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宾语从句讲解上课

发布时间:2014-01-28 14:46:14  

1.I don’t know whether he’ll come tonight or not.

2.Did you know whom they are waiting for?
3.I wonder if the teacher will come to our house.

4.I’m not sure how often Mr Black goes to see his parents
5.Do you know who he thinks will buy new books for us? 6.Our teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun.

在复合句中用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句 . 宾语从句:
1、That 引导词 当由陈述句充当宾语从句时,用that引导, that无词义,在口语或非正式文体中通常省略。 当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时, 用if或whether引导,意为“是 否 “。 如果宾语从句原来是特殊疑问句,只需用原 来的特殊疑问词引导。

2、Whether/ 3、疑问词

if

宾 语 从 句

1、主句为现在时,从句的时态可以为任何时态。 时态 2、主句为过去时,从句的时态为过去时的一种。 3、从句为客观真理,自然现象,永恒不变的规律,只用一般现在时。 语序 宾语从句的语序为陈述句语序。

Do you remember?

1.引导词为疑问词时,有时可以转换为“疑问词+不定 式”的简单句.
2.从句中有or not时只用whether. 3.前面有介词时只用whether.
Examples: 1.I don’t know whether he will come to the party or not. 2.He always thinks of whether he can do more for the peaple. 3.I don’t know what I should wear. I don’t know what to wear.

1.确定连接词(根据从句的句式) 2.确定从句语序(把从句变成陈述句) 3.确定从句的时态(根据主句时态)

1.确定引导词(根据从句句式)
从句的句式 陈 述 句 连 接词

that
if (whether) 特殊疑问词 to+动词原形 not to+ 动词原形

一般疑问句 特殊疑问句 祈使句 肯定句 否定句

找引导词:
1.

2.

3. 4.

I don't know ______ he will come tomorrow . A. if B. whether C. what D. both A and B I don't know______ it is going to rain or not tomorrow . A. if B. whether C. both A and B I think _____ someone forgot to sweep the floor . A. that B. / C. where D. both A and B He asked me ______ she put the books . A. what B. where C. who D.that

答案:1. D

2. B

3. D

4. B

2.确定从句语序(把从句变成陈述句)

3.确定从句的时态(根据主句时态)
从 句 时 态

主句时态
一般现在时

连 接 前 连 接 后 时态保持不变 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般过去时 一般过去时 过去将来时 过去进行时 过去完成时

一般过去时

一般将来时 现在进行时 现在完成时

选择正确的选项
1. A: Could you tell me ? B: Yes , I'll show you .
A. what should I do with the computer B. how can I use the computer C. how to use the computer D. what I how to use the computer

2. Could you tell me
A. where the twins were C where are the twins

?
B. where the twins are

3. Do you know

?
B. where he does live D. where he lives in

A. where does he live C. where he lives

4. My friend asked me
A. who is the girl C. who was the girl

.
B. wh

o the girl was D. who the girl is

5. I want to know
A. will who go C. who does go

there .
B. who will go D. who go

The keys: 1.B

2.B

3.C 4.B

5.B

Who is the winner?

1.Did you understand___? A A.what she said B.what to say C.what did she said D.how she had said 2.The girl is thinking about ___she will go abroad to C study English next year. A.if B.what C.whether D.when c 4.the teacher said that___. A.the sun moves around the earth B.the earth moved around the sun C.the moon is our satellite D.the moon was our satellite C 5.I don’t know when he __back,Please tell him the news when he ___back. A.come; will come B.comes;comes c.will come; comes D.will come; will come D 6.I don’t know if his uncle ____.I think he ___if he is free. A.will come; comes B.will come, will come C.comes comes D.comes ;will come

合并为一句

1.“Are you a student ?”

she asked me…

She asked me if you are ….

2.“she wants to join the PLA.” she said… She said that she wanted to…
3.“Is the truck collecting rubbish outside?”Dad asked me

Dad asked me if the truck was …
4.“We will hold a sports meeting tomorrow.”Our teacher told us we …

Our teacher told us we would…
5.How long has it been like this? The man asked how …

The man asked how long it had been ….

6.will it snow tomorrow?

Do you know?

Do you know if it will…
7.where are our tickets? Please tell me… Please tell me where our ticket are… She said that she had …. 9.what time does the train leave?Do you know? Do you know what time the train leaves? 10.I can do it by myself. I think I think that I can do it …

8.I have already finished reading this book. She sa

Put the Chinese sentences into English
? 你知道他们将飞往什么地方吗?
Do you know where they are flying to ?

? 你知道他们哪天离开?
Do you know whenthey are going to leave ?

? 你能告诉我他们订了几张票了吗?
Could you tell me how many tickets they booked?

? 你能告诉到海口的机票要多少钱?
Could you tell me how much it costs to fly to Haikou?

把下列句子改为宾语从句.
1.she says, She’ll see a film. that will ____ see a film. She says____she____ 2.Did Peter come here yesterday?Li Lei wants to know. came Li Lei wants to know_____Peter___ here yesterday. if 3.Where does she live? Mr Hu asked. where ______ Mr Hu asked______ she ______ lived 4.She said, Open the windows. She said_____ _____ open the windows. to 5.The teacher told us, Don’t play on the street. not_ _____ The teacher told us____ the street. play to _____on 6.Our geography teacher told us,The earth goes around the sun. goes around that Our geography teacher told us_____the earth_____ the sun.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

宾语从句巧记歌 学习宾从三注意,时态语序和连词。 时态主从要呼应: 主句若为现在时,从句时态随句意; 主句若为过去时,从句时态变过去; 宾从若是表真理,时态不变

无质疑。 语序要用陈述序,切莫照搬疑问句。 That连接陈述句,省与不省要注意。 从句若表"是否",if/whether要慎记。 特殊问句作宾语,仍用原来疑问词。 三个问题需记牢,切莫丢东忘了西。


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