:…

A: Did he meet Jake Dean?
B: No, he met…

1a

What did Tina do on her school trip? Listen and circle the expressions in the box. went to the aquarium took photos went to the zoo had pizza ate some ice cream hung out with her friends saw some seals bought a souvenir saw some sharks

1b

动词过去式 went took
had ate hung saw

动词原形 go
take have eat

me

t

hang see meet

单项选择填空 1.Where did you go last week? --I ____to the aquarium. A. go B. went C. going D. goes 2.It was too hot. They _______ some ice cream. A. eat B. eated C. ate D. have 3.There____good things left in the old house after they moved to the city last year. A. aren’t any B. were any C. weren’t any D. weren’t some 4.---Did you get up early this morning? --No, I didn’t, but my brother ___. He ___ up early every day A. does, gets B. is ,is get C. did, gets D. was did, was get

假如你上周去了动物园,请 你根据图片,以 “My unforgettable school trip” 为题,(adj 难忘的) 写一篇短文。

?

Period 2

? Sentences
What did Tina do on her last school trip?
She went to the aquarium.

She saw some seals.
She hung out with her friends. She took some photos.

How was her trip?
It was fantastic

What else did she do on her last school trip?

She met Jack Dean, a famous actor

Her friend Laura got Jack Dean’s autograph. She went to a gift shop and bought a hat .

2a

Listen and check( hear.

)the questions you

______ Did you buy that hat? ______ What else did you do? ______ Did you see any sharks? ______ Did you win that hat? ______ Did you get his autograph? ______ Were there any seals? ______ Did you take any photos?

2b

Listen again and circle “T” (true) or “F ” (false).

1. Tina met a famous actor. T 2. Tina got Jake Dean’s autograph. T 3. Toby won a prize. T Tina took Jake Dean’s photo. 4. Tina won a hat. T 5. There were many actors at the T aquarium.

F F F F F

Tina bought a hat.
She only saw Jake.

2b

else

adv.其它

get ( got, got ) v. 获得
autograph n. 亲笔签名 gift
n. 礼物

win ( won, won ) prize

v. 赢

n. 奖赏,奖金,奖品

else did you do? A: So, Tina, what _____ met B: You won’t believe it, but I ____ Jake Dean. A: Jake Dean, the famous_____? actor You really met him? aquarium B: Yes! He’s making a movie at the __________. autograph A: Wow. Did you get his ____________? took B: No, I didn’t. Laura did. But I _____ his photo. Here it is. A: Wow. _____ Were there other actors there? B: No, we only saw Jake. Look, here’s Toby. Hewon ____ a prize in the Gift Shop. A: Did you win that hat? B: No, I didn’t. I ______ it. bought

What did you learn in this class? The rules of the past form:
Did you do…? Were /Was there …? What did you …? Where did he…? Who did she…?

用动词的适当形式填空 won (win) the first prize 1.Our school basketball team_____ last Sunday. were 2.There ____(be) two films in the town yesterday. Did buy (buy) a pen yesterday? 3.___Meimei _____ No, she______. didn’t 4.Lily____ _____ (take) saw (see) many beautiful things and took a lot of photos during the last trip. do (do) chores. 5.Li Lei always helps the old man____ did youstudy 6.Where____ _____ (study) before you came to this school?---Istudied ______ (study) in a primary school in a village. 7.We’d like you______ to come(come) to our p

arty today.

根据句义和首字母填空 1.Who e____ lse did you see last night? on 2.Who w___the prize in the English speech contest last year? quarium 3.We can see many sea animals in the a______. 4.The fans got the famous singer’s a________ utograph at last.They were quite excited. 5.When I traveled in Spain,I bought some s_________. ouvenirs 6.Lily h_____out with her friends yesterday. ung 7.There w_____ eren’t any new books in this bookstore. Let’s go to another bookstore. n 8.Did you have a great time o___the school trip?

3a

Class 9 had a great time on the school trip. They went to Blue Water Aquarium for the day.
First they visited the Visitors’ Center and watched a movie about sharks.

Then they watched a dolphin show.
After that, they went to the Outdoor Pool and saw a big octopus.

After lunch, they went to the Gift shop and bought lots of gifts.

Finally, tired but happy, they took the bus back to school.

At the end of the day, the science teacher was very happy because the students cleaned the bus after the trip.

show既可用作及物动词,又可用作不 及物动词,还可以用作名词,有多种
含义。现将一些常见用法作以归纳。

show用作不及物动词,有 “显现;显出;露出”等意思;用 作及物动词,有以下含义: 1.意为“给……看;出示;显 示”,常构成“show sb sth”或 “show sth to sb”结构。如:

Will you kindly show me that coat over there? 请把那儿的上衣拿给我看看好吗? Show your tickets, please. 请出示车 票。 [特别注意]在“show+间接宾语+直接 宾语”结构中,若直接宾语为指物的代词 it或them时,只能用“show it(them) to sb” 结构。如:

正:You have a new pen, please show it to me. 误:You have a new pen, please show me it. 2.意为“带领;引领”,习惯搭配有show sb to..., show sb around...等。如: Please show me to your school. 请带我到你 们学校去。 Uncle Wang is going to show us around his farm. 王叔叔要领我们参观他的农场。

3. 意为“(向人)说明;表明;指示;放映; 展出”等。如: Your homework shows that you are careful.从你的作业上可以看出你很认真。 Show me the way, please.请给我指路。 此外,show还可用作名词,意为“展览; 陈列;演出”。如: There is going to be a picture show in our school. 我们学校将举办一次画展。 Her mother is in show business.她的母 亲从事演艺事业。

3. 意为“(向人)说明;表明;指示;放映; 展出”等。如: Your homework shows that you are careful.从你的作业上可以看出你很认真。 Show me the way, please.请给我指路。 此外,show还可用作名词,意为“展览; 陈列;演出”。如: There is going to be a picture show in our school. 我们学校将举办一次画展。 Her mother is in show business.她的母 亲从事演艺事业。

buy的四点用法注

意 1. 用作动词,表示“买”,可带双宾语;若双 宾易位,通常要用介词 for。如: 我叔叔为我买了本英语词典。 正:My uncle bought me an English dictionary. 正:My uncle bought an English dictionary for me. 2. 表示向某人买某物,通常用介词 from。如: He bought this watch from a friend. 他从一位朋 友那儿买了这块手表。

3. 表示用多少钱买某物,通常用介词 for。如 : I bought the computer for $600. 我花600美元 买了这台电脑。 He bought it for very little money. 他买它只花 了一点点钱。 【注】有时也用介词 at, 侧重指价格. He bought them for [at] 10p each. 他以每个10 便士的价格买下了它们。

4. 是终止性动词,因此在肯定句中不宜与一段 时间连用。如: 这房子我已买了十年。 正:I bought this house ten years ago. 正:I have had this house for ten years. 正:It’s ten years since I bought this house. 误:I have bought this house for ten years.

Sell的基本用法 .(动词) sell是buy的反义词,基本意思是“卖, 售”,指出让某物之所有权去换回金钱,可以表 示“卖”,也可以表示“卖出”。可译为“经 销,推销”“使人买,将…卖出”“被出售,有销 路,有人买”“使某人相信某事物好或是真的” 等。引申可作“出卖”“欺骗”解。

2.sell可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。 用作及物动词时表示“卖”的具体动作其 主语是人或由人组成的机构,接名词或代词 作宾语。也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转 化为介词to的宾语,还可接以形容词充当 宾语补足语的复合宾语。sell用作不及物 动词时表示“卖”的状态或物品的 销售状况,其主动形式可表示被动意义。

3.sell后常接介词for或at,示“以…价格出售”,接for表示 “总价”,接at表示“单价”。 4.sell out的意思是“出售股份”“脱销”; sell up的意思 是“变卖财产”“卖光”。 5.sell out, sell off和sell up都可作“售完”或“卖光”解, 但三者的意境色彩不同。试比较 Sorry, we‘ve all sold out of shirts in yourself对不起,合你尺寸的衬衣已经卖完了。 (一般陈述)The novel sold out quickly.这部小说很快销售 一空。(供不应求)Well, let these goods be sold off.好吧, 就把这些货物全部卖光。(急于脱手)The boss had to sell up.这个老板只好把存货卖光。(出于不得已,如还债)

Sell与 sale的区别:sell是动词,sale是名词 I believe (that) the house is for sale. 我相信这个 房子是待售的. (句中that引导宾语从句,可以省略.) for sale 待售 eg: I am sorry this painting is not for sale. 很抱歉,这副画是非卖品. She has put her house up for sale. 她的房子现在 出售. on sale (a)出售,上市 eg:The new model is not on sale in the shop. 这种新款式商店尚未上市. (b)廉价出售

gift 与 present

的区别 1. 两者都可表示“礼物”,在现代英语中常可换 用。 birthday (Christmas, wedding) gifts [presents] 生 日(圣诞,结婚)礼物 两者的主要区别在于:gift 比 present 更正式, 可指价值较小的礼物,也可指价值相当大的礼物; 而 present 则通常指花费不大的礼物。 2. 有人认为以下结构只能用 present,其实在现 代英语中也完全可用 gift。他送给我一块手表。 正:He made me a present [gift] of a watch. 正:He made a present [gift] of a watch to me.

