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八上英语 Unit3 知识点

发布时间:2014-01-28 15:49:37  

Unit 3 知识点总汇

Topic 1

【重点短语】

must be 一定是…

of great value 非常有价值

special events特殊的事件

used to do sth.过去常常做某事

photos of famous stars明星的照片

love/ like/ enjoy/ prefer doing sth. 喜欢做某事

be interested in sth / doing sth. 对…感兴趣

walk a pet dog遛狗

water flowers浇花

in one’s spare/free time在某人的空闲时间

read comics看漫画

a movie fan一个电影迷

rent VCDs 租VCD

miss a soccer game错过足球赛

know little about…对…几乎一无所知

share one’s interests分享某人的爱好

e-mail address电子邮箱地址

in the pond 在池子里

dance to music伴随音乐跳舞

collect things收集东西

such as, 例如

bring sb. sth.带给某人某物

bring me happiness 带给我快乐

relax oneself 放松自己

daily work 日常工作

take a bath 洗澡

follow me 跟随我

in one’s spare time 在某人空闲时间里

Sounds good.= Good idea. 听起来很棒=好主意

go to the cinema= go to see a film= go to the theater= go to the movie(s)去看电影

二.重点句型:

? What do you often do in your spare time?在业余时间你经常做什么?

? It’s great fun.很好玩

? Well, what’s your hobby?你的爱好是什么

? I’m a movie fan.我是个电影迷

? Maybe I need a change.也许我该改变一下了

? I love/ enjoy/ like/ prefer/ am fond of/ am interested in collecting stamps.我喜欢集邮

? Hi. Pleased to see you.很高兴见到你

? Collecting stamps must be great fun.集邮一定很有趣

? Some of them are of great value.一些邮票是很有价值的

? be of great value= be very valuable ; be of great help= be very helpful; be of great use= be very useful

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? I used to enjoy listening to rock music, but now I love collecting paintings and telephone cards.我过去

常常喜欢听摇滚,但是现在我喜欢收集画作和电话卡

? Do you share my interests?= Do you have the same interests as me?你的爱好和我一样吗

? Who taught you to swim? Nobody. I taught myself.谁教你游泳的?没有人,我自学的 ? Did you use to go swimming during the summer vacation?在暑假期间你经常去游泳吗

? What hobbies did you use to have?你过去有什么爱好

? …, and he doesn’t mind whether they are good or not.。他不介意他们的好坏。

? What beautiful stamps!多美的邮票啊!

? what they like /did / said 他们喜欢的 / 做的/ 说的

【语法知识】

1.I used to listen to rock music but now I collect telephone cards and paintings.

我过去常听摇滚乐,可现在我集电话卡和画。

used to do sth. 这一结构表示过去的习惯(过去经常反复发生的动作)或状态(暗含的意思是现在已不复存在),只有一种形式,即过去式,用于所有人称。

used to的否定形式为didn’t use to do。疑问句Did … use to...?

如:1)I used to go to school on foot.

我过去步行上学。(暗含的意思是:我现在不再步行上学了。)

2)I didn’t use to like skating, but now I like it very much.

我过去不喜欢滑冰,但现在很喜欢。

3)Did you use to go there?你以往常去哪儿?

4)There used to be a theatre here.以前这里有一座剧院

2. Collecting stamps must be great fun! 集邮肯定很有趣!

must在这里是情态动词,作用是用来表示推测,可以翻译为“想必”。

如: 1)Your brother must be in the school. I saw him just now.

你的哥哥想必在学校。我刚才看见他了。

2) You must be thirsty after a long walk.走了很长的路,你一定渴了。

3.He doesn’t mind whether they’re good or not. 他并不介意它们是否是好的。

此句为以whether引导的宾语从句。whether...or not“不论是否……”。

如:1)You have to get up early everyday whether it rains or not.

