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八年级英语上册《Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake》知识点归纳、小结 人教新目标版

发布时间:2014-01-28 12:56:02  

《Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake》知识点归纳、小结

一、重点单词

v动词:cut切,割 cut ...up 切碎 pour 倾倒,灌 pour... into 倾倒进?

peel 剥皮,剥落 add 加,增加 add?.to 把?加到? serve服务,提供 mix 混合 mix?with?把?和?混合在一

adj形容词:traditional传统的

prep介词:into 到??里,add?into? pour?into? put?into? adv副词:finally最后地,最终(first, next, then, finally)

二、重点短语

1.turn on(off) 打开、接通\关掉(电器) 2. milk shake奶昔

3.a piece of 一片/张/条/块/首 4.how many/how much 多少 5.two spoons of 两茶匙 6. fill?with? 用?把?装满

7.cover?with?用?覆盖/盖着? 8.make a banana milk shake 制作香蕉奶昔

9.turkey slices/pieces火鸡切片 10.here’s a recipe for?.这儿是制作?的食谱 11.at this time在这时 12.a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶

13.need some help需要一些帮助 14.one by one一个接一个

三、重点语法

1. 可数名词与不可数名词

可数名词,单数形式在前面加a\an;不可数名词前面不加a, an,不能用基数词连用,但可以用 a little, much, some, a lot of, lots of, enough, most等修饰。需要计量时,可以在前面加计量词组=数词\冠词+量词+of +不可数名词:

a spoon of tea a cup of yogurt a bottle of a piece of a bag of 注意:修饰可数名词与不可数名词的词有a lot of =lots of , some, any(用在疑问句或者否定句)

可数名词量的提问:How many+可数名词复数+ do we need?

不可数名词量的提问:How much+不可数名词+do we need?

2. need的用法:

①. need实义动词,意为“需要”,need+名词/代词, We need 2 spoons of honey.

need to do sth. 需要做某事, Do you need to stay at home? 你要呆在家里吗?

②. need作情态动词,一般只用于对must的否定回答,不用于肯定句。

—Must he leave now? —No, he needn't. 不,他不必。

3. cut up 切碎 cut down减少 cut ?into pieces把?切成小块 cut?into two/half切成两半

4. one more thing“还有一件事”

基数词+more+名词,意为“再,又,还??”=another+基数词+名词

Two more apples=another two apples

5. fill强调动作:fill?with?把?用?装满;fill?into?把?装入?

1

强调状态:be filled with?装满了??=be full of

6. cover n.覆盖物,盖子;封皮the cover of the book

v.覆盖,盖上cover?with? 用?盖上?,强调动作:Cover the dish with newspapers. Be covered with?被??覆盖,强调状态:The outside is all covered with snow.

7. serve v.服务,接待,提供

serve ?(to sb.)(给?)提供?=serve sb. (with) sth.

8. celebrate v.庆祝,庆贺,celebrate the new year celebrate+节日+by?通过??庆祝?? n. celebration庆祝活动,庆典 There is a big celebration for the new year.

9. temperature n.温度,气温,体温 take one’s temperature

表达温度高常用high,表达温度低常用low: Please keep the food at low temperature. 对气温的高低提问用what: What’s the temperature of tomorrow?

10. eat / like/ have??for breakfast / lunch / dinner 早餐/中餐/晚餐(喜欢/想)吃??

11. 在描述一件事情的先后顺序时,恰当地使用副词first,next,then 和 finally,增加句子的连贯性,通常用祈使句。。

12. 祈使句

1. How do you make a banana milk shake? 你是怎样制作香蕉奶昔的?

2.Turn on the blender.打开果汁机。turn on 把(水源、煤气、电源等)打开

反义词:turn off turn up/down 调大/关小,调低电器(把收音机、电视、灯等) 辨析:turn on 指打开水、电器、煤气和灯,有开关的东西;

open指打开关着的门窗、箱子盒子等有盖的东西。

3.Put the bananas and ice-cream in to the blender.把香蕉和酸奶倒进搅拌器里。

put ?into 把??放进 put on 穿上 put off延迟 put up 举手,张贴,搭建(帐篷)

4.Finally mix together some bread pieces, onions, salt and pepper.

finally 最后,放在句首、句中、句尾 at last 最后 in the end 终于

mix?together/ mix up名词可放中间或结尾,代词只能放中间,mix 的名词形式:mixture 书面表达:

2

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