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八年级下册英语

发布时间:2014-01-28 14:46:20  

Unit 2
I’ll help clean up the city parks.

give out(分发,派发) food at the food bank

If I had lots of money, I would…

set up a Hope School

建立、建造
=establish

help poor kids

What other ways we could help people?

Just think and fill in the blanks.

Other ways we could help people
You could help the passengers with their luggage. _______________________________________________ You could help the old people cross the street. _______________________________________________ You could help the old people clean up their houses. _______________________________________________ You could help the police catch the thieves. _______________________________________________

2a Listen and check (√) the things
the students are going to do.
b c a


d e





2b listen again. Fill in the blanks.
1. We need to ______ _______ come _______ up with a plan to tell people about the city park clean-up.

put 2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.We can’t _______ off _______ making a plan.
3. We could _______ put _______ up signs.

hand them _______ out 4. Let’s make some notices, too. Then I’ll _______ after school.
5. We could each _______ ten people and ask them to call _______ up come.

We need to come up with a plan. 我们必须想出一个计划。 (1)need实义动词, “必要”、“必 需” ,有人称、数和时态的变化, 可接名词、代词、动名词或带 to 的动词不定式作宾语,构成疑 问句和否定句时要借助于助动词。

(2) need情态动词, “必须”、“必 要”,没有人称、数的变化,后接不 带to 的动词不定式。 通常用于疑问 句和否定句中,构成疑问句和否定句 时,不需要使用助动词。 Need you go to the park with your classmate? 你必需和你的同学去公园吗?

2c

Lei Feng Day is two weeks from now. We need to come up with a plan. What would you like to do? Talk with your partner and come up with a plan.

A: We need to come up with a plan for the City Park Clean-Up Day. B: Let’s have lunch first. A: No’ we need to start now.Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. B: ….

(2)help oneself to sth.随便吃食物等。 Help yourselves to apples, boys. (3)with the help of =with one’s help 在……的帮助下。 With the help of the teachers, I get good grades in all subjects.

1 help sb. out “帮助某人解决难题”。 I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.
(1)help sb. with sth. =help sb. do/to do sth 在某事上帮助某人。 I help him with his English every day.

2 They told me stories about the past and how things used to be. 他们给我讲过去的生活经历,讲过去是什 么样子的。 used to be/do 曾经。。。 She used to live in that city before. used to be /do 过去常做某事,现在不那 样了 Did you use to sing when you do housework?

3a

3 I get such a strong feeling of satisfaction when I see the animals get better and the look of joy

on their owners’ faces. 当我看到动物们(病情)渐好,看到主人 脸上的喜悦表情时,我产生出那么一种 极强的满足感来. How did you get such an idea? 产生 He got angry with me after that. 变得

4 She could read by herself at the age of four. I could cook by独自地 myself (when I was ten) at the age of ten 在。。。岁 在时候.

5 Volunteering here is a dream come true for me. 在这里当志愿者对我来说是梦想成真。 I got the latest CD player as a birthday present yesterday. It was just a dream come true! 昨天我收到了最新的CD播放器作为一份生 日礼物,真是梦想成真了。

to be to learn to care

to look
to help

to do

put off call up

come up with

cheer up

put up
hand out

give out

to make

to do
to help

to spend

to visit

to move

Section B

1a

Match the sentences with similar meanings.
b

c a d

1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d.

I’ve run out of it. I take after my mother. I fixed it up. I gave it away. I repaired it. I don’t have any more of it. I am similar to her. I didn’t sell it.

1b

I have run out of my money.

He takes after his father.
Let’s fix up my bike together.

He gave away his old clothes to the poor.

1c

Listen and number the pictures [1-4] in the correct order.

4

2

1

3

1d Listen again. Circle “T” (for true) or “F”
(for false).
1.Jimmy fixes up bicycles. T F

2.Jimmy sells bikes.

T F

3.Jimmy takes after his mother. T F

4.Jimmy has run out of money. T F

Explanation for Section B
1.run out of = use up “用完”、“卖光”。 句子的主语是人或使用的物。注意不能用 于被动语态。 I am running out of my money.= My money is running out of. We are running out of the gas. = Our car is running out of the gas.

2. I take after my mother. take after ≈look like ,be similar to 3. I fixed it up. fix up = repair(修理);fasten(安装) 4. give away 赠送 5. call up = ring up;give sb. a ring.;phone sb. 6. hand out(散发); hand in(上缴); hand around/round(传递) hand on (依次传递)

7 .work out (结果、结果是) The idea works out well. 那个注意的实施结果很好。 另外还有“解答出、计算出”的意思。 Can you work out the answer to this question? See if you can work out this bill.

1e

A:What do you do, Jimmy? B:I fix up bikes and give them away.

make it possible for sb. to do sth. “使得某人有可能……” Your help makes it possible for him to succeed.
(1)make+宾语+名词, “使……”。 We made him monitor. (2)make+宾语+形容词, “使……” His words made me happy. (3)make+宾语+动词原形,“让……做……” He made me work ten hours a day.

The group of kids are playing happily.

We should help disabled people .
There are some differences between us.

Imagine you are a bird, what will you do?
Though there are difficulties ,we still work hard. It is normal to feel like this. He n

eeds much training to be a good player. Thanks for your kindness.