你必须天天早点起床,不论是否下雨。

2)Whether we go or not matters little. 不论我们是否去,关系不大。

5.I am interested in playing sports. 我对运动感兴趣。

be interested in/ in doing sth. “对……感兴趣”

如: 1)I am interested in reading books. 我对读书特别感兴趣。

2)Jack is interested in football .杰克对足球很感兴趣。

6.What do you often do in your spare time? 在你的业余时间里面你都做些什么啊?

in one’s spare time “在业余时间”“在闲暇之际”,也可用in one’s free time替换。

如: 1)I shall do it in my spare time. 我会在我的业余时间做这件事。

2)In my free time I often go to the movies. 在闲暇之际,我常去看电影。

7. change: (un不可数名词) 零钱;

(cn可数名词) 常指有趣的或令人愉快的转变;Let’s go out to a restaurant for a change.

(v动词)改变 Nobody can change him.

8.interest= hobby; 兴趣爱好 复数hobbies

interest 当兴趣,爱好讲时是可数名词;当引人注意的性质,趣味,吸引力时是不可数名; He was a man of wide interests.他是一个有广泛爱好的人。 在北京有很多的名胜古迹。

lose interest in; 失去兴趣

The book interests many students。这本书吸引了很多学生。

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Topic 2

【重点短语】

go to a concert去听音乐会

at the concert在音乐会上

It sounds great 听起来很棒

give the concert 举行演唱会

at the Music Hall 在音乐厅

come with sb.和某人一起来

take lessons上课

What a pity! 多遗憾啊!

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb.借给某人某物

borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物

come on来吧!

musical instruments 乐器 guitar/ drums/ violin/ piano/ erhu/ …演奏吉他/鼓/小提琴/钢琴/二胡/…learn to do sth. 学会去做某事

classical/ pop/ folk music古典/流行/民族音乐

rock music摇滚乐

country music乡村音乐

piano / violin music钢琴/小提琴曲

types of music音乐的种类

everyday life日常生活

be famous for…因…而著名

just so-so = so-so 一般般

one of +最高级+ 名词复数… …之一

rock bands 摇滚乐队

in the fall of… …(年)的秋天

form a band = set up a band 组建一个乐队

continue (to do )doing sth.

= go on doing sth. 继续做某事

make music制作音乐

close friends 亲密的朋友

all over the world

= around the world 全世界

date of birth 出生日期

pay for…为…付钱

spend + 时间/金钱+ on sth. / (in) doing sth. (做)某事花费(时间/钱) ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

teach sb. to do sh.教某人去做某事

be fun for sb. 对某人来说有乐趣

make sb. + adj. 使某人…

among young people在年轻人中

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二. 重点句型

1.And it sounds great! (Page 61) 听起来好极了。

sound 系动词“听起来”,系动词后常与形容词连用。

2.What kind of musical instrument can you play? (Page 62)你会弹什么种类的乐器?

kind 是“种类,类型”的意思。如:

a kind of 一种,all kinds of各种各样, what kind of 什么类型的。

3.We have guitar, violin, piano and drum lessons for just ¥240 each. (Page 62)

我们有吉他课、小提琴课、钢琴课、和打鼓课,每个课程仅需要240元。

each副词 “各个”,“每个”。如:

4. Pop music often comes and goes easily. (Page 64) 流行音乐来得快去得也快。

come and go easily 可以翻译为“来去匆匆”。如:

5.They are very popular among young people. (Page 64)它们在年轻人当中很流行。

among 介词“在……当中”,“在……中间”,用于三者或三者以上;

而between也是介词“在……当中”,“在……中间”之意,则只能用于两者之间。如:

1)Among the family, Lin Tao is the youngest.在全家人中,林涛是最小的。

2)Tom runs fastest among the boys in his class.汤姆是他们班男孩子中跑得最快的。

3)Mary is sitting between the twins.玛丽坐在双胞胎的中间。

4)The football game is between Chinese team and Japanese team.足球赛在中国队和日本队之间进行。

6. Guo Lanying, Song Zuying and Tenger are famous for their folk songs. (Page 64)

郭兰英,宋祖英和腾格尔以(唱)民歌而出名。

be famous for“以……而著名”, “因……而出名”。如:

1) Gui Lin is famous for the stone forests.桂林以石林而著名。

7.It is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. (Page 65)

它是世界上最著名的摇滚乐队之一。

one of “……之一”。常用在“one of + 最高级 +名词复数”结构中。如:

1)Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world.