注:上句中的 gift 或 present 均不宜直译为 “礼物”,其意是指送人的东西或赠品。 除以上句型外,gift 还广泛用于将东西送人(有 时可能是将自己不要的东西送人)的场合。如: I wouldn’t take [have] it as [at] a gift. 这东西白 送我我都不要。 In the examination paper Question 2 is a gift. 试卷上的第 2 题是送分的题目。 3. 汉语说“送礼”,英语可以用 give a present 或 present a gift,前者为口语或非正式 用语,后者是正式用语。“送礼”有时也可说 成 send a present [gift]。

1.The students had a terrible × school trip. 2. They saw an octopus in the Visitors’ Center. ×
Outdoor Pool

great time

3. They took the subway × back to school.
bus

4. The students watched a movie about × sharks dolphins.

×

students 5. The science teacher cleaned the bus.

go, buy, visit, take, watch, clean, is, see Class 9 had a great time on the school trip. They went ____ to Blue Water Aquarium for the day. First they ____ the Visitors’ Center and visited watched a movie about sharks. Then ______ they ______ watcheda dolphin show. After that, they ____ to the Outdoor Pool and went ____ a big octopus. saw
i.

journey、voyage、trip、tour、 travel的用法区别 这一组词都有“旅行”的意思,但 各词的含义有所不同。 1. journey指从一地到另一地,通常 指陆地上的远距离“旅行”,有时 也可以表示经常走的或长或短的 “路程”。只作名词。例如:

I took a journey from Beijing to Shanghai last year. -- How long is your journey to school? --Only about 10 minutes. 2. voyage主要指远距离的水上旅行,也可以指空 中旅行意思为“航海、航空、航行”等。只作名 词。例如: She usually gets seasick during the voyage. They made a voyage across the Pacific by air.

3. trip 一般指时间短、距离近的“旅 行、远足”,也可以指长途旅行。在 非正式用语中可代替journey。只作名 词。例如: We made a boat trip to the island last week and had a good time. I will be on a trip to / journey to the south next summer holiday.

4. tour 着重指旅行线路比较曲折, 常表示“(周游各地的)参观、访 问、(巡回)旅游、视察、购物、 演出”等意思。可作动词和名词。 例如: I will tour the world in the future. My father has gone down-town on

a shopping tour.

5. travel作“旅行、游历”解,一般表示从一 地到另一地旅行这一总的概念。常指长时间、 远距离的“旅行”。尤指出国旅行。可作动 词和名词。其复数形式意思为“旅游笔记”、 “游记”。例如: At present, many people are fond of travel in their spare time. I am reading a book about the travel to North Pole. They came home after years of foreign travel. Light travels faster than sound.

Outdoor Pool

go, buy, visit, take, watch, clean, is, see went to the After lunch, they ____ bought lots of gifts. Gift Shop and _____ Finally, tired but happy, they took ____ the bus back to school. At the end of the day, the science teacher ____ was very happy because the students ______ cleaned the bus after the trip. ii.

Activities they did that day:
? ? ? ? ? ? visited the Visitors’ Center watched a movie about sharks watched a dolphin show went to the Outdoor Pool saw a big octopus went to the Gift Shop and bought gifts ? took the bus back to school ? cleaned the bus

Class 9
First

Visitors’ Center
and

At the end of the day

school
Then After that

Finally

After lunch

1b

动词过去式 went took
had ate hung saw

动词原形 go
take have eat

met

hang see meet

单项选择填空 1.Where did you go last week? --I ____to the aquarium. A. go B. went C. going D. goes 2.It was too hot. They _______some ice cream. A. eat B. eated C. ate D. have 3.There____good things left in the old house after they moved to the city last year. A. aren’t any B. were any C. weren’t any D. weren’t some 4.---Did you get up early this morning? --No, I didn’t, but my brother ___. He ___ up early every day A. does, gets B. is ,is get C. did, gets D. was did, was get

用动词的适当形式填空 won(win) the first 1.Our school basketball team_____ prize last Sunday. were two films in the town yesterday. 2.There ____(be) buy 3.___Meimei _____ (buy) a pen yesterday? Did No, she______. didn’t saw(see) many beautiful things and _____ took 4.Lily____ (take) a lot of photos during the last trip. 5.Li Lei always helps the old man____ do (do) chores. did youstudy 6.Where____ _____(study) before you came to this school?---I studied ______(study) in a primary school in a village. 7.We’d like you______ (come) to our party today. to come

根据句义和首字母填空 1.Who e____ lse did you see last night? 2.Who w___the prize in the English speech on contest last year? 3.We can see many sea animals in the a______. quarium utograph 4.The fans got the famous singer’s a________ at last.They were quite excited. 5.When I traveled in Spain,I bought some s_________. ouvenirs ung with her friends yesterday. 6.Lily h_____out 7.There w_____ eren’tany new books in this bookstore. Let’s go to another bookstore. 8.Did you have a great time o___the n school trip?

Match.game和 competition的区别
match一般指竞技比赛,指事先安排好的正规比赛。

如球类比赛 、拳击等。如:I saw the box match on TV.我在电视上看到了那 场拳击比赛。 Game常指游戏、运动、若指每个比赛中的一局、一场等要用 game.如:The children are playing games. 孩子们在做游戏。 Our team won the first- three games. 我们队赢了头三局。 Competition指通过个人的体力、智力、技能的竞赛而获得名次 的各种比赛,可以是体育方面的,也可以是其他方面的。如: He was in competition with 10 others, so he did well to win the race. 他与十个人竞争,他跑得快,才赢得了比赛。 I won a handwriting competition set by a paper in town. 我赢得 了城里一家报纸举办的书法比赛。


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