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初中一般过去式讲解

发布时间:2014-01-28 11:45:35  

一对一中学教育机构

一般过去式

一、 一般过去时的定义

一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before ?, when – clause, in the past连用。

如:What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。 I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿

二、 用法说明

1表示在过去某个时间所发生的动作或所处的状态。 常与yesterday, last week, in 1989, just now, a moment ago, the other day等连用。

如:He was here just now. 他刚才还在这里。

What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什么事?

2在过去一段时间内的经常性或习惯性动作。

如:We often played together when we were children. 我们小时候常在一起玩。 注:表示过去经常发生的动作还可用used to 和would。

如:He used to smoke a lot, but he doesn’t now. 他过去经常抽烟,但现在不抽了。

Whenever we were in trouble, he would help us. 每当我们遇到困难,他都

会帮助我们。

3表示主语过去的特征或性格。

如:At that time she was very good at English. 那时她英语学得很好。

4用在状语从句中表示过去将来。

如:He said he would wait until they came back.

5一般过去时有时可以表示现在,多与 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等动词连用,使语气更委婉。 如:I wondered if you could help me. 不知你能不能帮我一下。 有时用一般过去时也是时态一致的需要。 如:I didn’t know you were here. 没想到你在这里。 注意:

1. 表示一系列的动作,尽管有先后,都用一般过去时,最后两个动词之间用and连结。如: He opened the door, rushed out and then disappeared. 他打开门,冲了出去,然后就消失了。

2. 注意在语境中理解“我刚才/原来还不??”。

如:—Your phone number again? I didn’t quite catch it. —It’s 2566666. 请再说一次你的电话号码,好吗?我刚才没听清楚。是2566666。

四、 特别说明

有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。

如:I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。

I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games.

我本打算参加他们的比赛

三、一般过去时态动词变化形式

一般过去时用动词的过去式构成。即一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则: 一般过去时态由动词的过去式表示。大多数动词的过去式是在动词原形后加上ed构成。这类动词称为规则动词。

1) 一般情况下在词尾直接加ed。 如:play―played work―worked

2) 以e结尾的动词只加d. 如:like--- liked love―loved

3) 以辅音字母+Y结尾的动词,变Y为I,再加ed. 如:study―studied carry―carried fly—flied

4) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,要双写最后这个辅音字母,再加ed.

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一对一中学教育机构

如:stop―stopped

--ed的读音规则如下:

i. 在清辅音后面读[t]。 如:work―worked help―helped

ii. 在浊辅音或元音后读[d]。 如:learn―learned

iii. 在[t] 和[d] 后读[id]。 如:support―supported (支持)

5)不以ed 结尾的过去式,称为不规则动词,如: write(写) --wrote

go-went do-did have-had see-saw take-took make-made come-came buy-bought

四、一般过去时态句子结构

1. Be 动词的一般过去时态

在没有实义动词的句子中使用be动词, am is 的过去式为was; are的过去式为were.

构成:

肯定句:主语+was (were) +表语 如:I was late yesterday.

否定句:主语+was (were) +not+表语 如:We weren't late yesterday.

She wasn't a teacher three years ago.

疑问句:一般疑问句:Was (Were) +主语+表语

如:Were you ill yesterday?

Were they once your classmates? 肯定回答: Yes, I was. 否定句: No, I wasn't.

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ Was (Were) +主语+表语

Who were your best friends in your primary school?

2. 实义动词的一般过去时态

肯定句要使用动词的过去式,否定句和疑问句要使用助动词do和 does 的过去式 did.

肯定句为:主语+动词过去式+宾语 如:I went home at nine o'clock yesterday.

否定句:主语+didn't +动词原形+宾语 如:I didn't go home yesterday. He didn't tell me about you. 疑问句:一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+宾语

如:Did you go home yesterday? Did you study in the school?

肯定回答: Yes, I did. 否定回答:No, I didn't.

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did +主语+动词原型+宾语

When did you finish your homework last night? What did you do the day before yesterday?

3. 助动词和情态动词过去式如下:

shall―should(将要)用于第一人称单数 will―would(将要)用于所有人称

can― could(能,会) may―might(可以) must―must (必须) have to―had to(不得不)

助动词和情态动词的过去时态要使用他们的过去式,后面的动词还使用原形。

如: I had to do my homework yesterday. (昨天我不得不做作业。)

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