长江是世界上最长的河流之一。

8.In the fall of 1976, a- 14-year-old high school student, Larry Mullen, looked for some musicians. 在1976年的秋天,一个14寻找一些音乐家。

1)fall是美国英语,相当于英国英语的中的autumn。

2)14-year-old 数词和名词之间有连字符的,名词不用复数。如:

a three-leg chair 一把三条腿的椅子

3)look for “寻找”,强调“寻找”的过程,而find“找到”,则是强调“找到”的结果。如:

1)—What are you doing? 你在干什么?

— I’m looking for my bike key.我在找我的自行车钥匙。

—Can you find it?你找到了没有?

—No. I looked for it everywhere, but I can’t find it anywhere.没有。我到处找,可哪儿也找不到。

9.He wanted to form a band. (Page 65)他想组建一个乐队。

want to “想做某事”,want to + 动词原形。

常用want sb. to do sth.表示“想让某人做某事”。如:

1)He wants me to help him with his lessons.他想让我帮他学习功课。

2) His parents wanted him to clean the room after school.

他父母想让他放学后打扫房间。

10.He found 3 boys and they set up a band. 他找到了3个男孩,他们就组成了一个乐队。

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found是动词find的过去式。意思是“找到”;find强调“找到”的结果。

set up 组建,创办。

11.The four members are still close friends after many years.多年后,4位成员仍然是好朋友。

close “亲密的”。如: a close friend一个亲密的朋友

12.They continue making music. (Page 65)他们继续创作音乐。

continue + to do sth./ doing sth./ n.“继续做某事”。

13.And people all over the world still enjoy their music very much.全世界的人们仍然非常喜欢他们的音乐。 全世界

14.When he was eight, his father asked a music teacher to teach him to play the piano.

要加定冠词the,如:

play the guitar弹吉他 play the piano弹钢琴

play the violin拉小提琴 play the drums 敲鼓

而与之相反,在英语中表达玩球类项目时,我们通常在球类项目的名词前不加定冠词。如:

play football踢足球 play basketball打篮球

play bridge cards打桥牌 play chess下棋

【主要句型】

How exciting!多刺激啊!

What sweet music! 多甜美的音乐!

It's hard to say. 很难说

I don't mind it. 我不介意

【语法知识】

1,感叹句

How 、what 都可以引导感叹句,具体句型有:

What + a/ an+形容词+可数名词单数! What a lovely dog it is! 多可爱的一只狗啊!

What +形容词+不可数名词!What bad weather!真糟的天气啊!

What +形容词+可数名词复数!What beautiful flowers ! 多美的花啊

How +形容词(副词)!How carefully! 真细心!

注意:how/ what 引导的感叹句有时可以互换,

例如:What an interesting story it is!===How interesting the story is!

二、典型例解

( )1.The music _______ beautiful.

A. looks B. feels C. hears D. sounds

分析:D 这句话属于主系表结构,要选连系动词,可排除C,而A、B又不能与music搭配。 ( )2.—Jane, can you pla—No, I can’t. But I can play _______ violin.

A. the; the B./; the C./; / D. the; /

分析:B球类前不能加任何冠词,在乐器前必须加定冠词the,故选B。

( B )4.Pop music is _______ music.

A. serious B. exciting

C. hard D. simple

( )5.Liu Dehua, Zhou Jielun and Lin Junjie are famous _______ their pop songs.

A. as B. for

C. with D. of

分析:B本题考查固定搭配。be famous for “以……而闻名”,符合题意,而be famous as“作为……闻名”,不符合题意,其余

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( )6.They _______ some books from the library last week.

A. lent B. lends

C. borrowed D. buy

分析:C从last week可知,需选动词的过去式,可排除B、D,且本句表示的是“借入”,故排除A。

( )7.There is going to _______ a football match the day after tomorrow.

A. have B. has

C. host D. be

分析:D考查there is going to be 结构。注意there be结构不能与have(has)同时使用。

( )8.—Hi, Linda. _______ a hot day! Let’s go swimming, OK?

—That’s a good idea!

A. How B. What C./ D. Which

B本题考查感叹句结构:what+a (an)+n.!

( )9.Could you make her _______ her radio? It’s too noisy.