2d
SUBJECT Miss Li Ben Smith Lucky VERB can get trains sent OBJECT unable to move well.

money to “Animal Helpers”.
animals like Lucky. things for disabled people

“Animal Helpers”

is

Phrasal verb

动词短语

1.定义: 动词之后加介词或副词构成 短语,表达一种特定的含义;如果被 拆开则不能表达这种特定的含义. 2.分类: 及物的短语动词必须接宾语, 不及物的短语动词则不需接宾语.

3. 及物短语动词所带宾语的位置:
(1)名词作宾语时,对于”动词+副词”的短 语、名词既可以放在短语动词之后,也 可以放在短语动词中间. 对于”动词 + 介词” 的短语, 名词放在介词之后.

(2) 代词作宾语时,对于”动词+副词” 的短语, 代词放在短语动词的中间,对于”动词+ 介词” 的短语,代词放在介词之后.

本课出现的动词短语:
clean up set up give out cheer up put off
打扫

call up

打电话

建立,建成 发放,派发
高兴,振作 提出 推迟,延后 闲荡

run out of 用尽 take after 长得象 fix up
修理

come up with

give…away 赠送

hang out

put up

张贴

2e Discuss the questions with a partner.

1.In what other ways do you think dogs are able to help people?(guide dog;watchdog) 2.What other animals can we train to help people?(elephants;dolphins)

?Working in an old people's home ?Helping kids in an after-school program ?Being a guide at a museum

Look at these kinds of volunteer work.Can 3a you add more?What would you like to do? Discuss it with a partner.

3b Write a letter or e-mail to the place you want to volunteer at.
Dear Sir of Madam, ? I was so happy to receive your letter. Thank you very much for writing to tell me about Lucky. I would really love to come and visit you one day and see how Lucky helps you. I’d also like to help you some more because I have some extra time at the moment. Perhaps I could help you at home, or do some work for ‘Animal Helpers’. I’d enjoy watching them train the animals too. I’ll call them one day soon. ? Here is my phone number:468-3852. Please call me so we can arrange a time for me to visit. Yours truly,

cheer,

wake, put,

look, take

take, put

look, take

put, take

run, go

come

ran out to cheer called up to tell

to buy put up

handed out

set up

came up

to fix

gave away

take 有关的短语
?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

(1)take off 脱下;(飞机)起飞 ----Please take off your coat, It’s warm here. ---The plane took off at 9:00 am. (2)take …to …把。。。。带到。。。。。 (3)take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 (4)take exercise 运动,锻炼 (5)take one’s time 不用急,慢慢来 (6)take a bus(ship/train)乘坐公共汽车 (7)take turns 轮流,替换 (8)It takes sb. sometimes to do sth. 做某事花 费某人多长时间

1

Because she never helps out around the

house. 2 Yes, they did. Nancy said sorry to her mother ,and she understood to share the housework with her mother.

1 For a week , she did not do any housework and neither did I . 2 The minute I sat down in front of the TV, my mom come over. 3 I 'm just as tired as you are.

Nor/neither +be/助动词/情态动词+主语 某人也不是如此
? neither...nor... 既不...也不 ? eg:Neither you nor I am right.

So +be/助动词/情态动词+主语 某人也是如此 So +主语+be/助动词/情态动词 某人确实如此 Betty is a nice girl. So she is .

as soon as 一.....就.....,引导时间状语从句。 它的特点是,在句子中的位置比较灵活,而且可以用 于各种时态。例如: I’ll write you as soon as I get there. 我一到那儿就给你来信 As soon as I went in, Kate cried out with pleasure. 我一进门,Kate 就高兴的叫起来 I’ll return the book as soon as I have read it. 我一读完就把书还回去 Amy left as soon as he had drunk his coffee. Amy一喝完咖啡就走了

d
a c e b

do
Could

help

Could

fold Could please can

could与can的区别 could与can都是情态动词,could是can的过去式。二者 都可用于 表示请求。但是用法稍有不同。 can表示一般性的请求 Can you tell us your story , Tony ? could表示有礼貌的请求,语气委婉,常用于非熟 人之间或晚辈对长辈,下级对上级的场合。 Could you tell us if it snows in winter in Australia ? Sure .

1 a waste of 浪费

2 in order to 为了
3 provide sth for sb /provide sb sth 提供 。。。某人某物

4 It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 在家中给他们的孩子一个干净的舒适的环 境是家长们的事情。 It is one’s job (duty) to do sth 做某事是某人的工作 (职责)

5.And anyway , I think doing chores is not so difficult. 反正我觉得干家务也不太难。 Sam didn’t get the job ,but he is not unhappy because it didn’t pay well anyway. Sam没有得到那份工作,但他并没有闷闷不乐,反正薪水 也不算高。 It’s just a cold . But anyway, you should still see the doctor.无论如何

6 depend on依靠 Don’t depend on others , you should be independent. 7 independent adj. 独立的 independence n. 独立 Doing something by yourself can develop your independence. 8 fairness n.公正性 fair=/=unfair公正的 It is unfair for you to do like this , everyone need fairness.

9 The earlier kids learn to be independent ,the better it is for their future. 孩子们越早学会独立,对他们的未来就越好。 the +比较级+。。, the +比较级+。。。 “越。。。就越。。。” The more a person reads, the smarter he will become.

1 Doing chores teaches them how to look after themselves. 2 It also helps them to understand the idea of fairness.

1 When children get older ,they will have to do housework so there is no need for them to

do it now. 2 It is parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment a home


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