A. to turn up B. to turn down

C. turn up D. turn off

分析:考查make sb. do sth. 结构,动词不定式作宾语补足语时,不带to。从后面too noisy可知,要关掉(turn off)收音机。

( )10.Class was over, but some students continued _______ in the classroom.

A. study B. studied

C. studies D. studying

分析:D 考查continue doing sth. 固定搭配。

Topic 3

语法:过去进行时: be (was/were) + V.ing

表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行或发生的动作。

肯定句:主语+ was /were + V.ing

否定句:主语+ wasn’t /weren’t + V.ing

一般疑问句:Was /Were +主语+ V.ing?

Yes, … was /were.

No, … wasn’t /weren’t.

时间判断词:at this/that time yesterday evening 昨晚这时\那时,

from 7 o’clock to 8 o’clock yesterday morning 昨天早上七点到八点,

when my mom got home当我妈妈到家时,类似when, while 引导的时间状语从句,以上情况都要用过去进行时。 重点短语:

接电话 answer the phone

在昨天的这个时候 at this time yesterday

打电话给某人去做某事 call sb. to do sth.

淋浴 take /have a shower

洗衣服 wash some clothes = do some washing

打扫卫生 do some cleaning

购物 do some shopping

看书 do some reading= read a book /read books

写字 do some writing

听收音机 listen to the radio

在收音机/广播里 on the radio

吃北京烤鸭 eat Beijing Roast Duck

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昨天上午七点到九点之间from seven to nine yesterday morning

看电影 watch a movie = see a movie/film

同意某人的看法 agree with sb. 同意做某事 agree to do sth.

同意…… agree (that) +从句

看起来如此伤心 look so sad

没什么严重的事 nothing serious

生某人的气 be angry with sb.

做鬼脸 make faces /make a face

使得我全班同学大笑make my classmates laugh

使得某人做某事 make sb. do sth

给某人上课 give sb. a lesson

向某人道歉 say sorry to sb.

认真听老师说listen to the teacher carefully 聊得开心 chat happily

敲…… knock at /on …

(从…)出来 come out (of…)

醒来 wake up

在十九世纪之前 before 1800

一周在教堂里度过一天spend one day a week at church

把它称做“圣日” call it a “holy day”

在那天 on that day

在十九世纪早期 in the early 1800s

做某事很开心 have fun (in) doing sth.

忧郁的星期一 blue Mondays

解决问题 solve the problem 为了解决…的问题to solve the problem of …停止做某事 stop doing sth. 停下来去做另一件事 stop to do sth.

…的开始/结束 the beginning /end of …

开始/结束 in the beginning /end 在…的开端/结尾 at the beginning/end of

到1930年为止 by 1930

关着的 be closed ; 开着的 be open

adj. (开着的) open ----- closed (关着的)

v. (开) open ----- close (关)

整天 all day

过双休日 have a two-day weekend

度过愉快的一天 have a happy day

洗碗碟 do the dishes = wash dishes

计划做某事 plan to do sth.

在公园门口 at the gate of the park

玩得很开心 play happily

一些其他的男孩 some other boys

向…问好 say hello to…

重点句型:

过去进行时:

1) 昨天的这个时候你在干什么?我在淋浴。

What were you doing at this time yesterday? I was taking a shower.

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2) 你在玩电脑游戏吗?是的。/不是。

Were you playing computer games? Yes, I was. /No, I wasn’t.

3) 你没在听老师讲课。

You weren’t listening to the teacher.

别挂断。 Hold the line, please.=Hold on. / Wait a moment. /Just a moment.

(表达观点)

我同意你的看法。/我不同意。 I agree with you. / I don’t agree.

我是这样认为的。/我不这样认为。 Yes, I think so. / No, I don’t think so.

场景难道不漂亮吗? Wasn’t the scene beautiful?

他们感觉太累了而无法工作。 They felt too tired to work.

(对于某人来说)太…而不能做某事 主语 + be/V.实义 + too + adj./adv. + (for sb.) + to do sth.

二.重点句型

1.I called you but nobody answered the phone. (Page 69) 我给你打电话了,但是没有人接。

answer the phone 固定词组,可翻译为“接电话” answer的意思是“回答,答复”。如:

1) What shall I answer?我将怎样回答呢? 2) Have you answered his letter? 你回了他的信吗?

3) Answer the door, please, Jack. Someone is knocking at the door.开门去,杰克,有人在敲门。

2.Oh, I was taking a shower. (Page 69) 我在淋浴。take a shower淋浴,也可以用动词have代替take。

洗澡 take a bath have a bath 休息一下take a resthave a rest

看一看take a lookhave a look 散散步take a walkhave a walk

3.Yeah, I think so. (Page 71)是,我也这样认为。在think后面可以用so来代替前面的内容,以避免重复。例如: — Is he at home? 他在家吗? — Yes, I think so. 是的,我想他在家。

I think so.的否定形式一般为I don’t think so.例如:

—Do you think classical music is very popular in China?你认为古典音乐在中国很流行吗?

—No, I don’t think so. 不,我认为不很流行。

4.And I also like the young man with light hair. (Page 71) 我也喜欢那个留着浅色头发的年轻人。

with在这里是“有”的意思。如:

a coat with two pockets有两个口袋的衣服a girl with blue eyes碧眼女郎

a woman with an angry look in her eyes眼里有怒色的女子

5.He is so handsome! (Page 71)他非常帅!

so在口语中,与加重语气的感叹句连用,作very解。如:

1) I’m so glad to see you!我很高兴见到你! 2) It was so kind of you !你真好!

3) There was so much to do!这么多事要做!

6.I agree with you. (Page 71)我同意你的意见。agree with sb.同意某人的看法。如:

I don’t agree with her.我不同意她的意见。

7. You look very sad. (Page72) 你看起来很伤心。

look系动词,可以翻译为“看起来”。look做系动词,后面可以接形容词、

1)Tom looks very strong. 汤姆看起来非常的强壮。(形容词做表语)

2)You look like your mother. 你看起来很像你的母亲。(介词短语做表语)

3)It looks as if we’re going to win this game. 看起来似乎我们要赢得这场比赛。(从句做表语)

8.There’s nothing serious. (Page 72)没什么严重的事。(没事。)

nothing serious “没事”。注意此结构的用法。

用来修饰代词something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody等的形容词,要放在被修饰词的后面。如句中seriou如:

1) Would you like anything else?你还要点儿什么吗?

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2) I’ll tell you something important.我要告诉你一件重要的事。

3) There is nothing wrong with the computer.这台电脑没毛病。

8.Well, Miss Wang was angry with me. (Page 72)王老师生我的气了。

注意be angry 后所跟的介词:

be angry with + sb. 生某人的气

be angry at + sth. 对某事生气

9.In the early 1800s, Sunday was the “holy day”. (Page 73)

在19世纪早期,星期日的含义就是“神圣的一天”。

1800s表示19世纪,同样的,1900s则表示20世纪。

10.In the US, workers called them“blue Mondays”.(Page 73)

在美国,工人们把它们叫做“蓝色星期一”。

蓝色(blue)在汉语中的引申意义较少,而在英语中blue是一个含义十分丰富的颜色词。在翻译同这一颜色有关的表达特别含义。

英语的blue常用来喻指人的“情绪低落”、“心情沮丧”、“忧愁若闷”,如:

1)They felt rather blue after the failure in the football game.

球赛踢输了,他们感到有些沮丧。

2)—She looks blue today.What’s the matter with her?

—She’s in holiday blue.

—她今天显得闷闷不乐,出了什么事?

—她得了假期忧郁症。

11. Then decide how you are going to spend your weekend. (Page 74)

然后决定你的周末怎么过。

spend度过;花费(时间、金钱)。结构有:spend...on sth., spend...(in)doing sth. 如:

1)He spent 5 yuan on the post card. 他买这张明信片花了5元钱。

2)They spent three days looking for the lost sheep on the hill. 他们用了三天的时间在山上找丢失的羊。

12. Did you have a good time? (Page 76) 你们玩得高兴吗?

have a good time = enjoy oneself过得愉快;玩得高兴。

类似的说法还有have a great time, have a nice time, have a wonderful time。

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